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  1. 1. Cornea Transplant By: Pat, Sarah, & Alex
  2. 2. Location Located in the nervous system of the body On the most outer layer of the eye
  3. 3. Function Helps shield the eye from germs Functions like a window that controls and focuses the entry of light into the eye Contributes 65-75% of eyes total focusing power
  4. 4. Information About 40,000 transplants done each year in the U.S 90% success rate of transplant At any given time there is 30-50 people waiting for a transplant
  5. 5. Information  Life expectancy is not effected after a cornea transplant  There are no deaths for those who are waiting for a cornea transplant
  6. 6. Reasons for transplant Cornea failure after an eye surgery Blindness Steep curving of the cornea Fuchs dystrophy Scarring after an infection
  7. 7. DisqualifyCandidates are screened for physical signs of infection disease or behavior that have put them at risk, such as drug use, or unknown cause of death of donor
  8. 8. Disqualify Some candidates might be disqualified from receiving a cornea transplant because of eye infection Sometime blindness can disqualify a candidate Low vision, risk might be too great
  9. 9. Hospitals Jefferson Hospital University Of Colorado Hospital Etc.
  10. 10. Information On Surgery Procedure lasts 1-2 Hrs Cost around $7,500
  11. 11. Cornea Transplant Both heart beating and non heart beating donors can donate their corneas
  12. 12. Therapy After Eye drops, and pills Restrictions: Use metal shield nightly Do not bend at waist No heavy exercise No swimming for 3 weeks
  13. 13. Heart Transplants Chloe & Shannon
  14. 14. Body System & LocationThe heart is It is locatedpart of the in thecirculatory center- leftsystem portion of your chest
  15. 15. Heart’s Function Pumps oxygen rich blood to every living cell in the body. Pumps 2,000 gallons of blood a day.
  16. 16. Statistics The U.S. performs more than 2,000 heart transplants each year. About 81% of all people who receive heart transplants survive for at least 1 year. About 75% survive 3 years, and 68% survive 5 years. About 50% survive 10 years.
  17. 17.  There are approximately 3,000 patients on the heart transplant waiting list. 10% of those waiting will die. Wait times vary from days to several months and will depend on a recipients blood type and condition
  18. 18. Medical Conditions Severe, spreading chest pain that can no longer be treated with medications or other surgery. Severe heart failure that medicine or surgery can’t fix. Heart defects that were present at birth. Abnormal heart beats that are life threatening and will not respond to other treatments.
  19. 19. Donor Requirements  Donor must be brain dead and no older than 65 years old  Donor can not have a history of heart disease or blood disease (HIV/hepatitis) and must be an organ donor.  Recommend that the donor’s heart not be without blood circulation for more than 4 hours.
  20. 20. Recipient’s Requirements  Can’t be malnourished.  Must be under 55 years old  Have had no severe strokes, dementia, HIV, hepatitis or cancer  They can not have insulin-dependent diabetes or other organs that do not work properly  Have kidney, lung, nerve, or liver diseases.  They must not smoke or abuse alcohol and any other drugs.
  21. 21. Where to Go Hahnemann University Hospital Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center University of Pennsylvania Medical Center And Health System Thomas Jefferson University Hospital Temple University Hospital Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC Allegheny General Hospital University of Pittsburgh Medical Center-Presbyterian
  22. 22. The Procedure  Usually 4-12 hours, or longer.  Expect to stay in the hospital for 7-21 days after receiving a heart.  The cost is $50,000 to $287,00  The average cost is $148,000  Donor doesn’t pay, they’re dead.
  23. 23. Anti-Rejection Meds Cyclosporin Prednisone Tacrolimus Cell-Cept
  24. 24. Post Surgery  Biopsies are done every month during the first 6 to 12 months after transplant  must take drugs that prevent transplant rejection for the rest of your life.  Go back to normal activies when they feel they are ok—Doctor permitting  Avoid vigorous physical activity.  To make sure that you do not develop coronary disease after a transplant, you will have cardiac catheterization every year.
  25. 25. Post Transplant Diet Avoid greasy,fatty foods No MacDonald’s No smoking Very restrictive with alcohol and caffeine