Information Process Models 2007 version


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Information Process Models 2007 version

  1. 1. LIB 601 Libraries and Learning Fall 2009<br />Models of Information Searching<br />
  2. 2. October 4, 2009<br />Information Process Models<br />2<br />What is the function of an information search model?<br />Ken Haycock:<br />An information process model, as a support structure, fosters the development of research, problem-solving and metacognitive skills through the collaboration of the classroom teacher and teacher-librarian. These concise models inform students of the problem-solving process and provide context for the assignment.    When young researchers understand an information process model, they can comprehend the extent of the task facing them and the necessary strategies to complete it.<br />Information Process Models Teacher Librarian 32 no1 34 Oct. 2004 <br />
  3. 3. October 4, 2009<br />Information Process Models<br />3<br />Advantages of a school-wide model<br />Haycock:<br />When teachers and students understand an information process model, they use common vocabulary to clarify terminology and label behaviors, each necessary to enhance metacognition.    A school-wide information process model allows students to gradually develop expert use patterns that enable them to reduce reliance on the scaffold and to use the model in different contexts, both in and out of school.<br />Information Process Models<br />
  4. 4. October 4, 2009<br />Information Process Models<br />4<br />INFOhio DIALOGUE Model for Information Literacy Skills <br />Define: <br />Explore/Identify the need for the information<br />Determine the basic question<br />Initiate<br />“Distressing ignorance”<br />Assess<br />Identify keywords, concepts, and possible resources<br />Consider information literacy skills<br />“Tapping prior knowledge” and “Building background”<br />
  5. 5. October 4, 2009<br />Information Process Models<br />5<br />INFOhio DIALOGUE Model <br />Locate<br />Identify possible sources of information <br />Develop a search strategy<br />Locate and retrieve available resources <br />Organize<br />Identify the best and most useful information sources <br />Evaluate the information retrieved <br />
  6. 6. October 4, 2009<br />Information Process Models<br />6<br />INFOhio DIALOGUE Model <br />Guide<br />Search log or journal <br />Student assistance and review <br />Educator assistance and review <br />Use<br />Determine presentation format <br />Present results<br />Communication information <br />Evaluate<br />Evaluate the project/results <br />Evaluate the process<br />Assess the teaching and learning <br />Copyright © 1998 by INFOhio – The Information Network for Ohio Schools <br />
  7. 7. October 4, 2009<br />Information Process Models<br />7<br />I-Search<br />Selecting a topic <br />exploring interests, discussing ideas, browsing resources <br />Finding information<br />generating questions, exploring resources <br />Using information<br />taking notes, analyzing materials <br />Developing a final product<br />developing communications, sharing experiences <br />Read A Process Approach: The I-Search with Grade 5: They Learn! by Carol Bowen in Teacher Librarian (Dec 2002, Vol, 29, Issue 2, p14, 4p). <br />
  8. 8. October 4, 2009<br />Information Process Models<br />8<br />Pathways to Knowledge <br />Appreciation and Enjoyment<br />Examine the world <br />Presearch <br />Develop an overview; explore relationships<br />Search <br />Identify information providers; select information resources; seek relevant information<br />Interpretation <br />Interpret information<br />
  9. 9. October 4, 2009<br />Information Process Models<br />9<br />Pathways to Knowledge <br />Communication <br />Apply information; share new knowledge<br />Evaluation <br />Evaluate process and product <br />Go to the Pathways to Knowledge website for more information <br />Sponsored by Follett<br />Read Harada, V., & Tepe, A. (1998). Pathways to knowledge [Trademark]. Teacher Librarian, 26(2), 9. Retrieved Thursday, October 19, 2006 from the Academic Search Premier database.<br />
  10. 10. Pathways to Knowledge<br />October 4, 2009<br />Information Process Models<br />10<br />
  11. 11. October 4, 2009<br />Information Process Models<br />11<br />Ws of Information Inquiry <br />Watching (Exploring)<br />Wondering (Questioning)<br />Webbing (Searching) <br />Wiggling (Evaluating) <br />Weaving (Synthesizing) <br />Wrapping (Creating) <br />Waving (Communicating) <br />Wishing (Assessing) <br />Developed by Annette Lamb in the early 1990s <br />
  12. 12. October 4, 2009<br />Information Process Models<br />12<br />Research Cycle <br />Questioning <br />Planning <br />Gathering <br />Sorting & Sifting <br />Synthesizing <br />Evaluating <br />Reporting * (after several repetitions of the cycle) <br />
  13. 13. October 4, 2009<br />Information Process Models<br />13<br />Stripling and Pitts Research Process Model <br />Choose a broad topic <br />Get an overview <br />Narrow the topic <br />Develop thesis statement <br />Formulate questions <br />Plan for research <br />Find, analyze, evaluate <br />Evaluate evidence <br />Establish conclusions <br />Create and present final product <br />Barbara Stripling and Judy Pitts<br />Barbara Stripling, director of library services for the New York City Department of Education <br />
  14. 14. Carol Kuhlthau’s ISP<br />Information Search Process<br />The Information Search Process (ISP) is a six stage model of the users’ holistic experience in the process of information seeking.  The ISP model, based on two decades of empirical research, identifies three realms of experience: the affective (feelings), the cognitive (thoughts) and the physical (actions) common to each stage. <br />Abstract<br />October 4, 2009<br />Information Process Models<br />14<br />
  15. 15. October 4, 2009<br />Information Process Models<br />15<br /><br />
  16. 16. Guided Inquiry<br />Guided Inquiry: Learning in the 21st Centuryby Carol C. Kuhlthau, Leslie K. Maniotes, and Ann K. Caspari. Libraries Unlimited, 2007<br />Guided Inquiry is an approach based on Kuhlthau’s ISP, enhanced to offer “an integrated unit of inquiry planned and guided by an instructional team of a school librarian and teachers, together allowing students to gain deeper understandings of subject area curriculum content and information literacy concepts.  It combines often overlooked outside resources with materials in the school library.  The team guides students toward developing skills and abilities necessary for the workplace and daily living in the rapidly changing information environment of the 21st century. ”<br />Introduction to Guided Inquiry – what is it, what’s new, why now?<br />October 4, 2009<br />Information Process Models<br />16<br />
  17. 17. October 4, 2009<br />Information Process Models<br />17<br />Big6™ Skills <br />What is the Big6? <br />Developed by educators Mike Eisenberg and Bob Berkowitz, the Big6 is the most widely-known and widely-used approach to teaching information and technology skills in the world.<br />Some people call the Big6 an information problem-solving strategy because with the Big6, students are able to handle any problem, assignment, decision or task. Here are the six stages we call the BIG6.<br />
  18. 18. October 4, 2009<br />Information Process Models<br />18<br />The Big6 for Grades 3-6<br />
  19. 19. October 4, 2009<br />Information Process Models<br />19<br />The Super3<br />
  20. 20. October 4, 2009<br />Information Process Models<br />20<br />An adaptation of the Big 6<br />Assignment<br /><ul><li>What am I supposed to do?</li></ul>Plan of Action<br /><ul><li>How do I get the job done?</li></ul>Doing the Job<br /><ul><li>Let’s do it!</li></ul>Product Evaluation<br /><ul><li>What do I have to show for it?</li></ul>Process Evaluation<br /><ul><li>How well did I do?</li></li></ul><li>October 4, 2009<br />Information Process Models<br />21<br />The Savvy Seven Research Model <br />Developed by Nancy Miller and Connie Champlin<br />What is the Question? <br />What Resources Should I Use? <br />How Do I Find the Information? <br />How Do I Gather the Information? <br />Which Information Do I Use? <br />How Do I Share What I Learned? <br />How Do I Evaluate My Work?<br /><ul><li></li></li></ul><li>October 4, 2009<br />Information Process Models<br />22<br />So Many Research Models<br />Research Models <br />The library media specialist should have numerous examples of research process models available for consideration by the faculty and can take the lead in teaching this concept to the faculty as a whole. <br />
  21. 21. October 4, 2009<br />Information Process Models<br />23<br />