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core-periphery model and regional development in France

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  • Francedev1-interesting ID. Is it by any chance part of a name? My famille is from Brittany, France in the 1500's? - DeVaughn. They emigrated from Wales as Vaughn and the 'de' was added when they came to France. Just a thought. Trying to find out where in Brittany they might be from. I know there are some Vaughns in Southern France.
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  1. 1. Regional disparities in France The core The periphery
  2. 2. Industrialisation in France Compare the core to the periphery
  3. 3. The French core is part of the European Hot Banana
  4. 4. Success of regional policy: growth and development in the periphery Recent regional policy has seen a growth of industry and services in the periphery
  5. 5. <ul><li>French regional policy </li></ul><ul><li>decentralisation of industry and services </li></ul><ul><li>reduce the dominance of Paris </li></ul><ul><li>since 1980’s, decentralisation of state functions </li></ul><ul><li>1995, law for regional development - </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>improve infrastructure </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>sustainable development </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>improve environment </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>PAT - incentives to regional development tax exemptions infrastructure development industrial relocation costs Main aims - reduce importance of Paris decentralise industrial development to periphery develop the periphery using growth poles redevelop and improve the old industrial Nord
  6. 6. The gulf of fos An new industrial growth pole near Marseilles Fos, a deep water port, refinery complex, petrochemicals, steelworks, car plant
  7. 7. AN INDUSTRIAL GROWTH POLE Deep water port and industrial complex, refinery, steel, car manufacture To aid the spread effect and counter-balance the dominance of Paris
  8. 8. A FRENCH FLORIDA New resorts to take advantage of the Natural advantages of Languedoc, hot summer, long sandy beaches and the Mediterranean sea. Infrastructure improvement to increase tourism Multiplier effect Spread effect
  9. 9. From a vine monoculture To a diversified, intensified, irrigated, modernised farm system A FRENCH CALIFORNIA
  10. 10. Industrial decline of a core region Closure in coal and steel Unemployment Depopulation Dereliction Poor, old housing Congestion of infrastructure Poor environment Industrial reconversion Input of investment Improvements in infrastructure Replacement industries Housing and environmental programmes
  11. 11. . Located at the heart of an area with 100 million people living within a 300 km radius . A fluid motorway network: at the intersection of the Paris-Brussels (A2) Valenciennes-Lille-Dunkirk (A23-A25) and Calais-Dijon (A26) motorways, . Access to the northern seaports (Rotterdam, Antwerp, Dunkirk) . Airport equipped with ILS (freight and business aviation), . A wide range solutions : 26 business parks covering a total of 1,700 hectares, . Eligible for the maximum rate of grant allowed by the European Commission for business locations, . 400,000 sq. m. warehousing facilities, 100,000 sq. m. of which have been created in the last five years.