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Mastering autodesk revit mep 2014

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Mastering autodesk revit mep 2014

  1. 1. Mastering Autodesk® Revit® MEP 2014
  2. 2. Mastering Autodesk® Revit® MEP 2014 Don Bokmiller Simon Whitbread Plamen Hristov
  3. 3. Senior Acquisitions Editor: Willem Knibbe Development Editor: Dick Margulis Technical Editor: Steve Stafford Production Editor: Eric Charbonneau Copy Editor: Sharon Wilkey Editorial Manager: Pete Gaughan Production Manager: Tim Tate Vice President and Executive Group Publisher: Richard Swadley Vice President and Publisher: Neil Edde Book Designers: Maureen Forys and Judy Fung Compositor: Craig Woods, Happenstance Type-O-Rama Proofreader: James Saturnio, Word One New York Indexer: Jack Lewis Project Coordinator, Cover: Katherine Crocker Cover Designer: Ryan Sneed Cover Image: iStockphoto.com / Richard Goerg Copyright © 2013 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana Published simultaneously in Canada ISBN: 978-1-118-604199-9 ISBN: 978-1-118-74137-5 (ebk.) ISBN: 978-1-118-75817-5 (ebk.) No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except as permitted under Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per- copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, (978) 750-8400, fax (978) 646-8600. Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030, (201) 748-6011, fax (201) 748-6008, or online at www.wiley.com/go/permissions. Limit of Liability/Disclaimer of Warranty: The publisher and the author make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this work and specifically disclaim all warranties, including without limitation warranties of fitness for a particular purpose. No warranty may be created or extended by sales or promotional materials. The advice and strategies contained herein may not be suitable for every situation. This work is sold with the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting, or other professional services. If professional assistance is required, the services of a competent professional person should be sought. Neither the publisher nor the author shall be liable for dam- ages arising herefrom. The fact that an organization or Web site is referred to in this work as a citation and/or a potential source of further information does not mean that the author or the publisher endorses the information the organization or Web site may provide or recommendations it may make. Further, readers should be aware that Internet Web sites listed in this work may have changed or disappeared between when this work was written and when it is read. For general information on our other products and services or to obtain technical support, please contact our Customer Care Department within the U.S. at (877) 762-2974, outside the U.S. at (317) 572-3993 or fax (317) 572-4002. Wiley publishes in a variety of print and electronic formats and by print-on-demand. Some material included with standard print versions of this book may not be included in e-books or in print-on-demand. If this book refers to media such as a CD or DVD that is not included in the version you purchased, you may download this material at http://booksupport.wiley.com. For more information about Wiley products, visit www.wiley.com. Library of Congress Control Number: 2013935675 TRADEMARKS: Wiley, the Wiley logo, and the Sybex logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and/or its affiliates, in the United States and other countries, and may not be used without written permission. Autodesk and Revit are regis- tered trademarks of Autodesk, Inc. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
  4. 4. Dear Reader, Thank you for choosing Mastering Autodesk Revit MEP 2014. This book is part of a family of premium-quality Sybex books, all of which are written by outstanding authors who combine practical experience with a gift for teaching. Sybex was founded in 1976. More than 30 years later, we’re still committed to producing consis- tently exceptional books. With each of our titles, we’re working hard to set a new standard for the industry. From the paper we print on to the authors we work with, our goal is to bring you the best books available. I hope you see all that reflected in these pages. I’d be very interested to hear your comments and get your feedback on how we’re doing. Feel free to let me know what you think about this or any other Sybex book by sending me an email at nedde@wiley.com. If you think you’ve found a technical error in this book, please visit http://sybex.custhelp.com. Customer feedback is critical to our efforts at Sybex. Best regards, Neil Edde Vice President and Publisher Sybex, an Imprint of Wiley
  5. 5. To my wife, family, friends, and coworkers, with much gratitude. —Don Bokmiller To my wife and daughter for all their support, all the time, thank you. —Simon Whitbread To my family, friends, and coworkers, thank you all. —Plamen Hristov
  6. 6. Acknowledgments This is my favorite part of the book to write, where I get to thank my darling wife, Shelley. Thanks also to my family for your kindness and encouragement. I have had the great opportunity to work with many wonderful people who have influenced my career and provided wisdom, guidance, and friendship. I want to thank my friends and col- leagues at Clark Nexsen, where I have been given the opportunity to grow and learn in a terrific working environment, which I could never take for granted. Thanks Johan, Noah, Jeff, Willie, Tim, Creighton, Cheryl, and Larry. Thank you to all the great people I’ve met at the Revit Technology Conferences, and those I’ve had the opportunity to work with at Autodesk University, especially Joel and Jarrod. Peer networking is such a great way to learn and develop new ideas. I cannot bypass the opportunity to thank all the incredible people at Sybex. Thank you, Willem, for once again keeping things moving. Thank you, Dick, Eric, and Sharon, for being such great editors. I’m sure there are many others who have worked hard to bring this book together. Thank you, all! Thank you, Simon. I truly enjoy working with you on these books. Thanks also for your friend- ship. Plamen, thank you so much for all that you bring to the table. Thank you, Steve, for doing the dirty work of the technical edit. Your input has proven invaluable. It has been my pleasure to work with you all. —Don Bokmiller To my wife, Carole, thank you for your continued support over the past year while I have been working on this and other projects; it doesn’t go anywhere near the thanks due for all your hard work and patience during the time I have been either working away from home, or writing late into the night. Your support over the years has helped me achieve so much—what else can I say but thank you and I love you. Thanks also to my daughter, Jess, a beautiful, hardworking, caring person who now knows a man who will forever be known as Disco Bob. Professionally, thank you to Jasmax architects; their early vision of a collaborative environment meant that I (and they) had an early introduction to Revit. For his encouragement, thank you also goes to Shane Morris, CTO with one of the world’s largest Autodesk resellers, A2K Technologies, for whom I provide Revit MEP consulting, teaching and implementation services. Their extended team is the best to work with. Thank you also to everyone at Sybex who helped to get this edition moving. It seems unfair to single out any one person; suffice it to say that without you, there would be no book. Finally, a special thanks to Don Bokmiller. What? Again? You wanted my help…again? It’s been a pleasure. I think we have a really strong team; let’s keep it going! —Simon Whitbread
  7. 7. To my mother, Krisi, and my dad, Marin, thank you for raising me and, more important, for the encouragement, faith, and love you surrounded me with while guiding me on this journey to the man I have become. I can never thank you enough! Many thanks to all the people whom I have learned so much from and without a doubt have influenced my personal and professional life—Saeid Berenjian, Shawn Zirbes, Bob Palioca, David Haynes, Glynnis Patterson, Dennis Nunes, Mark Reid, Bryan Johnson, and Lowell Shields. Thanks to my friends Stephanie, Suzie, Jessica, Ethan, and Krinchev. I also want to thank all my colleagues at Capital Engineering Consultants, Inc. for the great opportunity to be part of an amazing team. And finally, thanks to Don, Simon, and the entire Sybex team for giving me the opportunity to be part of something I will never forget. —Plamen Hristov
  8. 8. About the Authors Don Bokmiller is a CAD/BIM specialist at Clark Nexsen, an architec- ture and engineering firm in Norfolk, Virginia. He has worked in the AE design industry since 1996, when he started out as a CAD techni- cian in the electrical department. As the company grew, he eventually became one of a few CAD managers, while also participating as an electrical designer on several projects. When Revit Systems came along, he participated in the Autodesk Beta program and has continued to do so for each release. His current position is to optimize the company’s use of Revit MEP. He cur- rently works in a team under the direction of the IT department director, tying the software user experience directly to the software, hardware, and network administrators. Don has also worked as an application specialist, supporting clients of various sizes and company structures on their use of Revit MEP. He has taught classes and given presentations to local engineering organizations. Don is an Autodesk User Group International (AUGI) member and has pre- sented at Autodesk University and the Revit Technology Conference USA. Simon Whitbread, Revit and CAD implementation specialist, started using Revit at release 5.1. He has over 30 years of experience in the build- ing services and architectural industries. Since the early 1990s, he has been involved in developing and managing CAD and IT systems. He moved to New Zealand in 2002, where he led the implementation of Revit Architecture at Jasmax, one of New Zealand’s leading architectural practices. More recently he has been providing implementation, support, and training services for AutoCAD and the Revit suite of programs to companies in Australia, Dubai, Indonesia, New Zealand, Singapore, the United States, and the United Kingdom. Simon enjoys spending time with his family, is a frequent speaker at Autodesk University and Revit Technology Conference (RTC) events, is a member of AUGI, is on Twitter, and is part of the Australasian organizing committee for the RTC. Plamen Hristov is the director of design technology at Capital Engineering Consultants, Inc., where he is leading the implementation of building infor- mation modeling (BIM). Plamen has also worked as an application specialist, actively develop- ing Autodesk Revit implementation strategies, techniques, and proce- dures for architectural and MEP companies. He has been establishing and updating company standards and best practices, as well as assisting project teams with pilot projects, implementations, on-site project consult- ing, custom content creation, and training. Plamen is an Implementation Certified Expert (ICE), and he has presented various BIM topics at Autodesk University, the Revit Technology Conference, Ecobuild America, and Revit user groups.
  9. 9. Contents at a Glance Introduction xxv Part 1  •  General Project Setup. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Chapter 1  •  Exploring the User Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Chapter 2  •  Creating an Effective Project Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Chapter 3  •  Worksets and Worksharing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Chapter 4  •  Project Collaboration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 Chapter 5  •  Multiplatform Interoperability: Working with 2D and 3D Data . . . . . . . 147 Chapter 6  •  Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167 Chapter 7  •  Schedules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201 Part 2  •  Autodesk Revit MEP for Mechanical Design. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237 Chapter 8  •  HVAC Cooling and Heating Load Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239 Chapter 9  •  Creating Logical Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269 Chapter 10  •  Mechanical Systems and Ductwork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293 Chapter 11  •  Mechanical Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323 Part 3  •  Autodesk Revit MEP for Electrical Design. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 345 Chapter 12  •  Lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 347 Chapter 13  •  Power and Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 371 Chapter 14  •  Circuiting and Panels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 407 Part 4  •  Autodesk Revit MEP for Plumbing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 437 Chapter 15  •  Plumbing (Domestic, Sanitary, and Other) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 439
  10. 10. xii  |Contents at a Glance Chapter 16  •  Fire Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 461 Part 5  •  Managing Content in Autodesk Revit MEP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 475 Chapter 17  •  Solid Modeling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 477 Chapter 18  •  Creating Symbols and Annotations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 509 Chapter 19  •  Creating Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 533 Chapter 20  •  Creating Lighting Fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 565 Chapter 21  •  Creating Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 593 Chapter 22  •  Details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 615 Chapter 23  •  Sheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 639 Appendix  •  The Bottom Line. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 665 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 689
  11. 11. Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv Part 1  •  General Project Setup. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Chapter 1  •  Exploring the User Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 The Ribbon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Using Tabs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Using Contextual Tabs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Using Family Editor Tabs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Customizing the Ribbon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Quick Access Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 User Interface Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Options Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Properties Palette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 View Control Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Status Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Info Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Exchange Apps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 User Interface Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Menus and Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Keyboard Shortcuts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Graphics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Context Menus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Chapter 2  •  Creating an Effective Project Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Understanding Templates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Understanding the Project Browser Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Determining Which Views Are Grouped Together . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Sorting Views within Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Determining the Number and Types of Views Needed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Setting the Number of Levels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Working with Plan Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Creating a Working View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Choosing Display Settings for Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Visibility Settings for Template Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Visibility Settings Shortcut: View Templates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Schedule Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Establishing Project Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Object Styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Drafting Line Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
  12. 12. xiv  |Contents Export Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Annotation Styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Project Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Project Phases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Defining Preloaded Content and Its Behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 Annotation Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 Component Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 System Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 MEP Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 Creating Sheet Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 Titleblocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 Sheet Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 Preset Sheets (Not Placeholder Sheets) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Chapter 3  •  Worksets and Worksharing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Understanding Central Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Creating a Central File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 Creating a New Workset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 Working with Local Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 Creating a Local File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 Synchronizing a Local File with the Central File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 Managing and Using the Power of Worksets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 Taking Ownership of Worksets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 Working with Model Elements and Their Worksets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 Controlling Visibility and Worksets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 Enhancing Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 Chapter 4  •  Project Collaboration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 Preparing Your Files for Sharing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 Working with Linked Revit Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112 Linking Revit Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112 Using Shared Coordinates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 Managing Revit Links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 Controlling Visibility of Revit Links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119 Coordinating Elements within Shared Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124 Monitoring Elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 Responding to Change Alerts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129 Reconciling Hosting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 Maintaining Project Coordination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132 Working with Files from Other Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 Linking CAD Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 Exporting Your Revit File to a CAD Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136 Using Image Files in a Revit Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138 Setting Options for Quality Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
  13. 13. Contents |  xv Using Autodesk Revit Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144 Using Cloud-Based Solutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144 The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145 Chapter 5  •  Multiplatform Interoperability: Working with 2D and 3D Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147 2D Data Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 MicroStation 2D DGN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 DXF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149 2D Data for Standard Details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149 2D Data for Plans, Sections, and Elevations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 3D Data Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 Revit Project File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 Revit Family File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 ADSK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 IFC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 AutoCAD DWG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 SketchUp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 Other File Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 Point Clouds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165 Chapter 6  •  Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167 Understanding Parameter Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168 Choosing the Correct Parameter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168 Naming Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168 Using Type Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 Using Instance Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171 Setting Parameter Discipline, Type, and Grouping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 Using Parameters in Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 Dimensional Parameters Lock Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176 Parameter Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176 Type Catalogs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 Formulas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181 System Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 Lookup Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 Using Shared Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184 Using Parameters in Projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189 Project Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189 Parameters in Schedules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 Creating and Using Parameters in Families and Schedules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193 View and Sheet Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195 Working with Formulas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197 Sample Conditional Statements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 Rounding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199
  14. 14. xvi  |Contents Chapter 7  •  Schedules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201 Defining Schedules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201 The Fields Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 The Filter Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 The Sorting/Grouping Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 208 The Formatting Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 The Appearance Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213 Editing a Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213 Scheduling Component and System Family Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217 Mechanical Equipment Schedules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217 Lighting Fixture Schedules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 218 System Family Schedules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 Model Component Schedules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223 Using Schedules for Design and Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 Schedule Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 Panel Schedules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 Using Schedules for Project Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231 Sheet List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232 View List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233 Note Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234 The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236 Part 2  •  Autodesk Revit MEP for Mechanical Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237 Chapter 8  •  HVAC Cooling and Heating Load Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239 Modeling Spaces for Building Load Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239 Creating Spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240 Placing Spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241 Creating a Space Properties Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241 Modifying Space Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242 Creating Zones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245 Setting Building Construction Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 247 Performing Heating and Cooling Load Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249 Load Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251 Weather Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252 Outdoor Air Infiltration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253 Sliver Spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253 Details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 254 Heating and Cooling Loads Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256 Performing Conceptual Energy Analysis on Your Building . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259 Setting Up the Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259 Keeping It Simple . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 262 Performing Energy Simulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263 Analyzing Duct and Pipe System Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 264 Exporting gbXML Data to Load-Simulating Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 264 The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267
  15. 15. Contents |  xvii Chapter 9  •  Creating Logical Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269 Managing Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269 Why Are Systems Important? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269 Mechanical Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271 System Browser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272 Setting Up Air Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273 Understanding Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 274 Creating Mechanical Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277 Setting Up Piping Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 281 Understanding Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282 Creating Pipe Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283 Creating Fire-Protection Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286 Setting Display Properties of Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286 Understanding Child and Parent Relationships in Revit Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 287 Using System Filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 288 The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 292 Chapter 10  •  Mechanical Systems and Ductwork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293 Air Distribution Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293 Mechanical Equipment Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 295 Air Conditioning/Handling Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 295 VAV Boxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 296 Ductwork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 297 Duct Types and Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301 Creating New Duct Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 302 Using Automatic Duct Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 302 Using Manual Duct Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307 Duct Sizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 312 Choosing a Duct Sizing Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 314 Using the Duct Routing Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 319 The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 322 Chapter 11  •  Mechanical Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323 Mechanical Pipe Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323 Creating Piping Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 324 Creating Pipe Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 326 Defining Fitting Angles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 327 Selecting Fittings for Routing Preferences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 329 Choosing Pipe Materials and Sizes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 329 Adjusting the Pipe Sizing Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 329 Using the Fluids Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 330 Pipe Routing Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 331 Automatic Pipe Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 331 Manual Pipe Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 332 Pipe Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 338 Using Pipe Fitting Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 339 Placing Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 339
  16. 16. xviii  |Contents Adding Piping Insulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 340 Defining Systems Visibility through Filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 340 The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 343 Part 3  •  Autodesk Revit MEP for Electrical Design. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 345 Chapter 12  •  Lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 347 Efficient Lighting Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 347 Spaces and Lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 347 The Reflected Ceiling Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350 Lighting Worksets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 351 Lighting Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 352 Hosting Options for Lighting Fixtures and Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 355 Lighting Fixtures in a Ceiling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 356 Lighting Fixtures in Sloped Ceilings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 357 Ceiling Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 357 Overhead Fixtures in Spaces with No Ceiling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 359 Wall-Mounted Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 359 Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 360 Site Lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 362 The Site Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 363 Site Lighting Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 364 Site Lighting Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 364 The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 369 Chapter 13  •  Power and Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 371 Modeling Methods for Power and Systems Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 371 Using Annotation Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 373 Using Face-Hosted Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 373 Avoiding Interference of Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 377 Creating Circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 379 Placing Devices and Equipment Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 379 Disconnect Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 381 Distribution Equipment and Transformers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 383 Switchboards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 385 Panels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 386 Other Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 389 Creating Power Distribution Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 391 Power Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 393 Tips for Creating Power Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 394 Creating a Fire Alarm System Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 394 Fire Alarm Riser Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 395 Fire Alarm Diagram Using Drafting Tools and Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 397 Modeling Conduit and Cable Tray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 397 Defining Electrical Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 399 Placing Conduit in a Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 401
  17. 17. Contents |  xix Placing Cable Tray in a Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 404 Creating Family Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 405 The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 405 Chapter 14  •  Circuiting and Panels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 407 Establishing Electrical Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 407 Wiring Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 408 Voltage Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 410 Distribution Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 411 Load Calculations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 412 Creating Circuits and Wiring for Devices and Fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416 Editing Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418 Editing Circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 420 Drawing Wires Manually . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 424 Controlling Wire Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 427 Managing Circuits and Panels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 428 Circuit Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 429 Wire Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 429 Panel Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 429 Other Panels and Circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 432 Using Schedules for Sharing Circuit Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 433 The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 434 Part 4  •  Autodesk Revit MEP for Plumbing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 437 Chapter 15  •  Plumbing (Domestic, Sanitary, and Other) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 439 Configuring the Plumbing Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 439 Global Settings and View-Specific Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 440 Defining Systems Visibility through Filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 441 Working with Plumbing Fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 443 Working with Architectural Linked-in Plumbing Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 447 Creating Custom Pipe Assemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 448 Copying/Monitoring Plumbing Fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 451 Choosing Pipe Settings and Pipe Routing Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 454 Sloping Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 454 Annotating Invert Elevation and Slope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 457 Using Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 458 Using Pipe Fitting Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 458 Placing Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 458 The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 460 Chapter 16  •  Fire Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 461 Understanding the Essentials of Placing Fire-Protection Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 461 Point of Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 461 Fire Pump Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 463
  18. 18. xx  |Contents Fire Riser Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 464 Sprinkler Heads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 466 Creating Fire-Protection Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 466 Creating a Fire-Protection Wet System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 469 Filtering Fire-Protection Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 470 Using Mechanical Joint Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 472 Routing Piping and Adjusting Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 473 The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 473 Part 5  •  Managing Content in Autodesk Revit MEP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 475 Chapter 17  •  Solid Modeling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 477 Solids and Voids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 477 Extrusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 478 Blends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 480 Revolves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 482 Sweeps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 484 Swept Blends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 486 Joining Geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 488 Voids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 488 Reference Planes and Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 491 Constraints and Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 496 Visibility Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 501 In-Place Massing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 503 The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 508 Chapter 18  •  Creating Symbols and Annotations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 509 Using Drafting Tools in Revit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 509 Drawing Arcs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 511 Using Other Drawing Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512 Creating Filled Regions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 513 Building a Symbol Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 513 Generic Annotations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 514 Subcategories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 515 Text and Labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 517 Detail Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 517 Controlling Visibility of Lines, Regions, and Annotations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 520 Using Visibility Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 520 Using Constraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 524 Using Labels and Tags . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 526 Label Format Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 527 Labels and Linework . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 529 The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 531
  19. 19. Contents |  xxi Chapter 19  •  Creating Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 533 Modeling MEP Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 533 Hosting Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 534 Family Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 536 Detail Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 538 Geometry for Connection Points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 539 Equipment Pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 540 Adding Connectors to Equipment Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 541 Duct Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 546 Pipe Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 549 Electrical Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 551 Multiple Connectors in Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 553 Creating Clearance Spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 561 Adding Parameters and Constraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 563 The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 564 Chapter 20  •  Creating Lighting Fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 565 Understanding Types of Lighting Fixture Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 565 Nonhosted Lighting Fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 566 Face-Hosted Lighting Fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 570 Face-Hosted Families for Wall-Mounted Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 571 Fixture Types Based on Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 572 Fixture Types Based on Fixture Performance and Lighting Characteristics . . . . . . 573 Naming Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 576 Performing a Lighting Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 576 Light Source Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 578 Light Source Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 579 Light Source Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 580 Using Fixture Families as Intelligent Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 582 Using Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 582 Adding Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 583 Representing Light Fixtures on Construction Documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 584 The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 590 Chapter 21  •  Creating Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 593 Modeling Device Geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 593 Category and Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 594 Geometry and Reference Planes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 596 Using Annotations for Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 601 Adding Parameters and Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 607 Using Parameters for Labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 607 Adding Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 608 The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 612
  20. 20. xxii  |Contents Chapter 22  •  Details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 615 Drafting and Detailing Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 615 Line Styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 615 Regions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 616 Detail Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 619 CAD Details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 622 Using Drafting Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 623 Converting Details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 624 Strategies for Creating a Detail Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 628 Inserting 2D Elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 630 Inserting Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 631 Model Detail Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 632 Plan Callouts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 632 Section Callouts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 635 The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 636 Chapter 23  •  Sheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 639 Creating a Titleblock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 639 Using Existing CAD Graphics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 640 Using Text and Labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 641 Using Logos and Images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 644 Working with Sheets in a Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 645 Organizing Project Browser Sheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 646 Placing Views on Sheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 648 Working with Viewports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 651 Adding Annotations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 652 Placing Schedules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 653 Using Sheet Lists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 653 Making Sheet Revisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 657 Printing Sheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 659 Exporting Sheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 660 The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 663 Appendix  •  The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 665 Chapter 1: Exploring the User Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 665 Chapter 2: Creating an Effective Project Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 666 Chapter 3: Worksets and Worksharing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 667 Chapter 4: Project Collaboration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 668 Chapter 5: Multiplatform Interoperability: Working with 2D and 3D Data . . . . . . . . . 669 Chapter 6: Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 670 Chapter 7: Schedules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 671 Chapter 8: HVAC Cooling and Heating Load Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 672 Chapter 9: Creating Logical Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 673 Chapter 10: Mechanical Systems and Ductwork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 674 Chapter 11: Mechanical Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 675 Chapter 12: Lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 677
  21. 21. Contents |  xxiii Chapter 13: Power and Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 678 Chapter 14: Circuiting and Panels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 679 Chapter 15: Plumbing (Domestic, Sanitary, and Other) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 680 Chapter 16: Fire Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 681 Chapter 17: Solid Modeling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 682 Chapter 18: Creating Symbols and Annotations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 683 Chapter 19: Creating Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 684 Chapter 20: Creating Lighting Fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 685 Chapter 21: Creating Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 686 Chapter 22: Details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 687 Chapter 23: Sheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 688 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 689
  22. 22. Introduction Welcome to Mastering Autodesk® Revit® MEP 2014. We have worked diligently to bring you a book that takes you through the core features and functionality of Revit MEP 2014 from both the design and documentation perspectives. Revit MEP started out as Revit Systems in 2006, and, in just a few years, it has been on a fast-track development pace in order to bring it up to speed with the Revit Architecture and Revit Structure platforms. The 2014 release of Revit MEP provides platform improvements along with MEP-specific features that make this a very exciting edition. When Revit Systems was first released, it was primarily to allow MEP engineers to join the move toward building information modeling (BIM) that was being taken on by architects and structural engineers. The features and functionality were, in the opinion of most, limited to provide a complete MEP project. The development team has been listening to the needs of users, and has delivered tools and features in this release that have been desired by many from the beginning. We now have tools for duct-mounted air terminals, applying lookup table files directly to fittings, temporary visibility overrides, and many other new features. The primary focus of this book is, of course, on the MEP disciplines, but there is plenty of information that applies to Revit in general. The idea behind the format is to take you through the major points of the design process and requirements for completing a building design and project submittal. This book focuses on building engineering, but it may also be helpful for other types of engineering projects such as process piping design or any others that require a combination of data and model components. The book is written in five parts, the first of which covers general functionality that is use- ful for all disciplines. You will find suggestions throughout the book for including features and components in your project templates. The first part does not cover every pick and click available in the software; it approaches the use of Revit from a best-practices standpoint, which we hope will inspire you to think about ways to make Revit MEP 2014 work best for you. Any topics not covered were not omitted to imply that they are unimportant, but simply because you can find information about these features in the documentation provided by Autodesk and in the Revit MEP 2014 Help. The next three parts of the book are MEP-specific and have been written to cover the key design areas of each individual discipline. Again, we focus on best practices by relating our professional experience with not only the software but also the design industry. In an effort to tie it all together, the fifth part of the book contains information on how to optimize your Revit experience by learning the tools and features available for creating the various compo- nents that make up an MEP model.
  23. 23. xxvi  |Introduction Who Should Buy This Book This book is intended for readers who are at least somewhat familiar with Revit MEP. It is not intended to be a “how-to” book by simply explaining picks and clicks; it is more for readers who are looking to find ideas on how to make the software work for them. Engineers, designers, and CAD technicians will all find useful information related to their workflows. If you are looking to move further with your Revit MEP implementation, you should find this book to be a useful resource. Even if you know the topics discussed in this book, we hope you will be inspired to think of new ways to improve your Revit MEP experience. Free Autodesk Software for Students and Educators TheAutodeskEducationCommunityisanonlineresourcewithmorethanfivemillionmembersthat enables educators and students to download—for free (see website for terms and conditions)—the same software used by professionals worldwide. You can also access additional tools and materi- als to help you design, visualize, and simulate ideas. Connect with other learners to stay current with the latest industry trends and get the most out of your designs. Get started today at www .autodesk.com/joinedu. What’s Inside Here is a glance at what’s in each chapter: Part 1: General Project Setup Chapter 1: Exploring the User Interface    The ribbon interface is designed for optimal workflow. In this chapter, you will discover the features of the user interface that allow you to work efficiently. Some new features in Revit MEP 2014 improve the user interface dramatically. Chapter 2: Creating an Effective Project Template    The key to success with Revit projects is to have a good template file. Chapter 2 takes you through the major areas of a template file, offering ideas for settings that will make starting a project as simple and efficient as possible. Chapter 3: Worksets and Worksharing    This chapter guides you through the process of setting up a project file in a multiuser environment. The features of a worksharing-enabled file are explained in a manner that promotes ideas for project workflow efficiency. Chapter 4: Project Collaboration    Revit has many features that make project collabora- tion easy to manage. In this chapter, you will learn about ways to use the power of Revit MEP to coordinate your design and documents with other members of the project team. Chapter 5: Multiplatform Interoperability: Working with 2D and 3D Data    This chapter provides best-use techniques for importing non-Revit data into your projects. You will learn about the data types available and how to use them effectively in your Revit project files. Chapter 6: Parameters    Parameters are the intelligence within a BIM project. This chapter explores how parameters can be used in both projects and families for applying computable data to your Revit models. The creation of shared parameters and their use is also covered.
  24. 24. Introduction |  xxvii Chapter 7: Schedules    The best way to extract the data contained in your Revit project model is to use the power of schedules. In this chapter, you will learn the tools available for scheduling model components and how to use schedules to manage data within your projects. The panel schedule template feature is also covered in this chapter. Part 2: Autodesk Revit MEP for Mechanical Design Chapter 8: HVAC Cooling and Heating Load Analysis    Mechanical design must first start with understanding how your building will perform in different weather conditions and climates. In Chapter 8, you will learn that properly produced building loads can ensure that the mechanical design has been sized for maximum efficiency, saving energy and money while reducing the impact on the environment. Chapter 9: Creating Logical Systems    In this chapter, you will learn how to set up logical systems, and how each system is affected by the type of systems you have created. From mechanical systems to fire-protection systems, all have a certain role to play in BIM. Chapter 10: Mechanical Systems and Ductwork    Understanding how to route ductwork successfully can lead to error reduction and better coordination. In Chapter 10, you will learn how to locate mechanical equipment, and how to use the proper routing methods for ductwork. Chapter 11: Mechanical Piping    Routing mechanical piping can be a daunting task. In this chapter, you will learn how to route and coordinate your piping and how, through these techniques, you can speed up production and take full advantage of what Revit MEP 2014 has to offer. Part 3: Autodesk Revit MEP for Electrical Design Chapter 12: Lighting    In this chapter, you will learn how to place lighting fixtures into your projects, including site lighting. The use of lighting switches is also discussed, along with the relationship between lighting fixtures and the spaces they occupy. This chapter also covers the basics for using Revit MEP for lighting analysis. Chapter 13: Power and Communications    In this chapter, the basics for placing power and communication devices into a model are covered. You will also learn how to place electrical equipment and connections for use in distribution systems. Conduit and cable tray modeling tools are also explored in this chapter. Chapter 14: Circuiting and Panels    Creating systems for your electrical components is just as important as it is for mechanical components. In this chapter, you will learn how to set up your projects to your standards for wiring, create circuits within your model, and create panel schedules to report the loads. The tools for load classification and demand factors are also covered in this chapter. Part 4: Autodesk Revit MEP for Plumbing Chapter 15: Plumbing (Domestic, Sanitary, and Other)    In this chapter, you will learn how to modify plumbing fixture families and create custom systems to speed up plumbing design. You will also learn how to use the Copy/Monitor features in ways never discussed before.
  25. 25. xxviii  |Introduction Chapter 16: Fire Protection    Fire-protection systems protect buildings and lives. You will learn how to lay out a fire pump system and assemble components to help in your design process. You will learn how to coordinate with other disciplines and how to enter into the BIM arena effectively through the use of Revit MEP 2014. Part 5: Managing Content in Autodesk Revit MEP Chapter 17: Solid Modeling    The foundation for custom content creation is having the ability to create the forms required to build component families. In this chapter, you will learn how to use the tools available in Revit MEP to create model geometry. You will also learn how to make geometry parametric, increasing its usability. Chapter 18: Creating Symbols and Annotations    Because so much of MEP design information is conveyed with schematic symbols, it is important to have the symbols and annotative objects commonly used for projects. Revit MEP has the tools needed to create schematic symbols for use in component families or directly in projects. In this chapter, you will learn how to use these tools, and how to create constraints within families for display of the symbols in your projects. Chapter 19: Creating Equipment    Equipment families are an important component of a Revit model because of the space they occupy within a building. In this chapter, you will learn how to use solid modeling tools to create equipment. You will also learn how to add connectors for systems, and how to create clearance spaces for coordination with other model elements. Chapter 20: Creating Lighting Fixtures    Lighting fixture families are special because they can hold photometric data that allow for lighting analysis directly in your Revit model. This chapter covers how to create lighting fixture families and add the data needed for analysis. You will also learn how lighting fixture families can be represented in project model views using detail components, linework, and annotation within the family file. Chapter 21: Creating Devices    This chapter examines the process for creating MEP system devices and how to use annotations to represent them on construction docu- ments. In this chapter, you will also learn how parameters can be used to control and manage symbol visibility. Chapter 22: Details    Although creating a model with computable data is the primary reason for using Revit MEP, you do not want to model every minute detail of the design. The tools for creating detail drawings of your design are examined in this chapter. You will also learn how to use existing CAD details along with strategies for creating a library of Revit details. Chapter 23: Sheets    When it comes time to submit a project, you need to have a set of coordinated construction documents. In this chapter, you will learn the ways you can create and manage your project sheets. You will also learn about how you can print and export your project sheets for submittal or coordination with clients.
  26. 26. Introduction |  xxix The Mastering Series The Mastering series from Sybex provides outstanding instruction for readers with intermediate and advanced skills in the form of top-notch training and development for those already working in their field, and clear, serious education for those aspiring to become pros. Every Mastering book includes the following: 66 Real-World Scenarios, ranging from case studies to interviews, that show how the tool, technique, or knowledge presented is applied in actual practice 66 Skill-based instruction with chapters organized around real tasks rather than abstract concepts or subjects 66 Self-review test questions so you can be certain you’re equipped to do the job right How to Contact the Authors We welcome feedback from you about this book or about books you’d like to see from us in the future. You can reach us by writing to: Don Bokmiller <dbokmiller@verizon.net> Simon Whitbread <simonwhitbread@outlook.com> Plamen Hristov <plamen.m.hristov@gmail.com> For more information about our work, visit our websites at: Don Bokmiller: <www.linkedin.com/pub/don-bokmiller/8/642/182> Simon Whitbread <simonwhitbread.com> For More Information Sybex strives to keep you supplied with the latest tools and information you need for your work. Please check the website at www.sybex.com/go/masteringrevitmep2014, where we’ll post addi- tional content and updates that supplement this book if the need arises.
  27. 27. Part 1 General Project Setup 66 Chapter 1:  Exploring the User Interface 66 Chapter 2:  Creating an Effective Project Template 66 Chapter 3:  Worksets and Worksharing 66 Chapter 4:  Project Collaboration 66 Chapter 5:  Multiplatform Interoperability: Working with 2D and 3D Data 66 Chapter 6:  Parameters 66 Chapter 7:  Schedules
  28. 28. Chapter 1 Exploring the User Interface Autodesk® Revit® MEP 2014 is similar to the majority of the software produced by Autodesk in that it utilizes a ribbon interface. This allows for not just ease of access to the tools needed for mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (MEP) design and modeling, but also a familiarity between those different software packages, making the transition between them easier. Although this book is titled Mastering Autodesk Revit MEP 2014, having a good knowledge of where tools are located and how to access the commands easily is the best way to efficiently use Revit MEP 2014, hence this chapter on the user interface. Improvements and changes have been made to the user interface for this version, through the addition of tools in contextual tabs and improved functionality. If you are transitioning to Revit MEP 2014 from a release prior to Revit MEP 2010, the ribbon- style interface will be totally new to you. The ribbon works well in Revit because it allows many of the tools to be organized in one area of the interface, which gives you more screen real estate for viewing the model. Although the user interface is customizable, you are limited in the amount of customization and number of features that you can change. At first this may seem a bit restrictive but, like any software, with familiarity comes an increased proficiency. Some features have been added to improve workflow and efficiency, and typical workflow features that were previously accessed through buttons in the interface are now available as part of the interface itself. With the 2013 release came the availability of another version of Revit. This is Autodesk® Revit® and it combines all the features of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture, Autodesk® Revit® Structure, and Autodesk® Revit® MEP. This version is available to those who purchase the Building Design Suites packages released by Autodesk, and gives users the option to deploy/install either each separate version of Revit or the all-inclusive one, giving them all the available Revit tools in one box. Knowing your way around the Revit MEP 2014 user interface is the first step to reaping the benefits of utilizing a building information modeling (BIM) solution for your building projects. In this chapter, you will learn to do the following: 66 Navigate the ribbon interface 66 Utilize user interface features 66 Use settings and menus The Ribbon If you are familiar with the Revit MEP user interface prior to the 2010 version, transitioning to the ribbon-style interface may indeed take some getting used to. Once you understand the way that the ribbon is set up and how you can customize it to better suit your workflow, though, you
  29. 29. 4  |Chapter 1 Exploring the User Interface will see that it is an optimal interface for a BIM and design application. If you are transitioning from an earlier ribbon interface, you will inevitably notice some changes to the location and order of the tabs and the introduction of additional tabs/commands. Using Tabs The ribbon portion of the user interface consists of several tabs, each organized by panels that relate to the topic of the tab. Each panel contains one or more buttons for the relevant features available in Revit MEP 2014. You can access a tab by simply clicking the name at the top of the ribbon. Although each tab is designed to provide a unique set of tools, some of the features of Revit are repeated on different tabs. Depending on your screen resolution, some of the buttons on the panels may become compressed to fit on your screen. The panels and tools for each tab are described here (not all panels are shown for each tab): Systems    The Systems tab, shown in Figure 1.1, is the main tab for MEP modeling tools. Formerly the Home tab, this tab has been renamed to allow for continuity between Autodesk Revit MEP and Autodesk Revit. The tab is divided into panels that are specific to each of the main disciplines. The Systems tab is where you can find the tools to build an MEP model. Each of the discipline panels has a small arrow in the lower-right corner that provides quick access to the MEP settings dialog box for that discipline. Figure 1.1 The Systems tab Architecture    There will always be a need for creating architectural elements in a Revit MEP model, whether this is purely during a Copy/Monitor operation or you are building an as-built model and have no architect to work with. This tab features most of the architectural tools required for this, with the most notable exception of Structural Beams. There are, of course, other ways to skin a cat, and creating beams by using the Floor tool is one way to get around this deliberate omission by Autodesk. From the Build panel with the basic architect’s tools to openings, grids, and rooms, these are all available on the Architecture tab. Note that access to Color Schemes and Area And Volume Computations is available by clicking the down arrow on the Room & Area panel, as shown in Figure 1.2. Figure 1.2 The Architecture tab Insert    Whether you want to link another Revit project file, overlay Design Web Format (DWF) markup, or insert 2D elements from another file, the Insert tab contains all these tools and more for bringing other files or objects into your Revit projects, as shown in Figure 1.3. The tab is organized by panels for linking and importing files, and it also contains tools for loading Revit families. The small arrow at the lower right of the Import panel is for accessing the Import
  30. 30. The Ribbon |  5 Line Weights dialog box, where you can associate imported computer-aided design (CAD) color numbers to a Revit line weight, as indicated in Figure 1.4. The Insert tab also contains the Autodesk Seek panel, which provides a search window for content available on the Autodesk Seek website. Figure 1.3 The Insert tab Figure 1.4 Import Line Weights dialog box Annotate    On the Annotate tab, you can find the tools needed to add annotations to your model views along with drafting tools for creating details. The Dimension and Tag panels can be extended by clicking the arrow next to the panel name, which reveals the tools for establishing dimension settings and determining the default tags to be used upon initial placement, as shown in Figure 1.5. The Symbol button is used for placing annotation families onto views or sheets. The small arrow at the lower-right corner of the Text panel provides access to the Type Properties dialog box for creating or modifying text styles, as shown in Figure 1.6. Figure 1.5 The Annotate tab
  31. 31. 6  |Chapter 1 Exploring the User Interface Figure 1.6 Text Type Proper- ties dialog box Analyze    Tools for model analysis and systems checking are located on the Analyze tab. Other tools on this tab allow you to add color to your ductwork and piping based on defined criteria. The Spaces & Zones panel contains the tools for placing Space objects and Space Separator lines. The Check Systems panel contains tools for checking MEP systems to ensure proper connectivity and valid system assignments of components. Note that access to Color Schemes and Area And Volume Computations is available by clicking the down arrow on the Spaces & Zones panel, as shown in Figure 1.7, while Building and Space properties, as shown in Figure 1.8, can be accessed from the arrow on the Reports & Schedules panel. Figure 1.7 The Analyze tab Some new tools on the Energy Analysis panel allow for choosing a mass model or the build- ing components to establish an energy analysis model. Massing & Site    The Massing & Site tab combines the conceptual tools used for creating masses and the Modeling By Face objects. It provides MEP users access to site tools, includ- ing topography, site and parking components, and building pads or foundations, as shown in Figure 1.9. Site Settings, as indicated in Figure 1.10, for adjusting contour separation and site cut material, can be accessed by clicking the arrow on the Model Site panel.
  32. 32. The Ribbon |  7 Figure 1.8 Building/Space Type Settings Figure 1.9 The Massing & Site tab Figure 1.10 Site Settings
  33. 33. 8  |Chapter 1 Exploring the User Interface Collaborate    You need tools that allow you to keep your model coordinated with other disci- plines and work within a multiuser environment. These tools can be found on the Collaborate tab. The Worksets panel has a drop-down list for switching worksets (much like switching between active layers in other CAD programs, but not to be used as such), and the Coordinate panel contains tools for copying and monitoring objects from linked files. The Coordinate panel also has a tool for locating face-hosted elements that have lost their association to their host. You can check for clashes between model objects by using the Interference Check tool on the Coordinate tab. The Editing Requests button on the Synchronize panel allows you to see any requests that have been made to modify elements you are borrowing or own. You also have the option to connect to a Revit Server Accelerator by clicking the arrow, as shown in Figure 1.11. Figure 1.11 The Collaborate tab View    Figure 1.12 shows the View tab; here you can use the tools to create different types of views. This tab also has tools for managing the views you have open in the drawing area. On the Graphics panel, there are tools for creating view templates and filters. The arrow on the base of this panel accesses Graphic Display Options, as shown in Figure 1.13. The Sheet Composition panel has tools for creating sheets as well as adding match lines or revisions. The User Interface button allows you to toggle the visibility of key user-interface features including the Properties palette, System Browser, and Project Browser. Figure 1.12 The View tab Figure 1.13 Graphic Display Options
  34. 34. The Ribbon |  9 Manage    On the Manage tab, you can find the tools needed to establish project settings. The Inquiry panel has tools that can be used to locate specific objects in your project model, and to display any warnings associated with your project. Along with the settings that can be accessed from the tools on the Settings panel, the Additional Settings button is a drop-down list of even more options. The MEP Settings button is located on the Settings panel. This is where you can establish settings related to MEP components and system behavior. The Selection panel, as indi- cated in Figure 1.14, has tools that allow the user to save, load, and edit a selection set of objects for use in a filter list. Figure 1.14 The Manage tab Modify    The Modify tab is located at the end of the tabs so that it is closer to the center of the user interface, for easy access. The Modify tab has the tools needed to make changes to components or linework in your project views. The tools on the Modify panel have been arranged with the more commonly used tools having larger buttons. Some of the tools that have multiple-use options have a separate button for each use, such as the Mirror, Split, and Trim/Extend tools. The tools for creating groups, assemblies, or parts are located on the Create panel, as shown in Figure 1.15. Figure 1.15 The Modify tab If you are running any external applications or macros, the Add-Ins tab appears on your ribbon as the next-to-last tab. The buttons or other features provided by the external application appear on the tab as configured. Some third-party applications create an additional tab on the ribbon. The Modify button appears in the Select panel on every tab. This button allows you to exit from any active command, giving you an alternative to using the Esc key multiple times or selecting another tool. A new feature to this panel is the drop-down that contains options for selection in the drawing area. These options also appear as icons on the status bar. Figure 1.16 shows the various selection options available. Notice that you can now select elements by clicking anywhere on the element by using the Select Elements By Face option. However, this option does not work when a view is set to Wireframe. Figure 1.16 New selection settings
  35. 35. 10  |Chapter 1 Exploring the User Interface You may need to experiment with combinations of these settings to achieve the results that suit your workflow. Note that if you deselect the Select Underlay Elements check box, you cannot select non-MEP components such as doors, walls, or windows that may exist in your model. Using Contextual Tabs In addition to the tabs provided by default on the ribbon, other tabs appear when you select objects in your project. These contextual tabs contain tools specific to modifying the selected object. Contextual tabs appear in the location of the Modify tab and are identified by their green color and a name that applies to the selected object. A contextual tab for a selected object is an extension of the Modify tab, which is why the base Modify tab is so compact compared to the other tabs. This allows for the selection-specific tools to appear on the right side of the Modify tab. The top of Figure 1.17 shows the contextual tab for an electrical distribution board selected in the model of a project. The standard tools on the Modify tab are available to the left, but are not shown in this figure for clarity. Figure 1.17 Contextual tab for an electrical distri- bution board (top), and contextual tab for an electrical system (bottom) When you select an object in the model that is part of a system, an additional contextual tab appears with tools for editing the system. These tabs are completely separate from the standard Modify tab and contain only tools for system editing. If you select an object on a system, the system tab appears along with the contextual Modify tab, as shown at the bottom of Figure 1.17. However, if you select an actual system, only the system tab appears. The panels and buttons on contextual tabs cannot be removed or rearranged on the ribbon. The buttons cannot be added to the Quick Access toolbar. Using Family Editor Tabs The tabs in the Family Editor environment differ from those in the Project File environment. When you open a family file, the tabs on the ribbon contain some familiar tools, but many of them are specific to the creation and modification of family components. The tabs available in the Family Editor environment are as follows:

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