The Tall Stump Control Method for Buckthorn John Lampe Green Shoots, LLC Saint Paul, Minnesota April 2, 2011 THIRD MIDWEST...
Biggest Problems for Average Small Woodland Owner <ul><li>Daunted by the task </li></ul>
 
Daunted by Control Methods
Images from Buckthorn Control Guide  Printed with Permission
Tall Stump Method Can Help  Average  Woodland Owner
Talk Outline <ul><li>Background on family-owned woodland </li></ul><ul><li>Tall stump control method </li></ul><ul><li>Pot...
 
Family Property <ul><li>Washington County, Minnesota </li></ul><ul><li>12.5 acres </li></ul><ul><li>Rolling hills and lake...
Family Property (con.) Beginnings of management 2000 to today Early buckthorn control 1990s Overgrown pine & buckthorn 198...
Our Woodland still has  lots of “warts.”
 
 
But we are making progress.
 
 
 
 
 
Girdled Aspen
Creates Nice  Snag!
Three Phases of Tall Stump Control Method <ul><li>Preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Cutting the tall stumps </li></ul><ul><li>...
First Phase - Preparation <ul><li>Not out-of-the-ordinary: </li></ul><ul><li>Our Forest Management Objectives: </li></ul><...
Only go after the worst buckthorn.
Worst Buckthorn – Berries  <ul><li>mature female </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 seeds per berry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>400 to...
Ignore the Small Buckthorn! <ul><li>Too time consuming </li></ul><ul><li>It’s not just about the buckthorn </li></ul>
2 nd  Phase
Traditional – 2 nd  Phase <ul><li>Pulling </li></ul><ul><li>Girdling </li></ul><ul><li>Foliar </li></ul><ul><li>Basal Bark...
<ul><li>2 nd  phase of the tall stump method only involves stump cutting </li></ul><ul><li>No Treatment Yet </li></ul>
2 nd  Phase of Tall Stump: Cutting <ul><li>Tools: lopper or hand saw </li></ul><ul><li>Cut trunk high </li></ul><ul><li>Cu...
Tall  Stump
Tall Stumps Can be Quite Tall!
3 rd  Phase of Tall  Stump Method
3 rd  Phase: Treatment <ul><li>Tools:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scraping tool </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Herbicide applicator...
Scrape Bark
 
Apply Herbicide
 
 
 
3 rd  Phase: Treatment (con.) <ul><li>Winter – ideal time.  </li></ul><ul><li>Glyphosate (20% to 30% concentration). </li>...
 
Advantages of Tall Stump Treatment Method
1 st  Advantage: Efficiency
Efficient: Fewer Tools
Efficient – Split Work Up <ul><li>Cutting Tall Stump – springtime </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment  – fall or winter </li></ul>
Efficient because: <ul><li>If you have a delayed treatment. . .  </li></ul>
<ul><li>Growth will occur at the top </li></ul><ul><li>And, it’s still easy to treat the tree </li></ul>
<ul><li>But at least you don’t have a bush to deal with </li></ul>
2 nd  Advantage: Effectiveness
Cutting Phase in Spring <ul><li>After leaf out and flowering </li></ul><ul><li>Weakens the buckthorn </li></ul>
Sap Flow - Spring SINK SINK
Cutting Removes Sink Sink
Frill Mainlines Herbicide  <ul><li>Frill “ mainlines ” herbicide into inner bark or phloem </li></ul>
 
 
Sap Is Falling Herbicide Goes to the Roots
3 rd  Advantage: Better for Environment <ul><li>No soil disturbance </li></ul><ul><li>Better target surface means less her...
Green Shoots <ul><li>John Lampe </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address]   </li></ul><ul><li>651-245-4682 (cell) </li></ul><ul><l...
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Method for Controlling Buckthorn - Society for Ecological Restoration 2011

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This presentation describes a novel way to control woody invasive plant species like buckthorn. It is especially suitable for small woodland owners and managers.

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Method for Controlling Buckthorn - Society for Ecological Restoration 2011

  1. 1. The Tall Stump Control Method for Buckthorn John Lampe Green Shoots, LLC Saint Paul, Minnesota April 2, 2011 THIRD MIDWEST-GREAT LAKES SER CHAPTER MEETING April 1 to 3, 2011 University of Illinois Springfield
  2. 2. Biggest Problems for Average Small Woodland Owner <ul><li>Daunted by the task </li></ul>
  3. 4. Daunted by Control Methods
  4. 5. Images from Buckthorn Control Guide Printed with Permission
  5. 6. Tall Stump Method Can Help Average Woodland Owner
  6. 7. Talk Outline <ul><li>Background on family-owned woodland </li></ul><ul><li>Tall stump control method </li></ul><ul><li>Potential advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Efficient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmentally sound </li></ul></ul>
  7. 9. Family Property <ul><li>Washington County, Minnesota </li></ul><ul><li>12.5 acres </li></ul><ul><li>Rolling hills and lakes </li></ul><ul><li>Typical of woodlands in area </li></ul>
  8. 10. Family Property (con.) Beginnings of management 2000 to today Early buckthorn control 1990s Overgrown pine & buckthorn 1980s Red and scotch pine planted 1960s Pasture; heavily eroded 1900s Oak savanna Native
  9. 11. Our Woodland still has lots of “warts.”
  10. 14. But we are making progress.
  11. 20. Girdled Aspen
  12. 21. Creates Nice Snag!
  13. 22. Three Phases of Tall Stump Control Method <ul><li>Preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Cutting the tall stumps </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment </li></ul>
  14. 23. First Phase - Preparation <ul><li>Not out-of-the-ordinary: </li></ul><ul><li>Our Forest Management Objectives: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Convert to oak savanna and woodlands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhance ecological diversity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety – prevent fire, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 24. Only go after the worst buckthorn.
  16. 25. Worst Buckthorn – Berries <ul><li>mature female </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 seeds per berry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>400 to 1800 fruits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1600 to 7200 seeds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 5 year period = </li></ul></ul><ul><li>8,000 to 36,000 seeds </li></ul>
  17. 26. Ignore the Small Buckthorn! <ul><li>Too time consuming </li></ul><ul><li>It’s not just about the buckthorn </li></ul>
  18. 27. 2 nd Phase
  19. 28. Traditional – 2 nd Phase <ul><li>Pulling </li></ul><ul><li>Girdling </li></ul><ul><li>Foliar </li></ul><ul><li>Basal Bark </li></ul><ul><li>Cut Stump </li></ul><ul><li>Frill (“cut and squirt”) </li></ul>
  20. 29. <ul><li>2 nd phase of the tall stump method only involves stump cutting </li></ul><ul><li>No Treatment Yet </li></ul>
  21. 30. 2 nd Phase of Tall Stump: Cutting <ul><li>Tools: lopper or hand saw </li></ul><ul><li>Cut trunk high </li></ul><ul><li>Cut big branches </li></ul><ul><li>Leave tall stumps </li></ul>
  22. 31. Tall Stump
  23. 32. Tall Stumps Can be Quite Tall!
  24. 33. 3 rd Phase of Tall Stump Method
  25. 34. 3 rd Phase: Treatment <ul><li>Tools: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scraping tool </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Herbicide applicator </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Frill Method </li></ul>
  26. 35. Scrape Bark
  27. 37. Apply Herbicide
  28. 41. 3 rd Phase: Treatment (con.) <ul><li>Winter – ideal time. </li></ul><ul><li>Glyphosate (20% to 30% concentration). </li></ul><ul><li>Control and treatment can be separated by months </li></ul>
  29. 43. Advantages of Tall Stump Treatment Method
  30. 44. 1 st Advantage: Efficiency
  31. 45. Efficient: Fewer Tools
  32. 46. Efficient – Split Work Up <ul><li>Cutting Tall Stump – springtime </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment – fall or winter </li></ul>
  33. 47. Efficient because: <ul><li>If you have a delayed treatment. . . </li></ul>
  34. 48. <ul><li>Growth will occur at the top </li></ul><ul><li>And, it’s still easy to treat the tree </li></ul>
  35. 49. <ul><li>But at least you don’t have a bush to deal with </li></ul>
  36. 50. 2 nd Advantage: Effectiveness
  37. 51. Cutting Phase in Spring <ul><li>After leaf out and flowering </li></ul><ul><li>Weakens the buckthorn </li></ul>
  38. 52. Sap Flow - Spring SINK SINK
  39. 53. Cutting Removes Sink Sink
  40. 54. Frill Mainlines Herbicide <ul><li>Frill “ mainlines ” herbicide into inner bark or phloem </li></ul>
  41. 57. Sap Is Falling Herbicide Goes to the Roots
  42. 58. 3 rd Advantage: Better for Environment <ul><li>No soil disturbance </li></ul><ul><li>Better target surface means less herbicide </li></ul><ul><li>Uses glyphosate – relatively benign </li></ul>
  43. 59. Green Shoots <ul><li>John Lampe </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>651-245-4682 (cell) </li></ul><ul><li>slide presentation on blog: http://invasiveplantnews.com </li></ul><ul><li>Website: www.greenshootsonline.com </li></ul>

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