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What is Web 2.0 2007 version


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What is Web 2.0 2007 version

  1. 1. EDU 626 Integrating Educational TechnologySpring 2010<br />What is Web 2.0?<br />Something to get lost in, or a new way of working?<br />
  2. 2. Meet Abby, the digital native!<br />
  3. 3. Where doe Web 2.0 fit?<br />
  4. 4. What is web 2.0, then?<br />The definitions abound!<br />Web 2.0 = the web as platform<br />Web 2.0 = the underlying philosophy of relinquishing control<br />Web 2.0 =glocalization (“making global information available to local social contexts and giving people the flexibility to find, organize, share and create information in a locally meaningful fashion that is globally accessible”)<br />
  5. 5. More of what is web 2.0<br />Web 2.0 = an attitude not a technology<br />Web 2.0 = when data, interface and metadata no longer need to go hand in hand<br />Web 2.0 = action-at-a-distance interactions and ad hoc integration<br />Web 2.0 = power and control via APIs<br />Web 2.0 = giving up control and setting the data free<br />
  6. 6. It’s all of that, and more!<br />Web 2.0 is social, it’s open (or at least it should be), it’s letting go of control over your data, it’s mixing the global with the local. Web 2.0 is about new interfaces - new ways of searching and accessing Web content. And last but not least, Web 2.0 is a platform - and not just for developers to create web applications like Gmail and Flickr. The Web is a platform to build on for educators, media, politics, community, for virtually everyone in fact! <br />
  7. 7. So, what is Web 2.0??<br />From Presentation “Web 2.0” by Satyajeet Singh available on Slideshare<br />
  8. 8. Maybe this might help!<br />
  9. 9. Back to Satyajeet Singh <br />
  10. 10. Participatory web?<br />Dr. Mark Grabe<br />
  11. 11. Web 2.0 and constructivism<br />What is the Connection Between Web 2.0 and Constructivist Theory?<br />Web 2.0 tools can . . . allow students/learners to demonstrate their understanding in a variety of ways. They can blog, edit, contribute, rank, tag, upload and enhance their web experiences through the use of Web 2.0 tools. Additionally through the use of social networking, learners can also be exposed to other learners’ perspectives on a given topic or subject. <br />Social Constructivism, a wiki created for class EDER 679.09 Web 2.0 and Open Learning Environments<br />
  12. 12. Elements of Web 2.0<br />Wikis and blogs and all<br />What is a blog?<br />‘A weblog is kind of a continual tour, with a human guide who you get to know. There are many guides to choose from, each develops an audience, and there’s also comraderie [camaraderie] and politics between the people who run weblogs, they point to each other, in all kinds of structures, graphs, loops, etc.’<br />Dave Winer, The History of Weblogs, November 14, 2001, cited by Anthony V Parcero in “What is a Weblog” Jul 11, 2004 <br />
  13. 13. What is a Blog?<br />A log of websites visited? Or a personal journal? Or something else?<br />“Defining this variable form is not easy in the highly opinionated blogosphere - nor is it simple in the increasing number of newsrooms that are in embracing blogging. . . . Capturing the blogging beast is no small matter, not when everybody from the lonely scribe in Paducah to me-too mass media in Manhattan is trying to get arms and minds around the virtual blob now encroaching online.”<br />Just what is a blog, anyway? By Michael Conniff Posted: 2005-09-29<br />
  14. 14. Can we define blogs?<br />“I don’t care,”<br />“There is no need to define ‘blog.’ . . . A blog is merely a tool that lets you do anything from change the world to share your shopping list. People will use it however they wish. And it is way too soon in the invention of uses for this tool to limit it with a set definition.”<br />Jeff Jarvis, the veteran print journalist and prominent blogger behind BuzzMachineQuoted by Conniff in Just what is a blog, anyway?<br />
  15. 15. OK-so what makes a blog?<br />Technically, what is a weblog?<br />A weblog is a hierarchy of text, images, media objects and data, arranged chronologically, that can be viewed in an HTML browser.<br />What makes a weblog a weblog?Fri, May 23, 2003; by Dave WinerWeblogs At Harvard Law<br />
  16. 16. Another technical definition<br />“. . . here’s a definition of what a blog is: <br />A publication of content and Web links, sorted in chronological order, with the most recent at the top. The content reflects personal or corporate interests, and is almost always written by an individual. . . .”<br />What are Blogs, and Why Your Business Should Use One, Guest columnist Richard Zwicky, Founder and President of Enquisite, Inc. <br />
  17. 17. History of blogs<br />Rebecca Blood:<br />The original weblogs were link-driven sites. Each was a mixture in unique proportions of links, commentary, and personal thoughts and essays.<br />These weblogs provide a valuable filtering function for their readers. The web has been, in effect, pre-surfed for them.<br />weblogs: a history and perspective 7 september 2000 rebecca's pocket<br />“Jesse’s ‘page of only weblogs’ lists the 23 known to be in existence at the beginning of 1999.” “. . . last updated on 12 Oct 2000” with about 200 or 300.<br />
  18. 18. Blog History in Timeline Form<br />Dawn of Internet Time:[=WWW time, ie about 1989-90] <br />Tim Berners-Lee at CERN begins keeping a list of all new sites as they come online. <br />June 1993:<br />NCSA’s oldest archived What’s New list of sites. <br />June 1993:<br />Netscape begins running its What's New! list of sites. <br />Jan 1994:<br />Justin Hall launches Justin's Home Page which would become Links from the Underground. (Now Justin’s Links)<br />timbl's blog<br />Original logo for Mosaic, the <br />first web browser from NCSA<br />
  19. 19. 1999 the year it all exploded<br />Early 1999: <br />Peter Merholz coins the term blog after announcing he was going to pronouce web blogs as "wee-blog". This was then shortened to blog. <br />Early 1999: <br />Brigitte Eaton starts the first portal devoted to blogs with about 50 listings.<br />July 1999: <br />Metafilter's earliest archives. <br />July 1999: <br />Pitas launches the first free build your own blog web tool.<br />August 1999: <br />Pyra releases Blogger which becomes the most popular web based blogging tool to date, and popularizes blogging with mainstream internet users. <br />
  20. 20. Importance of 1999?<br />Advent of easy-edit web interface<br /><ul><li>July 1999 . . . Pitas, the first free build-your-own-weblog tool launched
  21. 21. In August, Pyra released Blogger, and Groksouplaunched
  22. 22. Late in 1999 software developer Dave Winer introduced Edit This Page [a forerunner of Blog This?], and Jeff A. Campbell launched Velocinews
  23. 23. All of these services are free, and all of them are designed to enable individuals to publish their own weblogs quickly and easily.</li></ul>Rebecca Blood, weblogs: a history and perspective<br />“Dave Winer, the protoblogger and technology maven”Dan Mitchell, New York Times, December 2, 2006<br />Dave Winer’s blog, Scripting News, has been going since 1997<br />
  24. 24. Why was Blogger so revolutionary?<br />Rebecca Blood’s opinion:<br />Blogger itself places no restrictions on the form of content being posted. Its web interface, accessible from any browser, consists of an empty form box into which the blogger can type...anything: a passing thought, an extended essay, or a childhood recollection. With a click, Blogger will post the...whatever...on the writer's website, archive it in the proper place, and present the writer with another empty box, just waiting to be filled. <br /><br />Rebecca Blood is a contributing writer to <br />and a pioneering blog writer—her blog goes back to April 1999<br />
  25. 25. Sample Bloggerposting interface<br />
  26. 26. Editing Blogger: wysiwyg<br />
  27. 27. Editing Blogger: html view<br />
  28. 28. Result<br /><ul><li></li></li></ul><li>Other blogging software<br />TypePad’s easy-to-use editor, feedback management tools, feed and podcast support, photo albums and world-class customer support.<br />To get started with WordPress, set it up on a web host for the most flexibility or get a free blog on<br />lets you easily create & manage student & teacher blogs, quickly customize designs and include videos, photos & podcasts. Free, Pro or Campus subscriptions. <br />
  29. 29. Can blogging be “safe”?<br />Safe blogs becoming a part of school<br />The fear of encouraging social networking and leaving the door open for unsavory individuals to see what students are doing online has caused most districts to avoid the tool, said David Warlick, a North Carolina public speaker and author who's working on the second edition of “Classroom Blogging: A Teacher's Guide to the Blogosphere.”<br />But new educational software, such as Virtual Office or Moodle, which the Muskego-Norway School District has implemented this year, protects students by letting them "publish" their writing within a secure server where teachers can monitor the comments.<br />By Erin Richards of the Journal Sentinel Posted: March 25, 2007<br />Some safer blogging sites:<br />
  30. 30. What about wikis?<br />What is a wiki?<br />A wiki is a website where every page can be edited in a web browser, by whomever happens to be reading it. It's so terrifically easy for people to jump in and revise pages that wikis are becoming known as the tool of choice for large, multiple-participant projects.<br />What Is a Wiki (and How to Use One for Your Projects) by Tom Stafford, Matt Webb 07/07/2006 <br />
  31. 31. Does it have anything to do with Wikipedia?<br />Wikipedia is a wiki<br />The name “Wikipedia” is a portmanteau (a combination of portions of two words and their meanings) of the words wiki (a type of collaborative Web site) and encyclopedia. <br />Wikipedia is written collaboratively by volunteers from all around the world; anyone can edit it.<br />Wikipedia:Aboutsee alsoHistory of Wikipedia<br />
  32. 32. What does it have to do with a hula dancer?<br />The word “wiki” is Hawai’ian<br />Explanation by the inventor of wikis, Ward Cunningham:<br />Wiki wiki is the first Hawai'ian term I learned on my first visit to the islands. The airport counter agent directed me to take the wiki wiki bus between terminals. I said what? He explained that wiki wiki meant quick. <br />Did you intend the word to be pronounced as wee-kee (rhyming with leaky) or as wick-ey (rhyming with sticky)? <br />believe the former is the proper pronunciation though I’ve been known to use the latter.<br />Correspondence on the Etymology of WikiNovember, 2003.<br />Ward Cunningham invented wiki in 1995. <br />
  33. 33. Wiki wiki sign outside Honolulu International Airport. (Image courtesy of A. Barataz)<br />
  34. 34. There is an index to wikis online<br /><br />WikiIndex is the wiki of wikis. It is an effort to create a complete directory of wiki websites out there on the Internet, with a description of each wiki and various systems of categorisation. We want to help people find the kinds of wikis they are most interested in and to map out the Internet-wide wiki landscape. <br /><br />
  35. 35. Social networking<br />Social networking is the grouping of individuals into specific groups, like small rural communities or a neighborhood subdivision, if you will.  Although social networking is possible in person, especially in schools or in the workplace, it is most popular online.  <br />Social networking websites function like an online community of internet users. <br />
  36. 36. Social Networking explained<br />
  37. 37. What exactly is it?<br />Definition:<br />We define social network sites as web-based services that allow individuals to (1) construct a public or semi-public profile within a bounded system, (2) articulate a list of other users with whom they share a connection, and (3) view and traverse their list of connections and those made by others within the system.<br />boyd, d. m., & Ellison, N. B. (2007). Social network sites: Definition, history, and scholarship. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 13(1), article 11. <br />* danah boyd *<br />Nicole Ellison<br />
  38. 38. A timeline of social networking<br />A Brief History of Social Networking Sites:<br />1995 = founded <br />1997 = Six Degrees of Separation founded [boyd & Ellison consider this the first social networking site!]<br />1999 = Circle of Friends founded <br />2002 = founded <br />2003 = founded <br />2004 = founded <br />2004 = founded <br />2005 = Yahoo!360 founded <br />Submitted by Linda Raphael on June 26, 2007<br />
  39. 39. A special case: microblogging<br />5 Microblogging Sites That Aren’t Twitter<br />WatchVideo: Twitter in Plain English<br />
  40. 40. Another special case<br />What is the Second Life world?<br />Second Life is a free 3D digital world imagined and created by its Residents. To get started, you will need to download the Second Life viewer. Once installed, you will be able to walk, "teleport" or even fly to thousands of exciting 3D locations. You can also use voice and text chat to communicate with other real people from around the world.<br />
  41. 41. Second Life snapshot<br />
  42. 42. Social bookmarking<br />Social Bookmarking 101 <br />What is social bookmarking? It is tagging a website and saving it for later. Instead of saving them to your web browser, you are saving them to the web. And, because your bookmarks are online, you can easily share them with friends.<br />What is Social Bookmarking and How Can It Help Me? By Daniel Nations, Guide<br />Social Bookmarking Sites The Top Ten Social Bookmarking Sites on the Web<br />By Wendy Boswell, Guide<br />Acquired in March 2009 by <br />
  43. 43. Another veryspecial social tool<br />
  44. 44. A Sample Glog for Web 2.0 sites<br />TeachersFirst Edge Entry: For moderately adventurous technology users (teachers) and most student users (with significant help in primary grades). Glogster EDU is a tool to create online multimedia "posters" that can incorporate all types of elements into a visual space: links, images, text, videos, music, and more. Your students will have multiple ways to express themselves and to learn from each other, making it easy for you to differentiate and engage each student. <br />Here is an example glogcreated by the TeachersFirst Edge team.<br />
  45. 45. Recent statistics for Web 2.0 Use<br />Social Media and Young Adults <br />Two Pew Internet Project surveys of teens and adults reveal a decline in blogging among teens and young adults and a modest rise among adults 30 and older.<br />Much of the drop in blogging among younger internet users may be attributable to changes in social network use by teens and young adults. Nearly three quarters (73%) of online teens and an equal number (72%) of young adults use social network sites. <br />by Amanda Lenhart, Kristen Purcell, Aaron Smith, Kathryn Zickuhr Feb 3, 2010<br />
  46. 46. Web 2.0 and safety issues<br />Help Kids Socialize Safely Online<br />Help your kids understand what information should be private<br />Use privacy settings to restrict who can access and post on your child's website.<br />Explain that kids should post only information that you — and they — are comfortable with others seeing<br />Remind your kids that once they post information online, they can't take it back<br />Know how your kids are getting online<br />Talk to your kids about bullying<br />Talk to your kids about avoiding sex talk online<br />Tell your kids to trust their gut if they have suspicions<br />Read sites’ privacy policies<br />
  47. 47. Find a good balance, though!<br />You can be too restrictive!<br />Content filters and firewalls are great for keeping kids away from pornography, as required by the Children’s Internet Protection Act (download the PDF), or preventing them from updating their Facebook status during class. But the same filters can stop teachers from accessing cutting-edge widgets and digital materials that have enormous potential for expanding learning. <br />New Hampshire kindergarten teacher Maria Knee, a pioneer in using Web 2.0 tools with young learners, points out that keeping powerful tools out of students’ reach during the school day doesn't prepare them for life. "Our kids are going to be using these tools and sites anyway," she argues.<br />Playing It Too Safe Online Will Make You Sorry<br />Bending the Rules:<br />A student at the Pleasantview Academy, in Hutchinson, Kansas, uses ArtSnacks, a site typically blocked by the school district, after an exception is made for a class project.<br />Credit: Courtesy of Kevin Honeycutt<br />
  48. 48. Another useful resource<br />Trying to prepare students for their future and teach them about Internet safety without Web 2.0 in schools is like trying to teach a child to swim without a swimming pool!<br />The Center for Safe and Responsible Internet Use has developed a new framework for addressing these issues under the overall concept of Cyber Savvy Schools. More information on Cyber Savvy Schools is here. <br />Nancy Willard, M.S., J.D.<br />director of the Center for Safe and Responsible Internet Use. This Center provides for educators and other professionals on youth risk online issues. <br />
  49. 49. Other cybersafety websites<br />