Palestine vs. Israel
Describe how land and religion
are reasons for continuing
conflicts in the Middle East
Palestinian-Israeli War in 1948
• War breaks out between the two Middle
Eastern nations Palestine and Israel.
• Although Palestine had help from other
surrounding Arab countries, Israel wins
• By winning the war, Israel survived and
took even more land from Palestine and
surrounding countries than originally
Palestine vs. Israel
After the war many Palestinians became refugees
(people who had to leave their homes as the
result of the war).
In the last 60 years there have been additional
wars between Israel and Palestine that were all
based on the idea that Israel should not exist in
the eyes of the Palestinians and other Middle
Eastern Arab countries.
Many of the Palestinians and their decendents still
live in refugee camps or in parts of Israel they
feel should be a Palestinian state.
Palestine versus Israel
• Surrounding Arab countries strongly
support the side of Palestine and the
United States is a powerful supporter of
• The Arab-Israeli conflict plays a major role
in the difficulties that the United States
and the rest of the world face when trying
to find peaceful settlements between or
with Middle Eastern countries.
1. What was the outcome of the 1948 War
between the new state of Israel and the
Arabs living in and around Palestine?
a. The conflict ended and all Palestinian
Arabs became citizens in the new State of
b. Israel won the war and the new State of
Israel was even larger than originally
c. Almost no Jewish people were willing to go
to Israel because of the country’s angry
d. The United Nations decided to withdraw the
proposal to create a State of Israel because
of all the problems it caused in the area.
2. What is a “refugee”?
a. A person who had to leave their home
as a result of war
b. A person who opens his home to
those who need a safe place to stay
c. A person who refuses to take in
someone who is without a safe place
d. Someone who refuses to leave his
home even though it is dangerous to
3. What has become of many of the
Palestinians who became refugees in
a. Many still live in refugee camps
b. Most have become Israeli citizens
c. They have been given a state of their
own in which to live.
d. They have given up any claim to
return to the land they lost in 1948.