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How Patents can help you MAKE it

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Workshop for inventors to protect their ideas with patents

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How Patents can help you MAKE it

  1. 1. HOW PATENTS CAN HELP YOU MAKE IT JOHN MEIER PATENT AND TRADEMARK RESOURCE CENTER LIBRARIAN PENN STATE UNIVERSITY MEIER@PSU.EDU @JOHNMEIER1
  2. 2. LEARNING OUTCOMES •Understand Intellectual Property (IP) •Copyright, Patents, Trademarks, and Trade Secrets •Is my idea or invention patentable? •Prior art and patent searching •Process and costs for getting a patent
  3. 3. I AM NOT A LAWYER
  4. 4. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (IP) •Copyright – protect an original creative work from duplication •Patents - Exclude others from making, using or selling their invention •Trademark - logo or name for a product is protected in a particular industry and geographic region •Trade secret - idea or invention protected by
  5. 5. MULTIPLE TYPES OF PATENTS •Utility patents - functional or structural novelty • Examples: Light bulb or the “comb-over” •Design patents - ornamental designs • Example: An athletic shoe sole design •Plant patents - varieties of plants • Example: Poinsettia plant named “Eckaddis”
  6. 6. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (IP) Patents? Copyrigh t? Trademark s? Trade Secrets?
  7. 7. DURATION OF PROTECTION •Copyright = Life of the author + 70 years •Utility patents = 20 years from filing date •Design patents = 14 years from issue date •Trademarks = Renewed as long as product in
  8. 8. QUESTIONS ABOUT IP? •Copyright, Patents, Trademarks, Trade secrets
  9. 9. PATENT-ABILITY Is my idea or invention patentable? 1. Utility - must be useful, or have a use 2. Novelty - must be new, no “prior art” 3. Non-obvious - the difference between existing art and the invention must be sufficiently great as to warrant a patent
  10. 10. UTILITY
  11. 11. NOVELTY http://pnwstartuplawyer.com/design-patents- illustrated/
  12. 12. NON- OBVIOUS Image copyright Vincent LoTempio
  13. 13. PRIOR ART Prior art is important for both novelty and non- obviousness •Previous patents •Scholarly articles and trade journals •Books •Catalogs
  14. 14. PATENT SEARCHING Keyword Searching Parking App Space Application Garage Data Sensor Server
  15. 15. PATENT SEARCH STRATEGIES Classification Searching (ex: G08G 1/0112) CLASS G08 = signaling instruments SUBCLASS G08G = traffic control systems GROUP G08G 1/00 = for road vehicles SUBGROUP 1/0112 = “Floating car data sources for measuring and analyzing traffic movement…”
  16. 16. SEARCH TOOLS •U.S. PTO Website (PatFT) – limited searching http://patft.uspto.gov •Google Patents – Full text searching US and some international patents http://www.google.com/patents •esp@cenet – International patent search http://worldwide.espacenet.com/
  17. 17. EXAMPLE
  18. 18. CLAIMS
  19. 19. HELP WITH PATENT SEARCHING http://guides.libraries.psu.edu/patents/tut orials
  20. 20. PROCESS FOR GETTING A PATENT
  21. 21. 21 HOW MUCH DOES IT COST TO GET A PATENT? Large Entity Fees -Starting at around $2000 -Maintenance for 20 years $9000 Small Entity Fees -Starting at $1000 for a patent -Maintenance for 20 years $4500 Micro Entity (no more than 4 apps) -Starting as low as $500 for a patent Subject to change frequently, only includes fees due to the USPTO
  22. 22. HOW MUCH CAN COST TO GET A PATENT? • Provisional Patent Application $1600-3500 • Conversion of Provisional to U.S. Patent Application $5000-$10,000 in Attorney fees, $900 USPTO fee, possible $2500-$5000 PCT fee = $8400- $15,000 • First Office Action $2500-5000 • Second Office Action $2500-5000 • Drawing, Issue Fees and Publication $2000-4000 • Maintenance Fee – 3.5 years $490 • Maintenance Fee - 7.5 years $1240 • Maintenance Fee – 11 years $2055
  23. 23. FREE RESOURCES TO HELP YOU WITH PATENTS • Philadelphia Patent Pro Bono Program http://www.artsandbusinessphila.org/pvla/patentprobono.asp • Penn State Law IP Clinic https://pennstatelaw.psu.edu/practice- skills/clinics/intellectual-property-clinic/ip-clinic-client- application • Patent and Trademark Resource Center http://guides.libraries.psu.edu/patents • Penn State Small Business Development Center

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