Investing in projects to change practice and build community capacity. Naomi Wilson


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Investing in projects to change practice and build community capacity. Naomi Wilson

  1. 1. Presented by Naomi Wilson Landcare Facilitator Investing in Projects to Change Practice and Build Community Capacity _________________________________________________________ Barkly Landcare & Conservation Association Northern Territory, Australia
  2. 2. The Barkly <ul><li>Size: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>19m Hectares </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roughly 15% of the NT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NT – 135m Ha </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Population: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Barkly Region – 7,325 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tennant Creek – 3,099 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(ABS 2009) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rainfall: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Annual median – 380mm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Summer wet season </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Winter dry season </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Barkly = 2.7 Barkly England Size 19 million Ha 13 million Ha Population 7,325 51 million 1
  4. 4. The Barkly
  5. 5. The Barkly Cyclone Yasi, Cyclone Carlos and extended low monsoonal troughs
  6. 6. The Barkly Total annual rainfall for 2008 - 270mm
  7. 7. The Barkly <ul><li>Land systems: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>89 distinct land systems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Broad land types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Black soil” – Mitchel grass downs on black cracking clay (includes bluebush swamps and lakes) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Red soil” or “Desert country” – Spinifex, Acacia and Eucalypts on red sandy clays and red earths </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Hill county” or “Granite country” or “Limestone country” – limestone or granite rocky outcrops and rises </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The Barkly <ul><li>Barkly Lakes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Five lake systems include Lake Woods, Eva Downs Swamp, Lake Tarrabool, Corella Lake and Lake Sylvester. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some of Australia’s largest inland freshwater lakes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Termination point of nearly all the water courses on the Barkly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Considered ephemeral, though some lakes rarely dry up completely </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognised as being of national conservation significance and currently being considered for RAMSAR classification. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Balancing conservation and production values in this area is a key challenge for the Barkly community and industry. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The Barkly <ul><li>Land Use: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indigenous – 1.9m ha (10%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pastoral (Beef) – 15.6m ha (81%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government – 1.7m ha (9%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nature conservation reserves only cover 0.6% of the Barkly </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. The Barkly <ul><li>Pastoral Land: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>37 Pastoral production (beef) operations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>31 Corporate owned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6 Family owned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Average property size: 420,000ha </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Average number of cattle per property fluctuates according to season but is about 50,000 head and can be up to 80,000. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. The Barkly
  12. 12. Barkly Landcare <ul><li>Formed: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1995 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Membership: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>37 pastoral land holders (100%) and a number of non-pastoral members connected to the Barkly and industry </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Staff: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 Landcare Facilitator (me) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 Project Manager – Weeds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Resources: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TNRM Facilitation funding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CFOC project funding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Private contributions ($1:$4) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fee for service </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Barkly Landcare <ul><li>Executive committee: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elected from the membership annually. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 Office bearing positions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3-5 additional committee positions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Primary Focus on the Barkly is to support pastoralists to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adopt BMP techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access industry and Govt networks and resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respond to and prevent degradation processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve production values </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Projects and activities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weed management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grazing management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soil health </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Thinking Strategically <ul><li>Vision: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We see a bright future for the Barkly that holds unbound potential for a region where: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resilient and productive landscapes successfully balance production and ecosystem outcomes in a climate of change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Profitable, adaptive primary industries have the capacity and drive to sustain their managed and natural landscapes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connected communities capitalise on the value of shared knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Objectives: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We have set objectives that will lead us towards realising our vision: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop the capacity of land managers on the Barkly to take effective resource management action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implement targeted on-ground works and capacity building projects that are delivering a measurable reduction in threat to key assets, leading to improvements in land and resource condition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop a robust, prosperous organisation supported by resources that ensure the capacity to deliver valued services to its members and the Barkly region </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop local, Territory and national networks and partnerships that support our organisational and recourse management objectives. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Values: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At the core of our actions is the high value we place on a resilient, active community, productive local industry and a healthy natural landscape. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We recognise the vital role our landscape plays in supporting our region and will work effectively to manage our: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Areas of conservation significance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Premium production zones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change buffers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To maintain these values we are managing for: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weed invasion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soil quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effects of production activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pest animals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Climate variability </li></ul></ul>That’s great... but where do we start?
  15. 15. Making Decisions About Priorities <ul><li>We developed a series of VERY basic “models” to help us to define not just WHAT but WHERE our valuable assets are and to be clear on WHY they are valuable. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Making Decisions About Priorities
  17. 17. Putting it in Action – Tackling Weeds Weeds are one of our most significant management issues, particularly: Parkinsonia Prickly Acacia Mesquite
  18. 18. Putting it in Action – Tackling Weeds
  19. 19. Putting it in Action – Tackling Weeds <ul><li>Barriers to effective action: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of spatial data – where are the weeds? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unable to access reliable knowledge, information and practical advice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Competing demands – needed someone to provide consistent drive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficulty collaborating in a remote landscape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finding and maintaining a long-term focus </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Putting it in Action – Tackling Weeds <ul><li>Our weed project “formula” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Our weed projects essentially include a number of key elements to address these barriers: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aerial survey to map infestations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workshops that directly connect pastoralists weed scientists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An initial and comprehensive strategic treatment program that provides action learning opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of 10-year property weed management plans with a practical focus – what to do, when, where, how and what resources will be needed each year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment of long-term monitoring (with a commitment to maintain these sites and communicate learnings from them beyond the life of the project) </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Putting it in Action – Tackling Weeds <ul><li>Aerial Survey </li></ul>
  22. 22. Putting it in Action – Tackling Weeds
  23. 23. Putting it in Action – Tackling Weeds
  24. 24. Putting it in Action – Tackling Weeds
  25. 25. Putting it in Action – Tackling Weeds <ul><li>The Georgina Project </li></ul>
  26. 26. Putting it in Action – Tackling Weeds Strategic Management of Parkinsonia in the Upper Georgina Catchment, NT. Project Area: 3.5m Ha Pastoral Leases: 12 Budget: $153,000 Duration: 12 months Georgina Upper 3,500,000 ha
  27. 27. Putting it in Action – Tackling Weeds <ul><li>Surveyed 1590 km 2 or 2500km of watercourse </li></ul><ul><li>Generated 3 spatial data layers, maps and GPS data </li></ul>  NLP PASTORALISTS TOTAL R44 Hire $22, 500   $22,500 R22 Hire $4,250 $3,330 $7,580 AvGas   $5,341 $5,341 TOTAL $26,750 $8,671 $35,421
  28. 28. Putting it in Action – Tackling Weeds <ul><li>Mapping up front can cost a lot..... </li></ul><ul><ul><li>....but it can save you a whole lot more. </li></ul></ul>Example: The survey uncovered infestations that land managers didn’t know were there and wouldn’t have included in the treatment program. Unknown and untreated infestations jeopardise investments downstream. 2008 DOWN STREAM INVESTMENT: $140,000 (approx) COST OF SURVEY: $1,700 of a total $35,000
  29. 29. Putting it in Action – Tackling Weeds <ul><li>Treatment of Parkinsonia and Mesquite across the project areas was completed by the end of October. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Putting it in Action – Tackling Weeds <ul><li>Treatment results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Estimated 90% kill rate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drought conditions impacted significantly </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Putting it in Action – Tackling Weeds <ul><li>Treatment results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>That following summer.... </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Putting it in Action – Tackling Weeds <ul><li>Likely short-term outcomes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Significant changes in the population structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Significant changes in the productivity parkinsonia infestations in the catchment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In a typical Barkly season one adult parkinsonia can produce around 5,000 seeds and up to 13,000 seeds if conditions are favourable. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Without the 2008 treatment program potential seed production in the Georgina catchment would be in the tens of millions </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Putting it in Action – Tackling Weeds <ul><li>3-part workshop </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parkinsonia ecology, impacts and management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Property weed management planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GIS tools for weed and resource management </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. Putting it in Action – Tackling Weeds <ul><li>Management Plans include </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commitment statement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Key information for successful management outcomes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outlined management approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defined management zones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Property maps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treatment schedule with specific defined actions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reporting template </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Addition information on managed species </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. Putting it in Action – Tackling Weeds <ul><li>A total of 60 monitor sites established </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Established 22 Tier 1 sites to measure changes in surrounding pasture and vegetation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Established 38 Population Quadrat sites to measure changes in parkinsonia population and community structure. </li></ul></ul>50m 10m 10m Photo Picket Centre Picket Random Quadrat 50m South West Picket A = 3, J = 10, S=8 50m A A A J J J J J J J J J J S S S S S S S S
  36. 36. Putting it in Action – Tackling Weeds <ul><li>Value of Long-term Monitoring </li></ul>
  37. 37. Putting it in Action – Tackling Weeds No parki present Most sites well below 50 individuals Only a few sites with significant numbers of adults present BUT Evidence of re-establishment across the catchment
  38. 38. Putting it in Action – Tackling Weeds Numbers of adults beginning to increase Numbers of adults still decreasing Increases in juveniles and seedlings across the catchment warn of potential rapid increase coming
  39. 39. Putting it in Action – Tackling Weeds
  40. 40. Putting it in Action – Tackling Weeds <ul><li>Working with Indigenous Ranger crews on weed management: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides opportunity for indigenous participation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Builds a practical skill base </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Builds stronger relationships between pastoralists and the indigenous community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And it can have an unmeasurable impact on self-esteem, confidence and pride. </li></ul></ul>
  41. 41. Bringing it all together – Tackling Weeds <ul><li>Building towards an entire region under active and strategic management : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2008 – Georgina Catchment (3.5m ha) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2010 – Lake Woods Catchment (1.8mha) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2010 – Lake Tarrabool Catchment (2.6m ha) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2011 – Lake Sylvester Catchment (3.4m ha) </li></ul></ul>
  42. 42. Putting it in Action – Alternative Grazing <ul><li>How can we make productivity gains AND improve land condition and conservation values at the same time? </li></ul>
  43. 43. Future Challenges and Opportunities <ul><li>For Barkly Landcare, the Barkly region and our landscape: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resource reliability and working beyond the political reality of government investment cycles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building our organisation through succession planning and growth management – being cleaver about how we access the people, skills and knowledge we need to get things done </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remaining relevant (to members, community, industry and investors) in an environment of rapid change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing global pressures such as climate change, volatile markets, food security, economic instability – and finding the opportunities to innovate within these challenges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing a platform for innovation at grass roots level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Working with science and scientists </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But the big one for me is our thinking </li></ul>
  44. 44. <ul><li>Naomi Wilson </li></ul><ul><li>Barkly Landcare & Conservation Association </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>