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A longer presentation about patents, what they are and how to find them

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  • Patents

    1. 1. Patent Information at Penn State University Libraries A Patent and Trademark Depository Library John Meier 201 Davey Laboratory
    2. 2. Have you used SRS (clickers) before? <ul><li>Yes, they are easy to use </li></ul><ul><li>Yes, but they are annoying </li></ul><ul><li>No, this seems like fun </li></ul><ul><li>No, how do I turn this thing on </li></ul>
    3. 3. Which of the following gives an author or inventor the right to exclude others from “making, using, offering for sale, selling or importing” their work? <ul><li>A. Copyright </li></ul><ul><li>B. Patents </li></ul><ul><li>C. Trademarks </li></ul>
    4. 4. It’s a Patent <ul><li>Copyright protects original authorship “including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works, both published and unpublished.” </li></ul><ul><li>A Trademark is “a word, name, symbol or device which is used in trade with goods to indicate the source of the goods and to distinguish them from the goods of others.” </li></ul>
    5. 5. “ The Congress shall have the power to promote the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries.” U.S. Constitution, Article 1, Section 8
    6. 6. Special terms <ul><li>“ Exclusive right” </li></ul><ul><li>The right to exclude others from </li></ul><ul><ul><li>making, using, or selling the invention </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Limited times” </li></ul><ul><li>Utility patents = 20 years from filing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plant patent = 20 years from filing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Design patents = 14 years from issue </li></ul>
    7. 7. Reasons to Search Patents <ul><li>To find out whether something is patentable </li></ul><ul><li>To discover what resources are needed </li></ul><ul><li>To learn how things work </li></ul>
    8. 8. More Reasons to Search Patents <ul><li>To revisit answers that others have found to your own technological questions. </li></ul><ul><li>To identify a research direction taken by a specific company or inventor </li></ul><ul><li>To research the history of inventions and inventors </li></ul>
    9. 9. There exists a patent for… <ul><li>a) An athletic shoe sole design </li></ul><ul><li>b) The Poinsettia plant named “Eckaddis” </li></ul><ul><li>c) The comb-over </li></ul><ul><li>d) All of the above </li></ul>
    10. 10. There exists a patent for… <ul><li>All of the above have patents! </li></ul><ul><li>An athletic shoe sole design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design Patent: D339,456 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Poinsettia plant named “Eckaddis” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plant Patent: PP12,782 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>c) The comb-over </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Utility Patent: 4,022,227 </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Types of Patents <ul><li>Utility patents </li></ul><ul><li>- functional or structural novelty </li></ul><ul><li>Design patents </li></ul><ul><li>- ornamental designs </li></ul><ul><li>Plant patents </li></ul><ul><li>- varieties of plants </li></ul>
    12. 12. What can be patented? (utility patents) <ul><li>a machine or apparatus </li></ul><ul><li>a process, art, or method </li></ul><ul><li>a manufacture or article of manufacture </li></ul><ul><li>a composition of matter </li></ul><ul><li>a new and useful improvement thereof </li></ul><ul><li>* 35 U.S. Code, section 101 </li></ul>
    13. 13. Criteria for patentability (utility patents) <ul><li>Utility </li></ul><ul><li>- must be useful, or have a use </li></ul><ul><li>Novelty </li></ul><ul><li>- must be new (12-month grace period) </li></ul><ul><li>Non-obvious </li></ul><ul><li>- the difference between existing art and </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the invention must be sufficiently great </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>as to warrant a patent </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. What cannot be patented? <ul><li>Things not invented by the applicant </li></ul><ul><li>Works of authorship (copyrights) </li></ul><ul><li>Tradenames, logos, slogans, titles </li></ul><ul><li>Laws of nature </li></ul><ul><li>Inventions which will not work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>perpetual motion machines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>weather machines </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Parts of a Patent <ul><li>The “Front Page” </li></ul><ul><li>Patent Number </li></ul><ul><li>Filing Date and Issue Date </li></ul><ul><li>Title of the Invention </li></ul><ul><li>Inventor(s) </li></ul><ul><li>Assignee(s) </li></ul><ul><li>Field of Search and References Cited </li></ul><ul><li>Representative Drawing </li></ul>
    16. 16. Parts of a Patent <ul><li>The Disclosure </li></ul><ul><li>Drawings (as needed for clarity) </li></ul><ul><li>Background of the Invention </li></ul><ul><li>Brief Summary of the Invention </li></ul><ul><li>Detailed Description of the Invention </li></ul><ul><li>Claim(s) </li></ul>
    17. 17. Can’t I just browse through all the patents? <ul><li>Not through more than 7,000,000 patents! </li></ul><ul><li>Starting on January 1st , and using 40-hour work weeks. A person browsing one patent per second would reach U.S. patent number 7,000,000 by... </li></ul><ul><li>The beginning of December! </li></ul>
    18. 18. Patent Search Resources <ul><li>CASSIS/CD-ROM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Patents Bib </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assignment File </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USAPat image file </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1994 to present </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1790 to 1990 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>And growing! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USApp </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Official Gazette </li></ul>
    19. 19. Patent Search Resources on the Internet U.S.P.T.O. Web Patent Database 7+ million U.S. patents Searchable full text from 1976 Scanned images from 1790
    20. 20. Patent Search Resources on the Internet <ul><li>esp @ ce net </li></ul><ul><li>European Patent Office </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>30 million documents </li></ul><ul><li>Patents documents from </li></ul><ul><li>U.S., Europe, Japan, W.I.P.O. </li></ul>
    21. 21. Patent Search Resources on the Internet Google search of the USPTO images Same data as the Patent Office with Additional searching from 1790- 1976 using computer generated text
    22. 22. An inventor writes a computer program and is protected from others copying it by… <ul><li>Copyright </li></ul><ul><li>A Patent </li></ul><ul><li>A Registered Trademark </li></ul>
    23. 23. Software Copyright and Patents <ul><li>Copyright protects software from duplication and copying (ex: Microsoft can prosecute those that copy MS Word) </li></ul><ul><li>Patents protect an algorithm or program function (ex: Amazon’s controversial patent on the electronic shopping cart allows them to prevent others from using it) </li></ul><ul><li>Trademarks protect a brand name of software </li></ul>
    24. 24. Any questions? <ul><li>I have a specific question to ask </li></ul><ul><li>I want you to show some more examples </li></ul><ul><li>I want to work on my own </li></ul><ul><li>I just want to go to lunch </li></ul>