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Free is good

A workshop on Free and Open Source Software given at AISA teachers' conference in October 2010: encouraging others to try & use FOSS.

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Free is good

  1. 1. FREE Good! is AISA • Nairobi • October 2010 John Iglar International Community School Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  2. 2. FREE
  3. 3. Good!
  4. 4. Good!
  5. 5. Good!
  6. 6. Good!
  7. 7. Good!
  8. 8. Good!
  9. 9. Caveat: ≠ ≠ ≠ $£€ is for spending
  10. 10. Why?
  11. 11. Community
  12. 12. Customize
  13. 13. Programming
  14. 14. FREE GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSENobody should be restricted by the software they use.There are four freedoms that every user should have:the freedom to use the software for any purpose,●the freedom to change the software to suit your needs,●● the freedom to share the software with your friends andneighbors, andthe freedom to share the changes you make.●
  15. 15. License GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 3, 29 June 2007Copyright © 2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc. <>Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document,but changing it is not allowed.PreambleThe GNU General Public License is a free, copyleft license for softwareand other kinds of works.The licenses for most software and other practical works are designed totake away your freedom to share and change the works. By contrast, theGNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom toshare and change all versions of a program--to make sure it remains freesoftware for all its users. We, the Free Software Foundation, use the GNUGeneral Public License for most of our software; it applies also to anyother work released this way by its authors. You can apply it to yourprograms, too.
  16. 16. ● Operating System Cost Estimated costs of software (based on licenses for 200 computers) ● Windows vs. Linux $120,000● Productivity Suite ● Microsoft Office vs. OpenOffice $100,000● Applications $80,000 ● Mavis Beacon vs. TuxType Hardware Admin/Student Communication ● Photoshop vs. Gimp $60,000 Applications Productivity Suite Operating System ● InDesign vs. Scribus $40,000 ● Inspiration vs. Freeplane● Communication $20,000 ● FirstClass vs. Zimbra $0● Admin/Student Info 200 Netbooks Proprietary Software Open Source Software ● Admin+ vs. Centre
  17. 17. But isnt it niche software?
  18. 18. But isnt it niche software?
  19. 19. But isnt it niche software? Web Browser Usage as reported by W3schools.com70%60%50%40%30%20%10%0% 2007 2008 2009 2010 Internet Explorer Firefox Chrome Safari Opera
  20. 20. But isnt it niche software?
  21. 21. But isnt it niche software? von-office-programmen-openoffice-ueber-21.html
  22. 22. But I NEED Microsoft Office ...dont I?!
  23. 23. But who uses OpenOffice? ● Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) of South Africa ● Ministry of Defence in Singapore ● University of Southern Denmark ● City of Rovereto (Trento -Italy) ● City of Birmingham (UK) ● The Guardian newspaper (UK) ● City of Berlin (Germany) ● French Ministry of Interior ● Howard County Libraries (Maryland, USA) ● City of Steamboat Springs (Colorado, USA) ● Earlham College (Illinois, USA) ● Maine Learning with Technology Institute (Maine, USA)
  24. 24. Who cares about ODF? ● Government of Belgium ● “From September 2008 on, all document exchanges within the services of the Belgian government will have to be in an open, standard format, according to the proposal. ODF is the only accepted standard in the proposal.” ● State of Misiones (Argentina) ● “Any electronic document created or generated by the state government of Misiones/Argentina aimed to store and distribute information to state offices and employees must use the OpenDocument format ( ISO/IEC 26300 specification ).” ● US Government ● “each agency shall take prompt steps to expand access to information by making it available online in open formats...…..An open format is one that is platform independent, machine readable, and made available to the public without restrictions that would impede the re-use of that information........” ● Governments of Norway, Denmark...
  25. 25. Case study
  26. 26. Communication● Saved money (license, annual license, training costs)● More flexible● More features● Add accounts (all students)● Support from wiki, forum, community● Training available online & in various locations
  27. 27. Productivity Applications● Save licencing costs● Same version all operating systems● Freely distributable● Keep MS for those positions that need it● Teach students processes, not procedures
  28. 28. Others● Moodle for all online course materials● Drupal for website creation and management● Linux for servers● iFolder for synchronizing data on laptops● Scribus for desktop publishing
  29. 29. Operating System + +● Multiple OS across campus● Different OS promote student flexibility● Linux keeps older machines running longer● Train students to be thinking users, not automatic consumers of one system
  30. 30. Bottom line?
  31. 31. Over-reliance on a standard‘office’ application and operatingsystem restricted theiropportunities to develop genericand transferable skills. The importance of ICT: information and communication technology in primary and secondary schools, 2005/2008 Date: 03 Mar 2009 Publisher: Ofsted
  32. 32. What next?
  33. 33. Start small● Try TuxType or Gimp or Inkscape● Add Firefox as an alternative web browser● Dont “rip & replace” but supplement● Add value by setting up a Moodle server● Explore alternatives for communication or administration● Get community support by handing out free software● Partner up with local schools for training and distributing software
  35. 35. Any questions? For links and this
  36. 36. FREEGood!