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  • On slide 20, it says people can't become immune to anthrax. That's interesting because they say the vaccine works..Can you clarify?
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  1. 1. Anthrax<br />Lilia Garbovsky<br />
  2. 2. Strains (types)<br />Cutaneous (skin)<br />Inhalation (lungs)<br />Gastrointestinal (digestive)<br />
  3. 3. Causes<br />Bacteria <br />Bacillus anthracis<br />
  4. 4. How is it spread?<br />
  5. 5. Through Animals<br />Humans can become infected after handling infected animals<br />Breathing anthrax spores from infected products (like wool)<br />Eating undercooked meat from infected animals<br />(Undercooked meat)<br />
  6. 6. How is it transmutable? As a biological weapon<br />Anthrax spores can be distributed<br />Ex. USA 2001, anthrax spores spread through postal system via letters containing spores<br />
  7. 7. Anthrax spores<br />
  8. 8. Who gets it?<br />Animals primarily<br />Common in…<br />South & Central America<br />Southern/Eastern Europe<br />Asia <br />Africa<br />Middle East<br />
  9. 9. Etiology-the cause or origin of a disease<br />
  10. 10. Incubation Period<br />symptoms appear within 7 days of initial contact<br />For inhalation anthrax, anywhere from a week to 60 days<br />
  11. 11. Signs and symptoms<br />
  12. 12. cutaneous anthrax<br />Raised itchy bump (resembles incest bite)<br />1-2 days, develops into a vesicle (cyst)<br />Develops into painless ulcer (1-3 cm diameter)<br />Ulcer has black center<br />Swelling of surrounding tissues <br />Swelling of adjacent lymph glands<br />
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  14. 14. Gastrointestinal Anthrax<br />Initial signs: nausea<br />Loss of appetite<br />Vomiting blood<br />Sever diarrhea<br />Lesions & soreness in throat<br />Difficulty swallowing<br />Swelling of neck &lymph glands<br />50% of all patients develop meningitis<br />
  15. 15.
  16. 16. Inhalation anthrax<br />Flu/cold like symptoms<br />Cough<br />Chest discomfort<br />Shortness of breath<br />Tiredness & muscle aches<br />
  17. 17. Meditational widening with inhalation anthrax<br />
  18. 18. Diagnosis<br />Bacterial cultures<br />Measuring specific antibodies in blood<br />Positive cultures are unlikely after antibiotic treatment has been started<br />
  19. 19. Pathophysiology<br />-the physiology of abnormal or diseased organisms or their parts<br />
  20. 20. Anthrax is acute (of abrupt onset, of short duration, rapidly progressing & in need of urgent care)<br />People can’t become immune to anthrax<br />Can get anthrax multiple times<br />
  21. 21. What parts of the body are affected?<br />In cutaneous anthrax: <br />Skin, surrounding tissues & lymph glands <br />In gastrointestinal anthrax:<br />Digestive system, neck & lymph glands<br />In inhalation anthrax:<br />Respiratory & immune system<br />
  22. 22.
  23. 23. Treatmenst<br />Anthrax vaccine<br />Avoiding contact w/ animals <br />Don’t eat improperly slaughtered/cooked meat<br />
  24. 24. Further treatment<br />Prevention after exposure:<br />Antibiotic & vaccine combo<br />Treatment after infection:<br />60 day course of antibiotics<br />Success depends on type of anthrax & how soon treatment was started<br />Anthrax is terminal if left untreated<br />