Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Historical Foundations of Curriculum in the Philippines

0 views

Published on

Development of Education System in the Philippines from Pre-Spanish period up to present.

Published in: Education
  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (Unlimited) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... ACCESS WEBSITE for All Ebooks ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Historical Foundations of Curriculum in the Philippines

  1. 1. Historical Foundations of Philippine Education
  2. 2. Development of Education in the Philippines from Pre-Spanish to Present times
  3. 3. Timeline Before 1521 Education before the coming of Spaniards 1521-1896 Education during the Spanish Regime 1896-1899 Education during the Philippine Revolution 1898-1935 Education during the American Occupation 1935-1941 Education during the Philippine Commonwealth 1941-1944 Education during the Japanese Occupation
  4. 4. Pre- Hispanic (Pre-Spanish Period) Education •No formal schools •Learning began at home •Oral, practical, hands on •Reading, ‘riting, ‘rithmetic (3r’s) •The objective was basically to promote reverence for, and adoration of Bathala, respect for laws, customs, and authorities represented by parents and elders.
  5. 5. Education During the Spanish Regime -establishment of schools in the country •Friars - established parochial schools linked with churches to teach catechism to the natives. - goal is to spread Christianity. •Religion (Christian Doctrine) – was a compulsory subject at all levels.
  6. 6. • Education was privileged only to Spanish students. • 19th century – public education for the natives. • Educational decree of 1863 – required the establishment of one primary school for girls and one for boys in each major town of the country. • Establishment of the normal school for the training of teachers. • Spanish Language – medium of instruction in all schools.
  7. 7. Problems faced during the period • Absence of systematic government supervision of the schools. •Over emphasis on religion. •Limited and Irrelevant Curriculum •Lack of trained teachers (150 teacher-missionaries to instruct over half a million inhabitants) •Obsolete Teaching Methods.
  8. 8. • Poor classroom facilities • Inadequate instructional materials. • Racial discrimination against Filipino students. • Absence of academic freedom.
  9. 9. Because of need, higher level schools were established much later by virtue of royal decrees. •Colegios •Beaterios
  10. 10. Subjects: Based on the Royal Decree of 1863 •Languages(Latin, Spanish grammar and literature, elementary Greek, French and English) •History( Universal, Spanish) •Mathematics(Arithmetic, Algebra, Trigonometry, Geometry) •Philosophy (Rhetoric, Logic, Ethics) •Geography •Psychology
  11. 11. Philippine Revolution •Ilustrados - spearheaded the Propaganda Movement. •Curricular reforms 1. Secularization of education. 2. Instruction of Spanish. 3. Greater attention to natural science. 4. The design of a relevant curriculum. 5. Improvement of higher center of learning. 6. Improvement of educational system.
  12. 12. »Jose Rizal - criticized unequivocally the friars’ method of instruction in his two novels Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo. 1. Disproportionate focus on religion. 2. Discourage the attempt of Filipino students to speak in Spanish. 3. Lack of pedagogical skills. 4. Irrelevant courses in the curriculum.
  13. 13. Curriculum To improve the existing curriculum, Rizal considered the ff. Subjects as required courses in secondary schools. •Science •Math •History •Philosophy •Law •Language •P.E •Religion •Music •Social Sciences
  14. 14. Philippine Revolution •Education – priority during the Malolos Republic. •August 29, 1898 – schools were re-opened by the Secretary of the Interior. Established: •Free and compulsory primary education •Secondary Education – Burgos Institute in Malolos. •Tertiary Education – Literary University in the Philippines. (October 1898).
  15. 15. American Occupation •The Americans used education as a vehicle for its program benevolent assimilation. •Restore damaged school houses, build new ones and conduct classes. •American teachers infused their students the spirit of democracy and progress as well as fair play. •January 1901 – Taft Commission Act. No. 74 • Act no. 74 – established the Philippine Public School System.
  16. 16. Education • Volunteer American Soldiers • Thomasites – USS Thomas • August 23, 1901 • 365 males and 165 females.
  17. 17. Education • 3 levels of Education during the American Period • Elementary • Secondary • College • English language • Filipino Pensionados
  18. 18. Most important Colleges during American rule Public School • Philippine Normal School • University of the Philippines Private School • Siliman University • Centro Escolar de Señoritas • Philippine Women’s University
  19. 19. •Americans discarded the religious bias. •Educational Act of 1901- Separation of Church and State in education. •Encourage Filipino in the field of teaching. •Outstanding Filipino scholars were sent to US to train as teachers.
  20. 20. Curriculum Primary Education •GMRC •Civics •Hygiene and Sanitation •Geography Intermediate Curriculum •Grammar and composition •Reading, spelling •Science courses •Physiology •Hygiene and sanitation •Intensive teaching of geography
  21. 21. •Government established NORMAL SCHOOL for future teachers. •Courses include >Methods of teaching >science >Practice teaching >history and government >Psychology > social sciences >Mathematics > P.E >Language
  22. 22. Philippine Commonwealth •All schools should develop moral character, personal discipline, civic conscience and vocational efficiency. •Promote effective participation of the citizens in the processes of a democratic society. •1935 Constitution • National Council of Education (1936) •Educational Act of 1940
  23. 23. Japanese Regime •6 basic principles of japanese Education 1. Realization of NEW ORDER and promote friendly relations between Japan and the Philippines to the farthest extent 2. Foster a new Filipino culture based 3. Endeavor to elevate the morals of people, giving up over emphasis of materialism 4. Diffusion of the Japanese language in the philippines 5. Promotion of VOCATIONAL course 6. To inspire people with the spirit of love and labor
  24. 24. Curriculum •School calendar became longer •No summer vacation for students •Class size increased to 60 •Deleted anti-asian opinions, banned the singing of american songs, deleted american symbols, poems and pictures •Nihongo as a means of introducing and cultivvating love for Japanese culture •Social Studies
  25. 25. Take Note! Spanish- Reign for 300 years American- 50 years Japanese- about four years •It is thus not surprising that despite the measure they had instituted, the Japanese failed to succeed in transforming the values and attitudes of the people in line with their vision of the NEW ORDER. •A contributory factor was widely reported brutalities that ushered in the Japanese occupation that the filipinos did not experience with the same degree during the American period
  26. 26. After World War II In 1947, by the virtue of Executive Order No. 94, the Department of Instruction was changed to "Department of Education." During this period, the regulation and supervision of public and private schools belonged to the Bureau of Public and Private Schools.
  27. 27. Education after 1940 • The objective of the Philippine Education was to established “integrated, nationalistic, and democracy- inspired educational system” included the ff. 1. Inculcate moral and spiritual values inspired by an abiding faith in God 2. To develop an enlighten, patriotic, useful and upright citizenry in a democratic society 3. Conservation of the national resources 4. Perpetuation of our desirable values 5. Promote the science, arts and letters
  28. 28. •Great experiments in the community school and the use of vernacular in the first two grades of the primary schools as the medium of instruction were some of them. •An experiment worth mentioning that led to a change in the Philippine Educational Philosophy was that of school and community collaboration pioneered by Jose V. Aguilar. Schools are increasingly using instructional materials that are Philippine-oriented. Memorandum No. 30, 1966 sets the order of priority in the purchase of books for use in the schools were as follows: Books which are contributions to Phil. Literature Books on character education and other library materials Library equipment and permanent features
  29. 29. Martial Law period • The Department of Education became the Department of Education and Culture in 1972, the Ministry of Education and Culture in 1978, and with the Education Act of 1982, the Ministry of Education, Culture, and Sports. • A bilingual education scheme was established in 1974, requiring Filipino and English to be used in schools. • Science and math subjects as well as English language and literature classes were taught in English while the rest were taught in Filipino.
  30. 30. From 1986 to the present • The bilingual policy in education was reiterated in the 1987 Constitution of the Philippines. • (EDCOM), Congress passed Republic Act 7722 and Republic Act 7796 in 1994, creating theCommission on Higher Education (CHED) and the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA). The institute governing basic education was thus renamed in 2001 as the Department of Education (DepEd).
  31. 31. • The quality of public school education is generally considered to have declined since the post-war years, mainly due to insufficient funds. The Department of Education aims to address the major problems affecting public education by 2010. • Private schools are able to offer better facilities and education, but are also much more expensive. There is a wide variety of private schools, including all-boys’ and all-girls’ schools, religious schools, non-sectarian schools, Chinese schools, special schools, and international schools. Due to economic difficulties, there has been a recent increase in the popularity of home schooling and open universities in the Philippines.
  32. 32. Enhance Basic Education Act of 2013 (K to 12) •PRO’S OF K to 12 •At par with international 12 year basic education •Pursue protective employment, entrepreneurship and higher educational studies •Graduates is expected to be equipped with 21st century skills.
  33. 33. Enhance Basic Education Act of 2013 (K to 12) •CON’S OF K to 12 •See’s as a burden for average filipino family. •It does not address the basic problems of education(classrooms,chairs, books etc)
  34. 34. Bases of K to 12 implementation •Mastery of basic competencies is insufficient due to congested curriculum. •Philippines is the only remaining country in asia with a 10 year basic education program.
  35. 35. The K to 12 Curriculum •Learn-centered, inclusive and developmentally appropriate •Relevant responsive and Reseach based. •Culture sensitive •Contextualized and global •Use of pedagogical approaches that are constructivist, inquiry based, reflective collaborative and integrative. •Adhere the principle of MOTHER TOUGUE- BASED MULTILINGUAL EDUCATION(MTB-MLE)
  36. 36. MOTHER TOUGUE-BASED MULTILINGUAL EDUCATION(MTB-MLE) It starts from where the learners are and from what they already knew proceeding from the known to the unknown; instructional materials and capable teachers to implement the MTB-MLE curriculum shall be available
  37. 37. •Use of spiral progression approach to ensure mastery of knowledge and skills in every level •Flexible enough to enable and allow schools to localize, indigenize, and enhance the same based on their respective educational and social context.
  38. 38. CURRICULUM TRACKS The students after ongoing Senior High School can choose among four tracks: •Academic •Technical-Vocational-Livelyhood •Sports track •Arts and Design track
  39. 39. ACADEMIC TRACK Academic track includes the following strands: •Business,Accountancy,Management (BAM) •Humanities and Social Sciences(HUMSS) •Science, technology, engineering,mathematics (STEM) •General Academic Strand (GAS)
  40. 40. Thank You for Listening! 

×