Innovative Technology Systems Inc. (ITS) What is Biodiesel


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Innovative Technology Systems Inc. (ITS) a Kansas, USA based Company. ITS is an experienced biofuel project developer, and can provide an end-to-end solution including plantation development for the production of bio-oils on the front end through to the manufacture and construction of integrated oil extraction, and biodiesel facilities on the back end. The ITS solution includes machinery for the extraction of oil from seed or fruit, pre-treatment of the crude oils, and Biodiesel production, utilizing proprietary patented technology, and processes that are environmentally responsible, and a significant improvement from a greenhouse gas perspective compared to many current commercial technologies. ITS provides its clients the opportunity to incorporate our proprietary value-added processes that can significantly improve the overall process economics, which translates into a stronger competitive advantage in the marketplace, and lowers the overall risk.

ITS provides vertically integrated Agricultural and Biofuel Solutions, and consists of a first class team of scientists, engineers, business strategists, and agronomists who offer unrivalled technical expertise, and understanding of the dynamics and complexity of the global biofuels market.

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Innovative Technology Systems Inc. (ITS) What is Biodiesel

  1. 1. What is Biodiesel Services Services
  2. 2. ContentsWhat is Biodiesel Slide 3What is Biodiesel made From Slide 4How is Biodiesel Made Slide 5Where can Biodiesel be Used Slide 6How does Biodiesel compare to Mineral Diesel Slide 7Do Engine Warranties cover the use of Biodiesel Slide 8What are the Specifications for Biodiesel Slide 9Disclaimer Slide 11End of Presentation Slide 12Slide 2
  3. 3. What is Biodiesel? A fuel made from renewable sources A fuel composed of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oils, plant oils, or fats 100% Biodiesel is called B100Slide 3
  4. 4. What is Biodiesel Made From? Biodiesel is made from triglycerides (oil) or fatty acids Typical sources of triglycerides include virgin vegetable oils, plant oils, used cooking oils, and animal fats Typical sources of fatty acids include Palm or Soybean Refining by-products often called “Acid Oil” or “Fatty Acid Distillates” Tall Oil a by-product of paper refining (Kraft Mill) can also be used Different fats and oils may be mixed in the biodiesel refining process The composition of the fats or oils may require the refining process to be calibrated to the feedstock mix (methanol and or catalyst percentage) The biodiesel fuel properties are influenced by the specific characteristics of the feedstock such as carbon chain length and degree of saturation or unsaturationSlide 4
  5. 5. How is Biodiesel Made? Biodiesel is made via one of two processes: Esterification of fatty acids Transesterification of triglycerides Esterification uses methanol as the solvent and an acid catalyst to join the fatty acid molecule and the methanol molecule to produce a methyl ester Esterification can be a multi-step process based on the free fatty acid content Esterification reaction produces water as a by-product Transesterification uses methanol as the solvent and a base catalyst to break the glycerin linkage to the fatty acid molecules (triglycerides) and replaces the linkage with a methanol molecule link Transesterification is either a one or two step process depending on the reaction conditions Transesterification produces a glycerol by-productSlide 5
  6. 6. Where can Biodiesel be Used? Biodiesel can be blended with Mineral Diesel and used in the following: Passenger vehicles Light trucks Over the road trucks Agricultural tractors Boats and ships Stationary electrical generators Modified gas turbines As a heating oil replacementSlide 6
  7. 7. How does Biodiesel Compare to Mineral Diesel? 9-10% less energy than Mineral Diesel Averages 118,000 BTU/gallon compared to 130,000 for Mineral Diesel Biodiesel blends increase lubricity by up to 65% when compared to low sulphur diesel, better for engine, runs quieter Improved Emissions (according to EPA) 67% reduction in unburned Hydrocarbons 48% reduction in Carbon Monoxide 47% reduction in Particulate Matter Cold Weather Performance not as good at Mineral Diesel B20 (20% biodiesel blend) will have a 2-5 degree C increase in Cold Filter Plug Point compared to Mineral DieselSlide 7
  8. 8. Do Engine Warranties Cover the use of Biodiesel? All the major engine manufacturers have issued a warranty statement defining the use of biodiesel Typical warranties range from a 5% blend to 100% B100 usage The majorities of warranties cover up to a 20% blend In the EU biodiesel is blended up to 7.5% with mineral diesel per mandate In the US blends at the pump are either 5% or 20% Many tractor engines are warrantied up to 100% biodiesel useSlide 8
  9. 9. What are the Specifications for Biodiesel? There two primary standards for biodiesel globally The United States ASTM D6751 standard The European EN14214 standard Most countries have adopted the EN 14214 specification All biodiesel must be laboratory tested and certified prior to sale Each batch produced is given a unique identifier to trace the fuel back to the manufacturerSlide 9
  10. 10. Walk through the ITS Biodiesel and Pre-treatmentRefinery by visiting Services ServicesSlide 10
  11. 11. DisclaimerThe information and all further technical advice is based on our presentknowledge and experience. However, they imply no liability or other legalresponsibility on our part, including with regards to existing third partyintellectual property rights. In particular no warranty, whether express orimplied of guarantee of product properties is intended or implied. We reservethe right to make any changes according to technological progress or furtherdevelopments. The customer is not released from the obligation to conductcareful inspection and testing of incoming goods. Performance of the productdescribed herein should be verified by testing, which should be carried out byqualified experts in the sole responsibility of the customer.Slide 11
  12. 12. Thank you for your attention. Contact:John Anderson – Chief Operating Officer David Blythe – Chief TechnologyE-mail: OfficerVOIP UK: +44 20 8123 2661 E-mail: d.blythe@3C-ITS.comVOIP USA +1 913 232 2277 Cell: +1 (402) 3040705 T: +1 913 302-6423, F: +1 913 451-9231 E-mail: Web: 7541 W. 119th Street Overland Park. Kansas. 66212, USA