8. traditional branches of industry in great britain
Vocabulary• Service sector• Industrial Revolution• Manufacturing• Generating• Volume
History of Industry• The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain in 1750 AD – allowing the UK to dominate international trade in the 19th century• Manufacturing (factory) jobs and farming jobs once accounted for a great majority of jobs in the UK until the 1950s when Service sector jobs became the majority. – Shipbuilding – Coal Mining – Steelmaking
Overview of the Industry in G.B.• The main industries today are banking and finance, steel, transport equipment, oil and gas, and tourism• Other industries-• Machine tools, electric power equipment, automation equipment, railroad equipment, shipbuilding, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, electronics and communications equipment, metals, chemicals, coal, petroleum, paper and paper products, food processing, textiles, clothing, and other consumer goods.• Do you think that the modern day jobs are better than old traditional jobs? Why?
Continued Overview• Labour force: 29.7 million• Labour force - by occupation: agriculture 1.4%, industry 18.2%, services 80.4%• Unemployment rate: 7.9% – Why do you think it is so high?
Farming• It contributes around 0.5% of GDP. Around two thirds of production is devoted to livestock, one third to arable crops.• Agriculture is intensive, highly mechanized, and efficient by European standards, producing about 60% of food needs with only 1.4 % of the labour force.• cereals, oilseed, potatoes, vegetables, cattle, sheep, poultry, fish.
Industry in Great Britain• Industry accounts for 18.2% of the workforce in the UK• Primary energy production accounts for 10% of GDP – one of the highest shares of any industrial nation.• Largest industry- related jobs are Automotive and aerospace.
The Automotive Industry• The automotive industry is a significant part of the UK manufacturing sector and employs over 800,000 people, generating £26.6 billion of exports• Famous cars made in UK – Aston Martin, Bentley, Daimler, Jaguar, Lagonda, Land Rover, Lotus, McLaren, MG, Mini, Morgan and Rolls-Royce• UK is the 12th-largest producer of cars measured by volume.
Aerospace Industry• The aerospace industry of the United Kingdom is the second largest national aerospace industry in the world• The industry employs around 389,000 people and generates around £20 billion
Service Sector• Service sector jobs make up 80.4% of all jobs.• Main service industries: banking, insurance, and business services, account by far for the largest proportion of GDP
• This industry added gross value of £86,145 million to the UK economy.• The UKs exports of financial and business services are very important to the British economy
Tourism• Tourism is very important to the British economy. – With over 27 million tourists arriving in 2004, the United Kingdom is ranked as the sixth major tourist destination in the world• Tourism is Britain’s 5th largest industry,• 3rd largest export earner and worth £115 billion a year.• It employs 2.6 million people