What is Web2.0?


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What is Web2.0? A waste of time, or a revolutionary way of working? --or is it dead already?
And is there a web 3.0 or even 4.0 or more?

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What is Web2.0?

  1. 1. What is Web 2.0? A waste of time, or a revolutionary way of working? --or is it dead already? And is there a web 3.0 or even 4.0 or more? EDU 626 Integrating Educational Technology
  2. 2. Meet Abby, the digital native! 2
  3. 3. Where does Web 2.0 fit? Uploaded by loots1964 on Oct 21, 2009 Originally, I planned on having kids tell me about how they used Web 2.0 technologies in school, but when I saw their reaction to my question, that they clearly had no idea what a Web 2.0 was - by name, at least, I realized I had stumbled onto a fascinating little bit of information. Web 2.0 is so innate to digital natives, that they can’t even identify it by name! 3
  4. 4. What is web 2.0, then? The definitions abound! Web 2.0 = the web as platform Web 2.0 = the underlying philosophy of relinquishing control Web 2.0 = glocalization (“making global information available to local social contexts and giving people the flexibility to find, organize, share and create information in a locally meaningful fashion that is globally accessible”) 4 http://www.zdnet.com/blog/web2explorer/ what-is-web-2-0/5
  5. 5. More of what is web 2.0 Web 2.0 = an attitude not a technology Web 2.0 = when data, interface and metadata no longer need to go hand in hand Web 2.0 = action-at-a-distance interactions and ad hoc integration Web 2.0 = power and control via APIs Web 2.0 = giving up control and setting the data free 5 http://www.zdnet.com/blog/web2explorer/ what-is-web-2-0/5
  6. 6. It’s all of that, and more! Web 2.0 is social, it’s open (or at least it should be), it’s letting go of control over your data, it’s mixing the global with the local. Web 2.0 is about new interfaces - new ways of searching and accessing Web content. And last but not least, Web 2.0 is a platform - and not just for developers to create web applications like Gmail and Flickr. The Web is a platform to build on for educators, media, politics, community, for virtually everyone in fact! 6 http://www.zdnet.com/blog/web2explorer/ what-is-web-2-0/5
  7. 7. So, what is Web 2.0?? From Presentation “Web 2.0” by Satyajeet Singh available on Slideshare 7
  8. 8. Maybe this might help! 8
  9. 9. Back to Satyajeet Singh 9
  10. 10. Participatory web? Dr. Mark Grabe http://learningaloud.com/participatoryweb/ 10
  11. 11. Web 2.0 and constructivism What is the Connection Between Web 2.0 and Constructivist Theory? Web 2.0 tools can . . . allow students/learners to demonstrate their understanding in a variety of ways. They can blog, edit, contribute, rank, tag, upload and enhance their web experiences through the use of Web 2.0 tools. Additionally through the use of social networking, learners can also be exposed to other learners’ perspectives on a given topic or subject. • Social Constructivism, a wiki created for class EDER 679.09 Web 2.0 and Open Learning Environments 11
  12. 12. Elements of Web 2.0 Wikis and blogs and all What is a blog? • ‘A weblog is kind of a continual tour, with a human guide who you get to know. There are many guides to choose from, each develops an audience, and there’s also comraderie [camaraderie?] and politics between the people who run weblogs, they point to each other, in all kinds of structures, graphs, loops, etc.’ • Dave Winer, The History of Weblogs Last update: Friday, May 17, 2002 at 12:37:09 PM Dave Winer is one of the pioneers of blogging. This blog began in 1997. Davenet is from 1994, 12
  13. 13. What is a Blog? A log of websites visited? Or a personal journal? Or something else? “Defining this variable form is not easy in the highly opinionated blogosphere - nor is it simple in the increasing number of newsrooms that are in embracing blogging. . . . Capturing the blogging beast is no small matter, not when everybody from the lonely scribe in Paducah to me-too mass media in Manhattan is trying to get arms and minds around the virtual blob now encroaching online.” • Just what is a blog, anyway? By Michael Conniff Posted: 2005-09-29 13
  14. 14. Can we define blogs? “I don’t care,” “There is no need to define ‘blog.’ . . . A blog is merely a tool that lets you do anything from change the world to share your shopping list. People will use it however they wish. And it is way too soon in the invention of uses for this tool to limit it with a set definition.” • Jeff Jarvis, the veteran print journalist and prominent blogger behind BuzzMachine Quoted by Conniff in Just what is a blog, anyway? 14
  15. 15. OK-so what makes a blog? Technically, what is a weblog? A weblog is a hierarchy of text, images, media objects and data, arranged chronologically, that can be viewed in an HTML browser. • What makes a weblog a weblog? Fri, May 23, 2003; by Dave Winer Weblogs At Harvard Law 15 Why Dave Winer Invented the Blog
  16. 16. Another technical definition “. . . here’s a definition of what a blog is: A publication of content and Web links, sorted in chronological order, with the most recent at the top. The content reflects personal or corporate interests, and is almost always written by an individual. . . .” • What are Blogs, and Why Your Business Should Use One, Guest columnist Richard Zwicky, founder and the CEO of Metamend Software, a Victoria, B.C. based firm whose cutting edge Search Engine Optimization software has been recognized around the world as a leader in its field. 16
  17. 17. History of blogs Rebecca Blood:  The original weblogs were link-driven sites. Each was a mixture in unique proportions of links, commentary, and personal thoughts and essays.  These weblogs provide a valuable filtering function for their readers. The web has been, in effect, pre-surfed for them. • weblogs: a history and perspective 7 september 2000 rebecca's pocket • “Jesse’s ‘page of only weblogs’ lists the 23 known to be in existence at the beginning of 1999.” “. . . last updated on 12 Oct 2000” with about 200 or 300. 17
  18. 18. Who coined the term “weblog”? Jorn Barger 18 http://www.dipity.com/oscarberg/Enterprise-2-0/
  19. 19. Blog History in Timeline Form Dawn of Internet Time: [=WWW time, ie about 1989-90] Tim Berners-Lee at CERN begins keeping a list of all new sites as they come online. June 1993: NCSA’s oldest archived What’s New list of sites. June 1993: Netscape begins running its What's New! list of sites. Jan 1994: Justin Hall launches Justin’s Home Page which would become Links from the Underground. (Now Justin’s Links) timbl's blog Original logo for Mosaic, the first web browser from NCSA 19
  20. 20. 1999: the year it all exploded •Early 1999: • Peter Merholz coins the term blog after announcing he was going to pronounce web blogs as “wee-blog”. This was then shortened to blog. •Early 1999: • Brigitte Eaton starts the first portal devoted to blogs with about 50 listings. •July 1999: • Metafilter’s earliest archives. •July 1999: • Pitas launches the first free build your own blog web tool. [No longer available] •August 1999: • Pyra releases Blogger which becomes the most popular web based blogging tool to date, and popularizes blogging with mainstream internet users. For What It's Worth I've decided to pronounce the word "weblog" as wee'- blog. Or "blog" for short.
  21. 21. Importance of 1999? Advent of easy-edit web interface • July 1999 . . . Pitas, the first free build-your- own-weblog tool launched • In August, Pyra released Blogger, and Groksoup launched • Late in 1999 software developer Dave Winer introduced Edit This Page [a forerunner of Blog This?], and Jeff A. Campbell launched Velocinews • All of these services are free, and all of them are designed to enable individuals to publish their own weblogs quickly and easily. • Rebecca Blood, weblogs: a history and perspective “Dave Winer, the protoblogger and technology maven” Dan Mitchell, New York Times, December 2, 2006 Dave Winer’s blog, Scripting News, has been going since 1997 21
  22. 22. Why was Blogger so revolutionary? Rebecca Blood’s opinion: Blogger itself places no restrictions on the form of content being posted. Its web interface, accessible from any browser, consists of an empty form box into which the blogger can type...anything: a passing thought, an extended essay, or a childhood recollection. With a click, Blogger will post the...whatever...on the writer’s website, archive it in the proper place, and present the writer with another empty box, just waiting to be filled. http://www.rebeccablood.net/essays/weblog_history.html Rebecca Blood is a contributing writer to and a pioneering blog writer—her blog goes back to April 1999 22
  23. 23. Other blogging software TypePad’s easy-to-use editor, feedback management tools, feed and podcast support, photo albums and world-class customer support. To get started with WordPress, set it up on a web host for the most flexibility or get a free blog on WordPress.com. lets you easily create & manage student & teacher blogs, quickly customize designs and include videos, photos & podcasts. Free, Pro or Campus subscriptions. Powered by 23
  24. 24. Can blogging be “safe”? 24 http://blogwritingcourse.com/learn_to_blog/safe-blogging-for-schools/
  25. 25. Safe blogging advice 25 Some safer blogging sites: http://blogwritingcourse.com/learn_to_blog/safe-blogging-for-schools/
  26. 26. A special case: microblogging 26 http://www.geeks.com/techtips/2009/what-is-microblogging.htm
  27. 27. Microblogging sites Watch Video: Twitter in Plain English As the Twitter App Ecosystem Tightens, 12seconds Calls it Quits 27 5 Microblogging Sites That Aren’t Twitter Aug 11, 2009 https://about.twitter.com/
  28. 28. The Decline and Fall of Blogging? The state of the blogosphere According to a 2010 study from the Pew Research Centre, younger bloggers are dropping like flies. From 2006 to 2009, blogging by teens aged between 12 and 17 years fell by roughly 50%, while 18 to 33 year olds – which is a prime demographic for marketing folks – had a 2% drop in usage. David Risley rightly points out that blogging is a saturated medium now. For further reading, check out Mitch Joel’s case for blogging and online publishing in Blogging is Dead (Again). • @jorgensundberg 28
  29. 29. What about wikis? What is a wiki? A wiki is a website where every page can be edited in a web browser, by whomever happens to be reading it. It's so terrifically easy for people to jump in and revise pages that wikis are becoming known as the tool of choice for large, multiple- participant projects. • What Is a Wiki (and How to Use One for Your Projects) by Tom Stafford, Matt Webb 07/07/2006 29
  30. 30. Does it have anything to do with Wikipedia? Wikipedia is a wiki The name “Wikipedia” is a portmanteau (a combination of portions of two words and their meanings) of the words wiki (a type of collaborative Web site) and encyclopedia. Wikipedia is written collaboratively by volunteers from all around the world; anyone can edit it. • Wikipedia:About see also History of Wikipedia 30
  31. 31. Be careful, though! Wikipedia is just one example of a wiki, but not all wikis are Wikipedia or even like Wikipedia! Wikis can cover all sorts of content Wikis can be much more private than Wikipedia (or much more open, depending on how security is handled) Wikis do not have to be encyclopedias 31
  32. 32. What does it have to do with a hula dancer? The word “wiki” is Hawai’ian Explanation by the inventor of wikis, Ward Cunningham: • Wiki wiki is the first Hawai'ian term I learned on my first visit to the islands. The airport counter agent directed me to take the wiki wiki bus between terminals. I said what? He explained that wiki wiki meant quick. Did you intend the word to be pronounced as wee-kee (rhyming with leaky) or as wick-ey (rhyming with sticky)? • believe the former is the proper pronunciation though I’ve been known to use the latter. • Correspondence on the Etymology of Wiki November, 2003. Ward Cunningham invented wiki in 1995. 32
  33. 33. Wiki wiki sign outside Honolulu International Airport. (Image courtesy of A. Barataz) 33
  34. 34. There is an index to wikis online WikiIndex.org WikiIndex is the wiki of wikis. It is an effort to create a complete directory of wiki websites out there on the Internet, with a description of each wiki and various systems of categorisation. We want to help people find the kinds of wikis they are most interested in and to map out the Internet-wide wiki landscape. • http://www.aboutus.org/WikiIndex.org 34
  35. 35. Wiki software 35
  36. 36. What about social networking?  Social networking is the grouping of individuals into specific groups, like small rural communities or a neighborhood subdivision, if you will. Although social networking is possible in person, especially in schools or in the workplace, it is most popular online. Social networking websites function like an online community of internet users. 36 http://www.whatissocialnetworking.com/
  37. 37. Social Networking explained 37
  38. 38. What exactly is it? Definition: We define social network sites as web- based services that allow individuals to (1) construct a public or semi-public profile within a bounded system, (2) articulate a list of other users with whom they share a connection, and (3) view and traverse their list of connections and those made by others within the system. • boyd, d. m., & Ellison, N. B. (2007). Social network sites: Definition, history, and scholarship. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 13(1), article 11. http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol13/issue1/boyd.ellison.html 38 danah boyd Nicole Ellison
  39. 39. Recent book about social networking 39 It’s Complicated: Teen Privacy Strategies in a Networked Age [FOSI Keynote Video] http://www.danah.org/itscomplicated/
  40. 40. A timeline of social networking A Brief History of Social Networking Sites: 1995 = Classmates.com founded 1997 = Six Degrees of Separation founded (Closed 2001) [boyd & Ellison consider this the first social networking site!] 1999 = Circle of Friends founded 2002 = Friendster.com founded 2003 = MySpace.com founded 2004 = Orkut.com founded 2004 = Facebook.com founded 2005 = Yahoo!360 founded [now closed] • From a blog no longer available, dated June 26, 2007 40
  41. 41. An International Educational Social Networking Site 41 http://www.epals.com/
  42. 42. Is this different from “social media”? 42 http://www.huffingtonpost.com/fauzia-burke/social-media-vs-social-ne_b_4017305.html
  43. 43. A special case Second Life is a three- dimensional virtual community created entirely by its membership. Members assume an identity and take up residence in Second Life, creating a customized avatar or personage to represent themselves. The avatar moves about in the virtual world using mouse control and intuitive keyboard buttons. • What is Second Life? 43
  44. 44. Second Life snapshot from 2008 44
  45. 45. Where is Second Life now? Virtual world Second Life to be reincarnated, with Oculus Rift 45 Stuart Dredge theguardian.com, Tuesday 24 June 2014
  46. 46. Most popular social networking sites? 46 More at: http://www.ebizmba.com/articles/social-networking-websites
  47. 47. Social bookmarking Social Bookmarking 101 What is social bookmarking? It is tagging a website and saving it for later. Instead of saving them to your web browser, you are saving them to the web. And, because your bookmarks are online, you can easily share them with friends. • What is Social Bookmarking and How Can It Help Me? By Daniel Nations, former About.com Guide Top 15 Most Popular Social Bookmarking Websites July 2014 47 1 | Facebook 2 | Twitter 3 | Pinterest 4.| Google+ 5.| Tumblr 6.| Reddit 7.| StumbleUpon 8.| Digg 9.| MetaFilter 10.| Newsvine 11.| Folkd 12.| FARK 13 | Scoop.it 14.| Slashdot 15 | Delicious
  48. 48. Maybe it should be called “social curation” or “content curation”? 48 http://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/social-curation See also: Content Curation Primer
  49. 49. Another very special social tool  49
  50. 50. A review of Glogster EDU Glogster EDU - Glogster The EDU community offered by Glogster is designed to alleviate the problems of inappropriate content and contact with “outsiders” not welcome in your class electronic community. The EDU area provides classes advertising-free glogs and easy teacher monitoring of student work. Students can comment and interact within a “gated community” with education-friendly options for collaboration and learning. Here is an example glog created by the TeachersFirst Edge team. 50
  51. 51. A Sample Glog for Web 2.0 sites 51 http://karenogen.edu.glogster.com/web-20-tools/
  52. 52. Similar to Glogster Used to be Wallwisher http://padlet.com/ http://pinterest.com/ http://www.scoop.it/ 52
  53. 53. Another way to curate stories How To Curate Conversations With Storify • Storify is the best way to gather tweets, comments, snippets and images from all around the Web and put them into one post. It's a new way of blogging that lets all your Internet friends participate. • Storify uses drag-and-drop to move messages from the service tabs - Twitter, Facebook, YouTube, SoundCloud, Flickr, Instagram, Google, RSS, and more coming soon! - into your story. Favorites are a great way to pull out the posts you want, so that they're all right there in Storify and easy to find and drag. • By Jon Mitchell / October 28, 2011 53
  54. 54. Recent statistics for Web 2.0 Use 54
  55. 55. Web 2.0 and safety issues Kids and Socializing Online Remind Kids That Online Actions Have Consequences Tell Kids to Limit What They Share Encourage Online Manners Limit Access to Your Kids’ Profiles Talk to Kids About What They’re Doing Online 55
  56. 56. Find a good balance, though! You can be too restrictive! Content filters and firewalls are great for keeping kids away from pornography, as required by the Children’s Internet Protection Act (download the PDF), or preventing them from updating their Facebook status during class. But the same filters can stop teachers from accessing cutting-edge widgets and digital materials that have enormous potential for expanding learning. New Hampshire kindergarten teacher Maria Knee, a pioneer in using Web 2.0 tools with young learners, points out that keeping powerful tools out of students’ reach during the school day doesn't prepare them for life. "Our kids are going to be using these tools and sites anyway," she argues. • Playing It Too Safe Online Will Make You Sorry Bending the Rules: A student at the Pleasantview Academy, in Hutchinson, Kansas, uses ArtSnacks, a site typically blocked by the school district, after an exception is made for a class project. Credit: Courtesy of Kevin Honeycutt 56
  57. 57. Other cybersafety websites 57
  58. 58. Another useful resource Embrace Civility in the Digital Age promotes approaches to address youth well-being and risk in the digital age in a manner that promotes positive norms, increases effective skills and resiliency, and encourages young people to be helpful allies who positively intervene when they witness peers being hurt or at risk. • http://www.embracecivility.org/about/ Nancy Willard, M.S., J.D. is the Director of Embrace Civility in the Digital Age. Nancy is author of . . . Cyber Savvy: Embracing Digital Safety and Civility (2011, Corwin Press). 58
  59. 59. Is Web 2.0 getting old already? Web 2.0 Is Over, All Hail the Age of Mobile On April 9, 2012, Web 2.0 lost its mantle as the most important Internet paradigm. We are now starting the Age of Mobile. Google and Facebook’s Internet dominance is no longer guaranteed. They face a threat from below and an army of smartphone-touting masses that sees little distinction between the piece of hardware in their hands and the Internet world it opens up. • 59 Is Web 2.0 dead, or was it never alive in the first place
  60. 60. Maybe a little premature? 60 See Nicholas Carr’s posts The death of Wikipedia (May 24, 2006) and Netscape's junk drawer (July 3, 2006)
  61. 61. http://friedgreenbananafish.wordpress.com/2010/01/28/the-death-of-web-2-0/ 61
  62. 62. IS there a web 3.0? 62 http://conserveme.wordpress.com/tag/web-3-0/
  63. 63. 63 http://www.edtechmagazine.com/k12/article/2012/10/ what-web-30-really-and-what-does-it-mean- education
  64. 64. But what is Web 3.0? The suggestion seems to be that If Web 1.0 is the content web And Web 2.0 is the social web Then web 3.0 will be (is?) the one that brings them together and creates meaning out of it (hence, the “semantic web”)—putting the content into the social context •Or is it? 64
  65. 65. 65 This new table built by Dr. John Moravec details the evolving way we’re all learning, trying out technology, and growing as a community. Essentially, we’ll reach a new state of web skills when we reinvent technology tools to better enhance our personal learning. We’ll be at 3.0 when schools are everywhere and not viewed as daycare. http://www.edudemic.com/what-is-web-3-0-and-how-will-it-change-education/
  66. 66. Others talk of another Web 3.0 66 http://cloudtimes.org/2013/09/09/introducing-web- 3-0-internet-of-things/
  67. 67. A practical example 67 http://venturebeat.com/2014/03/24/cow-computing-scottish-company-creates-wearable-sensors-for- cows/ http://silentherdsman.com
  68. 68. What about web 4.0? One Suggestion 68 Daniel Burrus: Web 4.0 is about intelligence. It’s about the ultra- intelligent electronic agent. You will have a personal intelligent agent soon on every device, because it doesn’t matter what device are on, it will recognize you when you get in front of it because all of your devices are getting a little camera. Web 4.0: The Ultra-Intelligent Electronic Agent is Coming by Jonathan Fowler and Elizabeth Rodd March 28, 2013, 12:00 AM
  69. 69. Could this agent be Siri? Or Microsoft’s Cortana? 69 http://techblog.tv/full-list-of-siri-commands-how-to-use-siri/ http://www.theverge.com/2014/4/2/5570866/cortana-windows-phone-8-1-digital-assistant http://visual.ly/rise-virtual-agent- how-siri-made-vas-household-name
  70. 70. Where do we go from there—or here? Web 2.0, Web 3.0, Web 4.0...Web 8.0 23 Jan 2007 7:01 PM I’ve been reading a lot of “new web” stories this week. Just in case you're having trouble keeping up, here's the list • Web 1.0 (Tim Berners Lee) • Web 2.0 (Tim O'Reilly) • Web 3.0 (Sir Tim Berners Lee ) • Web 4.0 (Seth Godin) • Web 5.0 (The PCSpy) • Web 6.0 (awaiting an owner...gasp!) • Web 7.0 (DopeJam) • Web 8.0 (Hugh MacLeod) Most people are still figuring out what Web 1.0 is and there is plenty of money to be made in helping them cross the chasm from there to Web 2.0. Can't we all string this along a little more before upgrading to the newest version? :) Time to read The Cluetrain again. 70