Science Fiction


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  • Science Fiction June 5, 2009
  • Science Fiction

    1. 1. Science Fiction ELE 616 Research in Children’s Literature Fall 2008
    2. 2. What is Science Fiction? <ul><li>George Hay : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Science fiction is what you find on the shelves in the library marked science fiction.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Editors of Algol : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Science fiction is “what we mean when we point to it.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Carlos Clarens : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Hard to define abstractly, science fiction is instantly recognizable on the printed page.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is Science Fiction? </li></ul></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Science Fiction
    3. 3. Sci-fi authors define sci-fi <ul><li>Brian W. Alldiss : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Science fiction is the search for definition of man and his status in the universe which will stand in our advanced but confused state of knowledge (science), and is characteristically cast in the Gothic or post-Gothic mould. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trillion Year Spree: the History of Science Fiction (London, 1986) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Definitions of Science Fiction </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Science Fiction
    4. 4. <ul><li>Isaac Asimov : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Modern science fiction is the only form of literature that consistently considers the nature of the changes that face us, the possible consequences, and the possible solutions. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>That branch of literature which is concerned with the impact of scientific advance upon human beings-- (1952) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Definitions of Science Fiction </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>Sci-fi authors define sci-fi June 5, 2009 Science Fiction
    5. 5. <ul><li>Ray Bradbury : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Science fiction is really sociological studies of the future, things that the writer believes are going to happen by putting two and two together. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Definitions of Science Fiction </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>Sci-fi authors define sci-fi June 5, 2009 Science Fiction
    6. 6. <ul><li>Frederik Pohl : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The future depicted in a good SF story ought to be in fact possible, or at least plausible. That means that the writer should be able to convince the reader (and himself) that the wonders he is describing really can come true...and that gets tricky when you take a good, hard look at the world around you. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Shape of Things to Come and Why It Is Bad, SFC, December 1991 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Definitions of Science Fiction </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Sci-fi authors define sci-fi June 5, 2009 Science Fiction
    7. 7. Scalzi's Three Criteria for Science Fiction <ul><li>1. The Work Takes Place in the Future </li></ul><ul><ul><li>--or what was the future when the work was completed. Alternate timelines may also qualify if they follow at least one of the other criteria. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. The Work Uses Technology that Does Not Currently Exist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>--or (again) did not exist at the time the work was completed. Extrapolation from existing technology qualifies as well. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is Science Fiction Anyway? From John Scalzi’s blog </li></ul></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Science Fiction
    8. 8. Scalzi's Three Criteria for Science Fiction <ul><li>3. Events Are, By and Large, Rationally Based </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I'll quote myself here: “Though important events, situations and characters may in themselves be fantastical, science fiction assumes an explanation based on a logical universe. This is opposed to fantasy works, and some horror, in which such ideas are described through magic or the whims of the gods.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is Science Fiction Anyway? </li></ul></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Science Fiction
    9. 9. SF in education <ul><li>Explore Science Fact With Science Fiction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A unit on genetics had Sephali Ray’s students jazzed. A seventh-grade science teacher at the New York City Lab School, a public middle- and high-school, Ray didn't stop with the scientific facts. “It’s absurd for students to talk about how DNA works without trying to understand its implications for society,” says Ray. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Link Science & Literacy by Meg Lundstrom </li></ul></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Science Fiction
    10. 10. How this works: <ul><li>Julie E. Czerneda </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Good science fiction is story, science, and speculation all wrapped up in a package custom-made for improving literacy and critical-thinking skills-it does not get more convenient. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students prepare by analyzing a work of science fiction and examining the underlying science idea in terms of the attitude and knowledge conveyed through the story about the author, following this with research on the author. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Science Fiction and Scientific Literacy </li></ul></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Science Fiction
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    14. 14. June 5, 2009 Science Fiction Every Sunday our characters talk about a book they've read in full-page full-color comic strips. Our book clubs are posted in libraries, book stores, and in homes, and you have our permission to do so too ( write us if you're interested in other uses).
    15. 15. Source for reviews <ul><ul><li>SF Site is composed of many pieces. Twice a month since July 1997, we have posted a mixture of book reviews, opinion pieces, author interviews, fiction excerpts, author and publisher reading lists and a variety of other features. At the same time, we've maintained a comprehensive list of links to author and fan tribute sites, SF conventions, SF TV and movies, magazines and e-zines, writer resources, publishers and small press sites and many other SF resources. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Science Fiction
    16. 16. <ul><ul><li>Welcome to, one of the largest SF and Fantasy sites on the Internet today. All run by a bunch of volunteers who invest of their spare time to make this possible. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>About </li></ul></ul></ul>Another source for reviews June 5, 2009 Science Fiction
    17. 17. Sci-Fi Awards <ul><li>Hugos </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Hugo Award was named in honor of Hugo Gernsback, &quot;The Father of Magazine Science Fiction,&quot; as he was described in a special award given to him in 1960. The Hugo Award, also known as the Science Fiction Achievement Award, is given annually by the World Science Fiction Society (WSFS) . The distinguishing characteristics of the Hugo Award are that it is sponsored by WSFS, administered by the committee of the World Science Fiction Convention (Worldcon) held that year, and determined by nominations from and a popular vote of the membership of WSFS. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Hugo Award </li></ul></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Science Fiction
    18. 18. <ul><li>Nebulas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Nebula Awards® are voted on, and presented by, active members of the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America, Inc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Since 1965, the Nebula Awards have been given each year for the best novel, novella, novelette, and short story eligible for that year's award. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>About the Award </li></ul></ul></ul>Sci-Fi Awards June 5, 2009 Science Fiction
    19. 19. Dragons in Sci Fi? <ul><li>Star Dragon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The SS Cygni probe sent back hours of video, captured by the Biolathe AI, but only a few minutes mattered--the four minutes that showed a creature made of fire, living , moving, dancing in the plasma fire of the double star's accretion disk. A dragon made of star stuff, so alien that only a human expedition to observe and perhaps capture it, could truly understand it. </li></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Science Fiction
    20. 20. Sci-Fi vs. Fantasy <ul><li>Science fiction and fantasy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fantasy is closely associated with science fiction, and many writers, including Robert A. Heinlein , Poul Anderson , Larry Niven , C. J. Cherryh , Jack Vance , and Lois McMaster Bujold have worked in both genres, while writers such as Anne McCaffrey and Marion Zimmer Bradley have written works that appear to blur the boundary between the two related genres. [18] The authors’ professional organization is called the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America (SFWA). [19] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Science fiction from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia </li></ul></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Science Fiction
    21. 21. An SF author’s view <ul><li>Fredrick Pohl </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If anyone were to force me to make a thumbnail description of the differences between SF and fantasy, I think I would say that SF looks towards an imaginary future, while fantasy, by and large, looks towards an imaginary past. Both can be entertaining. Both can possibly be, perhaps sometimes actually are, even inspiring. But as we can't change the past, and can't avoid changing the future, only one of them can be real. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pohlemic, SFC, May 1992 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Definitions of Science Fiction </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Science Fiction
    22. 22. Star Wars : Fantasy or Sci-Fi? <ul><li>Star Wars could be considered both science fantasy and standard science fiction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>it can be argued that science fiction is simply a modern form of fantasy. According to this view, the elements that would previously have been presented as fantasy (e.g., magic , shapeshifting , divination , mind-reading, fabulous beasts, and so on) are rationalized or supported through scientific or quasiscientific explanations such as marvelous devices, mutation, psychic abilities, aliens, etc. An example is The Force and the conflict between the Sith and Jedi in Star Wars. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Science fiction and fantasy </li></ul></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Science Fiction
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