Basic survival


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University of Makati

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Basic survival

  1. 1. BASIC<br />SURVIVAL<br />
  2. 2. ABANDONING SHIP:Preparation:<br /><ul><li>Know the escape routes and location of rafts and life preservers.
  3. 3. Wear protective clothing in the latter case. The clothing should include shoes, hat, and gloves; long underwear is an inefficient wet suit, but far better than none.
  4. 4. Take a waterproof flashlight, a knife, a whistle, and a short line to secure yourself to whatever is available.
  5. 5. Test life jacket, stimulate circulation by breathing deeply, and drink all the water you can.
  6. 6. Find out the direction and distance to land.</li></li></ul><li>GOING OVER:<br /><ul><li>Secure life jacket.
  7. 7. Enter water by ladder or line if possible.
  8. 8. If forced to jump, go feet first from lowest windward spot, protecting face with arms and avoiding debris in water.
  9. 9. Swim to windward, underwater it there are flames on surface.
  10. 10. Get at least 200 yards away from ship as soon as possible to avoid injury from explosions.</li></li></ul><li>IN THE WATER:<br /><ul><li>Load rafts to capacity, boarding the weak and injured first.
  11. 11. Minimize heat loss from the head, neck, sides, and groin to extend survival time.
  12. 12. Raise as much of the body as possible out of water, wear a hat, and assume the fetal position or huddle in close, side-to-side contact with others.
  13. 13. Do not move about. Stay calm and encourage others not to panic.</li></li></ul><li>IN THE RAFT:<br /><ul><li>Secure all equipment, dry wet clothes, inventory rations and water.
  14. 14. Construct a protective canopy, hoist the best possible radar reflectors.
  15. 15. Establish command and watch system.
  16. 16. Save strength and body moisture by deliberate motions.
  17. 17. Do not eat or drink in first 24 hours.
  18. 18. Keep busy and cheerful to avoid panic.
  19. 19. Good humor, careful planning, and a sincere effort to cheer should be used to combat pessimism whenever it appears.</li></li></ul><li>FOOD AND WATER:<br /><ul><li>Water is more important than food. If you lack water, do not eat, because food requires water for assimilation.
  20. 20. Never drink either sea water or urine or mix them with fresh water.
  21. 21. Be prepared to catch rain in any available receptacle.
  22. 22. A cloth should be wetted with sea water to avoid losing rain through absorption.
  23. 23. If necessary, use splinters as hooks and make line by unraveling cloth, but keep fishing!
  24. 24. Clean and eat fish quickly; dry any surplus fish, as they will spoil in half a day.</li></li></ul><li>FOOD AND WATER ASHORE:<br /><ul><li>Never eat large quantities of a strange food without testing the effect of a small amount of it.
  25. 25. The presence of rodents , birds, and bird eggs are edible after their intestinal racts and reproductive organs have been removed.
  26. 26. Most fish and eels are edible, but avoid any that inflate or are particularly spiny.
  27. 27. Salter water fish may be eaten raw, others should be cooked.
  28. 28. Amphibian and reptile flesh, eve that of poisonous species, is edible, but should be skinned before cooking.
  29. 29. Shellfish and crustaceans are edible but should always cooked, if not taken from the ocean.
  30. 30. Ants, termites, grubs, and grasshoppers are edible, but must be cooked. Avoid caterpillars.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Plants can furnish edible fruits, seeds, bark, tubers, buds, leaves, flowers, sap, nuts, stems, roots, and shoots.
  31. 31. Avoid any unknown plant that has milky juices or an usually bitter or disagreeable.</li></ul>IN GENERAL, FOOD IS MORE LIKELY TO BE<br />FOUND ALONG A SHORE OR NEAR<br />STREAMS AND RIVERS THAN ELSEWHERE.<br />
  32. 32. <ul><li>Water is often easily found just beneath the surface of low forest areas, or near a shore. But if there is a human settlement nearby, the water is likely to be polluted. Rain and water issuing from a rock are pure.
  33. 33. Always boil for three minutes water that comes from a doubtful source.
  34. 34. The sap of many plants is mostly water, and some desert plants collect water in their pulp or roots.
  35. 35. Many vines hold large quantities of water.
  36. 36. Some plans also collect water externally in their leaves.
  37. 37. In arid areas, signs of water are vegetation, game trails, and bird migration.
  38. 38. Pigeons are never far from water.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>The decision whether to remain in place or to search for civilization is as important ashore as it is in a lifeboat.
  39. 39. It will be influenced by the capacity of the environs to sustain life and by the probable degree of difficulty in reaching assistance.
  40. 40. Coast and river banks are usually easier to transverse than jungles, mountains, or deserts, and more likely to provide sustenance. Habitation is always near a source of water, and in areas distant vegetation may indicate both water and human beings.</li></li></ul><li>THE END . . . <br />