Information Literacy


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Discusses information literacy and some of the bewildering array of related concepts, especially 21st century literacy and skills.

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Information Literacy

  1. 1. InformationLiteracy:What Is It?Finding a waythrough theword maze2013
  2. 2. June 14, 2013 Information Literacy2Information Literacyinformation literacy (IL)• Skill in finding the information oneneeds, including an understanding ofhow libraries are organized,familiarity with the resources theyprovide (including informationformats and automated search tools),and knowledge of commonly usedresearch techniques.• ODLIS
  3. 3. 3What is Information Literacy?[QUILT]
  4. 4. QUILT’s definition4This definition is now at
  5. 5. Why teach information literacy?21st-Century learners may betech-savvy, but they still can beoverwhelmed:• . . . Today‟s learners have grown upin a “wired” world. They haveconstant access to global informationresources through computers andmobile devices, and they expect to be able to retrieveinformation instantly. This bold new generationquestions the concept of cognitive authority as mobindexing an Wikipedia permeate the web. Learnersare now surrounded by information, whether inprint, online, or in sound bites of information.• Empowering Learners: Guidelines for School Library MediaPrograms. Chapter 1: Developing Visions for Learning.IV. The 21st-Century Learner, p. 11.5
  6. 6. 6What is information literacy?Information Literacy• Information Literacy is atransformational process in which the learnerneeds to find, understand, evaluate, and useinformation in various forms to create for personal,social or global purposes.• Information Literacy shares a fundamental set ofcore thinking- and problem-solving meta-skillswith other disciplines. Authentic cross-disciplinaryproblems which include observation and inference,analysis of symbols and models, comparison ofperspectives, and assessment of the rhetoricalcontext, engage students in developing masteryinformation literacy over time.
  7. 7. Another conceptInformation Competency for Faculty atRio Hondo College• As defined by the Academic Senate forCalifornia Community Colleges (1998),information competency is the ability to:• recognize the need for information,• acquire and evaluate information,• organize and maintain information, and• interpret and communicate information• What Is Information Competency?June 14, 2013 Information Literacy7
  8. 8. And then there’s “Information Competence”!What is Information Competence?• Information competence is the ability tofind, evaluate, use, and communicateinformation in all of its various formats. Itrepresents the integration of libraryliteracy, computer literacy, media literacy,ethics, critical thinking, andcommunication skills.• For Faculty: Improving Student ResearchSkills and Building Information Competence8
  9. 9. June 14, 2013 Information Literacy9Literacy, Competence or Competency?
  10. 10. June 14, 2013 Information Literacy10Adding to the confusion of terms!Several other terms and combinations ofterms have been also used by differentauthors:• „infoliteracy‟, „informacy‟, „informationempowerment‟, „information competence‟,„information competency‟, „informationcompetencies‟, „information literacy skills‟,„information literacy and skills‟, „skills ofinformation literacy‟, „information literacycompetence‟, „information literacycompetencies‟, „information competence skills‟,„information handling skills‟, „informationproblem solving‟, „information problem solvingskills‟, „information fluency‟, „informationmediacy‟ and even „information mastery‟• Sirje Virkus: “Information literacy in Europe: aliterature review”Information Research, Vol. 8 No. 4, July 2003Sirje Virkus
  11. 11. June 14, 201311Now also as Information LiteraciesWhy the plural?• The use of the term “informationliteracies” emphasizes the complexityand multiplicity of skills andstrategies involved in finding andusing information.• Dianne Oberg: “Promoting InformationLiteracies: A Focus on Inquiry.” 70th IFLAGeneral Conference and Council, 22-27 August2004, Buenos Aires, Argentina Dianne Oberg
  12. 12. June 14, 2013 Information Literacy12A related term often used outsidelibrary media circles• We learn best when we are at the centerof our own learning. Inquiry-basedlearning is a learning process throughquestions generated from the interests,curiosities, and perspectives/experiencesof the learner. When investigations growfrom our own questions, curiosities, andexperiences, learning is an organic andmotivating process that is intrinsicallyenjoyable.•Inquiry-based learning
  13. 13. June 14, 2013 Information Literacy13Project, Problem, and Inquiry-based LearningExplore the Approaches• Project-based learning, problem-based learning, and inquiry-basedlearning all three closely relate to theinformation processing approach.They all fit well with technology-richlearning environments where thefocus is not on the hardware andsoftware, but on the learningexperience.• Project, Problem, and Inquiry-basedLearning
  14. 14. Information Literacy14Another Related TermResource-Based Learning• Resource-based learning activelyinvolves students, teachers and teacher-librarians in the effective use of a widerange of print, non print and humanresources . . . Students who use a widerange of resources in various mediumsfor learning have the opportunity toapproach a theme, issue or topic of studyin ways which allow for a range oflearning styles and access to the themeor topic via cognitive or affectiveappeals. More• Resource-Based Learning: Approaches
  15. 15. June 14, 2013 Information Literacy15Yet another related termLifelong learning• Lifelong learning is the process of acquiringand expanding knowledge, skills, anddispositions throughout your life to fosterwell-being. It isnt about taking an adultpottery class or reading a nonfiction bookoccasionally. Its about the decisions youmake and the problems you solve ineveryday life. From enrolling in anstructured, formal education program toconsidering whether to believe aninfomercials gimmick, lifelong learningtakes many forms.
  16. 16. The new emphasis fromAASL (as well as others)21st Century SkillsJune 14, 2013 Information Literacy16Standards for the 21st-Century Learner, AASL, 2007.Rights and permission on the use of the learning standards
  17. 17. June 14, 2013 Information Literacy1721st Century Skills
  18. 18. Partnership for 21st Century Skills18
  19. 19. Kentucky in P21June 14, 2013 Information Literacy19
  20. 20. Kentucky Model CurriculumFramework 2011June 14, 2013 Information Literacy20
  21. 21. Kentucky’s thinking on 21st century skillsJune 14, 2013 Information Literacy21
  22. 22. 22How do we put it all together?Use the school library!
  23. 23. June 14, 2013 Information Literacy23
  24. 24. Another school library studyJune 14, 2013 Information Literacy24Phase 1 Report July 2010Phase 2 Report Sept. 2011
  25. 25. A Study from 2012June 14, 2013 Information Literacy25
  26. 26. Where do these studies come from?June 14, 2013 Information Literacy26
  27. 27. 27Keith Curry LanceWhat Research Tells Us About theImportance of School Libraries• At this point . . . there is a clear consensus inthe results now [2002] available for eightstates*: School libraries are a powerful forcein the lives of Americas children. The schoollibrary is one of the few factors whosecontribution to academic achievement hasbeen documented empirically, and it is acontribution that cannot be explained awayby other powerful influences on studentperformance.• White House Conference on School Libraries• *19 states—seeNow 21 states withPennsylvania 2012
  28. 28. 28A European viewSchool Library and School Librarianship• The stream of information from TV channels,Internet, CD-ROMs, computer programmesetc. is unending. If the students, when theybecome adult citizens, are not to feel lost andhelpless in the face of such rich sources ofinformation, they must learn [to] devisepersonal strategies for information retrievalwhile they are still at school. InformationLiteracy and “strategies for independentlearning skill development” are keycomponents of any school library.• From a White Paper by Gert Larsen, School LibraryAdvisor, Albertslund, Denmark, p. 7• Part of Project GrandSlam - General Research and NewDevelopment in School Libraries As Multimedia LearningCentres
  29. 29. June 14, 2013 Information Literacy29The Key Concept?Competence and comfort with information andinformation sources• Information literacy is the solution to Data Smog.It allows us to cope by giving us the skills to knowwhen we need information and where to locate iteffectively and efficiently. It includes thetechnological skills needed to use the modernlibrary as a gateway to information. It enables usto analyze and evaluate the information we find,thus giving us confidence in using that informationto make a decision or create a product.• Introduction to Information Literacy, Association for Collegeand Research Libraries (a division of the American LibraryAssociation)
  30. 30. Closing observationJune 14, 2013 Information Literacy30