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Gi confined space 2016

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A short presentation I used in 2015

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Gi confined space 2016

  1. 1. Confined Space johnanewquist@gmail.com Draft 1 8 2016
  2. 2. June 2014 • A specially trained Pekin Fire Department rescue team, which arrived within several minutes of the accident report about noon, entered the tanker with oxygen tanks and masks to pull the victims out by winch and rope. 2 Hydrogen sulfide blocks oxygen from binding with blood cells
  3. 3. August 2013 • Robert Honomichl, 55, and Minden NE Utilities Superintendent Mike Kleen, 51, were clearing a blockage in a sewer line when they were overcome by the toxic gases in the manhole where they were working Sunday afternoon. • Honomichl passed away August 13, 2013
  4. 4. July 2013 • Tampa FL • A 24-year-old man died and his father is in critical condition after losing consciousness and being pulled from inside an empty asphalt tanker truck Saturday, authorities said.
  5. 5. 2013 NC • Autopsy: Catawba plant worker died of hydrogen sulfide intoxication Samir Storey, 39 and others were cleaning a 10-by-40-foot tank • “clear, cloudy smoke” entered the tank, triggering emergency alarms, which trapped Samir in the tank. • Hydrogen sulfide affects the body in two ways, she said. It blocks oxygen from binding with blood cells, and it interrupts the central nervous system, which, in turn, affects the respiratory system.
  6. 6. May 2013 • WAUCEDAH TOWNSHIP, Mich • Worker climbed into the 12-foot- deep well in Dickinson County's Waucedah Township on Wednesday afternoon to make repairs. • State police say a friend lowered dry ice into the well that was to be used in the repair, but the dry ice reacted and used up oxygen at the bottom of the well. • Police say the man lost consciousness while trying to climb out and the friend called 911. Rescue crews got the man out, but he died.
  7. 7. Nov 2012 IL • Tank 50 feet high • 28 inch opening • Methylene chloride • Contracted a cleaning company to do the work. Fall protection should be provided on tanks 4 feet high.
  8. 8. Aug 2012 • Steven Webb, 53, of House Springs, MO died in a confined space on August 28, 2012. • He was overcome by exposure to methyl ethyl ketone collapsed and died inside an 18- foot-deep vault manhole.
  9. 9. 2012 • Worker engulfed in a sand bin at precast plant. • Plant employees attempted to rescue the worker for more than an hour before the company summoned emergency assistance. • Worker suffered serious crushing injuries. • Proposed fines total $70,000.
  10. 10. Grain Fire • Jan. 13, 1996 • Seward IL • The Stickle employee collapsed and died due to carbon monoxide inhalation. • After entering the bin, Pecatonica Fire Department Chief Dale Zimmerman became lethargic and was physically unable to climb the ladder to exit the bin. • William J. Kirchner, 54, of Leaf River, IL, manager of Fasco's Seward elevator, pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor charge of making false statements on a document Victor A. Randolph, 42, of Cedar Rapids, a vice president of Stickle, indicted for obstructing an OSHA investigation and making a false document concerning workplace safety violations. Three years probation. $10,000 fine.
  11. 11. 2006 SIGCASE • $153,450 in WI case • Employee working inside a grain bin became engulfed in soybeans. • Willful for failing to prohibit employees from walking on grain that was moving out of the grain bin via gravity chute • No fall protection/harness when entering through the top hatch.
  12. 12. 2010 IL • Mt. Carroll, IL • Haasbach LLC sent Will Piper 16, Alex Pacas 19, and Wyatt Whitebread 14, into the grain bin. • 179 grain entrapment deaths since 1984 • Michaels also says OSHA has urged both state and federal prosecutors to file criminal charges. "We don't have criminal prosecution powers," he says.
  13. 13. Confined Space Most Cited • Not evaluating confined spaces • No Confined Space signs • No written Confined Space Program • No Permit before Entry • Employee Training • No Rescue Provisions • Not testing the Confined Space • Not developing safe permit entry operations • Entry Supervisor not verifying tests were conducted • No retrieval system where practical
  14. 14. Examples • Manholes • Grain Bins • Tanks • Vaults
  15. 15. History • No standard for years - proposed 1976 • Film Recovery – Hydrogen cyanide -1983 • ANSI Z117 • General Duty Clause • OSHA 1910.146 published in 1993
  16. 16. Statistics • Over 224,000 worksites have permit spaces • Over 2.1 million workers enter permit spaces annually • Compliance with 1910.146 will save: - at least 53 worker deaths - 4,900 lost workday cases - 5,700 non lost-time accidents ANNUALLY
  17. 17. Idaho 2000 • Allan Elias, 61, was ordered to serve 17 years in Jail • $6.3M in restitution • Told workers to clean cyanide tank without respirators • Employee suffered permanent brain damage
  18. 18. Confined Space A space that:  Is large enough and so configured that an employee can bodily enter and perform assigned work  Has limited or restricted entry/exit means  Is not designed for continuous Employee occupancy
  19. 19. Permit Space • a risk of death, incapacitation, injury or acute illness • flammable gases • oxygen deficient • toxic atmosphere • engulfment, • other serious physical hazards
  20. 20. Permits • The following permit has been designed to assist in protecting persons entering confined spaces. It shall be completed before any employee enters a space designated as a "Permit-Required Confined Space". Only individuals that have received Confined Space Training shall be authorized to complete this permit. All questions that are not applicable to the entry are to be answered as "N/A". This section is to be completed by the confined space entry supervisor. • IDENTIFICATION Location_________________________________________________________________________ Date: Expiration Date: Time: am pm • Note: This Permit is valid for one entry team during a single entry. Maximum duration of the permit will be 8 hours . All copies shall remain at the job site until work has been completed. Description of Space: _______________________________________________________________________________ Reason for entry: (e.g., welding, cleaning, etc.)__________________________________________________________ • AUTHORIZED PERSONNEL (list) • Entrants Attendants Contractors • EQUIPMENT REQUIRED • What type of communication equipment will be used to maintain contact with entrants? ( ) radio ( ) phone ( ) visual contact ( ) other ____________ What type of communication equipment will be available to contact emergency services? ( ) radio ( ) phone Is respiratory protective equipment required for this job? ( )Yes ( )No If yes, has each member of the entry team completed respirator training, physicals and fit testing? • ( )Yes ( )No If yes, what type? ( ) SCBA ( ) supplied air ( ) PAPR ( ) full face ( ) half mask cartridge used: _______ Is personal protective clothing required for this job? ( )Yes ( )No If yes, What type? ( ) coveralls ( ) splash suit ( ) leather gloves ( ) chemical gloves ( ) goggles ( ) face shield ( ) ear plugs ( ) ear muffs ( ) hard hat ( ) welding hood ( ) welding gloves ( ) welding jacket ( ) safety boots ( ) chemical boots ( ) other_______ What types of hazardous energy may be present? ( ) electrical ( ) mechanical ( ) hydraulic ( )chemical ( )pneumatic ( ) thermal How will these hazards be eliminated or controlled? ___________________________________________________ • What other hazards may the worker be exposed to? ___________________________________________________ • Supervisor's Name (Print)_______________ Signature________________________ Date_____________ • This section is to be completed by the attendant. ATMOSPHERIC TESTING • Type of gas monitor____________________ Date of last calibration ________________________________ • Oxygen (between 19.5% and 23.5%) ____ Flammables/combustibles (less than 10% of L.E.L.) ____ • TOXIC CONTAMINANTS • Chemical Name ______ (Is the SDS present?) __________ PEL #1 ____ #2 ____ #3 ____ #4 _____ • THIS PERMIT MUST BE POSTED NEAR THE ENTRANCE OF THE SPACE DURING ENTRY THIS ENTRY MUST BE REGISTERED WITH THE SAFETY DIRECTOR PRIOR TO ENTRY Check List(Initial the appropriate box) All warning/caution signs, barricades, etc. are posted and in place. _____ • Hazardous energy has been locked and tagged. _______ • An emergency escape plan has been developed. _______ • Safety life lines and retrieval system are secured and in place, _______ • Space has been properly ventilated. ______ • Required personal protective equipment is available and in use. ______
  21. 21. Signs • Required for permit confined spaces
  22. 22. Motel Fatality • 2002 - IL • Worker goes to restart pump • Passes out and dies • 5 feet deep
  23. 23. Atmosphere Atmosphere that is hazardous if: 1) Oxygen concentration less than 19.5% OR greater than 23.5% 2) Flammable gas, vapor or mist in excess of 10% of LEL 3) Airborne combustible dust at level equal or greater than LFL (or wherever dust obscures vision at 5 feet (1.52 m) or less
  24. 24. Non Permit Spaces • All other serious hazards have been controlled • Air monitoring data to show that the air quality is safe or • Continuous force air ventilation presents no hazards Underground storage vault
  25. 25. Machine Pit • 1989 - IL • Pit measured 12 ' x 20' x 12' deep • Carbon Monoxide pulled into pit from heating operations • One died, one nausea • 4 rescuers hospitalized Typical Machine pit
  26. 26. Monitoring • Monitor for YOUR hazards • Calibrate your monitor – ensure the validity of your sensors • Calibration must occur in clean air
  27. 27. Electric Vault Fire • 1992 • Workers trying to dry water out a vault with a propane heater • Left on overnight • Lit match to see and propane cause explosion • No monitoring performed
  28. 28. Respirators Considerations • Identify your hazards • Refer to respirator standard 1910.134 • Enforce the respiratory protection that in in the program
  29. 29. Foundry • 2002 • Workers sent into a large cupola to remove a plate • Wore SCBAs, but never trained or used SCBA before • CO 200+ ppm Typical Small Cupola
  30. 30. Entry • Action where the entrant passes through the opening into the permit space to perform work NOTE: Entry is considered to have occurred when any part of the entrant’s body breaks the plane of the opening.
  31. 31. Chemical Plant • 1989 • Worker went into vessel • Used 100% nitrogen to cool himself off • Passed out
  32. 32. Supervisors • (35%) of the workers killed in confined spaces were supervisors • Acceptable entry conditions must be present • Authorizes entry and oversees entry operations • Initiates termination of entry
  33. 33. Bastian Plating • June 26, 1988 - IN • Worker asphyxiated while acid cleaning out a tank. • The 5’ x 4’ x 5’ tank had been treated with zinc cyanide • Four coworkers, aged 19 to 25, were subsequently asphyxiated one by one as they tried to save their friend. Typical Plating Tank
  34. 34. Attendant • Individual stationed outside the permit space who monitors entrants • Must have communication • Can alert rescue • Does not enter
  35. 35. Water Vault • 1995 - IL • Two workers sent to turn on a water valve in a 22 foot deep dry well. Both died. • Ladders were rusty (sign of potential oxygen deficiency.) • Stagnant water at the bottom • No Attendant Example of a water pit
  36. 36. Training • For employees, confined space training must be before being assigned to enter the space.  Provide advisory training prior to entry of any space
  37. 37. Manufacturing • 1995 - IL • Open pit 45’ x’ 60’ • Argon gas had been used instead of compressed air to operate a pump that removed water from the pit. • 3 died Typical Machine Pit
  38. 38. Argon • Several multiple fatalities where argon is used. • Inert, colorless, odorless. • Much more heavier than air.
  39. 39. Retrival Equipment for non-entry rescue of personnel from a permit space: • Full-body harness • Retrieval line • Wristlets • Lifting Device or Anchor
  40. 40. Rescue • Sixty percent (60%) of all confined space deaths were the would-be-rescuers • Rescue equipment must be maintained • Run practice drills
  41. 41. Summary • Carbon Dioxide, Carbon Monoxide and Argon are colorless, odorless gases. • Constant Monitoring • Constant Ventilation • Train • Rescue
  42. 42. Questions?

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