American legacy

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THE AMERICAN LEGACY
In consonance with the President’s William McKinley Benevolent Assimilation Proclamation, the United States introduced to the Philippines a regime of democratic partnership under which the Philippines played the role of junior partner. Developments were focused for progress. Almost every phase of Filipino life felt the imprint of American influence. However, side by side with these positive results were the economic dependence of the Philippines to United States, distorted sense of values, and partial loss of the racial heritage. Largely, there is this so-called continuance of colonial mentality.

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American legacy

  1. 1. The American Legacy In the Philippines
  2. 2. Battle of Manila Bay – May 1, 1898 • General John “Blackjack” Pershing • General Elwell Otis • General Henry W. Lawton
  3. 3. Education • • • • Volunteer American Soldiers Thomasites – USS Thomas August 21, 1901 365 males and 165 females.
  4. 4. Education 3 levels of Education during the American Period • Elementary • Secondary • College English language Scholar
  5. 5. Most important Colleges during American rule Public School Private School • Philippine Normal School • University of the Philippines • Centro Escolar de Señoritas • Philippine Women’s University
  6. 6. Literature and Arts Newspaper during the American Period Bounding Billow • first American newspaper to appear in the Philippines. American Soldier • first American daily newspaper to be published in Manila. Philippine Herald • first Filipino weekly in English
  7. 7. Literature and Arts Famous Filipino writers during American Period Carlos P. Romulo • won the Pulitzer Price for International reporting in 1942 Jose Garcia Villa • listed among the top short story writers in America in 1932. Fernando Maramag • was an excellent poet and journalist in English.
  8. 8. Literature and Arts Famous Filipino Painters • Fernando Amorsolo • Fabian de la Rosa • Victor Edades Guillermo Tolentino • a Filipino scuptor Bonifacio Monument Famous Filipino Musicians • • • • Antonio Molina Nicanor Abelardo Francisco Santiago Juan Hernandaz • a group sculpture composed of several figures gathered around a central obelisk
  9. 9. Religion Protestant Christianity Different Sects • • • • • • Episcopalian Baptist United Brethen Congregationalist Seventh-day Adventist Disciples of Christ Mr. C.B. Randall • Distributed first bibles in Manila Bishop James M. Thoburn • Delivered the first Protestant sermon in the country
  10. 10. Anniversaries and Holidays Celebrated during American Occupation The country came to commemorate: Holidays such as: Bonifacio Day Valentine’s day • November 30 • February 14 Rizal Day Washington day • December 30 • February 22 Glorious Fourth • July 4 Thanksgiving day • 4th Thursday of November
  11. 11. Americanization American mode of dressing • For men • For women
  12. 12. Transportation and Communication Charles M. Swift • Established the MERALCO. Philippine Long Distance Telephone • Communication likewise improved Transportation Vehicles Communication Apparatuses • • • • Bus Automobile Tranvia Truck • • • • Telephone Radio Radiophone Telegraph
  13. 13. Health and Cleanliness Board of Public Health • Established in 1901 by the Americans. Philippine General Hospital • Established in 1910 by the government to attend indigent patients.
  14. 14. Sports and Recreation Outdoor Games such as • Basketball • Calisthenics
  15. 15. Sports and Recreation Indoor Games such as • Billiard • Table Tennis
  16. 16. Infrastructure Daniel Burham • Architect and town planner, who designed Baguio City. Quezon Memorial Circle • Eight main roads encircling from the rotunda.

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