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90th F S


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90th F S

  1. 1. 90 th Fighter Squadron Home of the Diceman By John Williams
  2. 2. History of the 90th FS What is now the 90th Fighter Squadron was initially activated Aug. 20, 1917, as the 90th Aero Squadron. Its first location was at Kelly Field, San Antonio, Texas. The first few months of its existence were consumed by the necessary training to prepare the men for operations in France during World War I. On Nov. 12, 1917, the men of the 90th arrived at Le Havre, France. The initial cadre of officers and enlisted men began preparing the infrastructure necessary to support their flying mission. The air contingent arrived soon after this first group
  3. 3. History of the Dice The 90th earned a positive reputation for its ground attack missions during its continuous participation in the air offensive over St. Mihiel. Its first commander, 1st Lt. William G. Schauffler, designed the 90th's Pair o' Dice emblem displaying natural sevens during this campaign. After the war, 90th alumni commissioned Tiffany's of New York to design a silver pin with the squadron logo. (The Air Force subsequently disallowed portrayals of games of chance as unit emblems. However, since the 90th's was designed long before this rule, the pair-o-dice emblem has remained.)
  4. 4. Official Patch of the 90th FS
  5. 5. Sopwith TF-1 The squadron's first aircraft were the Sopwith TF-1 ground attack aircraft
  6. 6. 90th FS and WWII During World War II, the 90th Squadron, now a Bombardment Squadron, operated in the South Pacific, flying A-20 Havoc and B-25 Mitchell aircraft. Their main mission involved highly dangerous skip bombings. In an effort to improve the effectiveness and protection of the 3rd Bombardment Group's pilots, Maj. Paul 'Pappy' Gunn, 3rd Bombardment Group engineering officer, devised a modification of the B-25C. The modification replaced the forward bombardier with four forwards firing .50 caliber machine guns, supplemented with two twin .50 caliber gun packages side mounted on the fuselage. The lower turret was discarded. The A-20s received similar modifications. The modified aircraft were first employed by the 90th and proved lethal ship killing machines, receiving the nickname 'commerce destroyers.' During the Battle of the Bismarck Sea, every aircraft in the 90th scored a hit on the Japanese convoy of 18 ships. It was the first sea-level attack by B-25 strafers in World War II and demonstrated that this tactic was extremely effective. The squadron also participated in the raids on Wewak, New Guinea, which were preemptive strikes that virtually ended the threat of enemy offensive air capabilities.
  7. 7. 90th FS Planes of WWII
  8. 8. 90th FS Planes of WWII
  9. 9. Post WWII to Viet Nam After the war, the 90th moved with the 3rd Bombardment Group to Johnson Air Base, Japan, on Oct. 1, 1954. In January 1956, the unit transitioned to the B-57C Night Intruder. In October 1957, the 3rd Bombardment Group inactivated and its heritage transferred to the 3rd Bombardment Wing, as did the 90th Bombardment Squadron. In 1960, the wing and squadron transferred to Yokota Air Base, where it trained in bombardment, reconnaissance and aerial refueling. It also served nuclear alert during this period as well. In the mid- 60s, however, the squadron underwent significant changes.
  10. 10. Viet Nam At the beginning of the Vietnam War, the 3rd Bombardment Wing began deploying units to Vietnam on a rotational basis, while the remainder continued training in their ground support role. In November 1965, the wing moved to Bien Hoa Air Base, Vietnam, during the buildup of forces. The 90th flew close air support missions from Bien Hoa through tens of thousands of sorties. At the base, a tattered pair-o-dice flag flew outside the squadron operations area. In 1969, the 90th Tactical Fighter Squadron reverted to its pre- World War II designation of 90th Attack Squadron. On Oct. 31, 1970, the 3rd Tactical Fighter Wing ended its duties in Vietnam and remained active in 'paper' status until it moved to Kunsan Air Base, Korea, in March 1971. The 90th Attack Squadron was reassigned to the 14th Special Operations Wing on Oct. 31, 1970 and was redesignated the 90th Special Operations Squadron and remained in Vietnam at Nha Trang Air Base
  11. 11. 90th FS Planes of Viet Nam F-100 Super Saber
  12. 12. 90th FS Post Viet Nam From late 1970 until 1974, the 90th underwent several command reassignments. It remained with the 14th Special Operations Wing until Sept. 1, 1971, when it moved to the 483rd Tactical Fighter Wing and remained at Nha Trang Air Base. On April 15, 1972, the 90th moved again, this time to the 18th Tactical Fighter Wing at Kadena Air Base, Okinawa, Japan. This assignment lasted only a few months, as the unit was assigned to the 405th Fighter Wing in December 1972 and moved to Clark Air Base, Philippines. The squadron was redesignated the 90th Tactical Fighter Squadron on July 8, 1973, and began to fly F-4s. In September of the following year, the 90th returned once again to the 3rd Tactical Fighter Wing, when it relocated to Clark Air Base after the 405th Fighter Wing was inactivated. In 1975, the 90th converted to the F-4E and participated in combat training and providing air defense for the Philippines.
  13. 13. 90th FS Plane of the Cold War F-4E
  14. 14. 90th FS Finding Home In June 1991, Mount Pinatubo erupted in the Philippines and the Air Force quickly decided to evacuate its personnel and equipment from Clark AB. The 3rd Tactical Fighter Wing remained in the Philippines during Desert Shield and Desert Storm due to instability in the Philippines. However, it was not going to remain in the islands for very long. It became a 'paper' unit briefly while the Chief of Staff, Gen. Merrill McPeak, decided where to send the wing. He decided on Elmendorf AFB. The 21st Tactical Fighter Wing was inactivated and the 3rd Wing replaced it as the lead wing at Elmendorf AFB on Dec. 19, 1991. With the establishment of the 3rd Wing on Elmendorf, the 90th Fighter Squadron was once again reunited with its old wing
  15. 15. Missions of the 90th FS In addition to exercises, the 90th Fighter Squadron also undertook real-world deployments during the 1990s and early 2000s. From October 1995 until January 1996, the squadron deployed 8 F-15Es and 193 personnel to Aviano AB, Italy in support of Operation DENY FLIGHT JOINT ENDEAVOR. In February 1998, the squadron deployed 18 F-15Es and over 200 personnel to Kwangju Air Base and Taegu Air Base, both in Korea. While there, the unit flew 1200 joint combat training sorties. Personnel and aircraft redeployed in June 1998.
  16. 16. Missions of the 90th FS In 2001 the 90th began a series of deployments which took members of the squadron to the Middle East and Southwest Asia. In March of that year, the 90th participated in a 90-day AEF deployment in support of Operation NORTHERN WATCH, patrolling the northern No-fly zone in Iraq. The squadron sent 154 personnel and 10 F-15Es to Icirlik AB, Turkey and returned to Elmendorf AFB on 9 June 2001. Later that year, in October, 18 F-15Es were deployed to Kwangju AB, Korea, in support of Afghanistan operations. While deployed pilots flew practice strike missions and provided long-range interdiction strike capability in the region during the absence of the USS Kitty Hawk, they also flew missions over South Korea and repaired base infrastructure while there. The squadron redeployed from the 20-23 of December
  17. 17. 90th FS F-15E Strike Eagles
  18. 18. New Day = New 90th FS As 2006 progressed, the 90th Fighter Squadron began to prepare for significant changes in its mission and weapons system. The F-15Es were scheduled to relocate to Mountain Home AFB, Idaho, through the BRAC decisions in 2005. Replacing those F-15Es, the 90th began receiving the advanced F-22A Raptor in August 2007, which would greatly enhance the 90th Fighter Squadron's ability to perform its duties.
  19. 19. 90th FS New Weapon of Choice