LanguageAcademic English: academic vocabularyobjective, impersonal tonegives information and ideasclear, logical structurePeopleThe academic community or academics: professional researchers andwriters, professors, lecturers, research students, undergraduates andpostgraduatesProvincesFields of study: engineering, medicine, linguistics, accounting, IT,economics…LawsHow data is collectedWhat cheating and plagiarism meanWhat types of claims can be madeCommunicationAcademic journals, conferences and reports, seminars, lectures, theses and dissertations, booksCurrencyAcademic grades and qualifications
Essay which responds to a quotation from a famous author. This does not requires a critique of Adam Smith (18th century economist) but is a coded way of referring to the arguments about virtues of a free market economy versus a state-controlled economy. The answer expected would present and evaluate these arguments and mention modern influential economists.
The purpose is to consider the question in your own words and through your own way of expressing things. Describe and write down what you think this assignments is asking for in your own terms and not in ‘academic language’. This will help you to make sense of the question. Talk with a friend.
Entering University: the challenges of academic writing<br />Ian Forth<br />Cross-University EFL Co-ordinator<br />
Underestimates amount of work outside lectures<br />Underestimates effort required to write long essays<br />Week with no classes is probably a reading or study week<br />Case Study 1<br />
No strategies for assessing usefulness of a particular book <br />Slow reader<br />First grade shows assessment criteria are not what he expected<br />School level writing is not appropriate<br />Case Study 2<br />
Specialised vocabulary<br />Formal style (no contractions or idiomatic expressions)<br />Impersonal: pronouns (I, we, us, etc) seldom used<br />Long sentences (last sentence in Text 2 has 51 words)<br />Long paragraphs<br />Authors whose work is quoted are referred to using strict conventions (rules!) Academic writing blends or integrates reading and writing<br />Connections between ideas are made explicit through linking words or vocabulary. <br />Academic language<br />
Adam Smith wrote; ‘ It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker that we expect our dinner, but from their regard to their own interest’. Discuss.<br />Exclusion and inequality impacts upon service users, carers and groups within a variety of contexts and environments. Focus on one particular client/group and consider how they experience exclusion and inequality.<br />Sample Titles<br />
Write down in your own words what you think the assignment is asking you to do. <br />What do you already know about the subject matter of the assignment? <br />What do you need to know to help you complete this assignment successfully? <br />How does this assignment differ from or is similar to other assignments that I have done? <br />How am I going to choose reading materials?<br />Begin with the title<br />
Looking at an example of academic writing<br />
Good luck with your university studies<br />THANK YOU! <br />