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African trypanosomiasis


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African trypanosomiasis

  1. 1. By Peter Lisacchi The Sleepless Victims of African Trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness)
  2. 2. What causes it? <ul><li>It is cause by a vector borne parasite </li></ul><ul><li>The parasite is called Trypanosoma </li></ul>
  3. 3. How is it transmitted? <ul><li>It is spread by the tsetse fly </li></ul><ul><li>It is not physically communicable, but two subjects near each other can be bitten by the same fly </li></ul>
  4. 4. Who gets it? <ul><li>Any age group, race, or sex can get it </li></ul><ul><li>It is specific to rural areas in africa, such as Egypt and Libya </li></ul>
  5. 5. Etiology <ul><li>Incubation period is 6-28 days </li></ul><ul><li>Signs and symptoms- swelling of bite area followed by severe fatigue, headaches, joint pain, change in behavior and sleeping patterns, and itching </li></ul><ul><li>Detected by blood tests and lumbar puncture </li></ul>
  6. 6. Pathophysiology <ul><li>Can be acute and chronic </li></ul><ul><li>Even when infected, can be infected again </li></ul><ul><li>The body will suffer neurological disorders, joint pain, and itchiness </li></ul>
  7. 7. Prognosis <ul><li>There is no vaccine </li></ul><ul><li>Can be prevented by avoiding areas with the tsetse fly, or by wearing protective clothing </li></ul><ul><li>Treated with Pentamidine,Suramin, melarsoprol,eflornithine, and a combination of nifurtimox and efornithine </li></ul><ul><li>Can become terminal if left untreated </li></ul>
  8. 8. Bibliography <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>