London“When a man is tired of London, he is tired of life: for there is in London all that life can afford”- Samuel Johnson, 1777
Basic Facts• The Old City of London and the communities surrounding it form one political unit called Greater London or simply London• London covers 1,580 square kilometers.• The river Thames flows through the heart of London. – About 64 km east of London, the Thames empties into the North Sea. – The river links London with shipping routes throughout the word. – The river Thames was VERY IMPORTANT to the development of London as a great city
More Basic Facts• London is the capital of the U.K.!!• Is the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom, and the largest urban zone in the European Union.• London has been a major settlement for two millennia• London is a leading global city, with strengths in the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism and transport all contributing to its prominence.
Yep, You know it, more facts!• Has the fifth-largest city GDP in the world (and the largest in Europe).• London has been described as a world cultural capital. – It has the third most international visitors in the world• London has a diverse range of peoples and cultures, and more than 300 languages are spoken within its boundaries.• Greater London has a population of 7,825,200, making it the most populous municipality in the European Union, and accounting for 12.5% of the UK population.
Even More Basic Facts• Central London covers 26 square kilometers and can be divided into three main sections. – City, the West End, East End and the South Bank.• The City forms London’s famous financial district. – It is the heart of London. – Only covers 1 square mile of London. – Only about 5000 people live there but 500,000 people work there. – Is the oldest part of London and consists largely of banks and office buildings. – Location of the famous Saint Paul’s Cathedral
And Even More Basic Facts!!• West End is the home to London’s most “fashionable” residential area.• West End is center of Britains government. – Britain’s chief governmental buildings are in the City of Westminster. • The home of the Prime Minister is Number 10 Downing Street.• London’s main shopping districts are located in West End.• The South Bank is London’s cultural center with many theaters, art galleries…• East End contains London Docks.
Places of Interest in London• London attracts over 14 million international visitors per year, making it Europes most visited city.• 5 most visited places in England are – British Museum – National Gallery – Tate Modern – Natural History Museum – London Eye
British Museum• Is widely considered to be one of the worlds greatest museums of human history and culture.• Its permanent collection, numbering some eight million works, is amongst the finest, most comprehensive, and largest in existence and originates from all continents, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from its beginnings to the present.• The British Museum was established in 1753
National Gallery• The National Gallery is an art museum on Trafalgar Square, London, United Kingdom. Founded in 1824.• It houses a collection of over 2,300 paintings dating from the mid-13th century to 1900.
Tate Modern• Tate Modern is a modern art gallery located in London, England.• It is Britains national gallery of international modern art.• It is the most-visited modern art gallery in the world, with around 4.7 million visitors per year
Natural History Museum• The museum is home to life and earth science specimens comprising some 70 million items within five main collections: Botany, Entomology, Mineralogy, Paleontology and Zoology.• The museum is a world-renowned centre of research.
London Eye• The London Eye is a giant Ferris wheel situated on the banks of the River Thames.• The entire structure is 135 metres tall and the wheel has a diameter of 120 metres• It is the tallest Ferris wheel in Europe, and the most popular paid tourist attraction in the United Kingdom, visited by over 3.5 million people annually.• Was made in 1999.
Review Questions1. Name so basic facts about London2. What are the four parts of the center of London? 1. Describe each one.3. What are the top 5 tourist destinations in London? 1. Describe each one. 1. What is important about them? 2. When were they created?4. Which of these places would you want to visit?
Homework• Compare and contrast the top travel destinations in Ukraine and London. Which ones would you rather travel to? Why?