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The Conservation Agriculture Network for       South East Asia (CANSEA)An initiative to Develop and Disseminate CA in SEA ...
CONTENT The starting point: Why a network  on CA in SEA? CANSEA: Objectives and activities Conclusion: Key lessons lear...
CONTENT The starting point: Why a network  on CA in SEA? CANSEA: Objectives and activities Conclusion: Key lessons lear...
A wide diversity of bio-physical, socio-economical  & agrarian contexts...- From lowlands to mountainous areas- Dry to hum...
But similar concerns...Increasing demographic pressure                                             RAPID CHANGESNational a...
Erosion in Northern Vietnam  But similar concerns...Increasing demographic pressureNational and regional consumptiondemand...
Erosion in Northern Vietnam  But similar concerns...Increasing demographic pressureNational and regional market demand cha...
A decade of CA R4D programs in several SE countries…    Vietnam: SAM (1999); Rubber project     (2003), ADAM (2008)    L...
But few interactions between countries and institutions despite…• Similar difficulties regarding scaling up• Similar need ...
CONTENT The starting point: Why a network  on CA in SEA? CANSEA: Objectives and activities Conclusion: Key lessons lear...
General objectivesTo federate complementarities betweencountries and institutions to: Improve efficiency of research Add...
CANSEA Creation• First exchanges in 2005 (regional workshop in Vientiane, Laos)then in 2008 (regional workshop in Xieng Kh...
CANSEA core members              To do together what can’t be done alone   China   (Yunnan)                               ...
CANSEA core members              To do together what can’t be done alone• Cambodia: the Ministry of agriculture, forestry ...
Generic activities of the network       Facilitate Exchange and communication                   between partners To suppo...
ORCATAD CA Database
Generic activities of the network To support exchanges between partners To support the communication and the disseminati...
RC 1: CA-DMC systems for agricultural intensification, diversification and soil conservation in Uplands-Highlands• Context...
RC 1: CA-DMC systems for agricultural intensification, diversification  and soil conservation in Uplands-Highlands• Object...
• Intensification and diversification of rice-based cropping systems  in the uplands  Traditional S&B system         Inter...
• Diversification of tillage-based mono cropping (maize, cassava)    in the uplands                                Associa...
• Diversification of tillage-based mono cropping (maize, cassava) in    the Highlands               Maize and Cassava, the...
RC 1: CA-DMC systems for agricultural intensification, diversification and soil conservation in Uplands-Highlands• Objecti...
REMINDER For those interested in more details regarding CANSEA                         projects…Conservation Agriculture N...
CONTENT The starting point: Why a network  on CA in SEA? CANSEA: Objectives and activities Conclusion: Key lessons lear...
Key lessons learned from the                 experience of the CANSEA network• Sharing of the informationThe difficulty to...
REMINDER For those interested in more details regarding CANSEA                         projects…Conservation Agriculture N...
Thank you for your attention !
The CA network for South East Asia (CANSEA). Jean Claude Legoupil
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The CA network for South East Asia (CANSEA). Jean Claude Legoupil

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A presentation from the WCCA 2011 conference in Brisbane.

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The CA network for South East Asia (CANSEA). Jean Claude Legoupil

  1. 1. The Conservation Agriculture Network for South East Asia (CANSEA)An initiative to Develop and Disseminate CA in SEA Jean Claude Legoupil and Sulivanthong Kingkéo 5th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture Brisbane, Australia, 26-29 September 2011
  2. 2. CONTENT The starting point: Why a network on CA in SEA? CANSEA: Objectives and activities Conclusion: Key lessons learned from CANSEA first years implementation
  3. 3. CONTENT The starting point: Why a network on CA in SEA? CANSEA: Objectives and activities Conclusion: Key lessons learned from CANSEA first years implementation
  4. 4. A wide diversity of bio-physical, socio-economical & agrarian contexts...- From lowlands to mountainous areas- Dry to humid conditions- Rice self-sufficiency to market-oriented Yuanmou- Land locked to easily accessible etc. Kunming Lancang Simao Tropic of Can Bac Kan Jinghong Yen Bai Hanoi Xieng Khouang Sayabouri Vientiane Sakon Nakhon Hué Elevation (m) 4400 Bangkok Pleiku 3300 Kampong Cham 2200 Phnom Penh 1100 0
  5. 5. But similar concerns...Increasing demographic pressure RAPID CHANGESNational and regional market demand changes Increased pressure on natural resources: High deforestation rate, soil degradation Latin America Africa Southeast Asia Global Total study area 1155 337 446 1937 Forest cover in 1990 669 ± 57 198 ± 13 283 ± 31 1150 ± 54 Forest cover in 1997 653 ± 56 193 ± 13 270 ± 30 1116 ± 53 Annual deforested area 2.5 ± 1.4 0.85 ± 0.30 2.5 ± 0.8 5.8 ± 1.4 Rate 0.38% 0.43% 0.91% 0.52% Annual regrowth area 0.28 ± 0.22 0.14 ± 0.11 0.53 ± 0.25 1.0 ± 0.32 Rate 0.04% 0.07% 0.19% 0.08% Annual net cover change −2.2 ± 1.2 −0.71 ± 0.31 −2.0 ± 0.8 −4.9 ± 1.3 Rate 0.33% 0.36% 0.71% 0.43% Annual degraded area 0.83 ± 0.67 0.39 ± 0.19 1.1 ± 0.44 2.3 ± 0.71 Rate 0.13% 0.21% 0.42% 0.20% From Achard et al, 2002
  6. 6. Erosion in Northern Vietnam But similar concerns...Increasing demographic pressureNational and regional consumptiondemand changes Erosion in Laos - SayabouriIncreased pressure on natural resources:High deforestation rateSoil degradation,Erosion and fertility decline… Erosion in China - Yunnan
  7. 7. Erosion in Northern Vietnam But similar concerns...Increasing demographic pressureNational and regional market demand changesHigh deforestation rateIncreased pressure on natural resourcesErosion, Soil degradation and fertility decline… Similar wish to keep on the intensification andexpansion of agricultural activities but to limit therelated negative side-effects on natural resources Similar interest in CA as technical alternative
  8. 8. A decade of CA R4D programs in several SE countries…  Vietnam: SAM (1999); Rubber project (2003), ADAM (2008)  Laos: from 2003: PRONAE, PASS, ORCATAD, PROSA etc. supported by various donors (AFD, UE) 2009 : opening of the national centre for conservation agriculture  Thailand: since 2005: soil biology laboratory focused on CA impact on soil biota (Sakon Nakhon campus).  Cambodia: project for development of rubber- based farming systems (2003) then PADAC (2007)  Yunnan: YAAS experiments since 2003
  9. 9. But few interactions between countries and institutions despite…• Similar difficulties regarding scaling up• Similar need for higher synergies between R&D, extension and educational systems• Need for experience exchanges (failures /successes, approaches)• Emergence of new topics of R&D easier to implement at regional level (e.g., IPM, CA-Organic farming, market opportunities, certification, market links and commodity chains between countries...)• Possibility to implement actions not feasible at country level (e.g., increase synergies among projects, seek regional funds, empowering regional research and expertises)
  10. 10. CONTENT The starting point: Why a network on CA in SEA? CANSEA: Objectives and activities Conclusion: Key lessons learned from CANSEA first years implementation
  11. 11. General objectivesTo federate complementarities betweencountries and institutions to: Improve efficiency of research Address theme of regional interest Go beyond the “pilot” diffusion of CAsystems in small-scale areas in Southeast Asia.To do together what can’t be done alone
  12. 12. CANSEA Creation• First exchanges in 2005 (regional workshop in Vientiane, Laos)then in 2008 (regional workshop in Xieng Khouang, Laos)• Official creation (MoU) on September 30th, 2009 (regional CAmeeting held in Vientiane, Laos)
  13. 13. CANSEA core members To do together what can’t be done alone China (Yunnan) VietnamThailand Laos Cambodia Indonesia
  14. 14. CANSEA core members To do together what can’t be done alone• Cambodia: the Ministry of agriculture, forestry and fisheries (MAFF)• China: the Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences (YAAS)• Indonesia: the Indonesian Agency for Agriculture Research and Development (IAARD)• Laos: the National Agriculture and Forestry Research Institute (NAFRI)• Thailand: the University of Kasetsart (KU)• Vietnam: the Northern Mountainous Agriculture and Forestry Science Institute (NOMAFSI) and the Soils and Fertilizers Research Institute (SFRI)• Le Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement (CIRAD), which cooperates with all the partners of South East Asia
  15. 15. Generic activities of the network Facilitate Exchange and communication between partners To support exchanges of experience & resultsand favor crossed training between partnerse.g. Financial contributions to:-The 2nd regional workshop and conference onCA, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 4-7 July 2011- Sensitisation course on CA for Yunnan representativein Laos (2010)- Training of Lao master degree (Nabong univ.) and ofVietnamese agronomists (NOMAFSI) in Thailand (KU)and Cambodia (PADAC-MAFF) (2010 and 2011) To support the communication anddissemination of results to the outside(donors, research community, broad public)- Updating the database on CA- Setting up the CANSEA Web site (2009 & 2010)
  16. 16. ORCATAD CA Database
  17. 17. Generic activities of the network To support exchanges between partners To support the communication and the dissemination of results to the outsideTo define, prepare and jointly submit R4D regionally-based projects each network member is leading a theme of action having both nationalimportance and regional interest management by a Steering Committee and a Regional coordination unitInstitutions Thematic areasCambodia GDA- Methodological approach to link Research & Extension.PADAC CA development for diversification of rice-based cropping system inChina YAAS uplands areas CA development in watershed area (uplands & lowlands) to improveIndonesia IAARD agricultural production and control soil & environment degradationLaos NAFRI CA to restore fertility of degraded soils & more specifically of acidic soils Curriculum development (Masters) on CA integrating (amongst others) CThailand KU sequestration & soil BiologyVietnam NOMAFSI Soil conservation & CA-DMC systems in Uplands zonesSFRI
  18. 18. RC 1: CA-DMC systems for agricultural intensification, diversification and soil conservation in Uplands-Highlands• Context: Northern Cambodia China-Yunnan Northern Laos Vietnam 9,000,000 ha Concerned Areas 5-10,000,000 ha 394,000,000 ha 95,000,000 ha 39% of the country Population 2,500,000 45,700,000 1,200,000 11,100,000 670,000 ha 1,115,000 ha Agricultural 30% of cultivated 4,600,000 ha 2,400,000 ha 13% of cultivated Uplands areas areas Slash and burn practice Farming systems Mono cropping : Rain fed Rice, Maize, Tea, cassava, perennial crops (Rubber…) Emergence of commercial mono cropping Very low yieldsPresent yield Rice = 1.0 – 2.0 T/ha; Maize = 2 – 5 T/ha; Cassava: +/- 5 T/haPoverty rate > 50% 15% 46% 31.6% About 9,000,000 ha potentially concerned in 4 countries of the network
  19. 19. RC 1: CA-DMC systems for agricultural intensification, diversification and soil conservation in Uplands-Highlands• Objectives: To take stoke: (i) of past and current results & lessons learnt regarding CA potential systems for these areas,
  20. 20. • Intensification and diversification of rice-based cropping systems in the uplands Traditional S&B system Intercropping rice + cow pea northern Vietnam Improved fallow with legumes… … or grasses Pigeon pea, Laos B. ruziziensis, Laos, Yunnan
  21. 21. • Diversification of tillage-based mono cropping (maize, cassava) in the uplands Association corn + rice bean Traditional weeding on corn Corn on stylo mulch, Laos Laos, SayabouriAssociation corn + pigeon pea Miniterrasses + soil mulch Cassava + stylo, VietnamLaos, Xieng Khouang Northern Vietnam
  22. 22. • Diversification of tillage-based mono cropping (maize, cassava) in the Highlands Maize and Cassava, the crops of Pioneers (Cambodia)Rotation Maize+Stylo / Cassava+stylo Use of bio-pumps in crop sequences (Cambodia)Cambodia Stylo. + V. umbellata Stylo. + Cajanus c. Stylo. + Sorghum
  23. 23. RC 1: CA-DMC systems for agricultural intensification, diversification and soil conservation in Uplands-Highlands• Objectives: To take stoke (i) of past and current results & lessons learnt regarding CA potential systems for these areas, (ii) of accumulated knowledge regarding agrarian changes, farming system constraints and CA conditions for dissemination (when existing studies) To define and propose a regional project involving 2 to 4 of the countries and institutions of the network To promote CA diffusion on at least 5000 ha in 4 to 6 years
  24. 24. REMINDER For those interested in more details regarding CANSEA projects…Conservation Agriculture Network for South East Asia (CANSEA) SIDE EVENT Objectives, Projects & Opportunities for new Technical and Financial Partnerships for CA Development in SE Asia Tuesday, 27th September 2011 6.00 pm, Plaza Room 5
  25. 25. CONTENT The starting point: Why a network on CA in SEA? CANSEA: Objectives and activities Conclusion: Key lessons learned from CANSEA first years implementation
  26. 26. Key lessons learned from the experience of the CANSEA network• Sharing of the informationThe difficulty to mobilize grassroots partners, stakeholders and to make emerging relevant and useful information and results during ongoing CA programs and projects• Regional communication toolThe difficulty to develop and use relevant Participatory Information & Communication Technologies for Development (PICT4D) tools which allow network members to share their information and experiences.• Network structure and functioningThe necessity to have a lean structure to avoid heavy structural and transaction costs. Multiplying steering committees is very costly (travels, per diem…).• Regional approach interestIn defining and implementing regional programs (transnational) objectives and activities of these programs are collectively defined. Institutions do together what can’t be done alone.
  27. 27. REMINDER For those interested in more details regarding CANSEA projects…Conservation Agriculture Network for South East Asia (CANSEA) SIDE EVENT Objectives, Projects & Opportunities for new Technical and Financial Partnerships for CA Development in SE Asia Tuesday, 27th September 2011 6.00 pm, Plaza Room 5
  28. 28. Thank you for your attention !

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