Fall 2011 Naughty or Nice? Ethical concerns with technology
2 Ethical concerns?What is ethics, anyway?• Ethics is two things – Ethics refers to well based standards of right and wrong that prescribe what humans ought to do, usually in terms of rights, obligations, benefits to society, fairness, or specific virtues. – Ethics refers to the study and development of one’s ethical standards. • What is Ethics?
3 Ethics in Education?National Education Assocation: – Commitment to the Student – The educator strives to help each student realize his or her potential as a worthy and effective member of society. The educator therefore works to stimulate the spirit of inquiry, the acquisition of knowledge and understanding, and the thoughtful formulation of worthy goals. – Commitment to the Profession – The education profession is vested by the public with a trust and responsibility requiring the highest ideals of professional service. • NEA Code of Ethics
5 Ethics for librarians?Code of Ethics of the American Library Association II. We uphold the principles of intellectual freedom and resist all efforts to censor library resources. III. We protect each library users right to privacy and confidentiality with respect to information sought or received and resources consulted, borrowed, acquired or transmitted. IV. We respect intellectual property rights and advocate balance between the interests of information users and rights holders.
9 Nine Themes of Digital Citizenship– Digital citizenship can be defined as the norms of appropriate, responsible behavior with regard to technology use. 1. Digital Etiquette: electronic standards of conduct or procedure. 2. Digital Communication: electronic exchange of information. 3. Digital Literacy: process of teaching and learning about technology and the use of technology. 4. Digital Access: full electronic participation in society. 5. Digital Commerce: electronic buying and selling of goods. 6. Digital Law: electronic responsibility for actions and deeds 7. Digital Rights & Responsibilities: those freedoms extended to everyone in a digital world. 8. Digital Health & Wellness: physical and psychological well-being in a digital technology world. 9. Digital Security (self-protection): electronic precautions to guarantee safety.
10 KY Guidelines• Best practices for appropriate use of technology• Generally, employees and students think of best practices only in the sense of electronic mail and internet use. It must be understood that any Acceptable Use Policy also extends to: computer hardware and peripherals; software; network access; storage devices: databases, files, and other repositories of information in electronic form. Best practice applies to use while onsite and when using remote access (from home, conferences, while traveling, etc.). • • PDF of the current version: Best Practices and Guidelines for AUP
11 3 aspects of acceptable use1. Access to “objectionable materials” – How do you define “objectionable” or “inappropruate” – What sanctions do you put in place to “punish” or as a deterrent? – Is blocking and filtering censorship?2. Use of intellectual property – Copyright vs. “fair use” – Plagiarism vs. citing sources3. Misuse of communication – Cyberbullying
12 Internet filteringWhat Are We Protecting Them From? – No one disputes the need to protect kids from the harm that lurks online. Whats at issue is whether or not mandated internet filters are the best way to achieve those safeguards-or whether the filters arent up to the task and are actually interfering with the educational mission by obstructing use of important Web 2.0 tools. • Villano, M. (2008, May 1). What are we protecting them from? THE Journal
15Plagiarism vs. Proper Citation http://www.linworth.com/pdf/lmc/reviews _and_articles/featured_articles/Lehman_ October2010.pdf
16 CyberbullyingCyberbullying – They may not call it cyberbullying. Students may say they got “dissed” on Facebook or that someone flooded their phone with mean texts. Even little kids have been known to hack into Club Penguin to sabotage each other’s games. – The answer isn’t forbidding technology, say experts, so much as teaching kids right from wrong. As a teacher, you can be a powerful force in promoting a climate of respect. Educate yourself and be on the lookout for signs that cyberbullying is taking place, because you may be the trusted adult a student turns to for help. • Adams, C. (2010). Cyberbullying: What Teachers and Schools Can Do. Instructor, 120(2), 44-49.
19 A Kentucky resourceInternet Safety – The Internet is a wonderful tool which puts the world and all its information at our fingertips. Much of this information has been available for a long time through public library access or other means. Indeed, many of these sites have been in operation for a number of years. However, this ease of access is paving the way for massive growth in Internet- based crime such as identity theft and predators. However, most of these sites also provide an opt-out feature for you to remove or manage what information is available, though it may take some clicking around to locate it. The Kentucky Center for School Safety has compiled information on a number of them and provides a Protecting Your Personal Information: Opt Out procedures flier. – NEW! Make Facebook more private-Video
20 Who you gonna call?Your school librarian can help you with: 1. Encouraging intellectual freedom in a filtered environment 2. Preventing plagiarism made easier through digital resources 3. Growing concerns over privacy and confidentiality because of networked information 4. Need for information evaluation skills of materials on the "free" Internet 5. Closing the ongoing digital divide
21 Inspired by Taylor Mali and his poem What Teachers Make Read also Valenza’s blog, What librarians make, posted on Nov. 27th, 2010: a response to Marc Bernstein, What Cuomo can do to improve schools.