Building social resilience through    understanding capacities of smallholder farming in Papua New               Guinea   ...
The Project context               Paper arises from project Increasing vegetable production inCentral Province, Papua New ...
The Papua New Guinea ContextDeveloping Country  Economy in transition – led by mineral  and gas resource projects   Soc...
The Papua New Guinea ContextRapidly increasing populationInternal migration creating challenges   Highlands to peri Urb...
The Papua New Guinea             Government responses Meeting fresh food needs of PoM and other   centres a Government pr...
The Opportunity Overcome deficit in PoM supply - 60000 to 80000t/yr Meeting changing tastes eg. ‘westernisation’ of diet...
Research Rationale and Strategy Rationale  Enhance socio-economic conditions  Improve production  Improve self relianc...
Our socio-economic         research strategyUse an action research framework of semi- structured interviews              ...
Research Methodology Used Appreciative Inquiry (AI) and Rapid  Supply Chain Appraisal (RSCA)    To elicit vegetable farm...
Research Methodology The Discovery and Dream Interview   Used small group approach – 4 to 15 people   Men and women int...
Research MethodologyDream and Design workshop       with women and their daughters being held late September in Port      ...
Research Methodology Dream and Design workshop      - with women and their daughters being      held late September in Po...
Research MethodologyRSCA –Identify participants/groups along the supply     chain  Interview process to gain perceptions...
Findings - Strengths favouring    adaptation and resilience Food security, surplus sold Family involvement of farming en...
Findings - Weaknesses thatconstrain adaptation and resilienceLimited availability of inputs and knowledgePoor access to ...
Current work arising from these             studies Dream and Destiny workshop this week Field experimentation at NARI, ...
Conclusions Small holder families vital    Enhance capacity through cooperatives Resilience requires improvements along...
Acknowledgements The financial support of ACIAR is           acknowledged.TIAR – research • development • extension • educ...
Location of the ProjectLimited to Central Province of PNG, has coastallowlands and mid altitude areas eg Tapini     TIAR –...
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Building social resilience through understanding capacities of smallholder farming in Papua New Guinea. Colin Birch

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A presentation made at the WCCA 2011 event in Brisbane, Australia.

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Building social resilience through understanding capacities of smallholder farming in Papua New Guinea. Colin Birch

  1. 1. Building social resilience through understanding capacities of smallholder farming in Papua New Guinea Colin Birch On behalf ofG. Palaniappan, B. Chambers, L. Bonney, L. Simeon, S. Hopa and C. Birch 27th September 2011 World Congress on Conservation Agriculture, Brisbane TIAR – research • development • extension • education • training
  2. 2. The Project context Paper arises from project Increasing vegetable production inCentral Province, Papua New Guinea to supply Port Moresby Markets (in partnership with) National Agricultural Research Institute Fresh Produce Development Agency Central Province Administration Pacific Adventist University Greenfresh Limited TIAR – research • development • extension • education • training
  3. 3. The Papua New Guinea ContextDeveloping Country Economy in transition – led by mineral and gas resource projects  Socially diverse Culturally conservative Customary land tenure - groupsSubsistence agriculture still predominant Shifting agriculture But emerging semi-commercial and commercial production TIAR – research • development • extension • education • training
  4. 4. The Papua New Guinea ContextRapidly increasing populationInternal migration creating challenges Highlands to peri Urban Port MoresbyRising middle class and increasing ex- patriot populationSignificant illiteracyLow level of servicesComplexity of Government – National,Provincial, Local, new provinces in 2011 TIAR – research • development • extension • education • training
  5. 5. The Papua New Guinea Government responses Meeting fresh food needs of PoM and other centres a Government priority National Government established Fresh Produce Development Agency Agricultural development a priority of Central Province Admin Community development embedded in agric. development TIAR – research • development • extension • education • training
  6. 6. The Opportunity Overcome deficit in PoM supply - 60000 to 80000t/yr Meeting changing tastes eg. ‘westernisation’ of diets ex-patriots want cool temperate vegetables Replacing imports and conserving foreign exchange Improving diets and nutrition Enhancing value chains andreturns to farmers TIAR – research • development • extension • education • training
  7. 7. Research Rationale and Strategy Rationale Enhance socio-economic conditions Improve production Improve self reliance Utilise local resources Produce diversity of crops TIAR – research • development • extension • education • training
  8. 8. Our socio-economic research strategyUse an action research framework of semi- structured interviews ToIdentify socio-economic strengths and constraints affecting vegetable production and profitability. TIAR – research • development • extension • education • training
  9. 9. Research Methodology Used Appreciative Inquiry (AI) and Rapid Supply Chain Appraisal (RSCA) To elicit vegetable farming realities and ideas for changeAI has 4 Ds – Discovery, Dream, Design,DestinyRSCA – identifies areas for improvement along supply chains TIAR – research • development • extension • education • training
  10. 10. Research Methodology The Discovery and Dream Interview  Used small group approach – 4 to 15 people  Men and women interviewed separately in English and Tok Pisun or Motu  Participants asked to name the best and most problematic aspects of vegetable growing Most frequently mentioned aspects identified Reflection process used to ensure validity and consistency TIAR – research • development • extension • education • training
  11. 11. Research MethodologyDream and Design workshop with women and their daughters being held late September in Port Moresby. Purpose - to link Dreams to Design using a low-literacy, pictorial training needs assessment linked to vegetable growingDreams provide the entry point for exploring DesignDesign encourages thinking about strategies to improve vegetable growing,Destiny (the next step) encourages implementation of actions and provision offeedback to the community TIAR – research • development • extension • education • training
  12. 12. Research Methodology Dream and Design workshop - with women and their daughters being held late September in Port Moresby Purpose - to link Dreams to Design using a low- literacy, pictorial training needs assessment linked to vegetable growing Aim: Quality in the supermarket? TIAR – research • development • extension • education • training
  13. 13. Research MethodologyRSCA –Identify participants/groups along the supply chain Interview process to gain perceptions of participants of aspects of supply chain that can be improved Provides focus for subsequent biophysical and supply chain researchAI and RSCA complimentary methodologies TIAR – research • development • extension • education • training
  14. 14. Findings - Strengths favouring adaptation and resilience Food security, surplus sold Family involvement of farming enterprise Participants wishing to remain in farming Some socio-cultural norms TIAR – research • development • extension • education • training
  15. 15. Findings - Weaknesses thatconstrain adaptation and resilienceLimited availability of inputs and knowledgePoor access to markets, poor post harvest infrastructurePoor roads and transportDistance from RD & E ServicesSocio cultural – eg land tenure, cultural norms, insecurity TIAR – research • development • extension • education • training
  16. 16. Current work arising from these studies Dream and Destiny workshop this week Field experimentation at NARI, PAU, Tapini Demonstration areas at, Sogeri, Tapini Ongoing value chain research Establishing improved value chains from Tapini, Sogeri, Kwikila/Rigo-Bautama TIAR – research • development • extension • education • training
  17. 17. Conclusions Small holder families vital  Enhance capacity through cooperatives Resilience requires improvements along the value chain and improved economic strength of rural communities Assisted in focussing current production and value chain research Providing guidance to for example establishment of marketing infrastructure TIAR – research • development • extension • education • training
  18. 18. Acknowledgements The financial support of ACIAR is acknowledged.TIAR – research • development • extension • education • training
  19. 19. Location of the ProjectLimited to Central Province of PNG, has coastallowlands and mid altitude areas eg Tapini TIAR – research • development • extension • education • training

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