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Ghs 2016 one hour

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Just a GHS presentation I used in 015. I will revise it again in 2016

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Ghs 2016 one hour

  1. 1. GHS Hazard Communication johnanewquist@gmail.com Draft 1 8 2016
  2. 2. September 2014
  3. 3. March 2015 z Used Brake cleaner at auto shop w pit. z Putting it in a spray bottle and it flashed from the 55 gallon drum.
  4. 4. August 2014 z 67-year-old woman was eating at Dickey's Barbecue Pit on Sunday when she poured herself a glass of tea from the beverage bar. z Winkler says the woman took a sip and her mouth started burning. z She was taken to University Hospital with severe burns in her mouth and throat. z Investigators determined the chemical was 67 percent sodium hydroxide, also known as lye.
  5. 5. September 2014 z Portage WI z Workers cleaning a chemical spill had not been trained in proper cleanup procedures or provided proper personal protective equipment z Spill of approximately 100 gallons of the chemical diphenylmethane diisocyanate z $49,000
  6. 6. August 2013 z East TN z Trying to clean dishwasher z Mixed Delimer and Bleach This product contains citric and hydrochloric acid. Do not use or mix with other cleaning products, particularly those containing hypochlorites (bleach). To do so may release hazardous gases. Do not get in eyes, on skin or on clothing. Do not breathe product vapors or mist.
  7. 7. May 2014 z Elkhart Lake, WI z 55-year-old worker was found unresponsive in a bathroom on May 6 and later died. z OSHA said the company failed to train the 38-year employee on the hazards of working with chemicals in the workplace. He was working with resin containing isocyanates on a sand molding line. Typical resin containing isocyanates on a sand molding line.
  8. 8. Sample Resin SDS
  9. 9. Have you started using any GHS elements in your Hazard Communication training? A •Yes B •No C •Don’t know what GHS is
  10. 10. Overview Purpose Definitions GHS Changes Pictograms
  11. 11. OSHA 1910.1200 Standard Several states enacted their own “Right to Know” law Chemical manufacturers wanted one uniform law vs. various state laws 1910.1200 Ordered by Congress -1985 Global Harmonization Standard (GHS) added in 2012
  12. 12. The Problem z 4,609 fatal work injuries were recorded in the United States in 2011, z 4,690 fatal work injuries in 2010 z And work-related illnesses cause about 49,000 deaths each year, according to the CDC. z You have a right to know the hazards of chemicals in the workplace.
  13. 13. 1906 - The Jungle “...he worked in a place where his feet were soaked in chemicals, and it was not long before they had eaten through his new boots. Sores began to break out on his feet...the sores would not heal - in the end his toes would drop off.” Upton Sinclair
  14. 14. Radium Dial 1920s z Up to 1000 young women were hired to paint glow-in- the-dark watch dials at the Radium Dial Co. in Ottawa IL z Women were encouraged to make a fine point on their brushes by rolling the tips on their tongues before dipping them in the radium-laced paint Argonne found radium in exhumed bodies 1000 times the safe level.
  15. 15. Asbestos z 1918 A Prudential Insurance Company official notes that life insurance companies will not cover asbestos workers, because of the "health-injurious conditions of the industry." z In 1933, Metropolitan Life Insurance Co. doctors found that 29% of workers in a Johns-Manville plant had asbestosis.
  16. 16. History of Standards z Consensus Standards z ACGIH 1946 MAC’s z Bureau of Mines 1954 z OSHA 1970
  17. 17. Kepone – James River - 1975 z Allied Signal dumped the pesticide Kepone from 1966- 1973 z 70 Workers had high levels of Kepone in blood. z Wives, children, and pets had elevated levels. z $5.25 Million settlement In 1975 Governor Mills Godwin Jr. shut down the James River to fishing for 100 miles, from Richmond to the Chesapeake Bay. This ban remained in effect for 13 years, until efforts to clean up the river began to get results
  18. 18. Love Canal - 1978 z 20,000 tons of 240 different chemicals stored at the dump in NY z Birth defects, miscarriages, and cancer were reported z 900 families relocated
  19. 19. Times Beach 1982 z Road was sprayed with waste oil for dust control from 1972- 1976. z Oil was found later to contain very high dioxin levels in 1982. z All 2000 residents relocated by 1985 z Triggered by horses deaths at an arena
  20. 20. Film Recovery - 1983 z Worker died February 10, 1983 while cleaning out tank containing sodium cyanide z Three managers prosecuted by Cook County States Attorney z Two received 18 month sentences of manslaughter.
  21. 21. Chicago Magnet Wire - 1983 z Several workers reported being sick from vapors from wire coating extrusion process z OSHA overexposure to Phenol and Xylene z 1989 IL Supreme Court allows five executives to stand trial for aggravated battery for job-related injuries to their employees z 1991 the five were acquitted
  22. 22. IL Right to Know - 1984 z Each company was to send a copy of all MSDS’s to Springfield z MSDS’s to be furnish to any IL worker upon request
  23. 23. OSHA 1910.1200 Standard - 1985 z Ordered by Congress z Several states enacted their own “Right to Know” law z Chemical manufacturers wanted one uniform law vs. various state laws.
  24. 24. Purpose To ensure that the hazards of all chemicals produced or imported are evaluated, and that information concerning their hazards are transmitted to employers and employees. Accomplished with: - container labeling - material safety data sheets - employee training
  25. 25. Outline of Standard (a) Purpose (b) Scope (c) Definitions (d) Hazard Classification (e) Written Hazard Communication Program (f) Labels and Other Forms of Warning (g) Safety Data Sheets (h) Employee Information and Training (i) Trade Secrets (j) Effective Dates (k) Other Standards Affected (l) Appendices
  26. 26. Definitions Terms no longer being defined due to changes in terminology: Hazard warning; identity; and material safety data sheet (MSDS) Terms revised to be consistent with the GHS: Chemical; chemical name; hazardous chemical; health hazard; label; mixture; physical hazard; and trade secret
  27. 27. Definitions The following terms are being added to the definitions section: Classification; hazard category; hazard class; hazard not otherwise classified; hazard statement; label elements; pictogram; precautionary statement; product identifier; pyrophoric gas; safety data sheet (SDS); signal word; simple asphyxiant; and substance
  28. 28. Definitions “Chemical” OSHA previously used “chemical” to indicate both substances and mixtures OSHA has decided to continue using “chemical” in the final rule as meaning those situations where both substances and mixtures are being addressed “Hazardous chemical” means any chemical which is classified as a physical hazard or a health hazard, a simple asphyxiant, combustible dust, pyrophoric gas, or hazard not otherwise classified
  29. 29. Definitions “Hazards Not Otherwise Classified” Classified identifies a hazard, but the evidence does not meet the currently specified criteria covered by Haz Com 2012 Example: Static Accumulator, Magnetic, etc. Information will be required on the safety data sheets in Section 2 Hazard information on the label, is not mandatory, but can be provided under supplementary information Such hazards must also be addressed in worker training
  30. 30. Definitions “Precautionary statement” means a phrase that describes recommended measures that should be taken to minimize or prevent adverse effects resulting from exposure to a hazardous chemical, or improper storage or handling. For example: Wear face protection [for Explosives, Division 1.1]
  31. 31. (d) Hazard Classification  Each type of hazard covered is considered a “hazard class”—such as acute toxicity, carcinogenicity  However, most of these hazard classes are also sub- divided into “hazard categories” to reflect the degree of severity of the effect  This is the concept of “classification”—rather than just determining that there is a hazardous effect (carcinogenicity), there is also a finding of how severe that effect might be (Category 1 or 2)
  32. 32. (d) Hazard Classification Classification Provisions Chemical manufacturers and importers must classify each chemical they produce or import: Determine the appropriate hazard classes and associated hazard categories Base this on an evaluation of the full range of available data/evidence on the chemical (no testing is required) Use Appendix A for health hazard criteria and Appendix B for physical hazard criteria The introduction to Appendix A provides the general approach to classification, including bridging principles
  33. 33. Health Hazards Classifications Hazard Class Hazard Category Acute Toxicity 1 2 3 4 Skin Corrosion/Irritation 1A 1B 1C 2 Serious Eye Damage/ Eye Irritation 1 2A 2B Respiratory or Skin Sensitization 1 Germ Cell Mutagenicity 1A 1B 2 Carcinogenicity 1A 1B 2 Reproductive Toxicity 1A 1B 2 Lactation STOT – Single Exposure 1 2 3 STOT – Repeated Exposure 1 2 Aspiration 1 Simple Asphyxiants Single Category
  34. 34. Physical Hazards Hazard Class Hazard Category Explosives Unstable Explosives Div 1.1 Div 1.2 Div 1.3 Div 1.4 Div 1.5 Div 1.6 Flammable Gases 1 2 Flammable Aerosols 1 2 Oxidizing Gases 1 Gases under Pressure Compressed Gases Liquefied Gases Refrigerated Liquefied Gases Dissolved Gases 1 Flammable Liquids 1 2 3 4 Self-Reactive Chemicals Type A Type B Type C Type D Type E Type F Type G Pyrophoric Liquids 1 Pyrophoric Solid 1 Pyrophoric Gases Single category Self-heating Chemicals 1 2 Chemicals, which in contact with water, emit flammable gases 1 2 3 Oxidizing Liquids 1 2 3 Oxidizing Solids 1 2 3 Organic Peroxides Type A Type B Type C Type D Type E Type F Type G Corrosive to Metals 1 Combustible Dusts Single Category
  35. 35. (e) Program Requirements Written program List of all hazardous chemicals Addresses non-routine tasks Discusses other contractors responsibilities Available upon request to any employee or contractor
  36. 36. (e) Written Program Describes how the standard will be implemented in that facility Contains a list of all chemicals
  37. 37. (f) Labels Required Elements Product identifier Signal words Hazard statements Pictograms Precautionary statements Name, address, and telephone number of the chemical manufacturer, importer, or other responsible party A new Appendix C, Allocation of Label Elements, has been provided to indicate the label requirements by hazard class and category Labels are to be updated within 6 months of getting new and significant information about the hazards, or ways to protect those exposed
  38. 38. (f) Labels  OSHA is maintaining the current approach to allowing alternatives to labels on each stationary process container  The exception for portable containers under the control of the person who filled them with the chemical remains the same.  Labels on incoming containers are not to be removed or defaced unless immediately replaced by another label  Workplace labels are to be prominently displayed and in English, although other languages are permitted as well
  39. 39. Pictograms
  40. 40. (f) Labels Sample
  41. 41. (f) Labels Example
  42. 42. HS85 Warning Batch number: 85L6543 Harmful if swallowed. Wash hands and face thoroughly after handling. Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local, state and federal regulations. First aid: If swallowed: Call a doctor if you feel unwell. Rinse mouth. GHS Example Company, 123 Global Circle, Anyville, NY 130XX Emergency Telephone (888) 888-8888 (f) Labels Sample HS85 Label
  43. 43. (f) Labels
  44. 44. (f) Labels Employers are responsible for maintaining the labels on the containers, including, but not limited to, tanks, totes, drums, and for training their employees on the hazards listed on the labels in the workplace. Labels must continue to be: legible contain the pertinent information (such as the hazards and directions for use) not able to be defaced, (i.e., fade, get washed off,) or removed in any way as stated in revised Hazard Communication Standard, 29 CFR 1910.1200(f)(9)
  45. 45. Nov 2015
  46. 46. (g) Safety Data Sheets (SDS)  The GHS uses a specified order of information, as well as title descriptions, on the 16-section safety data sheet.  Health, physical and environmental hazard criteria for substances and for classification of mixtures.  Consistent with voluntary industry consensus standards, such as ANSI.  Should improve comprehensibility and issues regarding accuracy of information.
  47. 47. (g) Safety Data Sheet Format 1. Identification of the substance or mixture and of the supplier 2. Hazards identification 3. Composition/information on ingredients 4. First-aid measures 5. Fire-fighting measures 6. Accidental release measures 7. Handling and storage 8. Exposure controls/personal protection 9. Physical and chemical properties 10. Stability and reactivity 11. Toxicological information 12. Ecological information (non-mandatory) 13. Disposal considerations (non-mandatory) 14. Transport information (non-mandatory) 15. Regulatory information (non-mandatory) 16. Other information, including date of preparation or last revision
  48. 48. Methylene Chloride Section 3 (example) Health Hazards Acute & Chronic: Inhalation: Methylene chloride depresses the central nervous system. Skin: prolonged or repeated contact may cause irritation, defatting of skin & dermatitis. Eyes: vapors may irritate eyes. Signs & Symptoms of Overexposure: inhalation: nausea, headache, vomiting, numbness and tingling in arms and legs and rapid heartbeat, loss of consciousness and death have occured. Medical Conditions Aggravated by Exposure: alcoholism, acute and chronic liver, chronic lung disease, anemia, coronary disease or rhythm disorders of the heart. Carcinogenicity Explanation: methylene chloride is listed on the iarc & ntp carcinogen list
  49. 49. January 2015 On Nov. 15, 2011, Roberto Ramirez Magdariaga and another employee were exposed to methylene chloride while working at Vista Paint’s Fullerton plant, prosecutors said. Magdariaga later died, while the other employee survived with serious injuries. $1,000,000 settlement
  50. 50. Malathion Section 4 (example) Just one excerpt of Section 4 Advice to physician: Atropine must be administrated as early as possible and could save lives, if given in time and in an adequate dosage. Patients with organophosphate poisoning require amounts of atropine far in excess of doses usually employed in medical practice. The therapeutic objective is to achieve atropinization, as evidenced by dilation of the pupils, drying secretion, pulse rate of over 120/min, and flushing skin. To prevent gastrointestinal absorption in unconscious who have swallowed this product, perform stomach lavage using bicarbonate solution and activated charcoal.
  51. 51. Sodium Hypochlorite (Section 8 example) Personal protective equipment Eye protection: Ensure that eyewash stations and safety showers are close to the workstation location. Chemical resistant goggles must be worn. Skin and body protection: Boots. Full protective suit Wear protective gloves. Respiratory protection : Sudden release of chlorine hazard. If air concentrations above the PEL are possible, wear a NIOSH approved respirator. Suitable material - Boots. Gloves Protective suit • Neoprene, • butyl-rubber, • PVC, • Viton ®, • Saranex®,
  52. 52. (g) Safety Data Sheets (SDS) SDS in the workplace for each hazardous chemical which is used OSHA requires these forms for each hazardous chemicals Readily accessible during each work shift to employees when they are in their work area(s)
  53. 53. (g) Safety Data Sheets (SDS) Identifies chemicals by name Tells potential harm and how chemicals will enter the body (Inhalation, ingestion, and/or skin absorption) Explains signs and symptoms of exposures Explains emergency procedures
  54. 54. (h) Employee Training Although this paragraph remains essentially the same, updates include Training to include label elements and new safety data sheet format - by December 1, 2013
  55. 55. (h) Employee Training Trained initially and when new chemical introduced OSHA standard covered Operations in their work area where chemical is used Pictograms Location of program, list of chemical, and SDS Detection of chemical Hazards of chemical Protection measures Emergency procedures Labeling system used
  56. 56. Pictograms Quiz ________ Self Reactives Organic Peroxides ________ ________ Pyrophorics Self-Heating Emits Flammable Gas ________ (severe) ________ ________ ________ Mutagenicity Reproductive Toxicity Respiratory ________ Target Organ Toxicity Aspiration Toxicity ________ Toxicity Irritant Skin ________ Acute ________(Harmful) Narcotic Effects Respiratory Tract Irritation Hazardous to ________ Layer
  57. 57. Temporary Employees  The temporary agency employer would provide generic hazard training and information concerning categories of chemicals employees may potentially encounter  Host employers would then be responsible for providing site- specific hazard training pursuant to sections 1910.1200(h)(1)
  58. 58. Compliance Issues Can employees retrieve information stored on a computer? How do employees speaking other language understand labels in English? Who puts labels on portable containers?
  59. 59. More Issues How is the outside contractor informed of chemicals in the area? What do you do if the label falls off an old container? How is chemical piping labeled? What chemicals do I have that may contain cancer causing chemicals?
  60. 60. Appendices  Appendix A, Health Hazard Criteria (Mandatory) (NEW)  Appendix B, Physical Hazard Criteria (Mandatory) (NEW)  Appendix C, Allocation of Label Elements (Mandatory) (NEW)  Appendix D, Safety Data Sheets (Mandatory) (NEW)  Appendix E, Definition of “Trade Secret” (Mandatory)  Appendix F, Guidance for Hazard Classifications re: Carcinogenicity (Non-Mandatory) (NEW)
  61. 61. Revision of 29 CFR 1910.106 Flammable Liquids GHS Flammable and Combustible Liquids Standard (29 CFR 1910.106) Category Flashpoint ºC (°F) Boiling Point ºC (°F) Class Flashpoint ºC (°F) Boiling Point ºC (°F) Flammable 1 < 23 (73.4) ≤ 35 (95) Flammable Class IA < 22.8 (73) < 37.8 (100) Flammable 2 < 23 (73.4) > 35 (95) Flammable Class IB < 22.8 (73) ≥ 37.8 (100) Flammable 3 ≥ 23 (73.4) and ≤ 60 (140) Flammable Class IC Combustible Class II ≥ 22.8 (73) and < 37.8 (100) ≥ 37.8 (100) and < 60 (140) Flammable 4 > 60 (140) and ≤93 (199.4) Combustible Class IIIA ≥ 60 (140) and <93.3 (200) None Combustible Class IIIB ≥ 93.3 (200) ** Not covered by §1910.1200 or §1910.106 however interpretation letter indicates these are covered by §1910.107
  62. 62. (j) Effective Dates Effective Completion Date Requirement's) Who December 1, 2013 Train employees on the new label elements and safety data sheet (SDS) format. Employers June 1, 2015* December 1, 2015 Compliance with all modified provisions of this final rule, except: The Distributor shall not ship containers labeled by the chemical manufacturer or importer unless it is a GHS label Chemical manufacturers, importers, distributors and employers June 1, 2016 Update alternative workplace labeling and hazard communication program as necessary, and provide additional employee training for newly identified physical or health hazards. Employers Transition Period to the effective completion dates noted above May comply with either 29 CFR 1910.1200 (the final standard), or the current standard, or both Chemical manufacturers, importers, distributors, and employers
  63. 63. Quiz 1) The Pictogram in the upper right is for _____. 2) Training in the hazards of the chemical is initially and when __________________. 3) _______ use containers would not require a label. 4) Name at least two things an employee would have to be trained on for flammable paint: ________________ ___________________ 5) SDS’s must be accessible to employees during their _____________________________. 6) Name two chemicals that would be in the list of hazardous chemicals? ___________ ______________
  64. 64. Facebook John Newquist Facebook….john newquist815 354-6853 LinkedIn is john newquist johnanewquist@gmail.com Twitter is johnanewquist

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