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Customer ProjectsRSTAB  The 3D Framework Program RFEM  The ultimate FEA Program                                         ww...
Dlubal - Product Overview                                                                                           2013  ...
Software for Statics and Dynamics                                                                                       Th...
Designed with Dlubal Software...                    Deep Drilling Rig   STAB                    As the geothermal energy m...
Designed with Dlubal Software...Tower in Reuss River                                                                      ...
Designed with Dlubal Software...                    Hotel Ramada   FEM                    Innsbruck Tivoli,               ...
Designed with Dlubal Software...Museum of the                                                                             ...
Designed with Dlubal Software...                    Tiger  Turtle -   STAB                    Magic Mountain              ...
Designed with Dlubal Software...Wörgl Zentrum Lenk,                                                                       ...
Designed with Dlubal Software...                    Shuter Street Bridge   STAB                    in Toronto, Canada     ...
Designed with Dlubal Software...Saldome2                                                                                  ...
Designed with Dlubal Software...                    Designing   FEM                    the Arch Bridge R                  ...
Designed with Dlubal Software...G3 Shopping Resort                                                                        ...
Designed with Dlubal Software...                    Metropol Parasol   FEM                    in Seville, Spain R         ...
Designed with Dlubal Software...Life and Science Park                                                                     ...
Designed with Dlubal Software...                    RegioTram Station   STAB                    in Kassel, Germany        ...
Designed with Dlubal Software...Supporting Structure                                                                      ...
Dlubal Customer projects 2013 RFEM and RSTAB
Dlubal Customer projects 2013 RFEM and RSTAB
Dlubal Customer projects 2013 RFEM and RSTAB
Dlubal Customer projects 2013 RFEM and RSTAB
Dlubal Customer projects 2013 RFEM and RSTAB
Dlubal Customer projects 2013 RFEM and RSTAB
Dlubal Customer projects 2013 RFEM and RSTAB
Dlubal Customer projects 2013 RFEM and RSTAB
Dlubal Customer projects 2013 RFEM and RSTAB
Dlubal Customer projects 2013 RFEM and RSTAB
Dlubal Customer projects 2013 RFEM and RSTAB
Dlubal Customer projects 2013 RFEM and RSTAB
Dlubal Customer projects 2013 RFEM and RSTAB
Dlubal Customer projects 2013 RFEM and RSTAB
Dlubal Customer projects 2013 RFEM and RSTAB
Dlubal Customer projects 2013 RFEM and RSTAB
Dlubal Customer projects 2013 RFEM and RSTAB
Dlubal Customer projects 2013 RFEM and RSTAB
Dlubal Customer projects 2013 RFEM and RSTAB
Dlubal Customer projects 2013 RFEM and RSTAB
Dlubal Customer projects 2013 RFEM and RSTAB
Dlubal Customer projects 2013 RFEM and RSTAB
Dlubal Customer projects 2013 RFEM and RSTAB
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Dlubal Customer projects 2013 RFEM and RSTAB

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RFEM - the FEM tool for steel, reinforced concrete, glass and timber structures, plant
construction, dynamics, aluminum, design according to Eurocodes

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Dlubal Customer projects 2013 RFEM and RSTAB

  1. 1. Customer ProjectsRSTAB The 3D Framework Program RFEM The ultimate FEA Program www.dlubal.com Designed with Dlubal Software...
  2. 2. Dlubal - Product Overview 2013 Frameworks Finite Elements Cross-Sections 1.1 RSTAB Basic  1.5 Tower  2.1 RFEM Basic  2.5 Tower  3.1 Thin-Walled  3.2 Solid 1.2 Steel  TOWER  2.2 Steel  RF-TOWER  SHAPE-THIN  SHAPE-MASSIVE Generating lattice towers Generating lattice towers Cross-section properties Cross-section properties, STEEL with equipment and  RF-STEEL with equipment and and stress analysis stress analysis andGeneral stress design loading and design General stress design loading and design reinforced concrete designfor members according to Eurocode for members and according to Eurocode surfaces STEEL EC3Member design according  1.6 Connections  RF-STEEL EC3  2.6 Glass Stand-Alone Programs Member design accordingto Eurocode 3  FRAME-JOINT Pro  RF-GLASS to Eurocode 3 Frame joints for frames Design of planar and STEEL AISC  4.1 Steel  4.3 Timber according to Eurocode 3  RF-STEEL AISC curved glass surfacesMember design according and DIN 18800 Member design according  CRANEWAY  RX-TIMBERto US standard to US standard Crane girder analysis Continuous beams, purlins,ANSI/AISC 360-05  END-PLATE ANSI/AISC 360-05  2.7 Connections according to Eurocode 3, glued-laminated beams, Rigid end plate connections  RF-FRAME-JOINT Pro DIN 4132 and DIN 18800 columns,frames, braces according to DIN 18800  RF-STEEL SIA Frame joints for frames and roofs according to Part 1 Member design according according to Eurocode 3  PLATE-BUCKLING Eurocode 5 and DIN 1052 to Swiss standard SIA 263 and DIN 18800 Plate buckling analysis of  CONNECT stiffened plates according to Shear connections  RF-STEEL IS  RF-END-PLATE Eurocode 3 and DIN 18800 according to DIN 18800 Member design according Rigid end plate connections to Indian standard IS 800  4.2 Composite according to DIN 18800  DSTV Part 1 Typified connections in  RF-STEEL BS  COMPOSITE-BEAM steel building construction Member design according Composite beam design STEEL SIA to British standard  RF-CONNECT according to according to Eurocde 3 Shear connectionsMember design according BS 5950-1:2000 DIN V ENV 1994-1-1 and DIN 18800 according to DIN 18800to Swiss standard SIA 263  HSS  RF-STEEL GB STEEL IS Member design according  RF-DSTV Welded hollow structural Typified connections inMember design according section connections to Chinese standard GB 50017-2003 steel building construction Integrated Interfacesto Indian standard IS 800 according to Eurocode 3 according to Eurocde 3 STEEL BS  RF-STEEL CS and DIN 18800  Tekla Structures  JOINTS Member design according Bidirectional interfaceMember design according Design of connections to Canadian standard  RF-HSS for Tekla Structuresto British standard according to Eurocode 3 CS S16-09 Welded hollow structuralBS 5950-1:2000 section connections  Autodesk  DOWEL  RF-ALUMINIUM according to Eurocode 3 Bidirectional interface STEEL GB Dowel connections with Member design according with Revit Structure andMember design according slotted sheets according to Eurocode 9  RF-JOINTS AutoCAD, reinforcementto Chinese standard to DIN 1052:2008, Design of connections transfer from RFEM toGB 50017-2003 DIN 1052:1988,  RF-KAPPA according to Eurocode 3 SIA 164/HBT2 and Flexural buckling design Structural Detailing ÖNorm B4100/2  General STEEL CS according to DIN 18800  RF-DOWEL Part 2 CAD FormatsMember design according Dowel connections withto Canadian standard • rawing Interchange D slotted sheets accordingCS S16-09  RF-LTB Format (.dxf) to DIN 1052:2008, Lateral torsional buckling • FC format (.ifc) I design according to DIN 1052:1988, ALUMINIUM SIA 164/HBT2 and • DNF format (.dat) S DIN 18800 Part 2Member design according ÖNorm B4100/2to Eurocode 9  RF-FE-LTB Lateral torsional buckling  2.8 Dynamics KAPPA design according toFlexural buckling design FE Method  RF-DYNAM Basicaccording to DIN 18800 Analysis of eigenvibrationsPart 2  RF-PLATE-BUCKLING  Formats for Plate buckling analysis of  RF-DYNAM Addition I frameworks (.stp)  1.7 Dynamics stiffened plates according LTB Forced vibration analysis • erman DSTV GLateral torsional buckling  DYNAM Basic to Eurocode 3 and product interfacedesign according to Analysis of eigenvibrations DIN 18800  RF-DYNAM Addition II • Bentley ProStructures (ISM) Equivalent seismic loads for  CAD reinforcementDIN 18800 Part 2 • Tekla Structures  DYNAM Addition I  RF-EL-PL earthquakes according to programs Forced vibration analysis Ultimate limit state design Eurocode 8 and • lntergraph Frameworks • laser -isb cad- (.geo) G FE-LTB according to El-Pl method international standards • Advance Steel • trakon (.cfe) SLateral torsional bucklingdesign according to  DYNAM Addition II • Bocad • emetschek Allplan (.asf) N Equivalent seismic loads for  RF-C-TO-T • ADKON (.esf) CFE Method Width-to-thickness analysis  2.9 Others • Cadwork earthquakes according to Eurocode 8, DIN 4149 and according to DIN 18800 • SEMA PLATE-BUCKLING  RF-DEFORM IBC 2000/2009 Deformation and deflectionPlate buckling analysis of  2.3 Concrete analysis for membersstiffened plates according toEurocode 3 and DIN 18800  1.8 Others  RF-CONCRETE Reinforced concrete design  RF-MOVE  DEFORM for plates, walls, shells and Load case generation from EL-PL Deformation and deflection members according to moving loads on membersUltimate limit state design analysis Eurocode 2*), DIN 1045*),according to El-Pl method SIA 262*), ACI 318-11*)  RF-IMP  RSMOVE and GB 50010*) Equivalent geometric C-TO-T Load case generation from imperfections andWidth-to-thickness analysis moving loads  RF-CONCRETE Columns pre-deformed initial  Formats foraccording to DIN 18800 Reinforced concrete design structures for members spread­ heet programs s  RSIMP with model column method and surfaces • S Excel (.xls) M Equivalent geometric according to Eurocode 2*) • penOffice.org Calc (.ods) O 1.3 Concrete imperfections and and DIN 1045*)  RF-STABILITY • ext format (.csv) T CONCRETE pre-deformed initial Critical load factors structures  RF-PUNCH  CalculationReinforced concrete design and buckling modesfor members according to Design of punching shear ProgramsEurocode 2*), DIN 1045*),  RSBUCK resistance according to  RF-SOILIN • NSYS APDL (.ans) ASIA 262*), ACI 318-11*) Effective lengths, Eurocode 2*) and DIN 1045*) Soil-structure interaction • CIA Engineer (.xml) Sand GB 50010*) buckling loads, analysis according to • oFistik (.ifc) S bifurcation load factors  RF-FOUNDATION Pro Eurocode 7, DIN 4019 • nfoGraph (.ifc) I Single, bucket and plate and CSN • rilo ESK/RS (.stp) F CONCRETE Columns  SUPER-RC foundations according toReinforced concrete design Superimposing results Eurocode 2 and Eurocode 7  RF-INFLUENCEwith model column method of different structures Determination of influenceaccording to Eurocode 2*) (construction phases)  RF-TENDONand DIN 1045*) lines and influence surfaces Defnition of tendons in pre-  STAGES stressed concrete members  RF-STAGES FOUNDATION Pro Consideration of different Consideration of differentSingle, bucket and plate construction stages  RF-TENDON Design construction stagesfoundations according to Design of pre-stressedEurocode 2 and Eurocode 7  RS-COM concrete members  RF-LAMINATE Programmable COM according to Eurocode 2 Design of multi-layer*) orresponding standard c interface *) orresponding standard c surfaces extension required extension required  RF-COM 1.4 Timber Programmable COM  2.4 Timber interface TIMBER Pro  RF-TIMBER Pro www.dlubal.comMember design according Member design according  RF-LINKto Eurocode 5, DIN 1052 to Eurocode 5, DIN 1052 Import of IGES, STEP andand SIA 265 and SIA 265 ACIS files Software for Statics and Dynamics
  3. 3. Software for Statics and Dynamics The 3D Framework Program Solid Construction The ultimate FEA Program Steel Construction 3D Finite ElementsStability and Dynamics Connections CAD/BIM Integration Bridge Construction © www.ibehlenz.de © www.mero.de »»Webinars Learn online, learn live Connections »»Webshop Order all Dlubal products quickly and easily 3D Frameworks »»Service Contracts Optimal support for your daily work »»Videos See for yourself what Timber Dlubal Software can do »»Social Networks News and tips on Dlubal Blog, Facebook, Google+, LinkedIn, Glass Construction Eurocode 3 YouTube, XING Trial Version: www.dlubal.com Further Information: Dlubal Engineering Software Am Zellweg 2, D-93464 Tiefenbach Tel.: +49 9673 9203-0 Fax: +49 9673 9203-51 info@dlubal.com www.dlubal.com
  4. 4. Designed with Dlubal Software... Deep Drilling Rig   STAB As the geothermal energy market is continuously increasing, BAUER R Maschinen GmbH, a German com- pany working in the field of special- ist foundation engineering, has de- veloped a new deep drilling rig. The German Dlubal customer Ing.-Büro H.-U. Möller was in charge of the plant’s structural analysis. The system is used to make borings reaching to a depth of 7,000 m in the area of geo­ thermal energy, oil or gas. In addi- tion, it is possible to extend existing boreholes using modern boring tech- nology. The boring device is built in Germany and distributed worldwide. Construction The deep drilling rig has the follow- ing dimensions: 25 m length, 12 m width, 42 m height. The weight ofCustomer Examples Non-deformed and deformed model of the deep drilling rig in RSTAB the entire construction is 580 t. It has a modular structure by which it is able to be transported on a truck. bit is driven into the earth by a max- tem. To determine the maximum in- The plant is self-erecting in parts and imum rotary drive of 60 kNm and ternal forces and stresses, the six can be shifted from one bore hole pulled out by a maximum force of models were superimposed in a su- to the other when built up. The drill 4,400 kN. per combination. In addition to RSTAB, the add-on Calculation modules STEEL, RSBUCK and SUPER- The model con- LC plus the program SHAPE-THIN sists of 1,137 nodes were used for the calculation. and 2,052 mem- bers forming a lat- tice tower with the shape of a U. The guide is applied on the open U-side. For their calcula- tion engineers have analyzed six RSTAB models with differ- ent loads and states such as plant in and out of operation with concentrated support and tension failure, lying ­ ower, t lifting of tower, Building owner mounting of winch BAUER Maschinen GmbH etc. The structural www.bauer.de system and loading Structural planning were entered in a Ingenieurbüro H.-U. Möller basic system. Then, www.hum-minden.de all systems to be an- Software alyzed were derived Dlubal Engineering Software Deep drilling rig TBA 300/440 M1 (photo: BAUER Maschinen GmbH) from the base sys- www.dlubal.com 4 Dlubal Engineering Software   oftware for Structural and Dynamic Analysis S
  5. 5. Designed with Dlubal Software...Tower in Reuss River    STABDelta near Seedorf,Switzerland RThe bird watching tower in the Reussriver delta is an exceptional look-outconstruction in the Urner Alps. Itsstriking primary framework consistsof 48 log wood columns standing inan inclined position. From four view-ing platforms, people seeking relax-ation enjoy the wonderful view intothe river delta, and ornithologists canwatch nesting birds.The tower with a height of 11.5 mwas designed by the Swiss architectGion A. Caminada. The structuralanalysis was performed by the Dlubalcusto­ er Pirmin Jung Engineers. mStructural AnalysisThe round columns consisting of sil- Customer Examplesver fir timber were chopped down, Model of tower in RSTABtreated and prepared in the imme-diate surroundings of the construc-tion site. At the base, they have a di-ameter of approx. 240 mm and aretapered towards the roof that theybear as much as the viewing plat-form. The platform consists of planksthat are 80 mm thick, ­ antilevering cwhere the four lookout baskets areinstalled. It is directly attached tothe log wood columns by means ofbrackets. The roof rafters are sup-ported by the center post and theexternal columns. Moreover, a steelring hangs down the roof structureupon which the internal side of theplatform floor lies and from whichthe spiral stairway is suspended.All connections are built in such away that they can be easily replacedafter the service life has expired andwithout any influence on the totalstructure. Viewing tower in front of panorama of the Swiss Alps (photo: Pirmin Jung Ingenieure)StiffeningIn addition to wind loads, the ­ ower t Building owner Civil engineermust also be able to absorb vibra- Kanton Uri Projekta AGtions from live load. As addition- Committee for the Reuss river delta www.projekta-ag.chal bracings or similar stiffening ele- Altdorf, Switzerland Timber constructionments for horizontal structural sta- Architect Bissig Gebr. Holzbau GmbHbilization didn’t come into consid- Gion A. Caminada www.bissigholzbau.cheration because of architectural rea-sons, the columns received a partial Vrin, Switzerlandrestraint to the steel ring in the roof. Engineer for timberIn this way, a kind of spatially effec- structural analysistive frame was formed. Pirmin Jung Ingenieure für Softwarewww.reussdelta.ch/ Holzbau AG Dlubal Engineering Softwareturm-reussdelta.73.0.html www.pirminjung.ch www.dlubal.comDlubal Engineering Software   oftware for Structural and Dynamic Analysis S 5
  6. 6. Designed with Dlubal Software... Hotel Ramada   FEM Innsbruck Tivoli, Austria R In December 2011, the Hotel Ramada Innsbruck Tivoli opened in Austria. The fourteen-story hotel is direct- ly facing the Olympiaworld, Tyrol’s larg­ st sports and event center. e The building represents one of the highest constructions of the beau- tiful Alpine city. Entering the ter- race on the eleventh floor, ­ isitors v enjoy a breathtaking pano­ ama of r the Tyrolean mountains and the Bergiselschanze, a world-famous ski jumping hill which is part of the annual International Four Hills Tournament. The Dlubal customer in.ge.na was in charge of the testing work. Test engi­Customer Examples Model with deformation visualized in RFEM neers used RFEM to enter the 3D model including loads and to calcu- late the structure. Structure The construction object is a new building representing a fourteen-sto- ry hotel with a cellar. It was built as solid construction consisting of rein- forced concrete. The inclined exter- nal walls in the east and west have a slope of 73.2° in relation to the building’s horizontal. The horizontal as well as the vertical loading is transferred by the columns and wall surfaces of the central corri­ dor respectively the external walls. The external wall surfaces in the ar- eas of the north and south facade have a thickness of 20-25 cm. The inclined walls in the west and east Hotel Ramada Innsbruck Tivoli unplastered (photo: in.ge.na.) have the same thickness of 20-25 cm depend­ng on the loading. i The floor thickness in the uncovered using flat footings with thicknesses Building owner zone of the underground parking is of 1.00 m, 0.60 m and 0.30 m. Zones Porr Projekt und Hochbau AG 35 cm, in the zone with superstruc- without superstructure were built up www.porr.at ture it is 30 cm. The ceiling above the on strip and single foundations. As Structural analysis (testing work) twelfth floor is 30 cm thick. All oth- a result of calculations, lifting forces in.ge.na. er intermediate floors were built as were determined in the western part www.ingena.info standard floor ceilings with a thick- of the building structure for the ex­ ness of 25 cm. traordinary action of earthquakes. Software The foundation below the covered To ensure stability in the described Dlubal Engineering Software area of the building was constructed area, GEWI anchors were arranged. www.dlubal.com 6 Dlubal Engineering Software   oftware for Structural and Dynamic Analysis S
  7. 7. Designed with Dlubal Software...Museum of the    STABBavarian Kingsin Hohenschwangau, RGermanyIn September 2011, the Bavarian mu-nicipality of Hohenschwangau hasgained yet another historical touristattraction. After four years of plan-ning and construction, the „Museumof the Bavarian Kings“ opened itsdoors for the first time. Locatedbelow the Neuschwanstein andHohenschwangau castles, the muse­um combines Bavarian history withimpressive steel and glass architec­ture. The museum contains, amongstother things, a walk-around family-tree exhibition of the Wittelsbachs,one of Europe‘s oldest dynasties,as well as a golden centerpiece Customer Examples Steel stress analysis of the roof support structure in RSTABthat shows the double wedding inWorms known from the Song of theNibelungs.For the construction of the triple bar-rel vault, the Museum of the BavarianKings received the German SteelDesign Award 2012.Initiator, architect, and directorof the museum is the WittelsbachCompen­ ation Fund (Wittelsbacher sAusgleichfonds).ConstructionThe construction of the ­ useum mdedicated to the history of theWittelsbach dynasty required theerection of a new roof atop theformer royal hotel, a building inBaroque style. For the roof supportstructure, grid shells inspired by the Hall of the royal castles with illuminated grid shell of the half-barrel vault (photo: Marcus Ebener)rhombuses of the Bavarian flag weredesigned. The point-supported shell they wouldn‘t disturb the rhombus Building ownerstructure consisting of a half-barrel d ­ esign. Flat-rolled steel bars were Wittelsbacher Ausgleichsfondsand two quarter-barrel vaults pro- welded onto the purlins to contain www.haus-bayern.comvides a span length of 20 meters. the trape­ oidal sheet-metal roofing. z ArchitectThe rhombuses of the shells are The grid shell of the half-barrel vault Staab Architektenformed by laser-cut flat-rolled steel was delivered in five prefabricated www.staab-architekten.combars which following the cylindri-cal shell are welded according to parts and assembled on an assembly Structural planning„Zollinger‘s construction method“. scaffolding. The quarter-barrels were ifb frohloff staffa kühl eckerThe longitudinal steel purlins which delivered in one piece to the con- www.ifb-berlin.deare responsible for the shell‘s spa- struction site. Software for roof constructiontial load capacity were positioned Dlubal Engineering Softwareover the flat-rolled steel bars so that museumderbayerischenkoenige.de www.dlubal.comDlubal Engineering Software   oftware for Structural and Dynamic Analysis S 7
  8. 8. Designed with Dlubal Software... Tiger Turtle -   STAB Magic Mountain in Duisburg, Germany R From afar visitors see a roller coast- er standing alone on a green hill. When approaching they understand why the air of a typical fair is missing in its surroundings. It is not a ­ oller r coaster running with high speeds but an accessible construction with a stairway of all in all 215 m. It is not possible, however, to pass through the structure in one run because the looping is an obstacle that cannot be overcome. After 2 years of planning and comple­ ion the big outdoor sculp- t ture called „Tiger Turtle - Magic Mountain“ was opened to the pub- lic in November 2011. From that time on, the coaster is enthroned on theCustomer Examples Heinrich Hildebrand Height, an ar- Model with deformation visualized in RSTAB tificial hill of 30 m heaped up with zinc slag in the South of the German town Duisburg where it is visible from a large distance. In a height of 45 m above ground, visitors can e ­ njoy the breathtaking view into the landscape of the Western Ruhr. The plan of the „roller coaster for pe- destrians“ was made by artists from Hamburg, Heike Mutter and Ulrich Genth. Structure The supporting structure consists of spatially precambered main beam pipes lying on 17 built-in steel col­ umns. Cross beams cantilevering on both sides are fixed to the pipe where a walkable grating with a width of 1 m is applied. The span lengths of the main beam pipe vary Tiger Turtle - Magic Mountain (photos: ifb frohloff staffa kühl ecker) from 7 to 15 m. The irregular column arrangement is based on results of a research by structural engineers from havior concerning deformation and Geometry Berlin, optimizing the structure’s be- vibration. Horizontal vibration damp- designtoproduction, Arnold Walz ers were installed in significant span www.designtoproduction.com areas. Architect www.ruhr-tourismus.de/duisburg/ bk2a architektur tigerturtle.html www.bk2a.de Structural planning Building owner ifb frohloff staffa kühl ecker Kulturhauptstadtbüro Duisburg www.ifb-berlin.de www.duisburg.de Artists Software Heike Mutter and Ulrich Genth Dlubal Engineering Software Stairway with looping www.phaenomedia.org www.dlubal.com 8 Dlubal Engineering Software   oftware for Structural and Dynamic Analysis S
  9. 9. Designed with Dlubal Software...Wörgl Zentrum Lenk,    FEMAustria RIn autumn 2012, construction start-ed in Wörgl, Austria for an apart-ment complex that is, by requestof the building owner, complete-ly planned and designed as a BIMmodel includ­ng structural analy- isis, work planning, call for tenders,etc. Special software tools of b.i.m.mGmbH, an Austrian company forbuilding information model man-agement, are used to make possiblethe cooperation of architects, struc-tural engineers and company techni-cians working efficiently together onthe same 3D model. Basic softwareused during the project are RFEMand the Autodesk programs RevitArchitecture and Revit Structure forwhich Dlubal provides a direct inter- Customer Examples Deformation of House B represented in 3D renderingface.The entire model has been enteredin Revit. Input includes more than1,000,000 structural components (in-cluding guard railing, etc.). All struc-tural specifications and load ­ ases chave also been entered in RevitStructure. Then, the analytical mod-el has been transferred to RFEM bymeans of the direct interface. The in-terface is bidirectional, which meansthat data transfer is performed inboth directions. If structural compo-nents are changed in RFEM, they canbe exported easily to Revit and viceversa. RFEM has been used to carryout structural calculations and to de-sign the concrete construction. TheRFEM add-on modules RF-CONCRETE Complete model of apartment complex with House A (left) and House B (picture: AGA-Bau)and RF PUNCH have completed thecalculation. House B: Final, detail planningStructure Materials: 21 and structural analysisThe entire project covers an enclosed Surfaces: 419 AGA-Bau-Planungs GmbHspace of approximately 40,000 m³. Cross-sections: 14 www.agabau.atIt is divided into two calculation sec- Members: 72tions: House A and House B. Other BIM consulting Structure weight: approx. 11 m tcharacteristics of the structural b.i.m.m GmbHm­ odel are: www.bimm.eu Building ownerHouse A: Tiroler FriedenswerkMaterials: 11 www.friedentirol.atSurfaces: 362Cross-sections: 7 Architecture, approval planning SoftwareMembers: 75 riccione architekten Dlubal Engineering SoftwareStructure weight: approx. 10 m t www.riccione.at www.dlubal.comDlubal Engineering Software   oftware for Structural and Dynamic Analysis S 9
  10. 10. Designed with Dlubal Software... Shuter Street Bridge   STAB in Toronto, Canada Since March 2011 a glass ­ edestrian p R bridge with a length of 30 m con- nects the St. Michael hospital with the new research center Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute. The ­ upporting s structure consists of several oval steel rings which are twisted together. The bridge with a section height of 4.60 m and a width of 3.80 m was designed by Diamond and Schmitt Architects Inc. from Toronto. As peo- ple in Toronto are mainly using the PATH system, an underground ­ ystem s of pedestrian paths, ­ xtending over a e length of 28 km, the town could be persuaded to grant the permit only Model with deformation visualized in RSTAB by architectural originality. Lightness of the bridge is reached by curved and thermally prestressed panes of insula­ ed glass as well as curved tCustomer Examples pipes crossing each other, all togeth- er forming the sup­ orting structure. p Thus, the construc­ ion appears dif- t ferently each time you see it from a ­ nother perspective. Structure The bridge was designed as a stati- cally determinate framework because of different building movements and the requirement that introducing ma- jor forces into the building structure is not allowed. The fixed point, and thus the transfer of horizontal forces, was put to the side of the old build- ing. The cross-section of the bridge is elliptic. The supporting tube is formed by a large number of circular, parallel lying pipes intersecting circu- Interior view of bridge (photos: Gartner Steel and Glass GmbH) lar pipes which are lying parallel in the opposite direction. neer. Loading, however, was deter­ Building owner mined and taken into account in ac- St. Michael‘s Hospital Design cordance with local standards. www.stmichaelshospital.com Engineers were able to design the The bridge was calculated non-line- Architect bridge according to DIN 18800 as it was agreed with the local test engi­ arly as a 3D model in RSTAB. As the Diamond and Schmitt Architects Inc. com­ lete construction is welded, an p www.dsai.ca equi­ alent model was used to de- v Test termine the effective stiffnesses of Carruthers Wallace Ltd. nodes for the analysis of deforma- Toronto, Canada tions. Then, nodal stiffnesses were Construction and work built as releases into the RSTAB mod- Gartner Steel and Glass GmbH el. Furthermore, the deformation and www.gartnersteel.com stress design ratio of the total struc- Josef Gartner USA ture were determined. Finally, the josef-gartner.permasteelisagroup.com most critical welding nodes were de- Software signed in RFEM using the analyzed Dlubal Engineering Software Shuter Street Bridge at night internal forces. www.dlubal.com 10 Dlubal Engineering Software   oftware for Structural and Dynamic Analysis S
  11. 11. Designed with Dlubal Software...Saldome2    STABin Rheinfelden,Switzerland RIn May 2012, the new Saldome2 ofthe Swiss company Salt Works on theRhine AG was officially put into oper­ation. With a span length of 120 mand a height of 31.6 m the salt stor-age is the biggest dome ­ onstruction cin Europe. It was designed and builtby Häring, a Swiss company special-ized in timber technology. The struc-tural analysis was performed byHäring engineers, R. Schneider and C.Zihlmann, using the Dlubal programsRSTAB and TIMBER Pro.Huge Salt Storage Model of Saldome2 in RSTABWith a base area of 11,300 squaremeters, Saldome2 is about the same Customer Examplessize as two football pitches. Thus,it is almost twice as big as the firstdome construction Saldome1 putinto oper­ tion in August 2005. It is apossible to store more than 100,000tons of road salt inside the newSaldome2. The base area of the saltstorage has a ­ ircumference of 377 cmeters.Structural Concept„Häring-Ensphere“The shell structure of the Saldome2’sstructural system is a radical depar-ture from traditional methods ofconstruction. Ch. Häring calls hisc­ oncept the „Häring Ensphere“ (fromAmerican English: a spherical formenveloping a space). It is based on Saldome2 during construction stage (photo: Häring)the fact that every detached anddouble curved type of construction The ­ esult is a high-capacity structure r Building ownerspans the internal space above a ring rivaling steel and concrete construc- Schweizer Rheinsalinen AGfoundation so that the room created tions with regard to efficiency and www.rheinsalinen.chinside can be used absolutely freely. cost-effectiveness. PlanningThe lamella arch structure made of The entire structural system was can- Häring und Co. AGglued laminated timber consists of a tilevered (built without scaffolding) www.haring.chprimary and a secondary frameworkstructure. In total, the construction is by using aerial work platforms. That Structural engineering and designcomposed of 894 structural elements is why separate analysis models were Häring Projekt AGwhich are supported by 48 founda- used to analyze the high number of Construction of structural systemtions and connected by 163 nodes resulting construction stages. Häring Holz- und Systembau AG(two connection points per node).The individual elements of the dome Softwarewere rigidly bolted using 4,272 bolts Dlubal Engineering Software(eight bolts for each main beam). www.saldome.ch www.dlubal.comDlubal Engineering Software   oftware for Structural and Dynamic Analysis S 11
  12. 12. Designed with Dlubal Software... Designing   FEM the Arch Bridge R Jana Vlachová who was studying CTU in Prague used program RFEM for structural analysis of the concrete arch bridge as part of her Master Thesis. The project objective was to design the bridge structure ­ rossing c a valley. The project was tackled as an arch bridge with prestressed bridge deck. In addition to RFEM the following modules were used: SHAPE-MASSIVE, RF-MOVE, RF-CONCRETE Members and RF-TENDON. Definition of Paper Topic The bridge structure is 250.0 m long with a central span of 140.0 m. It stands 28.1 m tall and has width ofCustomer Examples 12.0 m. Rendered model with loading Fixed reinforced concrete arch made of parabolic curve was chosen for its structural efficiency and fine aes- thetic. Other data of the RFEM model: Nodes: 177 Members: 14 Materials: 2 Cross-sections: 3 Structural Analysis Numerical simulations of bridge static behavior are carried out with program RFEM in accordance to Eurocode 2 and the national ­ nnex a for Czech Republic. The framework was calculated according to the s ­ econd-order analysis taking into a ­ ccount geometrical imperfections. Cross-section of the bridge deck was modeled in the add-on module SHAPE-MASSIVE and imported into Bridge section in RF-TENDON Design RFEM. The moving loads were gene­ Designer rated using the module RF-MOVE Jana Vlachová and for some calculation was used Student of civil engineering at the the module RF-CONCRETE Members. Czech Technical University in Prague The bridge structure was subsequent- ly entered in the external add-on mo­ d­ le RF-Tendons. This module was u used for designing the prestressing Software cables in the bridge deck and for cal- Dlubal Engineering Software Graphical representation of internal forces in RFEM culating prestressing load. www.dlubal.com 12 Dlubal Engineering Software   oftware for Structural and Dynamic Analysis S
  13. 13. Designed with Dlubal Software...G3 Shopping Resort    STABin Gerasdorf,Austria RIn Gerasdorf, a municipality in thenorth of Vienna, the G3 ShoppingResort has been built. It representsthe largest construction project thathas ever been announced for crosslaminated timber, being the big-gest construction site for timber inEurope. More than 8,000 m³ of crosslaminated timber and approx. 3,500m³ of glued-laminated beams wereused for the construction work.Both the architecturally ­ ophisticated sdesign and the complex ­ tructural scalculation are penned by the AustrianDlubal customer ATP Architekten undIngenieure from Vienna. The structural Part of the structure designed in RSTABanalysis was created under the leader­ship of Gustav Trefil. Customer ExamplesThe building is Austria’s largest shop­ping center that has ever been builtin one building phase. Its openingwas planned for summer 2012.Giant Wave Made of TimberThe project’s architectural as wellas structural highlight is the hugetimber roof rolling across an areaof 60,000 m², spanning the build-ing like a giant wave. It has beendesigned by the Austrian companyGraf-Holztechnik. The primary con-struction consisting of heavy glu-lam beams is based on steel and re-inforced con­ rete columns with a cheight of up to 20 m. The structuresupports the record amount of ap- Interior view of roof construction consisting of timber (photos: ATP)proximately 8,000 m³ of cross-lam-inated timber slabs. The three- and der to dimension the construction as Building ownerfive-layer panels have a thickness of slender and efficient as possible. HY Immobilien Ypsilon GmbH12 to 24 cm and a span length of Vienna, Austriaup to 10 m. Designers have calculat- Environment-Friendly Main contractored the thickness for each slab in or- and Visually Appealing Leyrer + Graf Baugesellschaft GmbH The project’s energy balance is real- www.leyrer-graf.at ly impressive. Due to the use of timber Timber construction as construction material, more than Graf-Holztechnik GmbH 23,000 t of CO2 has been saved. www.graf-holztechnik.at Because of the high roof level (up to Planning 20 m) the timber structure was in­ ATP Architekten und Ingenieure stalled and „ground in industry quali­ www.atp.ag ty“ in order to obtain the ideal bal­ ance between costs and visual appear- ance. The timber construction is large- ly visible, making a significant contri- SoftwareAerial view of Shopping Resort Gerasdorf during bution to the desired feel and comfort Dlubal Engineering Softwareconstruction factor of the Shopping Resort. www.dlubal.comDlubal Engineering Software   oftware for Structural and Dynamic Analysis S 13
  14. 14. Designed with Dlubal Software... Metropol Parasol   FEM in Seville, Spain R The Metropol Parasol was built in the historic center of Seville in Spain. Under its roof the building combines an archeological excavation, a mar- ket hall, an urban open-air venue and an extraordinary shadow construc- tion made of timber, with an inte- grated restaurant and walks offer- ing wonderful views over the town. The structural system is a hybrid con- struction consisting of timber, con- crete, steel and composite steel. Timber Construction with Panels Made of Laminated Veneer Lumber The most interesting and impressive Design of a panel of circa 4 m x 6 m in RFEM part of the Metropol Parasol is the accessible timber construction which place, which was performed for the Building ownerCustomer Examples is 150 m long and up to 28 m high. first time in timber constructions. The Ayuntamiento de Sevilla It consists of multi-layer glued tim- annealing became necessary to raise www.sevilla.org ber panels of the LVL type Kerto-Q the safety level because more than (pro­ uced by the Finnforest compa- d 60°C is reached in summer inside the Main contractor ny). Some structural innovations had timber structure. Both the structur- SACYR S.A.U. to be made for the implementation, al engineer and the timber construc- Sevilla, Spain for example the polyurethane coating tion company decided on a connec- Architecture which is 2 to 3 mm thin, the connec­ tion system with glued-in tension J. Mayer H. tion details optimized for mounting bars representing a way of connect- www.jmayerh.de and the annealing of the epoxy res- ing elements appropriate for achiev- in used for gluing threaded bars in ing a high load bearing capacity but Structural planning which is at the same time of relative- Arup ly low weight. www.arup.com The timber construction consists of Timber construction approx. 3,400 individual parts with a Metsä Wood (formerly Finnforest) total of 2,500 m³ of panels made of www.metsawood.de laminated veneer lumber used for the construction work. Timber construction, detailed structural analysis and design Stress Analysis with RFEM Finnforest, Aichach, together with in Timber Panels Harrer Ingenieure, Karlsruhe, As the panels are connected with PBB Ingenieure, Ingolstadt, releases in the intersection points APU engineering, Braunschweig, around the vertical axis, the inter- Wevo Chemie, Ostfildern, nal forces from the bearing capacity Borimir Radovic, Knittlingen of plates are almost always negligi- ble. Normally, the stress design is re- duced to the stresses occurring with- in the plane of the timber sheet. The timber cross-sections in the branch- ing points where the timber gridshell is divided into a top and a bottom part were designed by Finnforest us- Software ing RFEM and FE sheet models. Dlubal Engineering Software Metropol Parasol in Seville (photo: Finnforest) www.metropolsevilla.com www.dlubal.com 14 Dlubal Engineering Software   oftware for Structural and Dynamic Analysis S
  15. 15. Designed with Dlubal Software...Life and Science Park    STABCarl Alexander inBaesweiler, Germany RBaesweiler, a small German townnear Aachen, decided to return toits citizens a burden dump that wasused in the former mining industrybut abandoned in 1975. Moreover,this project was meant to be thestarting point for the development ofa technology site. The result was anextraordinary construction challenge.The project was awarded with theGerman price for landscape architec­ture 2009.Architectural PlanThe idea was to make the dump ac- Floating walkway supported by tetrapod construction in RSTABcessible on a discovery path leading„through the tree tops“. The overlookat the west point offers a wide view Customer Examplesover the surrounding landscape. Theuphill walk starts at the „hill foyer“which is a building with the shapeof a red skew cube. Passing its stair-case visitors are crossing a „troughedbridge“ and the „twin tower“ wherethey reach the „floating walkway“.The way is winding through the treesfor 150 m and about 6 m above theground. Beginning with the secondhalf of the path visitors are walkingon the „stairway to heaven“ consist- Viewing platform „mountain plateau“ (photos: Prof. Feyerabend, FS)ing of steel steps which are relativelyclose to the earth. Once the walkersarrive at the top they cross an arête these coordinates, the supportingwalk to reach the „mountain pla- structure was finally designed liketeau“, a platform projecting beyond in a 3D CAD program.the dump edge.Supporting StructureAs the burden material was only Building ownerheaped up in the past without com­ Town of Baesweilerpressing it, constructions needed to www.baesweiler.debe statically determinate due to high Planning and landscapesettlement risks. Therefore, it was de- architecturecided to use „tetrapods” for the sup- DTP Davids, Terfrüchte + Partnerporting structure of the „floating www.dtp-essen.deway“. They are immediately stable in Planning and urban developmentthemselves and thus can be assem­ Floating way on tetrapod construction PASD Architekten Feldmeier - Wredebled easily. In addition, they are re- www.pasd.desistant to settlements. Furthermore,one­ pan footbridges that are stati­ s Structural planningcally determinate were placed be­ IFS - Beratende Ingenieure fürtween these tetrapods. The site Bauwesen Softwaremeasurement was entered in RSTAB Prof. Feyerabend - Schüller Dlubal Engineering Softwareby structural engineers. Based on Hürth www.dlubal.comDlubal Engineering Software   oftware for Structural and Dynamic Analysis S 15
  16. 16. Designed with Dlubal Software... RegioTram Station   STAB in Kassel, Germany When the German RegioTram was R connected to the central station in Kassel, a tunnel was built under the main station, and thus it became a junction of regional transport for the entire region. The RegioTram is a light rail system in Kassel and sur- roundings. The German Dlubal cus- tomer osd Ingenieure from Frankfurt am Main was in charge of the struc- tural planning for the tram station. Platform Roof Without Columns The framework design reveals a light and filigree timber-steel construction RegioTram station during construction phase (photo: osd) able to span three train platforms without requiring columns, which makes the structure visually quite at-Customer Examples tractive. On the one hand, choosing the shape of a semi ellipsoidal head allows for preserving the overall sys- tem of power lines in the train sta- tion and for using common over­ head lines in the station area. On the other hand, the whole construction is in line with the shape of the bar- rel roof structures of the existing sta- tion roofs. Barrel Shell Based on Building Method of Friedrich Zollinger The roof‘s structural model consists of a barrel shell made of timber la- mellas whose loads are concentrated and introduced into the reinforced concrete trough across a construc- tion built up of steel box sections. The timber structure was built as a Structure and deformation in RSTAB Zollinger roof represented by a sin- gle-curved lamella construction for was specified in a detail template Structural planning which the members were arranged that could be applied to all nodes. osd – office for structural design in a rhomb-shaped structure, each The roof finishes won the award of www.o-s-d.com member length running over two the timber construction competition Construction work fields. 2008 in Hessen, Germany. Grossmann Bau GmbH Co. KG The main difference in comparison www.grossmann-bau.de to Zollinger‘s construction method is the bending-resistant design of nodal points. Due to the flat shell geometry Building owner the transfer of major bending mo­ Kasseler Verkehrsgesellschaft AG ments into nodes was required. For www.kvg.de this reason a new assembly system Architect Software was developed: a plug-in connection Pahl + Weber-Pahl Architekten BDA Dlubal Engineering Software with glued-in dowels. This system www.pahl-architekten.de www.dlubal.com 16 Dlubal Engineering Software   oftware for Structural and Dynamic Analysis S
  17. 17. Designed with Dlubal Software...Supporting Structure    STABfor a Railway BridgeDue to their usability both programs Rfor structural analysis RFEM andRSTAB are quite popular with stu-dents becoming future civil engi-neers. Many universities and schoolsof higher education are already usingDlubal’s 3D calculation software tomake their students familiar with theprogram handling. Radoslav Dimitrovwho is studying at the TU Dresden inGermany used the framework pro­gram RSTAB to perform the structur-al analysis for a steel bridge.Definition of Paper TopicThe paper’s objective was the designof a new construction replacing arailway bridge, including a super-structure consisting of a steel orcomposite structure. The design was Customer Examples Representation of deformation in 3D renderingperformed with an arched bridge. Itwas necessary to develop a specificsuperstructure in accordance withthe terrain conditions, actions, ma-terials and dimensions. Based on thedesign, the student had to carry outa structural calculation which wouldbe prepared for test engineers check-ing the analysis. Finally, the completedesign had to be visualized.Structural Analysisof Railway BridgeThe structure of the arched bridgewith a span length of 88.3 m wasentered in RSTAB. Cross-sections pre-viously modeled in the add-on mod-ule SHAPE-THIN were used as well.The overall structure consists of alto-gether 2,461 members. In addi­ ion, t Visualization of railway bridge in the modeling tool Rhinoceros198 load cases, 11 load groups and8 load combinations were creat­ d. eFinally, the system was calculated ac- The following add-on modules Designercording to the second-order analy­ is. s were used: Radoslav Dimitrov  STEEL Student of civil engineering at the Radoslav Dimitrov about RSTAB:  PLATE-BUCKLING Technical University in Dresden, „It was easy to enter traffic loads Germany  DYNAM and to apply imperfections to the archs. Furthermore, the design  RSBUCK ratio could be clearly represen-  RSIMP ted in the 3D rendering. The pro- Further data of bridge structure: gram handling of RSTAB is easier Nodes: 1,318 Software than of other structural analysis software.“ Cross-sections: 22 Dlubal Engineering Software Weight: 824 t www.dlubal.comDlubal Engineering Software   oftware for Structural and Dynamic Analysis S 17

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