Balancing The Spectrum Of The Collection


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Describes a mnemonic for analyzing the balance of a library collection

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Balancing The Spectrum Of The Collection

  1. 1. Balancing the Spectrum of the Collection Johan Koren Murray State University College of Education
  2. 2. Abstract
  3. 3. Newtonian physics <ul><li>Isaac Newton first used the word spectrum ( Latin for “appearance” or “apparition”) in print in 1671 in describing his experiments in optics . Newton observed that, when a narrow beam of white sunlight strikes the face of a glass prism at an angle , some is reflected and some of the beam passes into and through the glass, emerging as different colored bands. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NationMaster Encyclopedia >  Visible light </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Spectrum requires a prism <ul><li>Estonian composer Arvo Pärt: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I could compare my music to white light which contains all colours. Only a prism can divide the colours and make them appear; this prism could be the spirit of the listener. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>about his music : Alina   </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Prism as a filter <ul><li>Historian Doris Kearns Goodwin: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The biographer finds that the past is not simply the past, but a prism through which the subject filters his own changing self-image. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Goodwin, Doris Kearns (1979). ‘‘Angles of Vision’’, in: Mark Pachter (Ed.), Telling Lives: the biographer’s art. Washington, DC: New Republic Books. Cited in Debate and Reflection: How to Write Journalism History </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The goal of collection building? <ul><li>Amanda Credaro: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ . . . the ultimate goal of collection development must be to create a ‘balanced’ collection . . .” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Use of Reviewing Journals in School Libraries </li></ul></ul></ul>balanced
  7. 7. What do you mean, balanced ? <ul><li>Credaro : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ . . . there is disagreement as to what actually constitutes a ‘balanced’ collection.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>equal numbers of print and non-print resources? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>materials that present the arguments for both sides on controversial issues? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a combination of both “demand” items and quality resources? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. How can we tell? <ul><li>How do we know when we have “a well-balanced collection that meets the needs of our users”? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ To evaluate the results of any particular intervention, we need to be able to clearly identify and define the desired state.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>T. Scott Plutchak, “ The art and science of making choices ,” Journal of the Medical Library Association 2003 January; 91(1): 1–3. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Define your desired state! <ul><li>What is your library’s mission? </li></ul><ul><li>Where, then, will be your point of balance? </li></ul>
  10. 10. A prism to view the full balanced spectrum <ul><li>P ersonal </li></ul>R eal I nvented SM iley face
  11. 11. Two Continuums <ul><li>Real Invented </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Smiley Face </li></ul>
  12. 12. Put ‘em together! Per so n a l SM i l e y Real Invented
  13. 13. Application to Collections??? . . . and Dragons????
  14. 14. Top Left Sector of Matrix <ul><li>Up close and personal—and real! </li></ul>Real Personal Folklore : Folklore is the body of expressive culture , including tales , music , dance , legends , oral history , proverbs , jokes , popular beliefs , customs, material culture , and so forth, common to a particular population, comprising the traditions (including oral traditions ) of that culture, subculture , or group . ( Wikipedia ) Invented
  15. 15. Dragons in folklore <ul><li>St. George and the Dragon / Egorii / Iurii / Georgii </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Region: North Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time Period: 3rd and 4th Century AD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>References in Literature: The Faerie Queen by Edmund Spenser </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sources: Everyone – He’s very popular </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Dragons in Folklore <ul><ul><li>The oriental dragon is very different in appearance to the Occidental dragon. The tales differ just as much. In China the dragon is a creature to be worshipped and respected. Although they can still be fierce, they are mainly called to for help in times of need, by the people of China. The Japanese dragons are very different in personality, sharing traits with the western dragons. However they are still known to be both benevolent on occasion and certainly respected by the Japanese people. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Dragons in Native American Folklore <ul><ul><li>The Seven Headed Dragon – Ojibwa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sacred Medicine Water – Caddo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Chenoo, or the, story of a cannibal with an icy heart -- A Passamaquoddy and Micmac Legend </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search the First People website for other examples! </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Bottom Left Sector of Matrix <ul><li>Invented, but Personal </li></ul>Real Personal Invented Quality literature, sometimes adaptations, or else original writing, with universal appeal and meaning for everyman and everywoman
  19. 19. An invented dragon who is very personal <ul><li>Smaug </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smaug the Golden was the greatest dragon of Middle-earth to survive into the Third Age . In the year 2770, he attacked the Lonely Mountain and drove the dwarves out, claiming their treasure as his own. Killing Smaug and reclaiming the treasure was the object of the quest in The Hobbit . </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. A good invented dragon <ul><li>My Father’s Dragon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A Newbery Honor–winning title and a favorite among children, My Father’s Dragon by Ruth Stiles Gannett, is a humorous adventure story about a clever and resourceful boy named Elmer Elevator, who runs away to Wild Island to rescue a baby dragon. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>My Father’s Dragon </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Real Smileys! </li></ul>Top Right of the Matrix Real Recognizable stories, but unoriginal and shallow
  22. 22. Dragon stories that are real smileys? <ul><li>In this first of the Dragon Slayers' Academy series, Wiglaf, the put-upon sensitive son in a family of louts, heads off to school along with his faithful pet pig, Daisy. . . . This lightweight, amusing adventure rattles right along, without pretensions and with, given the series title, a resolution that cleverly avoids violence--Wiglaf slays the dragon with bad jokes. An entertaining confection. (b&w illustrations, not seen) (Fiction. 7-10) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright ©1997, Kirkus Associates Review cited by Amazon </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Invented smileys [perhaps contrived?] </li></ul>Bottom Right of the Matrix Invented Generic, unoriginal, impersonal, shallow
  24. 24. An invented “smiley” dragon? <ul><li>What about the Dazzling Dragon? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When Princess Daisy hears that a real dragon is being brought into the Princess Academy, she is terrified. What will her friends think of her being such a scaredy cat? But later Princess Daisy has a chance to show how brave she really is... </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blurb from The Tiara Club website </li></ul></ul></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Evaluation instrument </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Part of inventory or selection/acquisition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Create a scattergram </li></ul></ul></ul>How to use this PRISM? Per so n a l Real Invented                        
  26. 26. Balancing issues <ul><li>Especially controversial ones! </li></ul>Personal COUNTERISSUE ISSUE
  27. 27. Creationism Evolution Personal
  28. 28. Print vs. online Personal Print Sources Online Sources / The original novels
  29. 29. Important Native American Resource <ul><li>Oyate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oyate is a Native organization working to see that our lives and histories are portrayed honestly, and so that all people will know our stories belong to us. For Indian children, it is as important as it has ever been for them to know who they are and what they come from. For all children, it is time to know and acknowledge the truths of history. Only then will they come to have the understanding and respect for each other that now, more than ever, will be necessary for life to continue. </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Another native Resource
  31. 31. A Blog to be aware of
  32. 32. The End