Bd 2-577 big-data_video_surveillance_storage_solution-bc


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Netapp Insight 2012 Big Data Track Video Surveillance Storage Solution

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  • 26 October 2012 – Final Uploaded VersionNOTE: On slides which have much detail/complexity, move closer to the screen to speak. On slides with less details, you can be further from the screen. Personalize by using ‘You’
  • Remind the audience of two numbers and three letters.25%, 30% and three R’s – Resolution Retention and ReliabilityThe 25% is an estimate of the year over year growth of the physcial security industryThe 30% is the approximate percentage that storage plays in the cost to deploy a video surveillance deployment.
  • (CIF) Common Intermediate Format(XUGA) Ultra Extended Graphics Array(HDTV) High-definition television
  • Networked Video Cameras and Video Management Software are the key components that drive the deployment.Surveillance covers cameras, cables, etc.Large US chain store installation and Axis total cost of ownership studyDeployments with retention periods in years (vs. 30 days) increase storage costs
  • Axis P1346 – 1280x720 12fps H.264 50% compression 24 hours per day = 1.09Mbps 330GB 30 days – schoolyard (low light)Axis Q6035 – 1920x1080 30fps H.263 30% compression 24 hours per day = 5.53mbps 1.73TB 30 days – schoolyard (low light)Arecont AV8285DN – Panoramic IP cameras – 6400 x 1200 pixelsDeployed as four, H.264 2 Megapixel sensorsAt 7 fps, 31 day retention is 2.2 TB storage
  • Video may be transported between endpoints in either UDP or TCP.Image Quality (loss of frames) may occur in both transports methods. The network must have sufficient available capacity (bandwidth) to transport videoExhibits very low / no loss of IP video packetsNetwork latency is within the range suitable for the transport protocol (eg. TCP/UDP) of the video feedProvides high availability – network redundancyMeets the network security (and services) requirements
  • 2600 in racks only, Comment that the performance characteristics provide room for growth.
  • Note: NTFS has a maximum volume size of ~256TB and 64KB cluster sizeExt3 has a 16TB max volume size with a 4K block sizeUp to 4 physical servers may be direct attached via SAS cables2660 Rack programs, all will be using Fremont.1 from the startThe cache size for the 2660 can be either 2GB or 4 GB per controller, but only the 2GB option is orderable
  • commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) servers10G iSCSI for 5400 is being released as part of Fremont.1Release date for the HIC and Fremont.1 is 11/5/2012When installing SANtricity, if you are using a hypervisor, VMware ESXi do not install the failover driver. If not using ESXi, you need the failover drivers for multipath support.
  • functions not supportedNo converting VMs with RDM into templatesNo Vmotion or VMware SnapshotsNo cloning VMs with RDM LUNs
  • Image noise is an undesirable by-product of image capture that adds spurious and extraneous information Bit Rate (VBR) Pre-defined image quality (low normal high very-high) Scene complexity and motion will influence bandwidth consumption More difficult to provision / estimate network bandwidthConstant Bit Rate (CBR) Bandwidth consumption is deterministic (over seconds) Either image quality and/or frame rate may change Average bandwidth consumption can be estimated Network traffic is still bursy – due to I-frame transmission Image quality may be noticeably degraded – see next slide
  • Assume 40 cameras at 393 Mbps at 14.8 TB per month. (Axis P1346 Intersection Low Light – 3Mp – 30% compression h.264, 12 fpsThe arrival rate is approximately 9.8Mbps per camera. According to the Axis design tool, we need 14.8TB per 30 days which would be 18.5TB at 20% free space
  • Note, connectivity from failover server 2 to failover volume 2 not shownThe ESXi 5.1 is installed and booted from the internal disks, and DataStores are present on those disks for the VM’s C:\\ disk. Windows 2008 R2 is installed on the C:\\ disk.The volumes are Raw Device Mapping from the E-Series to the physical machine and then to the virtual machine.Each virtual machine has a Drive (letter) for the LIVE and ARCHIVE LUNs (volumes)
  • On this slide be definite where to start the discussion. The are many speeds and feeds on this slide that may confuse the audience if the context is not clear. V2 can run at 4Gbps on each laneAssume 64 cameras per server at 1-3 Mbps on the network side of the serverFour virtual servers per physical machineSAS HBA (6Gbps x 4)Measure the performance of the storage side.Compare that with ingests rate.Disk Rate Signiant
  • Note: the IO for most video management systems is in the 256K to 512K or higher range. The IO per second is less of an issue than throughput, give the records written are large.
  • archival function which moves video files from a temporary or ‘Recording’ location to an ‘Archive’ location.
  • NetApp Community
  • UCS C220 M3 High-Density Rack Server (Small Form Factor Disk Drive Model) 2008M-8i Mezzanine Cards (6 Gbs) - two versions UCSC-RAID-11-C220 or UCSC-RAID-MZ-220 Cisco CiscoFlexFlash requires a 16G SDHC card - 4 GB is available for general use
  • Bd 2-577 big-data_video_surveillance_storage_solution-bc

    1. 1. BD-2-577NetApp Video SurveillanceStorage SolutionJoel W. King
    2. 2. AgendaThis is a technical deep dive on video surveillance deploymentarchitectures and the role that storage plays – including howto size, scale, and design using best practices derived fromextensive testing and experience with real world deployment Key Takeaways − Identify video surveillance trends and their impact on storage − How to size storage for video surveillance deployments − Best practices for designing storage for video surveillance Resources – Contacts, TRs and Whitepapers 2
    3. 3. Outline Video Surveillance Industry Trends Deployment Architectures Sizing Considerations Best Practices Summary / References 3
    4. 4. Video SurveillanceIndustry Trends 4
    5. 5. Television has changed user expectations Increasing demand for Megapixel / HDTV resolutions More than 50% of security cameras shipped by 2014 will be megapixel/HD resolution “The World Market for CCTV and Video Surveillance Equipment – 2010 Edition.” – IMS Research Some expectations are unattainable − Unlimited digital zoom − Immediate forensic search results CSI publicity Photo / Fair Use 5
    6. 6. Three ‘R’s of Video Surveillance High Definition and Megapixel cameras Resolution dramatically increase storage requirements over Standard Definition Increasing retention periods as storage costs Retention decrease and public safety threats increase Loss of video may incur fines (gaming) or Reliability hamper forensic analysis 6
    7. 7. Resolution (Scaled to 20% of Original Size) Factors Influencing Demand for Storage − Resolution − Frame Rate − Retention Period − Image Complexity − CODEC / Compression − Continuous or Record on Motion (CIF) Common Intermediate Format 7
    8. 8. Purchasing Decision Drivers Storage costs – 30% of deployment Servers Key decision points are Surveillance 20% Switches 25% 15% − Network Video Cameras Software − Video Management Software 10% Storage Servers and Networking 30% viewed as commodity items Storage efficiency and reliability increasingly more important 8
    9. 9. Storage Requirements – 30 Day Retention Period 200 Number of Cameras 1000 E5460 E2660 Arecont Axis Axis Vision Q6035 P1346EAV8185DN6400 x 1200 1280x720 1920x1080 60 drives 120 drives 180 drives 240 drives 300 drives 360 drives 2.2 TB 330 GB 1.7 TB 180TB 360TB 540TB 720TB 900TB 1080TB 9
    10. 10. Deployment Architectures 10
    11. 11. Deployment ArchitecturesRecording Server model Cameras Servers • Control cameras 0101010 Video Management Software • Receive video feed IP SAN 0101010 • Archive 0101010 iSCSI SAN Transport: IP Network FC H.264/RTP/UDP or Direct Attach H.264/RTP/RTSP/TCP SAS MJPEG/TCP 0101010 Storage FC ViewingCamera to Storage model Workstations• Bosch (iSCSI)• MOBOTIX / IQinVision (NFS/CIFS)• Axis (Local SDHC / CIFS) 11
    12. 12. E-Series Modular Design for Video Surveillance • 4U/60 x 3.5” drives DE6600 • Highest throughput • Largest capacity/density • 3TB NL-SAS drivesDisk Shelves • Easy to service • 8Gb/s FC • SAS (for RACK Solution)Controllers • 12 or 24GB Cache per system • 4GB Cache per system • ~ 24.8Gb/s write performance • ~ 11.2Gb/s write performance • High Bandwidth / High IOPs • Cost effective performance 5400 2600 • Verify support in IMT • NVS Storage Rack only Delivery • Use Quote Edge • Quotable and orderable through distribution 12
    13. 13. NetApp Video Surveillance Storage Solution Rack Hardware / software components OnSSI Milestone Cisco Utilities Windows Server Redhat SANtricity 2008 R2 Linux NTFS ext3 Video10/100/1000 LAN on VMware ESXi 5.1 Broadcom Ingress Motherboard Quad PortManagement Raw device mapping 1Gb Ethernet LOM Cisco UCS (RDM) C220-M3 Links Ethernet LSI SAS 9200-8e – 6Gbps x 4 Aggregated Serial Attached SCSI (SAS) NetApp E2660 E-Series Controller Controller A Cache Cache B 2GB 2GB Volumes (LUNs) 13
    14. 14. NetApp Video Surveillance Storage Solution Hardware / software components Genetec Omnicast Verint Nextivia OnSSI Ocularis Utilities Windows Server Failover driver SANtricity 2008 R2 NTFS10/100/1000 Management Optional ESXi 5.1 Gigabit / Ethernet commercial 10 Gigabit VideoManagement Ports Raw device mapping Ethernet Ethernet off-the-shelf (RDM) Server(s) Ingress 8Gbps optional FC HBA SAN SAN NetApp E5460 E-Series Controller Controller A Cache Cache B 6/12GB 6/12GB Volumes (LUNs) 14
    15. 15. Virtualization Most VMS vendors support virtual servers (Milestone XProtect certified with VMware and Microsoft Hyper-V) Recording servers are high resource demand – do not co-host with other applications Some VMware functions (Vmotion / Snapshots) not supported on RDM LUNs Primary advantage – sharing Network and FC or SAS HBAs Raw device mapping (RDM) 15
    16. 16. Sizing Considerations 16
    17. 17. Sizing Based on Determining Several Parameters Resolution HW / SW Performance Video Management Volumes (LUNs)Frame Rate Software Number of Data Rate Cameras Recording Server CODEC Compression (Quality) Group Variable/ Volume Group of Pictures Constant (GOP) Bit Rate RAID Level Retention Policy Disk Drives 17
    18. 18. Bandwidth and StorageCalculator Camera manufacturers provide sizing calculators User Inputs: − Camera Model − Frame Rate − Resolution − Compression − Image Complexity 18
    19. 19. Image Complexity Variable Bit Rate (VBR) − Pre-defined image quality 7% Bandwidth fluctuates − Scene complexity − Motion − Image Noise 7pm 7am Storage capacity and Lights off Lights on throughput also change 19
    20. 20. Usable Capacity by RAID Level Number of Dynamic Disk RAID-6 RAID-5 RAID-10 3 TB Disks Pool (RAID-6) 14.8TB/month 2 2,794.019 GB or 3 5,588.039 GB 40 18.8TB with 4 8,382.059 GB 5,588.039 GB Cameras 20% free 5 8,382.059 GB 10.914 TB space 6 10.914 TB 13.642 TB 8,382.059 GB 7 13.642 TB 16.371 TB 393 Mbps 8 16.371 TB 19.099 TB 10.914 TB 50 MB/s 9 19.099 TB 21.828 TBRecording Server 10 21.828 TB 24.556 TB 13.642 TB (100 IO/s) 11 21.375 TB 24.556 TB 27.285 TB 12 21.371 TB 27.285 TB 30.013 TB 16.371 TB 30 day 13 23.511 TB 30.013 TB 32.742 TB retention 14 25.648 TB 32.742 TB 35.470 TB 19.099 TB policy 15 27.789 TB 35.470 TB 38.199 TB and 16 29.925 TB 38.199 TB 40.928 TB 21.828 TB 20% free 17 32.062 TB 40.928 TB 43.656 TB space 18 34.199 TB 43.656 TB 46.385 TB 24.556 TB 20
    21. 21. Sizing Example Video Surveillance Rack (2660) OnSSI Ocularis RAID 1Physical Server 1+1 VM Base Volume RAID 6 Group 12+2 VM Fail Over Server 1 Volume Volume VM Fail Over Server 2 * Bookmarks Group VOL_FAIL_1 3-5 VM RC-E Manager Days 30 VOL_ARCH_1 DaysPhysical Server RAID 6 VM Recording Server 1 12+2 VM Recording Server 2 Volume RAID 10 Group VM reserved Data Store 5+5 * VOL_FAIL_2 Volume VM reserved RAID-1 Group 1 VOL_LIVE_1 Day VOL_ARCH_2 VOL_LIVE_2 2 Hot Spares Per 60 disk shelf 21
    22. 22. Data Rates NetApp Video Surveillance Storage Solution Rack Link Aggregation Physical Machine(s) Four 1 GigEthernet 640 Cameras @ 2 Mbps Each Virtual Machines 256 Cameras @ 2 Mbps 512 Mbps 1.5 Gbps aggregate 3 physical machines 10 virtual machines 28-32 TB Volume IOMETER test tool E2660 Failover 6 Gbps SAS 640 Mbps 9-11 Gbps @ 512K I/0 Failover ARCHIVE 32.742 TB VGs Each VM writing to both (14+2)64 Cameras LIVE LIVE and ARCHIVE per VM 1 TB 4.1TB VGs Volume (5+5) 22
    23. 23. Best Practices 23
    24. 24. High Availability Architecture Cameras to Storage Array IP IP – Core / Access Layer Distribution Layer (B)OverlappingField of View (A) (B) (A) IP (B) Server Recording Access Layer Servers (Top-of-Rack) (A) Dual Fabric E5460 SAN Duplex Controllers 24
    25. 25. Tuning Performance Parameters One active Volume (LUN) per  Start / Stop Cache Flush: 80% Volume Group (VG)  Flush Write Cache: 10 sec. Read/Write Cache: Enabled  Cache Block Size: 32K Write Cache Mirroring:  Media Scan Frequency: 30 days Disabled  Data Assurance (DA): Disabled Initial Segment Size: 128K Windows (NTFS) Allocation Unit Size: 64K 26
    26. 26. OnSSI Ocularis / Milestone XProtect Best Practices Archival function Moves video files from „Recording‟ location to „Archive‟ location. Files may be groomed to reduce the frame rate Separate Recording and Archive Configuration or encrypt User configured schedule I/O rates increase during archive (8x observed) Recording Only Configuration 27
    27. 27. Summary High Definition / Megapixel cameras – must sell proposition – drives storage sales Retention periods – minimum of 30 days – storage efficiency Reliability and Redundancy – lead with high availability and redundant solutions Trusted partner – Position the NetApp brand through training, education, certification and support 28
    28. 28. ResourcesNetApp Video Surveillance Storage Solution Distribution List (DL) for questions on this session. − NetApp Community (Blog Posts) Documentation − Field Portal  E-Series Solutions  NetApp Video Storage Solution Contacts − Jenifer Piccioni, Solution Product Manager – − Jon Robbins, Solution Marketing Manager – 29
    29. 29. © 2012 NetApp, Inc. All rights reserved. No portions of this document may be reproduced withoutprior written consent of NetApp, Inc. Specifications are subject to change without notice. NetApp,the NetApp logo, and Go further, faster, are trademarks or registered trademarks of NetApp, the United States and/or other countries. All other brands or products are trademarks orregistered trademarks of their respective holders and should be treated as such.
    30. 30. Video Surveillance Acronyms Video Codecs VMS Server : Video Management System  M-JPEG : Motion – Joint Photographic Experts Group Server – aka Network DVR. Manages IP  MPEG-4 : ISO/IEC Moving Picture Experts Group camera video feeds and storage media. (Part 2) Viewing Station: High-end Intel workstation  H.264 : ISO/IEC Moving Picture Experts Group (Part 10) for displaying live or archived camera feeds. on a locally attached monitor  JPEG 2000 – Joint Photographic Experts Group (committee 2000) Video Wall : One or more dedicated workstations to control/displays video on physical and virtual monitors. Video Signaling and Transport Protocols  HTTP : Hyper Text Transport Protocol IP Video Surveillance Camera : digital video camera – small form factor IP  HTTPS : Secure HTTP networked Linux host which encodes and  RTSP : Real Time Streaming Protocol transports video over an IP network.  RTP : Real-time Transport Protocol  RTCP: Real Time Transport Control Protocol NetApp Confidential – Internal Use Only 31
    31. 31. NetApp Video SurveillanceStorage Solution Rack Video Management Software − OnSSI Ocularis ES − Milestone XProtect Corporate − Cisco Video Surveillance Manager (VSM) VMware ESXi 5.1 hypervisor Cisco UCS C220-M3 Servers (2-4) E2660 (SAS) duplex controller (1-3 DE6600) Cisco Nexus 3048 Switches (2) Cisco Rack and Power Distribution Unit(s) Pre-assembled by distribution channel partner 32
    32. 32. NetApp Video Surveillance Storage Solution Rack Cisco UCSC-C220-M3S High-Density Rack Server − Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2665 0 @ 2.40GHz (2 CPU 8 Core) − 64 GB Memory − N2XX-ABPCI03-M3 Broadcom 5709 Quad Port 1Gb − LSI SAS 9200-8E 6Gb/s PCIe 2.0 HBA − UCSC RAID SAS 2008M-8i Mezzanine Card − A03-D300GA2 300 GB 6Gb SAS 10K RPM SFF HDD (2 disks) Cisco N3K-C3048TP-1GE Nexus 3048TP-1GE 1RU − 48 x 10/100/1000 and 4 x 10GE ports 33
    33. 33. NetApp Video Surveillance Storage Solution Rack E2600 / DE6600 − Number of controllers: 2 − Data Cache: 2GB per controller − Firmware version: [TBD] − Host Interface: 6Gbps SAS (4 per controller) − Drives (60-180):  3TB 7500 rpm NL-SAS  900GB 10K rpm SAS 34