Farmers’ response to conservationfarming practices in Aceh, Indonesia      Gavin Tinning¹, M. Ismail², Irhas², M. Nasir² a...
IntroductionFarming recoveryFood securityVariable climatic conditionsDryland cropping opportunitiesWillingness to try new ...
Coastal farming system in AcehCentred on riceIrrigated and drylandImpacted by conflictImpacted by tsunamiOpportunity
What we have trialled?Skip row plantingDifferent varietiesMinimum tillage during dry seasonOpportunity croppingLivestock m...
Are farmers interested?Grow more foodIncrease their incomeReduce labour (effort or cost)Dry season croppingExtension suppo...
Farmers’ responseWidespread adoption of:• Skip row layout• VarietiesMinimum tillage in dry seasonMore crops grown each yea...
Farming system transition - dryland      2009                    2010                  2011 Average rainfall     Drier tha...
Barriers to adoption of minimum tillageLack of extensionAvailability of quality seedFluctuations in crop pricesStrong rice...
Encourage adoptionFarmer to farmer visitsField-based extensionPassionate extensionFarm scale demonstrationInvolve womenEco...
What has worked in Aceh?Passionate field-based extensionLong term support for farmersSkip row layout adoptionMinimum tilla...
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Farmers' response to conservation farming practices in Aceh, Indonesia. Gavin Tinning

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Presentation from the WCCA 2011 conference in Brisbane, Australia.

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Farmers' response to conservation farming practices in Aceh, Indonesia. Gavin Tinning

  1. 1. Farmers’ response to conservationfarming practices in Aceh, Indonesia Gavin Tinning¹, M. Ismail², Irhas², M. Nasir² and T. Iskandar² ¹Primary Industries NSW, ² BPTP NAD, Indonesia
  2. 2. IntroductionFarming recoveryFood securityVariable climatic conditionsDryland cropping opportunitiesWillingness to try new ideas
  3. 3. Coastal farming system in AcehCentred on riceIrrigated and drylandImpacted by conflictImpacted by tsunamiOpportunity
  4. 4. What we have trialled?Skip row plantingDifferent varietiesMinimum tillage during dry seasonOpportunity croppingLivestock management
  5. 5. Are farmers interested?Grow more foodIncrease their incomeReduce labour (effort or cost)Dry season croppingExtension support is availableInterested in soil biology
  6. 6. Farmers’ responseWidespread adoption of:• Skip row layout• VarietiesMinimum tillage in dry seasonMore crops grown each yearPotential for more income
  7. 7. Farming system transition - dryland 2009 2010 2011 Average rainfall Drier than average Wetter than averageRice 4.1 T/Ha Rice 5.2 T/Ha Rice 6.2 – 7.1 T/HaFollowed by: Followed by: Followed by:fallow Minimum tillage Rice (incl. zero till trial)cattle on fields Soybean 1.5 T/Ha harvest Sept 2011 Mung bean 1.2 T/Ha Maize 6.1 T/Ha cattle penned cattle penned
  8. 8. Barriers to adoption of minimum tillageLack of extensionAvailability of quality seedFluctuations in crop pricesStrong rice pricePermanent removal of stockLand ownership
  9. 9. Encourage adoptionFarmer to farmer visitsField-based extensionPassionate extensionFarm scale demonstrationInvolve womenEconomic analyses
  10. 10. What has worked in Aceh?Passionate field-based extensionLong term support for farmersSkip row layout adoptionMinimum tillage profitableMore crops are grownMore options for farmers

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