The bible.w4


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Week 4 of a 4

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  • Indulgences soled by Johann Tetzel. Diet of Worms in 1521 lead to excommunication by Pope Leo X Translation of the Bible into German NT 1522 and OT in 1534. Others had translated it into German but Luther tailored his translation to his doctrine. His translation was in a German that could be read by Northern and Southern Germans. Published at a time of rising demand for German-language publications, Luther's version quickly became a popular and influential Bible translation. As such, it made a significant contribution to the evolution of the German language and literature.[126] Furnished with notes and prefaces by Luther, and with woodcuts by Lucas Cranach that contained anti-papal imagery, it played a major role in the spread of Luther's doctrine throughout Germany.[127] The Luther Bible influenced other vernacular translations, such as William Tyndale's English Bible (1525 forward), a precursor of the King James Bible.[128]
  • the popularity ofWycliffe's Bible in the 14th century resulted in a ban on the publication of the Bible in English; almost all vernacular Bibles were confiscated and burned. Tyndale's illegal translation was the first of the new English Bibles of the Reformation, and the first to draw directly from Hebrew and Greek texts, and the first to take advantage of the new medium of the print, which allowed for wide distribution. This was taken to be a direct challenge to the hegemony of both the Roman Catholic Church and the English church and state. Tyndale also wrote, in 1530, The Practyse of Prelates, opposing Henry VIII's divorce on the grounds that it contravened scriptural law.
  • Scientific approach to the Bible – 17-18 Centuries.
  • Scientific approach to the Bible – 17-18 Centuries.
  • The bible.w4

    1. 1. The BibleGod’s Grand Story: Act 3 Week 4
    2. 2. What is the Bible?The Bible is not a book for the faint of heart- it is a book full of all the greed and gloryand violence and tenderness and sex andbetrayal that benefits mankind. It is not thecollection of pretty little anecdotes mouthedby pious little church mice - it does not somuch nibble at our shoe leather as it cuts tothe heart and splits the marrow from thebone. It does not give us answers fitted toour small-minded questions, but truth thatgoes beyond what we can even know to ask. from Thoughts and Reflections by Rich Mullins
    3. 3. What is the Bible?• A working definition: A collection of writings containing the record and revelation of God’s interaction with man.
    4. 4. … of God’s interaction with man.• Actual people• Actual places• Actual problems• Actual encounters• Actually God
    5. 5. New TestamentBook Date Book DateJames 45-49 Philippians 63Galatians 49 Philemon 63-64Thessalonians 51 1 Peter 63-66Mark 50-60 1 Timothy 63-66Matthew 50-60 Titus 64-68Corinthians 55-58 Hebrews 66Romans 60 2 Peter 67Luke 61 2 Timothy 68-80Acts 61 Jude 85-90Colossians 61 John 85-90Ephesians 61 1,2,3 John 90-95 Revelation
    6. 6. Early Church Fathers• Clement of Rome (95-97)• Polycarp (110-135)• Justin Martyr (165)• Ireanaeus (130-202)• Clement of Alexandria (150-215)• Jerome (340-420)• Augustine (354-430)
    7. 7. MARTIN LUTHER• Augustinian monk• Ninety-Five Theses (1517)• Translated Bible into German• Study Notes
    8. 8. William Tyndale• English Scholar (1517-1521)• Translated the Bible into English• Directly from Hebrew and Greek Texts• Introduced New Words in English – Jehovah – Passover – Scapegoat• Made popular - Atonement
    9. 9. Biblical Criticism• Scientific approach to the Bible• Divided into two approaches – Higher Criticism – composition and history – Lower Criticism (literary) – original or “correct” readings
    10. 10. Biblical Criticism• Old Testament – Masoretic Text – Hebrew Text – 7-10 AD – Septuagint – Greek OT – 3 BC• New Testament – Vulgate – Latin Translation of Bible – 4 AD – Papyri – Codices – Minuscule – Byzantine Lectionaries
    11. 11. Summary• The Bible is a collection of writings containing the record and revelation of God’s interaction with man.• We can trust God and His revelation.