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Module 4 pre construction


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Module 4 pre construction

  2. 2. a) identify basic OSH requirements to be considered during pre-construction stage; and b) make necessary arrangements during pre- construction stage. To enable the participants to:
  3. 3.  Proper planning should be an integral part of efficient running of a construction operation.  It is not only for overall preparation and budgeting purposes but also a proactive measure for handling and managing occupational safety and health matters for the work to be carried out.
  4. 4. Examine contract documents, specifications and drawings - to establish any constrains which might affect the site layout or method of construction CONTRACT DOCUMENT CONTRACT DOCUMENT
  5. 5. Location of Sites Environmental Matters Nature of Site
  6. 6. Determine logical sequence of work and identify any high risk operations, hazardous process, etc. Site Clearance Demolition
  7. 7. Construction Operations High Risk Operations Determine logical sequence of work and identify any high risk operations, hazardous process, etc.
  8. 8. Access Equipment Determine the type and capacity of plant and need for competent operators: Lifting Appliances & Gears Mobile Plant Site Transport Power Supplies Workshop Requirements
  9. 9. Determine requirements for temporary accommodations Welfare & First Aid Facilities Offices Canteen Temporary Living Accommodation Laboratory Facilities?
  10. 10. Determine storage requirements e.g. for: a) Steel. b) Formwork. c) Cements. d) Pre-cast Units. e) Scaffolding. f) Bricks, Blocks & Sand. g) Structural elements.H h) Highly flammable liquids, LPG, explosives and waste.
  11. 11. Define areas of the site for: a) access for plant, materials and emergency services. b) fixed plant, e.g. tower cranes, batching plant, bar bending and workshops. c) mobile plant, e.g. cranes, dumpers, fork lifts, concrete trucks, pumps, etc. d) temporary accommodation. e) material storage.
  12. 12.  Determine measures for site security and protection of the public, particularly children.  Determine arrangements for liaison with neighbourhood.
  13. 13. 1. Sets out the arrangements for securing OSH at work. 2. Based on preliminary assessment outcome. Project Safety & Health Plan
  14. 14. It deals with: OSH risks to workers & others Arrangemen ts for Control & Monitoring of OSH Arrangemen ts for HIRARC, ERP, etc. Project Safety & Health Plan
  15. 15. It should include: Project Safety & Health Plan 1. OSH Policy & Objectives 2. Assignment of OSH responsibilities 3. Methods for HIRAC, JSA, etc. 4.Accident investigation & reporting 5.On-site ERP 6. Site communicatio ns 7.Safety audit program 8.Co-ordination of on-site trade activities
  16. 16. Outline – Heading Information Co. Reg. No : 12345-X Proposed Construction and Completion of Water Treatment Plant at Bandar Baru Wangi, SELANGOR DARUL ENSHAN Contract No : JPP/WT/1/2005 Revision No : 0 Date : 28 Oct 2004 28/10/04Approved By Ariffin Ahmad Project Manager Ariffin DateTask Name & Designation Signature 21/10/04Prepared By Mohammad Razali Mamat Safety & Health Officer MRM 25/10/04Checked By Kamarulzaman bin Musa Safety & Health Manager Kamarul Document No : XYX/WT/SH/01 Document Revision No & Effective Date Document No Contractor’s Name Issue No Project Title & Contract No
  17. 17. Outline – Contract Description Office : 03-87841008 Fax : 03-87841009 H/P : 012- 3456789 The Construction & Completion of Water Treatment Plant at Bandar Baru Wangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan. Scope of Work RM 25 million To construct a reinforced concrete water reservoir of 1 million liter capacity. To install electrical and mechanical equipment for the treatment work. 1 Oct 2004 – 31 March 2005 (18 Months) Ariffin bin Ahmad Project Title Contract No JPP/WT/1/2005 Contract Sum Contract Period Project Manager Contact Number
  18. 18. SAFETY & HEALTH POLICY 3,000,000 MAN-HOURS WITHOUT LTI THROUGHOUT DURATION OF CONTRACT At XYZ Construction Sdn. Bhd our Safety & Health Policy is based on a belief that the well-being of person employed at work or person affected by our work is a major priority and must be considered during all our undertakings. Employees are our most important asset and their safety & health is our greatest responsibility. The public should be given equal priority to that of our employees. We are committed in ensuring all our legal obligations as stipulated under the Occupational Safety & Health Act 1994, Regulations & Orders and other applicable legislative requirements are complied with. 1. provide necessary resources for implementing all arrangements made under the policy. 2. make safety & health as an integral part of and culture within the project – all employees shall cooperate and responsible in all safety & health matters. 3. ensure Safety & Health shall be given utmost priority in all activities – SAFETY FIRST. 4. establish an effective consultation and communication mechanism, in particular through the Safety & Health Committee. 5. provide necessary education and training for all employees. The prime objective of our Safety & Health Policy for this Project is to achieve: The Project Manager shall be assisted by the Safety and Health Officer in ensuring the intent of this policy being translated into action effectively and smoothly . In order to achieve the above-mentioned objective and to comply with relevant statutory obligations, so far as is practicable XYZ Construction Sdn. Bhd. will: Date : 25 Oct 2004Tan Sri Ahmad bin Dollah Managing Director 1.Contractor’s written statement confirming OSH commitment. 2.Quantifiable Objective. 3. Arrangements to achieve OSH objectives. 4.Person responsible for effective implementation & monitoring. 6.Dated by organisation’s highest authority. 5.Signed by organisation’s highest authority.
  19. 19. How is the accountability fixed - delegated responsibilities are undertaken? How is the policy implementation monitored? Who is responsible to whom and for what?
  20. 20. Commitment & Leadership Policy Planning & Implementation Organising Evaluation Corrective Action Continual Improvement Other organizational features should include: 1.individual job descriptions having a safety content. 2.details of specific safety responsibilities. 3.the role and function of safety committee(s). 4.the role and function of SHO & SSS. organization chart - lines of responsibility & accountability
  22. 22. Responsibilities, Authority & Accountability – An Example XYZ Construction Sdn. Bhd. will provide the following key personnel on site. Their roles and responsibilities, authority and accountability regarding safety on site are outlined below. PROJECT MANAGER Mr. Ariffin bin Ahmad as the Project Manager is responsible, authorised and accountable for safety and health on the project. Duties include: 1. implementing the company Occupational Health Safety and Rehabilitation procedures; 2. using the principles of the Hierarchy of Controls in all design, fabrication and construct activities to minimise the risk to all personnel in the workplace; 3. carrying out a design review with the Client’s representative to assist in the identification of further risk reduction controls measures; 4. participating in the planning and design stages of trade activities; 5. stimulating a high level of safety awareness at all times; 6. identifying safety training needs; 7. leading by example; 8. ensuring safe equipment and plant is provided and maintained; 9. insisting on correct and safe work practices at all times; 10.assisting in the identification and preparation of safe work procedures; 11.reviewing safety reports and inspections and initiating rectification where necessary; 12.participating in accident/incident investigations; 13.participating in safety meetings and programs; and 14.monitoring compliance with safe work methods (controls).
  23. 23. Responsibilities, Authority & Accountability – An Example SITE SUPERVISOR Mr. Lee Chong Meng as the Site Supervisor is responsible, authorised and accountable for safety and health on the project. Duties include:1. implementing the company Occupational Health Safety policy and procedures; 2. observing all OHS requirements and statutory rules and regulations; 3. ensuring that all works are conducted in a manner that is safe and without risk to employees health and safety; 4. planning to do all work safely; 5. providing advise and assistance on OHS to all employees; 6. participating in the planning and design stages of trade activities; 7. ensuring current OHS and other relevant legislative requirements are met in the workplace; 8. identifying OHS training programs in advance and allowing for employee/s identified as requiring training to attend the training; 9. actioning safety reports and carrying out workplace inspections; 10.preparing and participating in safety meetings and safety programs; 11.facilitating the preparation of Safe Work Procedures and Method Statement for the trade; 12.insisting and ensuring on safe work practices at all times; 13.investigating hazard reports and ensuring that corrective actions are undertaken; 14.conducting project inductions, toolbox talks and daily team briefings; 15.participating in accident/incident investigations; 16.leading by example and promoting OHS at every opportunity; 17.supervising and ensuring compliance with safe work procedures; and 18.providing suitable employment to assist rehabilitation initiatives; and stimulating a high level of safety awareness at all times.
  24. 24. a) Site Safety Induction. b) Risk Management. c) Safe Work Procedures. d) Workplace Inspection. e) Consultation & Communication. f) Emergency Preparedness. g) Incident Investigation & Reporting. h) Occupational Health Arrangements. i) Performance Monitoring. j) Non-Compliance. k) Promotion, etc. 1. This part deals with the practical arrangements by which the policy will be effectively implemented. 2. These include: ARRANGEMENTS
  25. 25. to protect the public from site hazards to prevent children straying on the site provided with suitable perimeter fencing
  26. 26. Standard of fencing required for a particular site will depend on the hazards and environmental conditions of the worksite as well as its location.
  27. 27. Some factors to consider: building height (e.g. more than 1 storey). location near shops, offices, schools, residential areas. whether there are any trenches and trench depth. whether the site is vacant outside work hours
  28. 28. Consideration forlevel of risk: High risk - Areas that the public would normally access or pass through - it is necessary to prevent public access to the work site. Medium risk - Areas with moderate public traffic, such as suburban residential areas - it is necessary to restrict access to the worksite, and provide warning of the hazard. Low risk - Areas with minimal public access such as rural areas or new sub- divisions require a lower level of protection.
  29. 29. separate padestrian route safe access and good visibility trained banksman/ traffic controller one-way systems routes must be maintained in good suitable warning and directional signs
  30. 30. Location of store and storage areas will be determined by: availability of space nature of the materials statutory requirementssuitable off loading areas and lifting equipment
  31. 31. Physical features on the site, building under construction and environmental constraints will determine positioning of cranes, hoist and other lifting appliances.
  32. 32. The positioning and marking of temporary services should be carefully undertaken to avoid possibility of accidental damage.
  33. 33. Adequate space must be allowed for lighting towers and for scaffolding and other support work.
  34. 34. 1. Rubbish dumping area must be allocated. 2. Arrangements for regular disposal must be determined particularly for scheduled waste.
  35. 35. Consideration should be given in parking facilities either on or off site.
  36. 36. To appoint full time qualified safety and health officer for work with contract sum more than RM20 million. Occupational Safety & Health (Safety & Health Officer) Orders1997. 3 To appoint qualified person as safety and health officer. Occupational Safety & Health (Safety & Health Officer) Regulations 1997. 2 Appointment of safety and health officer. Section 29, Occupational Safety & Health Act 1994. 1 ACTIVITIESACT/REGULATIONNO
  37. 37. ACTIVITIESACT/REGULATIONNO To appoint competent person as designated person for controlling public vehicular traffic. Sub-Reg. 18 (1), F&M (BOWECS) 1986 – Public Vehicular Traffic 6 Other contractor than the main contractor to appoint part-time contractors’ safety supervisors if employ more than 20 workers. Regulation 26, Factories & Machinery (Building Operations & Works of Engineering Construction) (Safety) Regulations 1986. 5 Main contractor to appoint a part-time site safety supervisors. Regulation 25, Factories & Machinery (Building Operations & Works of Engineering Construction) (Safety) Regulations 1986. 4
  38. 38. ACTIVITIESACT/REGULATIONNO To appoint competent person as designated person for inspection and maintenance of safety belts/harnesses. Sub-Reg. 54(1), F&M (BOWECS) 1986 – Safety Belt / Safety Harness 8 To appoint competent person as designated person for supervising concrete work, formwork, shoring and other support systems. Sub-Reg. 29 (1), (2) & (3), F&M (BOWECS) 1986 – Concrete Work, Formwork, Shoring & Other Supports 7 To appoint competent person as designated person for controlling public vehicular traffic. Sub-Reg. 18 (1), F&M (BOWECS) 1986 – Public Vehicular Traffic 6
  39. 39. ACTIVITIESACT/REGULATIONNO To appoint competent person as designated person for supervising demolition works. Reg. 103, F&M (BOWECS) 1986 – Demolition 11 To appoint competent person as designated person for erection, alterations, dismantling and maintenance of scaffolds. Sub-Reg. 74 (1) & 85 (1), F&M BOWECS) 1986 - Scaffolds 10 To appoint competent person as designated person for inspection and maintenance of safety nets. Sub-Reg. 57 (1), F&M (BOWECS) 1986 – Safety Net 9
  40. 40. ACTIVITIESACT/REGULATIONNO To appoint competent person as designated person for supervising works related to the use of explosives and blasting. Reg. 135, F&M (BOWECS) 1986 – Blasting & Handling of Explosives 14 To appoint competent person as designated person for supervising pile driving and load tests. Reg. 125 & 127, F&M (BOWECS) 1986 – Piling 13 To appoint competent person as designated person for supervising excavation works. Sub-Reg. 111 (2) & 113 (2), F&M (BOWECS) 1986 – Excavation Work 12
  41. 41. ACTIVITIESACT/REGULATIONNO To establish Safety & Health Committee when employing 40 or more workers or as directed by the Director General of DOSH. Section 30, Occupational Safety & Health Act 1994 16 To appoint chemical risk assessor when using chemical hazardous to health. Regulation 11, Occupational Safety & Health (Use & Standards of Exposure of Chemicals Hazardous to Health) Regulations 2000 14
  42. 42. 1. Copies of main contractor’s safety policy should be given to all sub-contractors name of Safety & Health Officer/Supervisor. 2. All sub-contractors shall furnish main contractor with copies of their policies and name of their Safety & Health Officer/Supervisor. 3. Relevant codes and standards to be adopted as term of references should be identified and agreed.
  43. 43. 4. Requirements for sub-contractors representatives in the project Safety & Health Committee should be discussed and appropriate arrangements made. 5. Procedures and arrangements for any necessary mandatory and site specific induction training and other necessary training through out the duration of the contract should be identified and agreed. 6. Establish and agree procedures for reporting injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences both to relevant authority and site management.
  44. 44. 7. Arrangements welfare and first aid facilities are to be agreed and any shared facilities are to be confirmed. 8. First aid arrangements should include the appointment of first aiders and procedures for responding quickly to an accident and for calling emergency services. 9. Requirements and provision of appropriate items to be agreed, together with arrangements for storage, inspection and any necessary training.
  45. 45. 10. Agree on any processes or operation requiring a permit-to-work/enter system. Determine which sub-contractors are affected and establish formal procedures. 11. Responsibilities and procedures for dealing with access problems common to all sub-contractors (such as scaffolds, floor openings, etc.) and disputes on safety matters. 12. Agree provision of appropriate fire fighting equipment for work processes and, stores, accommodation and offices.
  46. 46. 14. Agree procedures in the event of fire, rescue from confined spaces and any other emergency that occurred at the workplace. 15. Agree arrangements for the storing of materials and the cleaning of waste on a regular basis. Provision should be made for the main contractor to contra-charge sub-contractors where these arrangements are not followed. 16. Determine site rules, to include where appropriate, client’s rules. Copies of site rules to be issued to all sub-contractors.
  47. 47. 17. Arrangements for early installation of a telephone or any other suitable means of communication are essential for both business and safety reasons. 18. Telephone numbers to be contacted in the event of an emergency should be displayed. 19. A specific general site rules outline the do’s and dont’s should be established.
  48. 48. DOEDOSH
  49. 49. Construction Industry Development Board APPLICATIONNO LEGAL PROVISIONS Contractor Registration & Levy for Contract Sum More Than RM500,000.00 2 Part VIII, Lembaga Pembangunan Industri Pembinaan Malaysia 1994 Contractor Registration1 Part VI, Lembaga Pembangunan Industri Pembinaan Malaysia 1994
  50. 50. Department of Occupational Safety & Health APPLICATIONNO LEGAL PROVISIONS Registration of construction sites when work is expected to be completed for a period more than six weeks – JKJ 103. 2 Section 35, Factories & Machinery Act 1967 and Regulation 3, Factories and Machinery (Notification, Certificate of Fitness and Inspection) Regulations 1970 Registration of factories such as casting yard and batching plant – JKJ 101. 1 Section 34, Factories & Machinery Act 1967 and Regulation 3, Factories and Machinery (Notification, Certificate of Fitness and Inspection) Regulations 1970
  51. 51. Department of Occupational Safety & Health APPLICATIONNO LEGAL PROVISIONS Employer to notify JKKP on the appointment and termination of Safety & Health Officer within one month 5 Reg. 14, Occupational Safety & Health (Safety & Officer), Regulations 1997 Permission to install machinery requiring Certificate of Fitness such as tower cranes, gantry, etc. – JKJ 105 & JKJ 127. 3 Section 36(2) of the Act and Regulation 7(1) of Factories and Machinery (Notification, Certificate of Fitness and Inspection) Regulations 1970 Permission to use/operate other machinery (not requiring COF) for the first time – JKJ 106. 4 Section 34, Regulation 7(2) of Factories and Machinery (Notification, Certificate of Fitness and Inspection) Regulations 1970
  52. 52. Department of Environment APPLICATIONNO LEGAL PROVISIONS Approval of plans to carry out on any premises or land that may result in a new source of effluent discharge. 2 Regulations 5(1) Environmental Quality (Sewage and Industrial Effluents) Regulations 1979 Approval of plans to carry out work that would cause land or building to become prescribed premises. 1 Section 20(1), Environmental Quality Act 1974
  53. 53. Local Authorities APPLICATIONNO LEGAL PROVISIONS Notice of Commencement of Resumption of Building Operations. 3 By-Law 21(1) of the Uniform Building By-Laws Submission of Plans for Approval. 1 By-Law 3(1)(c) and 16(2) of the Uniform Building By-Laws Application for temporary permits for erection of sheds for store, depositing of materials on streets, etc. 2 By-Law 19 of the Uniform Building By-Laws
  54. 54. Local Authorities APPLICATIONNO LEGAL PROVISIONS Certificate of Fitness for Occupations. 6 By-Law 25(1) of the Uniform Building By-Laws Notice of Completion of Setting Out. 4 By-Law 23(1) of the Uniform Building By-Laws Notice of Completion of Excavation for Foundation. 5 By-Law 24 of the Uniform Building By-Laws
  55. 55. OTHER DEPARTMENTS / AGENCIES APPLICATIONNO AGENCIES Handling & Use of Explosives. 3 Police Department Storage of Flammable Materials. 1 Fire & Rescue Department Food Handler to be Vaccinated. Report on Epidemics. 2 Health Department
  56. 56. 1. As with other potential hazards that may arise in the course of any construction work, a temporary traffic management must be developed before commencement of work. 2. The objective is to safeguard not only the workers involved in the work but also members of the public who might be affected by the work activities.
  57. 57. Consider the following: 1. Width of road – is there enough room for traffic and plant to manoeuvre safely? 2. Can the road shoulders be used to provide an additional traffic lane. 3. Traffic density – what will be the likely effects on safety and health, and delays in traffic movements and construction time of the alternative option.
  58. 58. 3. Percentage of heavy vehicles – consider seasonal operations. 4. Terrain – will terrain introduce additional hazards such as curves, swamp, etc. 5. Environmental factors – take into account the range of environmental conditions, such as wet conditions, poor visibility and darkness.
  59. 59. 1. Pedestrian detours are clearly defined, and pedestrians protected from the dangers of road traffic when using any detour. 2. The passage of vehicles across footpaths is to be supervised, to remove danger to the public. 3. Flagmen, barriers, signs or traffic lights are used to stop the public passing under suspended loads (unless there is a protective gantry). 4. Excavations are fenced, and, if they are like to retain water, are covered and securely fenced to prevent access for children. If in public places, they should have warning signs, and warning lights at night
  60. 60. 5. Pneumatic tools are to have silencers, and piling dollies are to be of timber or neoprene so that noise is kept to acceptable levels. 6. If scaffolding must intrude on to footpaths, it is to be clearly marked, and padded if there is any risk of causing injury. 7. Adequate security of the site is to be provided during non-working periods.
  61. 61. 1. Define speed limit. 2. Minimize the amount of noise workers are exposed through administrative or engineering control. 3. Protection for slope /sides of excavation.
  62. 62. 1. through the work site; or 2. around the work site; or 3. redirected past the work site by detour, which may be via an existing road or side track. 4. should meet the standard requirements as stipulated under Arahan Teknik Jalan JKR or relevant local authorities Depending on the circumstances, movement of traffic may be achieved in one of three ways:
  63. 63. Unless required by the law, PPE should be opted as the last line of defence after due considerations have been given to other alternative controls – elimination, substitution, isolate and administrative control.
  64. 64. a) the need for provision of personal protective equipment; b) training in the use of personal protective equipment; c) standards which apply to personal protective equipment; d) signs to inform persons about personal protective equipment; e) the system of control over the supply allocation, maintenance and repair of personal protective equipment, and documentation. Every employer must be aware of:
  65. 65. 1. Every employer should assess the need for personal protective equipment on the basis of risk. 2. Once risk has been assessed, personal protective equipment can be selected according to availability, appropriateness and suitability for the wearer.
  66. 66. 3. When selecting personal protective equipment for a particular work process or series of tasks, consider the following general principles: a) Be familiar with the risks of the work process - involve evaluating the nature of the risk, circumstances and restrictions of the tasks to be performed. b) Be aware of the acceptable level of risk to which the worker may be exposed and hence the performance requirement of the chosen equipment. c) Compare performance requirements with the capability of different types of personal
  67. 67. d) Make sure that the item chosen is appropriate to the risk. e) Where several types of personal protective equipment are required to control multiple risks presented by the one work process, make sure that the items are compatible. f) Make sure that the item will fit properly, as ‘inadequate fit’ can limit an item’s protective capability.
  68. 68. g) Consider workers’ medical conditions, which can influence whether they can use certain items of equipment. h) Consider the comfort of the item when choosing equipment. i) Make sure that the item is worn correctly. j) Consult with those workers and others who must wear the equipment when choosing the items. k) Give preference to items of personal protective equipment, which comply with the relevant standards
  69. 69. 1. Store personal protective equipment in a clean and fully operational condition. 2. Storage arrangements should ensure that the equipment is safe from interference and damage, and easily accessible when needed. 3. Items of personal protective equipment should also be checked regularly, as specified by the manufacturer or supplier. 4. Repair or discard damaged or defective personal protective equipment. 5. Institute a program to ensure that personal protective equipment is being properly maintained
  70. 70. a) maintenance duties and responsibilities. b) designation of personnel; c) storage procedures; d) cleaning procedures. e) checking procedures. f) information about the duration of protection from gloves, respiratory canisters, etc; and g) criteria for replacement. 6. As part of the maintenance program, determine and record:
  71. 71. 1. With the multi background of construction workers, safety signs play vital role in disseminating information and instruction to the workers and others. 2. The purpose of hazard and safe signs is to draw attention to objects and situation which may affect or could affect safety or health. 3. Unfortunately the safety signs being used on most construction sites are of various types and standards.
  72. 72. 1. Safey Colour - A colour to which a specific safety or health meaning or purpose is assigned. 2. Contrasting Colour - A colour that contrasts with the safety colour in order to make the latter more conspicuous. 3. Symbols - A pictorial representation used on a safety or health sign
  73. 73. 1. If identification is required of places where there is risk of collision, falling, stumbling, falling objects or where there are steps, holes in floor or similar hazards. 2. Combination of fluorescent orange-red* or safety colour yellow in either black case.
  74. 74. 1. Accurately forecasting the cost of future projects is vital to the survival of any business. 2. Cost estimators develop the cost information that business owners or managers need to make a bid for a contract or to determine budget for the work to be executed efficiently. 3. They also determine which endeavors are making a profit. 4. Construction Safety & Health Officer could assist the cost estimator in identifying safety and health requirements for a particular project.
  75. 75. a) Will the work involve any special or unusual hazards (i.e. asbestos, lead, isocyanates, excessive noise, process chemical, etc.). b) Will any Statutory provisions need to be complied with. c) Is there any codes of practice, guidelines or standards that need to be referred to? 1. Special Hazards – Applicable Acts, Codes of Practice, Standards and Guidelines
  76. 76. a) Is relevant government agencies (i.e. DOSH, CIDB, DOE, BOMBA, etc.) to be notified prior to commencement of work? b) Will any Statutory provisions need to be complied Are there any legal requirements for appointment of designated persons for the work activities (i.e. scaffold erector, authorized gas tester, etc.) to be carried out? c) If any of the above is applicable, has the necessary notification and arrangements been made? 2. Statutory Notification & Other Requirements
  77. 77. a) Are all personnel to be employed have attended the mandatory Safety Induction for Construction Workers ? b) Is specific site safety induction required? c) How long is the site safety induction to be? d) Where and when the site safety induction will take place? e) Is there any other training required? f) What categories of employees will be trained? g) What, where and where the training is to be conducted? h) Who will structure and conduct the training? i) What follow-up training will be carried out during 3. Induction & Other Training Requirements
  78. 78. a) Does the size and nature of the project justify the appointment of site safety supervisor to assist the full-time Safety & Health Officer? b) Is there any other surveillance required? 4. Control and Monitoring
  79. 79. a) Is there ready vehicle access to the site? b) Is this access wide enough? c) Is there a need for special access road for delivery vehicles? d) Is there a need for appointment of designated traffic controller at the site entrance? e) What types of warning and directional signs are needed at the site entrance? f) Is a dust nuisance occasioned by vehicle movement on site in dry weather likely to arise? g) If so, is provision being made for a water-spray vehicle, etc.? h) Is there any requirement by the local authority for the provision of washing ramp/bay at the site entrance for vehicle leaving the site? 5. Site Access
  80. 80. a) What will be the scaffolding requirements throughout the work? b) Who will provide the scaffolds? c) Is it possible to make one company responsible for all scaffolding on site, including erection, maintenance and inspection? d) Is there a need for appointment of designated traffic controller at the site Will any special access equipment be needed during the work (i.e. cherry- picker, mobile tower scaffold, power elevated mast platform, etc.)? e) Who will provide ladder and who will be responsible for checking the safe condition and use of those ladders? 6. Safe Means of Access/Work Place
  81. 81. a) What part of the site will require artificial lighting? b) What sort of lighting will be used and at what stage will it be used? c) Who will be responsible for installing external and internal artificial lighting? d) Are there any other lighting aspects to be considered? 7. Temporary Lighting
  82. 82. a) During the work, will there be any operations involving repetitive manual handling of heavy objects? b) What are these operations? c) What provision is being made for mechanical lifting aids? d) Are there any other lighting aspects to be Is special training of manual handling to be conducted? 8. Manual Lifting/Handling
  83. 83. a) Will the work involve mechanical lifting and/or use of mobile cranes? b) Will tower cranes be involved? c) If so, have the supplier been identified? d) Will it possible to establish and implement a system whereby mobile cranes are not allowed to enter the site unless the operator and signalman are competent and the machine is possessing valid PMA? 8. Mechanical Lifting/Handling
  84. 84. a) Are there any known buried services on site (electric cables, gas/water mains, sewers, etc.)? b) Has the survey been carried out to identify those services? c) Are there any requirements for the establishment and implementation of Permit-to-Excavate system ? 9. Buried Services
  85. 85. a) Are there any overhead services on the site? b) If so, what is their nature (voltage carried by cables, etc.)? c) At what height above ground are these overhead services? d) Will these overhead services intrude upon crane operation? e) If so, what is to be done to minimize any danger? f) Will construction/vehicle operations have to take place under these overhead services? g) Will provision of height restriction (goal post barrier) necessary? 9. Overhead Services
  86. 86. a) Is a competent electrician is required? b) What type portable electrical tools will be used on site? c) Who will be responsible for temporary electrical installation? d) Who will be responsible for testing and commissioning permanent electrical installation? e) Will the use of electrical ‘Permit-to-Work’ and ‘Lock-Out Tag-Out’ systems be necessary? 10. Electrical Safety
  87. 87. a) Will any significant or abnormal fire risks be associated with the work? b) What are these risks? c) Should specific site personnel be trained in fire- fighting techniques? If so, when and how? d) Will there be a need for organized Fire Fighting/Rescue Team? e) What type of fire fighting equipment is needed? f) Will there be any need for LPG to be used on site? g) If, so, what are the storage arrangements? h) Is the Fire & Rescue Department to be notified for highly flammable material stored on site? 11. Fire Protection
  88. 88. a) Will toxic substances being used on site? b) If so, what provisions are to be made to mitigate the potential hazards? c) Is plant/machinery capable of producing sound levels more than 90dBA during the work? d) If, so what are the provisions to be made to avoid risk of site personnel of noise induced hearing loss? e) Is there any activities might pose employees to hazardous substances? f) If so, are provisions for authorized gas tester and suitable respiratory protective equipment required? g) Will workers expose to biological hazards? h) If so, what provisions are to be made to mitigate the potential hazards? 12. Occupational Health Risks
  89. 89. a) What provisions are to be made for toilets, washing and sanitary facilities? b) Is site canteen required and who will provide it? c) How and by whom site accommodation be kept clean? d) How and by whom waste to be regularly removed from site? 13. Welfare Amenity Provisions
  90. 90. Construction Safety & Health Officer (CSHO) Module 1 111