Most Frequently Cited OSHAConstruction StandardsFederal OSHA – FY 2012John A NewquistFacebookLinked InTwitterSlideshare
#1 1926.501 (b)(13)• Most the falls arethose with no fallarrest• Workers can slip onshingle or felt to startslipping• Most are roof falls inresidentialNo fall arrest protectionused
Part 1 Directive• Effective June 16, 2011• OSHA has issued a directive rescinding the Interim Fall ProtectionCompliance Guidelines for Residential Construction (STD 03-00-001)• OSHA Extends Residential enforcement. Note: OSHAs policy doesNOT give builders a reprieve from new, more stringent fallprotection regulations.• First, the regulation hasnt changed; the old 1994 regulation is justbeing enforced. Second, there is no reprieve. Those requirementshave been in effect for over a year. Penalties are lower and morecompliance assistance is offered, but builders and roofers arerequired to comply with the new requirements.http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=NEW
What is Residential?• The end-use is to havepeople live in as theirhome, i.e., adwelling/apartmentAND• The structure being builtmust be constructedusing traditional woodframe constructionmaterials and methods.– Metal Studs– Masonry
Fall Protection Plan• 1926.502(k)• See Appendix E inOSHA Subpart M• ANSI Z359.2 –MinimumRequirements for aComprehensiveManaged FallProtection Program
Fall Protection Program• Written Plan showing fall arrest is notfeasible• Plan must be specific to the site it is usedon• Can be used for repetitive use for aparticular style/model house if ALL issuesrelated to fall protection are addressed
#2 1926.503(a)(1)• No fall protectiontraining program• This is a programrequirement to trainworkers in thehazards of falls.• Many use job safetyanalysis to determinepotential hazardsfaced in construction.
#3 1926.501(b)(1)• Open-sided floorsover six feet withoutfall protection.• No guardrails on thiscommercial building.• Found quite a bit atelevator shafts, andstairwells also.
#4 1926.1053(b)(1)• Ladder not extendingover the edge 3 feet
#5 1926.102(a)(1)• 1926.102(a)(1) –eye/face protection• Grinding, Chemicals,Sparks, and any otherflying object hazard
#6 1926.100(a)• No Hard Hats• When working aroundthe bucket of a backhoe, hard hats shouldbe worn.
#7 1926.501(b)(10)• Fall protection not usedon low sloped roofs• Guardrails and Fall arrestcan be put on roofs.• 1926.501(b)(10) permitsthe use of warning linesand safety monitoringsystems during theperformance of roofingwork on low-sloped roofs(least desirable option).
#8 1926.451 (g)(1)• No guard rails onscaffolds.• Often ends are notprotected.• The cross bracingmay serve as ONE ofthe rails only if itmeets certain heightcriteria.
#9 1926.20(b)(2)• No inspection ofworksite by acompetent person• Workers are neverto allowed to ridethe forks of a roughterrain forklift.
#10 1926.453(b)(2)(v)• No Fall Protection inaerial lifts.• Worker in photo iswearing a full bodyharness for fall arrest.• Nearly 400 aerial liftdeaths since 2000.• Users need a PAL’scard or specific handson user training.
Develop Safety Rules• Follow Aerial Lift Manufacturer’sinstructions. Use ANSI A92 standards onaerial lifts if you cannot get them.• Follow Warning Labels.• Only trained personnel can operate thelifts.• A trained person must inspect themachine before each shift.• And many more!
Aerial Lift Training• Hands on training isnecessary. An aerial liftis not a car.• The worker should beable to demonstrate allpredicted uses of the liftand compliance withmanufacturersinstructions.• Always close lift platformchains or door. (This isalways required).• Many fatal falls are undersix feet.
Aerial Lift Training• The worker must knowwhere to attach thesnaphook for any aeriallift that has an OSHArated anchorage.• He is wearing a full bodyharness for fall arrest.• Guardrails are not meantto be used as anchorageson an aerial lift.• The manufacturer’smanual will designate theproper anchorage points.
Aerial Lift Training• National Training guidelines• International Powered Access Federation(IPAF) www.ipaf.org• "Spot the Mistake" video• Promotes safe and effective of product• 15 training centers/companies in the US.• Successful trainees are awarded the PALCard (Powered Access License) as proofof training
Bubbling Under the Top Ten• 1926.652(a)(1) – cave-inprotection• 1926.451(e)(1) – Unsafescaffold access• 1926.501(b)(11) – No fallarrest on steep roofs• 1926.451(b)(1) – Scaffoldneeded stable footing• 1926.20(b)(1) – noaccident preventionprogram
Thanks• To Kenny for all his help.• My email is email@example.com• www.buildsafe.org is a nonprofit where Iteach many classes.• Follow me on Facebook where I posteveryday on OSHA and safety.