2. What do we know about the Iberians?
Who were the main tribes who invaded the
Where did each tribe settle?
Which tribe was the most powerful?
Describe the look of a Celtic man
Describe the culture and traditions of the Celtic
3. To Repel
Drive or force (an attack or attacker) back or away
A surge of violent anger or other feeling
Overcome and take control of (a place or people) by use of
An instance of invading a country or region with an armed force
A person who is the legal property of another.
Take up or start to use or follow (an idea, method, or course of
Have a commanding influence on; exercise control over.
4. Led by Julius Cesar, Roman army of 10,000
attacks Britain in 55 B.C.
The army is repelled by Britons who’s fury surprised
and scared the Roman army.
In 54 B.C. Julius Cesar returns with 25,000 men
and wins several battles.
Many Celtic Chiefs agree to pay tribute to Rome
Julius Cesar then left Britain.
Britain was not conquered and the promised
tribute was not paid by the Celtic.
5. In 43 A.D. Rome invades and conquers South-East
part of the Island.
Over the next 40 years most of the island was conquered.
Rome never conquered the Scottish Highlands
Were never masters of the entire island
8. Building of roads and bridges
Roman built long strait roads across Briton so troops could be
moved quickly across the island.
Also allowed for increased trade in Briton.
Modern freeways are based upon Roman Roads
Built Hadrian’s Wall in the north to protect Rome
against the Scots.
Introduction of Roman architecture and technology
Towns were built in Briton. Introduction of public baths,
villas and were surrounded by walls.
Transformed London into the Capital City.
Transformed agriculture Production to corn and was
the granary of the Roman Empire.
10. Introduction of slave society to Briton.
Romans chose Celtic nobility to join the Nobility of
Increased inequality within the Celtic people.
Nobel Celts took Roman dress/language/way of life
Lived in towns/villas and owned slaves.
Normal Celts didn’t adopt Roman Culture and
continued to live in villages.
Started true inequality in England.
11. Rome was in Briton for 4 centuries.
In 4th Century A.D. Rome went into decline
and in 407 Germanic Tribes invaded Rome.
Rome removed armies from Briton and the Celts
were free…. For now.
English Language was greatly influenced by
Many English towns are named after Roman
In south-east Briton Celtics adopted slave style
nobility of the Romans.
12. Celtics fought against the invasion but lost.
Anglo-Saxon rule of Briton- 5th-11th Century
Anglo-Saxons became majority of population in
Their customs, language and religion became
Celts (except Scots) adopted customs and lang.
Country is named after Angles (England)
13. Destroyed Roman towns.
Lived in small villages of about 25 families/ >2000.
Communal lands for the peasant class.
No trade or businesses during this time.
Didn’t repair Roman roads and they were ruined.
Early law was determined by tribal elders.
14. Anglo-Saxon Nobility had more than everyone
Infighting began and victorious tribes turned
into small kingdoms.
Monarchy began in the 8th century.
Introduction of Private Property.
Nobles owned land and peasants worked it.
This was the introduction of Feudalism in England.
15. Most people were Pagans before 7th century.
Christianity is adopted in 597AD
Reinforced social structure, Feudalism.
Brought Latin back to England.
Introduced literacy and learning to the county
Though only to upper classes of people.
Christian law replaced old laws
16. Was only English monarch to be given “the
Fought off the Danes (Vikings) invasion of
Built first schools in England
Encouraged literacy in England and to have
books written in Old English
This was important because all books till then were
written in Latin and thus could only be read by very
educated people, mostly the monks.
18. 1. What were the physical changes made by the
2. What cultural changes were made?
1. Who was affected the most?
3. What caused the Romans to leave Briton?
4. Why was Christianity introduced? What were
the changes that occurred because of it?
5. What role did Alfred the Great by in England’s
6. What were the major differences between the
Roman and Anglo-Saxon societies?
19. Debate about what society was more
Which was better
Groups report on different sections of information
provided to them to the class.
A short text review session- This one
Read a separate text about these times
Stories/mythology written during this time
Students have to read/analyze text.
Timeline/events matching activity
Students get a number of slips of paper with events written
on them… have to put in order.
20. Write a comparative essay, up to 20 sentences,
about which invasion was more influential on
England. The Romans or the Anglo-Saxons.
Use information provided in this presentation as
well as information from other sources: the internet,
books, video games.