Patents: A Low Stress Method

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A short slideshow on patent searching

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Patents: A Low Stress Method

  1. 1. Patents: what you need to know John J Meier Science Librarian and who to ask if you don’t know
  2. 2. Patents (not Trademarks, not Copyright) <ul><li>A patent for an invention is the grant of a property right to the inventor and to exclude others from “using” the invention </li></ul><ul><li>A trademark is a word, name, symbol, or device used to indicate the source of a product and to differentiate it from others </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright is a form of protection provided to the authors of “original works of authorship” and give exclusive rights of reproduction, distribution, and display </li></ul>
  3. 3. Patents law = why we can’t answer all patent questions <ul><li>Possible unauthorized practice of law – selecting or filling out forms, speculating on an outcome, interpreting rules as they apply to a specific case </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid words like “you want to …”, “this does/doesn’t apply to you”, “what that really means is…” </li></ul><ul><li>Instead steer library users towards resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If they have internet access offer to show them the USPTO website, these include guides for inventors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If they have a citation or patent number let them know how they can look it up </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/ac/ido/ptdl/ptdlserv.htm </li></ul>
  4. 4. “ Easy” questions: patent number and “Hard” questions: name searches <ul><li>Google patents www.google.com/patents </li></ul><ul><li>USPTO website http://www.uspto.gov/ Click on Patents (left side) then Search </li></ul><ul><li>CASSIS discs – at the patents computer workstation </li></ul><ul><li>Example #4022227 </li></ul><ul><li>Numbers work every time </li></ul><ul><li>Names are tricky because commercial product name may not be mentioned in the patent </li></ul><ul><li>Also the “name” is constructed based on function. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Rockable Animal Simulation Having Rider Seat Means </li></ul>
  5. 5. 7-Step U.S. Patent Search Strategy <ul><li>Classification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Brainstorm keywords related to the purpose, use and composition of the invention. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Look up the words in the Index to the U.S. Patent Classification to find potential class/subclasses. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Verify the relevancy of the class/subclasses by using the Classification Schedule in the Manual of Classification . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Read the Classification Definitions to verify the scope of the subclasses and note “see also” references. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. 7-Step U.S. Patent Search Strategy (cont.) <ul><li>Access Full-Text </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5. Search the Issued Patents and the Published Applications databases by “Current US Classification” and access full-text patents and published applications. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Review and References </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6. Review the claims, specifications and drawings of documents retrieved for relevancy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7. Check all references and note the “U.S. Cl.” and “Field of Search” areas for additional class/subclasses to search. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Patent Search Tutorial http://www.libraries.psu.edu/instruction/business/Patents/index.html

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