Han, Qin and Tang Tomb art


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Han, Qin and Tang Tomb art is of different art symbols and figurines that Chinese Dynasty used for their loved ones when they were buried.

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Han, Qin and Tang Tomb art

  1. 1. Han, Qin & Tang Dynasty Tomb Art
  2. 2. Han Dynasty (Golden Age)   漢朝   Han  Dynasty  which  is  apart   of  China  was  considered  to   be  the  “golden  age”,  it  was   separated  into  two  sec:on   the  Western  Han  Dynasty   (206  BC  –  9  AD)  and  the   Eastern  Han  Dynasty  (25– 220  AD).    Families   throughout  China  made   ritual  sacrifices  of  animals   and  food  to  spirits  and   ancestors  at  temples.  They   believed  that  each  person   had  a  two-­‐part  soul  and  in   the  aOer-­‐life  they  felt  that   these  things  would  be  used   in  the  spiritual  realm.        
  3. 3. Hun Ping (Spirit Jar) 魂瓶   This  Hun  ping,  or  funerary  urn,  is  a  ceramic  “soul  jar”   or  “soul  vase”,  found  in  the  tombs  of  the  Western   Dynasty.  It’s  not  your  typical  jar  that  carries  ashes  of   the  deceased,  but  a  jar  that  contains  some  sort  of   fruits,  that  is  then  buried  with  the  dead  so  that  they   may  enjoy  them  in  the  aOerlife.  The  beau:ful  house-­‐ like  structure  was  designed  to  show  the  daily  life  at   this  :me  along  with  figurines  of  people.  
  4. 4. The  spirit  jars  did  not  have  lids  to  them,  but  had  decora:ve   trimmings  on  top  with  four  entrance  doorway  openings,  such  as   these  jars.  They  were  then  placed  next  to  the  tomb  so  that  the   soul  of  the  dead  would  have  a  place  to  exist.  
  5. 5. Chimeras Chimeras  were  imaginary  creatures  that  didn’t  exist,  but  were  on  the  outsides  of   burial  tombs.  Chinese  families  built  mounds  over  the  tombs  of  their  loved  ones  so   that  they  could  leave  them  offerings.  They  believed  that  the  deceased  had  a  major   influence  over  their  wealth  and  also  their  happiness.  There  was  a  path  called  the   spirit  path  leading  to  the  tombs  and  on  opposite  sides  of  the  path  and  facing  each   other  were  chimeras.  
  6. 6. Qin Dynasty Qin  Shi  Huang  (pronounced  “chin”)  named   himself  “The  First  Emperor”,  of  the  Chinese   State  of  Qin  from  221  BCE  –  210  BCE.  He  is   known  for  building  the  Great  Wall  of  China   by  uni:ng  other  defensive  walls  to  it.        
  7. 7. Qin  Shi  Huang  was   buried  with  over   8,000  life-­‐size   terraco]a  soldier   figures,  that  were   lined  up  and  down   aisles  guarding  his   tomb.  Each  figure   had  its  own  unique   facial  expression  and   was  lined  up  in   ranking  order.  The   soldiers  were  found   with  patches  of   brightly  colored   paint,  sugges:ng   that  their  clothing   was  painted  when   first  rendered.  Along   with  the  soldiers   were  130  chariots,   520  horses  and  150   cavalry  horses.            
  8. 8. Tang Dynasty The  Tang  Dynasty  (618  –   907  CE)  was  the  most   flourishing  dynasty  out  of   the  three  dynas:es  that  I   have  spoken  about  in   China.  Chinese  ci:zens   grew  and  produced   brilliant  pieces  in  both   arts  and  works  making   this  era  succeed   financially.  The  military   was  a  big  influence  and   expanded  the  Tang   Dynasty  territory,  which   brought  more  trading  and   along  with  gaining   different  religions  and   clothing  was  interna:onal   sports.  
  9. 9. Guardian Warriors     These  figurines  seen  striking  a  pose  are  of  guardian  warriors   they  would  be  seen  next  to  a  tomb.  Since  the  Chinese   believed  that  there  was  a  con:nua:on  to  life  aOer  death,   they  made  sure  that  they  had  everything  they  needed,   especially  something  that  showed    off  their  wealth.  The  army   was  a  major  part  of  the  Tang  Dynasty  and  figures,  such  as   these  army  warriors  were  apart  of  the  tomb  art.      
  10. 10. Pair of Lokapala These  pair  of  Lokapala’s  were   two  of    four  guardians  that  you   would  see  over  a  tomb.  They   watched  over  the  four  direc:ons   and  were  made  to  have  piercing   facial  expression  as  well  as   having  a  strong  body  stance;   they  stand  tall  and  well  balanced   wai:ng  to  protect  evil.  The  figure   on  the  leO  is  standing   victoriously  on  a  small  human   figure  resembling  that  he  has   conquered  their  a]empt  to  enter   the  tombs  space.  The  figurine  on   the  leO  is  also  successful  at  doing   the  same  thing  but  he  has   proudly  conquered  a  bull.  Their   headdress  are  of  a  phoenix  who   was  killed  in  a  fire,  but  then  rose   from  ashes  to  live  again.    
  11. 11. References Zhizhu. Qin Shu = Qin Dynasty. Taibei Shi: Da Qi Chu Ban She, 2011.     Man,  John.  The  Terra  Co)a  Army:  China's  First  Emperor  and  the  Birth  of  a  Na:on.   Cambridge,  MA:  Da  Capo,  2008.       "Tang-­‐dynasty  Tomb  Sculptures  Strike  A  pose."  Buddhist  Art  News.  Web.  Nov.2013.     “Spirit  Jar.”  Arts  Connected.  Web.  Nov.  2013.     “Han  Dynasty.”  Metmuseum.  Web  Nov.  2013