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Analyzing Multicultural Literature


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Presenting a mnemonic for analyzing literature

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Analyzing Multicultural Literature

  1. 1. Analyzing Multicultural Literature LIB 617 Readings and Research in Young Literature Fall 2008
  2. 2. Why analyze literature? <ul><li>To discover the full spectrum </li></ul>June 5, 2009 Analyzing Multicultural Literature
  3. 3. A little Newtonian physics <ul><li>Isaac Newton first used the word spectrum ( Latin for “appearance” or “apparition”) in print in 1671 in describing his experiments in optics . Newton observed that, when a narrow beam of white sunlight strikes the face of a glass prism at an angle , some is reflected and some of the beam passes into and through the glass, emerging as different colored bands. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NationMaster Encyclopedia >  Visible light </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Spectrum requires a prism <ul><li>Estonian composer Arvo Pärt: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I could compare my music to white light which contains all colours. Only a prism can divide the colours and make them appear; this prism could be the spirit of the listener. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>about his music : Alina   </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Prism as a filter <ul><li>Historian Doris Kearns Goodwin: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The biographer finds that the past is not simply the past, but a prism through which the subject filters his own changing self-image. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Goodwin, Doris Kearns (1979). ‘‘Angles of Vision’’, in: Mark Pachter (Ed.), Telling Lives: the biographer’s art. Washington, DC: New Republic Books. Cited in Debate and Reflection: How to Write Journalism History </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. A prism to view the full spectrum <ul><li>P ersonal </li></ul>R eal I nvented SM iley face
  7. 7. Two Continuums <ul><li>Real Invented </li></ul><ul><li>Personal SMiley Face </li></ul>
  8. 8. Put ‘em together! Per so n a l SM i l e y Real Invented
  9. 9. Application to Literature??? . . . and Dragons????
  10. 10. Top Left Sector of Matrix <ul><li>Up close and personal—and real! </li></ul>Real Personal Folklore : Folklore is the body of expressive culture , including tales , music , dance , legends , oral history , proverbs , jokes , popular beliefs , customs, material culture , and so forth, common to a particular population, comprising the traditions (including oral traditions ) of that culture, subculture , or group . ( Wikipedia ) Invented
  11. 11. Dragons in folklore <ul><li>St. George and the Dragon / Egorii / Iurii / Georgii </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Region: North Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time Period: 3rd and 4th Century AD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>References in Literature: The Faerie Queen by Edmund Spenser </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sources: Everyone – He’s very popular </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Dragons in Folklore <ul><ul><li>The oriental dragon is very different in appearance to the Occidental dragon. The tales differ just as much. In China the dragon is a creature to be worshipped and respected. Although they can still be fierce, they are mainly called to for help in times of need, by the people of China. The Japanese dragons are very different in personality, sharing traits with the western dragons. However they are still known to be both benevolent on occasion and certainly respected by the Japanese people. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Dragons in Native American Folklore <ul><ul><li>The Seven Headed Dragon – Ojibwa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sacred Medicine Water – Caddo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Chenoo, or the, story of a cannibal with an icy heart -- A Passamaquoddy and Micmac Legend </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search the First People website for other examples! </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Bottom Left Sector of Matrix <ul><li>Invented, but Personal </li></ul>Real Personal Invented Quality literature, sometimes adaptations, or else original writing, with universal appeal and meaning for everyman and everywoman
  15. 15. An invented dragon who is very personal <ul><li>Smaug </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smaug the Golden was the greatest dragon of Middle-earth to survive into the Third Age . In the year 2770, he attacked the Lonely Mountain and drove the dwarves out, claiming their treasure as his own. Killing Smaug and reclaiming the treasure was the object of the quest in The Hobbit . </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. The Hobbit as a graphic novel <ul><li>Note on the Graphic Novel version: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Though I called this a comic book in the summary, those words do not do justice to the gorgeous pictures that accompany Bilbo's tale in this version of The Hobbit . Comic size images of the scenes from Tolkien's classic accompany the abridged text and dialogue of the original. At the front is a map which can be used to follow the route taken by dwarves, hobbit and wizard. </li></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Analyzing Multicultural Literature
  17. 17. A Friendly Dragon (to some, at least!) <ul><li>Temeraire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>His Majesty’s Dragon introduces this dragon in a world that is like ours, except that dragons are an integral part of history. We are in the midst of the Napoleonic Wars, and the British navy acquires a dragon egg from China that was meant for the Emperor. The newly hatched dragon develops a relationship with the captain of the British ship, and the rest is history—4 books worth! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See the Temeraire wiki for more ! </li></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Analyzing Multicultural Literature
  18. 18. A Chinese realistic graphic novel series <ul><li>Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon is a beautiful story filled to the brim with fast paced action, well-developed characters, trials of loyalty, deception, ambition and intrigue. Set against the gorgeous backdrop of Ancient China, Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon takes the reader on an exciting allegory of epic proportions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The theatrical release of Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon was based on [the end of Book 4 of] the [5] novels by Wang Du Lu. </li></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Analyzing Multicultural Literature
  19. 19. <ul><li>Real Smileys! </li></ul>Top Right of the Matrix Real Recognizable stories, but unoriginal and shallow
  20. 20. DRAGON'S LAIR — The Comic Book Series! <ul><li>Dirk the Daring must rescue Princess Daphne from the Dragon Singe! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Swordplay, dragons, damsels in distress, sorcery, ghosts, and one very brave knight named Dirk the Daring fill the pages of this new ongoing series with adventure, thrills, and a pinch of humor. Creators Andy Mangels (best-selling Star Trek and Star Wars author) and artist Fabio Laguna are getting downright medieval on the story, opening the chronicles of Dirk's many adventures for fans to devour. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Invented smileys [perhaps contrived?] </li></ul>Bottom Right of the Matrix Invented Generic, unoriginal, impersonal, shallow
  22. 22. Indiana Jones to the rescue? <ul><li>Indiana Jones and the Dragon of Vengeance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It’s time for you and Indiana Jones to find THE DRAGON OF VENGEANCE. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indiana Jones is about to embark on his most dangerous adventure yet. To your great surprise, you realize that you are going with him to China to search for an ancient jade dragon with diamond eyes. You will be opposed by a violent secret society called The Golden Lotus, which wants the power of this precious relic for itself. You'll have other problems, too: hungry tigers, strange blood rituals, a gang of vicious thugs, even an earthquake! And remember: YOU are responsible for whatever happens, because YOU are going to make all the decisions—where to go, what to do, and how to handle it—as you FIND YOUR FATE. </li></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Analyzing Multicultural Literature