Good humor, careful planning, and a sincere effort to cheer should be used to combat pessimism whenever it appears.</li></li></ul><li>FOOD AND WATER:<br /><ul><li>Water is more important than food. If you lack water, do not eat, because food requires water for assimilation.
Never drink either sea water or urine or mix them with fresh water.
Be prepared to catch rain in any available receptacle.
A cloth should be wetted with sea water to avoid losing rain through absorption.
If necessary, use splinters as hooks and make line by unraveling cloth, but keep fishing!
Clean and eat fish quickly; dry any surplus fish, as they will spoil in half a day.</li></li></ul><li>FOOD AND WATER ASHORE:<br /><ul><li>Never eat large quantities of a strange food without testing the effect of a small amount of it.
The presence of rodents , birds, and bird eggs are edible after their intestinal racts and reproductive organs have been removed.
Most fish and eels are edible, but avoid any that inflate or are particularly spiny.
Salter water fish may be eaten raw, others should be cooked.
Amphibian and reptile flesh, eve that of poisonous species, is edible, but should be skinned before cooking.
Shellfish and crustaceans are edible but should always cooked, if not taken from the ocean.
Ants, termites, grubs, and grasshoppers are edible, but must be cooked. Avoid caterpillars.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Plants can furnish edible fruits, seeds, bark, tubers, buds, leaves, flowers, sap, nuts, stems, roots, and shoots.
Avoid any unknown plant that has milky juices or an usually bitter or disagreeable.</li></ul>IN GENERAL, FOOD IS MORE LIKELY TO BE<br />FOUND ALONG A SHORE OR NEAR<br />STREAMS AND RIVERS THAN ELSEWHERE.<br />
<ul><li>Water is often easily found just beneath the surface of low forest areas, or near a shore. But if there is a human settlement nearby, the water is likely to be polluted. Rain and water issuing from a rock are pure.
Always boil for three minutes water that comes from a doubtful source.
The sap of many plants is mostly water, and some desert plants collect water in their pulp or roots.
Some plans also collect water externally in their leaves.
In arid areas, signs of water are vegetation, game trails, and bird migration.
Pigeons are never far from water.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>The decision whether to remain in place or to search for civilization is as important ashore as it is in a lifeboat.
It will be influenced by the capacity of the environs to sustain life and by the probable degree of difficulty in reaching assistance.
Coast and river banks are usually easier to transverse than jungles, mountains, or deserts, and more likely to provide sustenance. Habitation is always near a source of water, and in areas distant vegetation may indicate both water and human beings.</li></li></ul><li>THE END . . . <br />