Module 3 Corruption Risk Mapping
Session 3.1 Where does
corruption occur?
Training workshop
6-7 Apr 2011
Strengthening tra...
In this session:
• We are all familiar with some aspects of corruption,
through our own experience, or exposure through ot...
Locating corruption
Public Officials
Public Actors
ConsumersPrivate
Corruption occurs between public officials
and three d...
PUBLIC
PRIVATE
interactions
Mapping Matrix
PUBLIC
CONSUMER
interactions
PUBLIC
PUBLIC
interactions
Tendering and Procureme...
Corruption locations
Public Officials - Public
Actors
Public Officials to
Private
Public Officials to
Consumer
Policy maki...
Mapping our
experiences
• Highlighting our own corruption experiences:
– Develop a one/two sentence summary
– Specify the ...
PUBLIC to PUBLIC
interactions
Planning and budgeting
• Corruption in planning
and management
• Bribery and kickbacks in
fi...
Early warning
indicators
• Same tender lists
• Bidders drop out
• Higher unit costs
• Variation orders
• Low worker
paymen...
PUBLIC to
CONSUMER
interactions
Construction
• Community based WSS –
theft of materials
• Fraudulent documents
Operations
...
PUBLIC to
CONSUMER
interactions
Construction
• Community based WSS –
theft of materials
• Fraudulent documents
Operations
...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Presentation 3.1 Where does corruption occur?

3,238 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,238
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
62
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
19
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Presentation 3.1 Where does corruption occur?

  1. 1. Module 3 Corruption Risk Mapping Session 3.1 Where does corruption occur? Training workshop 6-7 Apr 2011 Strengthening transparency, integrity and accountability IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre
  2. 2. In this session: • We are all familiar with some aspects of corruption, through our own experience, or exposure through others, the media etc. • It is helpful to be able to categorise corruption types, as a precursor to planning anti-corruption (pro accountability/transparency) activities. • So, in this session, we: – Map out different corruption types. – Highlight some early warning signs indicators. – Take a first look at anti-corruption activities. • Acknowledgement – Janelle Plummer
  3. 3. Locating corruption Public Officials Public Actors ConsumersPrivate Corruption occurs between public officials and three different sets of actors Elsewhere?
  4. 4. PUBLIC PRIVATE interactions Mapping Matrix PUBLIC CONSUMER interactions PUBLIC PUBLIC interactions Tendering and Procurement Construction / Operations Payment Systems Policy-making and regulating Planning / budgeting / transfers Management
  5. 5. Corruption locations Public Officials - Public Actors Public Officials to Private Public Officials to Consumer Policy making/regulating •Diversion of funds •Distortions in decision- and policy- making Procurement •Bribery, fraud, collusion in tenders Construction •Theft of materials •Fraudulent documents Planning and budgeting •Corruption in planning and management •Bribery and kickbacks in fiscal transfers Construction •Fraud/bribes in construction •Work not carried out to spec Operations •Admin corruption •(access, service, speed) Management and Programme Design •Appointments, transfers •Preferred candidates •Project selection Operations •Fraud/bribes Payment systems •Meter, billing and collection: fraud, extortion and bribery
  6. 6. Mapping our experiences • Highlighting our own corruption experiences: – Develop a one/two sentence summary – Specify the type of corruption – Identify the actors involved – Place the example in the correct part of the matrix
  7. 7. PUBLIC to PUBLIC interactions Planning and budgeting • Corruption in planning and management • Bribery and kickbacks in fiscal transfers Management and Program Design • Appointments, transfers • Preferred candidates • Selection of projects Policy-making / Regulating • Diversion of funds • Distortions in decision- making, policy-making Early warning indicators • Monopolies / tariff abnormalities • Lack of clarity of regulator / provider roles • Embezzlement in budgeting, planning, fiscal transfers • Speed / complexity of budget processes • No.of signatures • % spending on capital intensive spending • Unqualified senior staff • Low salaries, high perks, cf. HH assets • Increase in price of informal water Anti-corruption Measures • Policy and tariff reform • Separation • Transparent minimum standards • Independent auditing • Citizen oversight and monitoring • Technical auditing • Participatory planning and budgeting • Performance based staff reforms • Transparent, competitive appointments
  8. 8. Early warning indicators • Same tender lists • Bidders drop out • Higher unit costs • Variation orders • Low worker payments • Single source supply • Change in quality and coverage Anti-corruption Measures • Simplify tender documents • Bidding transparency • Independent tender evaluation • Integrity pacts • Citizen oversight and monitoring • Technical auditing • Citizen auditing, public hearings • Benchmarking • SSIP support mechs PUBLIC to PRIVATE interactions Procurement • Bribery, fraud, collusion in tenders Construction • Fraud / bribes in construction Operations • Fraud / bribes in construction
  9. 9. PUBLIC to CONSUMER interactions Construction • Community based WSS – theft of materials • Fraudulent documents Operations • Admin corruption (access, service, speed) Payment systems • meter, billing and collection – fraud and bribery Early warning indicators • Loss of materials • Infrastructure • failure • Low rate of faults • Lack of interest in connection campaigns • Night time tanking • Unexplained variations in revenues Anti-corruption Measures • Corruption assessments • Citizen monitoring and oversight • Report cards • Transparency in reporting • Citizen oversight and monitoring • Complaint redressal • Reform to customer interface (e.g. women cashiers)
  10. 10. PUBLIC to CONSUMER interactions Construction • Community based WSS – theft of materials • Fraudulent documents Operations • Admin corruption (access, service, speed) Payment systems • meter, billing and collection – fraud and bribery Early warning indicators • Loss of materials • Infrastructure • failure • Low rate of faults • Lack of interest in connection campaigns • Night time tanking • Unexplained variations in revenues Anti-corruption Measures • Corruption assessments • Citizen monitoring and oversight • Report cards • Transparency in reporting • Citizen oversight and monitoring • Complaint redressal • Reform to customer interface (e.g. women cashiers)

×