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Copyright, Fair Use, Open Licensing and Academic Honesty

A presentation given to HS students about copyright, fair use, Creative Commons licensing, Public Domain, Academic Honesty and ethics

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Copyright, Fair Use, Open Licensing and Academic Honesty

  1. 1. or: Can I use that thing I found on the internet? John Iglar • September 2015 • CC-BY-SA COPYRIGHT, FAIR USE, OPEN LICENSES AND ACADEMIC HONESTY
  2. 2. • A legal concept • Protects the creator of a piece of work • Restricts what others can do with that work • Preserves the right of the creator (or legal rights-holder) to decide how to sell, distribute, etc that work • Laws exist in every country, including Ethiopia • International treaties apply copyright laws across national borders COPYRIGHT by Mr. Barraud, Flickr, used under public domain
  3. 3. • Legal concept that allows people to use works protected by copyright under certain conditions • There are four concepts which define: • the nature of the use of the protected work (is it transformative?) • the nature of the protected work (is it factual or creative?) • how much of the work has been used • how this use might affect the commercial potential of the protected work FAIR USE by Succo, Pixabay, used under CC0 license
  4. 4. EXAMPLES • A student quotes from a book protected by copyright Randall Munroe, XKCD, used under CC-BY-NC license
  5. 5. EXAMPLES • A student uses a piece of music as background soundtrack to his creative film Screenshot of TotalBiscuit’s YouTube video, used under fair use
  6. 6. • These are licenses that protect the work but give you permission to re-use under certain conditions • Key phrase: “some rights reserved” • Different types: • Attribution • No derivatives • Non-commercial • Share-alike CREATIVE COMMONS LICENSES by Foter, used under CC-BY-SA license
  7. 7. • These works may be freely used by anyone, without restriction • Some are older works for which the copyright laws have expired (Examples: Shakespeare, Rembrandt, Mozart) • Some are works put into the public domain by their creator • Creative Commons has a CC0 (public domain) license • Useful fact: any work created by US government employees as part of their job is automatically put into the public domain (eg NASA images, military band music) • Unfortunate truth: a music composition may be in the public domain (eg Mozart), but a recorded performance is protected by copyright PUBLIC DOMAIN by Public Domain Pictures, Pixabay, used under CC0 license
  8. 8. • A student must always cite sources, even for public domain works • otherwise, the implication is that it’s your work • Creative Commons requires attribution in all uses ACADEMIC HONESTY by US National Archives, Flickr, used under public domain
  9. 9. • What is right? What is wrong? • What is commonly done? • What kind of person do you want to be and be seen to be? • What choices do you make? ETHICAL USE by Pascal, Flickr, used under public domain license
  10. 10. WHERE CAN I FIND FREELY LICENSED WORKS? • Check out my “Remixing” course on eLearning (under “Tech Learning”) • Go to and use their search tool • Some of my favorite sources for images: • Pixabay (all CC0/public domain) • Flickr (advance search for CC or public domain) • Wikimedia Commons (various open licenses – also other media) • Some of my favorite sources for music: • Jamendo (CC licenses) • Free Music Archive (CC and some public domain) • CCMixter (CC licensed) • Musopen (all public domain – also sheet music) by diamonjohn, OpenClipArt, used under CC0 (public domain) license
  11. 11. This work by John Iglar is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.