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Villareal,Johanna B.                                                         Prof. Tessie SagadracaI-PS4REPORT            ...
occupying power exercises government            authority over occupied territory                     units that enforces ...
•    Sedition Law                                         •    Recocentration Act > Prohibited any persuasion in achieving...
Political Parties            Partido Nacionalista                                                            Partido Nacio...
Supreme Court                                Legal                        (Chief Justice)                              Cod...
“The LORD is my strength and my shield. My heart trusted him, so Ireceived help. My heart is triumphant; I give thanks to ...
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"GOVERNMENT: American Period" (1898-1941)


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"GOVERNMENT: American Period"

I.American Colonization
A.Imperialist vs Anti-Imperialist
B.Benevolent Assimilation

II.Philippine-American War
A.The Result of McKinley's Proclamation

III.American Colonial Policy and Practices
A.Establishment of Military Government
B.Establishment of Civil Government
C.Administrative Reforms during the Civil Government

Published in: Education, News & Politics

"GOVERNMENT: American Period" (1898-1941)

  1. 1. Villareal,Johanna B. Prof. Tessie SagadracaI-PS4REPORT "GOVERNMENT: American Period" (1898-1941) I. American Colonization Imperialist vs. Anti-Imperialist Imperialist Anti-Imperialist • Economic group • Constitutionalists • Military group • Workers • Religious group RESULT Benevolent Assimilation Refers to a proclamation about the Philippines issued on December 21, 1898 by U.S.President William McKinley during the Philippine-American War, which followed the defeat of Spain duringthe Spanish-American War. The proclamation reads in part. “Finally, it should be the earnest wish and paramount aim of the militaryadministration to win the confidence, respect, and affection of the inhabitants of the Philippines byassuring them in every possible way that full measure of individual rights and liberties which is theheritage of free peoples, and by proving to them that the mission of the United States is one ofbenevolent assimilation substituting the mild sway of justice and right for arbitrary rule. “ II. Philippine-American War The Result of McKinleys Proclamation _______________________________________________________________________________ 1. Reaction of the Filipinos 6. Initial Peace offerings of the against the Mckinley United States Proclamation 7. Downfall of Mabini 2. Outbreak of the Philippine- 8. Death of Antonio Luna American War 9. Bates Treaty 3. Early Philippine Setbacks 10. Aguinaldo Flees to the 4. More Filipino Defeats Mountains 5. Fall of Malolos 11. Battle of Tirad Pass 12. Capture of Emilio Aguinaldo III. American Colonial Policy and PracticesMilitary Government Civil Government (Civil authority)  The form of administration by which an  Apparatus of the state other than its military
  2. 2. occupying power exercises government authority over occupied territory units that enforces law and order Military Governor or Commander Civil Governors-exercised all three powers of government (Army, -executive authority over the islands wasWar, and State) transferred to the president of the Philippine Commission who had the title of "civil governor", a position appointed by the President of the United States and approved by the United States Senate. o Wesley Meritt (First Military Governor) o General Elwell S. Otis, o General Douglas McArthur (Last Military o William Howard Taft Governor) o Governor-General Henry C. Ide o James S. Smith .During Military Government Philippine Commission First Commission : Schurman Commission Second Commission : Taft Commission >Dr. Jacob Schurman >William Howard Taft • Establishment of public schools • Established a judicial system, including a • Establishment of civil authority having a Supreme Court, drew up a legal code to bicameral legislature replace antiquated Spanish ordinances • The implementation of needed reforms, and organized a civil service. and the recognition of the rights and • The 1901 municipal code provided for liberties of the people popularly elected presidents, vice presidents, and councilors to serve on municipal boards. The municipal board members were responsible for collecting taxes, maintaining municipal properties, and undertaking necessary construction projects; they also elected provincial governors. The Spooner Amendment • Senator John Spooner filed a bill giving unprecedented powers to the executive branch in the development of colonial policy in the Philippines. • Congressional amendment to the Army Appropriations Act of 1901 that called for the end of the U.S. military government in the Philippines.During Civil Government
  3. 3. • Sedition Law • Recocentration Act > Prohibited any persuasion in achieving independence be it through peaceful or violent > Relocated rural populations into overcrowded means. villages - newly created concentration camps. This policy was enacted to deprive rebels from acquiring peasant support. Thus, people not belonging to any concentration camps or marked villages were considered bandits and enemies of the state. • Flag Law • The Philippine Bill of 1902 /Philippine Organic Act > Prohibited the public display of anything particularly the Philippine flag and KKK that would > known as the Cooper Act after its author serve as reminder of freedom. Henry A. Cooper, was the first organic law for the Philippines. It provided for the creation of _________________________________________ an elected Philippine Assembly after the _ following conditions were met: • Brigandage Law  The cessation of the existing insurrection in the Philippine Islands;  Completion and publication of a census; and > Intended to divide the support of the people  Two years of continued peace against those who fight the Americans. and recognition of the authority of the United States of America after the publication of the census.First Philippine Assembly was devoted to its organization through the election of its main officers. *Sergio Osmeña -Speaker of the Assembly *Manuel Quezon –Majority Floor leaderTwo Resident Commissioners to represent the Philippines before the United States Congress.  Benito Legarda  Pablo OcampoSupreme Court on 1899 -First agency of the national government, Filipinos were appointedCayetano Arellano -Appointed Chief JusticeCivil Service-One of the first law passed by the a Taft Commission, enacted on September 19,1900, was for themaintenance of an efficient and honest civil service in the country.-This law created a body of classified employees for all divisions, bureaus, and offices of the insular,provincial, and municipal governments.Courts of First Instance- below the Supreme Court, holding jurisdiction over judicial districts.
  4. 4. Political Parties Partido Nacionalista Partido Nacional Progresista >Platform was to work for immediate >For independence in due time independenceBICAMERAL SYSTEM President Of the United States United States Congress Bicameral Legislature Philippine Commission Upper Two Filipino residents House Commissioners Civil Philippine Assembly Secretary of Finance and Justice Lower House Secretary of the Interior Majority Floor Leader Secretary of Commerce and Police Speaker of the Secretary of Public Instruction Assembly Philippine Members of the Philippine Commission Judiciary System
  5. 5. Supreme Court Legal (Chief Justice) Code Courts of Instance Judicial Municipal Municipal Districts Code Board President Vice President CouncilorsAdministrative Reforms during the Civil Government Filipinos Educational Commerce in the Commission Progress and Labor Filipinization General Judiciary in the Government Amnesty for Filipinos Department Civil Philippine Political Parties Service AssemblyReferences:Rowena A. Pila and Orlando H. Ramos, The Rise of The PHILIPPINE REPUBLICWikepediaHector S. Deleon, Philippine ConstitutionTeofista Vivar,Remedios Quiray,Evelina Viloria,Nelia Dela Cruz, PHILIPPINES: History and Government
  6. 6. “The LORD is my strength and my shield. My heart trusted him, so Ireceived help. My heart is triumphant; I give thanks to Him with my song.” -Psalm 28:7