Shingles

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Shingles

  1. 1. Shingles<br />By: Sierra Jarmon<br />
  2. 2. The Cause<br />Varicella-zoster virus<br />Same virus that causes chickenpox<br />
  3. 3. Transmission<br />Direct contact with open sores of shingles rash<br />Can pass to someone who has never had the chickenpox<br />Dangerous for newborns, pregnant women, and people with weak immune sysytems<br />
  4. 4. High incidence groups<br />Anyone who had chickenpox<br />People over the age of 50<br />Those with weakened immune systems<br />HIV/AIDS, Cancer, Steroids, etc.<br />
  5. 5. Incubation period<br />Hidden in nervous system for years after recovering from the chickenpox<br />
  6. 6. Signs and symptoms<br />Abdominal pain<br />Chills<br />Ptosis<br />Headache<br />Lymph nodes<br />Genital lesions<br />Joint pain<br />
  7. 7. Diagnosis<br />Skin sample<br />Infected with varicella-zoster virus<br />Blood test<br />Increase in white blood cells<br />
  8. 8. Acute or Chronic<br />Shingles are acute<br />A complication Post-herpetic neuralgia is chronic<br />
  9. 9. Immunity?<br />Does not provide immunity<br />Shingles can recur again<br />
  10. 10. Body parts affected<br />The skin<br />Band of blisters<br />One side of chest from the spine to the breast bone<br />
  11. 11. Prevention<br />Avoid contact with open sores of the shingles rash<br />Get Herpes zoster vaccine especially if over the age of 60<br />
  12. 12. Course of treatment<br />Antiviral medication to reduce pain and complications<br />Should be started within 24 hours of first symptom<br />Anti-inflammatory drugs may reduce swelling<br />Soothing baths and lotions relieve itching and discomfort<br />
  13. 13. Lastly…<br />The shingles is not usually terminal <br />People in the high incidence groups could possibly die if exposed and proper treatment is not received <br />

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