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510 cranes 2015

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just ppt in standard order on most cited cranes

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510 cranes 2015

  1. 1. OSHA Office of Training & Education 1 Safety Standards for Cranes Only standards cited 5 times were included
  2. 2. 9 10 11 12 18 1412(d)(1) 1412(e)(3)(i) 1417(c)(1) 1428(a) 1412(f)(1) Cranes and Derricks in Construction [1926.1400 – 1442] 2 INSPECTION DOCUMENTED & MAINTAINED SHIFT INSPECTIONS BY A COMPETENT PERSON EQUIPMENT INSPECTION EVERY 12 MONTHS SIGN PERSON QUALIFICATIONS OPERATION PROCEDURES OF EQUIPMENT SUBPARTCC
  3. 3. Power Line Safety • Determine if any part of the equipment, load line or load (including rigging and lifting accessories), if operated up to the equipment's maximum working radius in the work zone, could get closer than 20 feet to a power line. 1926.1408(a)(2)
  4. 4. Power Line Safety • Option (1)--Deenergize and ground. Confirm from the utility owner/operator that the power line has been deenergized and visibly grounded at the worksite. 1926.1408(a)(2)
  5. 5. Power Line Safety • Option (2)--20 foot clearance. Ensure that no part of the equipment, load line, or load (including rigging and lifting accessories), gets closer than 20 feet to the power line by implementing the measures specified in paragraph (b) of this section. 1926.1408(a)(2)
  6. 6. Power Line Safety • Option (3)-- Determine the line's voltage and the minimum approach distance permitted under Table A 1926.1408(a)(2)
  7. 7. Power Line Safety • Option (2) or Option (3) of this section, all of the following requirements must be met • Conduct a planning meeting • Erect and maintain an elevated warning line, barricade, or line of signs • Implement at least one of the following measures: proximity alarm, dedicated spotter, device that automatically warns the operator when to stop movement, device that automatically limits range of movement, OR insulating link/device 1926.1408(b) Barricades with spotters. Meeting conducted before lift.
  8. 8. Inspections • A competent person must begin a visual inspection prior to each shift the equipment will be used, which must be completed before or during that shift. 1926.1412(d)(1)
  9. 9. Inspections • Each month the equipment is in service it must be inspected in accordance with paragraph (d) of this section 1926.1412(e)(1)
  10. 10. Inspections • The following information must be documented and maintained by the employer that conducts the inspection: • The items checked and the results of the inspection. • The name and signature of the person who conducted the inspection and the date. • This document must be retained for a minimum of three months. 1926.1412(e)(3)(i)
  11. 11. Inspections • At least every 12 months the equipment must be inspected by a qualified person 1926.1412(f)(1)
  12. 12. Inspections • The equipment must be annually inspected for all of the following: • Equipment structure (including the boom and, if equipped, the jib): • Structural members: Deformed, cracked, or significantly corroded. • Bolts, rivets and other fasteners: loose, failed or significantly corroded. • Welds for cracks. • And many more……….. 1926.1412(f)(2)
  13. 13. Operations • The employer must comply with all manufacturer procedures applicable to the operational functions of equipment, including its use with attachments. 1926.1417(a)
  14. 14. Operations • The procedures applicable to the operation of the equipment, including rated capacities (load charts), recommended operating speeds, special hazard warnings, instructions, and operator's manual, must be readily available in the cab at all times for use by the operator. 1926.1417(c)(1)
  15. 15. Operations • Whenever there is a concern as to safety, the operator must have the authority to stop and refuse to handle loads until a qualified person has determined that safety has been assured. 1926.1418
  16. 16. Operations • During operations requiring signals, the ability to transmit signals between the operator and signal person must be maintained. If that ability is interrupted at any time, the operator must safely stop operations requiring signals until it is reestablished and a proper signal is given and understood. 1926.1419(f)
  17. 17. Operations • The employer of the signal person must ensure that each signal person meets the Qualification Requirements (paragraph (c) of this section) prior to giving any signals 1926.1428(a)
  18. 18. Operations • The employer must make the documentation for whichever option is used available at the site while the signal person is employed by the employer 1926.1428(a)(3)

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