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Back to the Basics: SharePoint Fundamentals by Joel Oleson

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SharePoint Fundamentals is a look back at the core information architecture and core physical infrastructure. It focuses on the core fundamentals to deployment and operations.

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Back to the Basics: SharePoint Fundamentals by Joel Oleson

  1. 2. <ul><li>8 year SharePoint Veteran… </li></ul><ul><li>First SharePoint Admin! </li></ul><ul><li>Sr. Technical Product Manager - SharePoint team Launch of SharePoint Server 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Top IT SharePoint Blog </li></ul>Blog: http://www.sharepointjoel.com Twitter: @joeloleson
  2. 3. <ul><li>Technical SharePoint consultant </li></ul><ul><li>5yrs experience already mainly as dev and consultant </li></ul><ul><li>Loves WSS! </li></ul>Blog: http://community.zevenseas.com/blogs/robin Twitter: @robinmeure
  3. 4. <ul><li>SharePoint 101: Core Fundamentals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Logical Architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical Architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administration Models </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid Common Mistakes </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. Platform & Collaboration (blogs & wikis) Doc Management, Web Content Management, Search, & Portals Web Forms, Excel Services, BDC
  5. 6. <ul><li>IIS Web Sites = IIS Virtual Servers = Web Applications </li></ul>Physical Server Web Application(s) Top Level Site(s) Site Collections Site(s) Site Collection IIS WSS 2.0 / SPS 2003 WSS 3.0 / SharePoint Server Web Sites Virtual Servers Web Applications
  6. 7. <ul><li>Consistency in Hierarchy </li></ul><ul><li>WSS 3.0 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web Applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Site Collections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Templates & Features </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MOSS 2007 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web Applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Site Collections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Templates & Features </li></ul></ul>
  7. 9. What do Holland and SharePoint have in common?
  8. 10. Cows! NO FARMS!!!!
  9. 11. <ul><li>Servers Have Services are Are Roles </li></ul><ul><li>Servers have Roles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web Front End (WFE) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Query </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Calculation (Excel) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Index </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Non SharePoint) Database Server </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Simplified Really Just 3 Roles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WFE/Query – 99% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Index (App Tier) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SQL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Note: Never put Query and Index on same server if there is another Query server! </li></ul></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>32 bit or 64bit binaries </li></ul><ul><li>Note: SharePoin14 requires 64bit </li></ul><ul><li>Prerequisites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>.NET Framework 3.0 (or 3.5 with Sp1) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ASP.NET 2.0 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Windows Workflow Foundation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Install </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Basic NOT RECOMMENDED except for POC </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced – Allows you to connect to SQL </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WFE only vs. Full install </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Language Packs (Downloads on the Web) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WSS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MOSS </li></ul></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>Make use of service accounts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Every Service (Database/Search/Index/SSP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Every Web Application </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(DT)AP environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Development -> Test -> Staging/Acceptance -> Production </li></ul></ul>
  12. 14. WFE/Query “ All in One” WFE/Query Index SQL SQL All SP Roles SQL
  13. 15. <ul><li>Factors to consider </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Inter)national regions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>WLAN optimization/accelators </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Regional farms </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li># Users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Authentication Type (Anonymous vs. AD) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Client & Server Performance Requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SLAs (Uptime/High Availability Req.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WAN Considerations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GBs/TBs of data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Total # Files and Items </li></ul></ul>
  14. 16. Picking Your Topology Availability Performance User requests Load balances web front end servers Application servers 2 Clustered SQL server Index Query Query Calc + 10 Server Farm (Large) User requests Web front ends + application(s) Application(s) Clustered SQL server 5 Server Farm (Medium) 3 Server Farm (Small) User requests Each load-balanced server includes: <ul><li>Web front end </li></ul><ul><li>Applications </li></ul>Dedicated SQL server Single Server <ul><ul><li>Web front end </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Application </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Database </li></ul></ul>One Server which contains: User Requests
  15. 17. LOLCATS.COM
  16. 18. <ul><li>The Most Confusing thing to get over is what is a Site vs. Site Collection… </li></ul><ul><li>Site = Web = Spweb aka subweb </li></ul><ul><li>STSADM = Web </li></ul><ul><li>UI=site </li></ul><ul><li>Site Collection = SpSite </li></ul><ul><li>STSADM = Site </li></ul><ul><li>Central Admin = Site </li></ul><ul><li>UI= Site Collection </li></ul>
  17. 19. <ul><li>Second most confusing and also hardest thing is choosing between sitecollections and sites. </li></ul><ul><li>Many sitecollections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More granular security model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better scalable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easier backup/restore </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many sites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplifies security (to a certain limit) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Out-of-the-box aggregation possible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inheritance of content-types </li></ul></ul>
  18. 22. Endusersharepoint.com
  19. 23.   Permanent Central Portal Web Application Permanent Structured SharePoint Server Sites SharePoint Server Sites Ad Hoc WSS Site Templates Permanent Division Portals Web Applications or Site Collections Semi Structured Consolidation on 1 to 3 Web Applications 1 Web App per Region Service Offering
  20. 24. http://Intranet /Search /HR /Finance /LCA /IT
  21. 25. http://team /sites /sites /IT /sites http://blogs http://my One or more Web Applications Hosting 1000s of Site collections
  22. 26. <ul><li>For all recommendations, visit “Plan for software boundaries (Office SharePoint Server)” at http://technet2.microsoft.com/Office/en-us/library/6a13cd9f-4b44-40d6-85aa-c70a8e5c34fe1033.mspx </li></ul>Object Recommended Maximum Scope Object Category Site collection 50,000 per web application Web application Logical architecture Content database 100 per Web application Web application Logical architecture Document 5 million per library (2,000 per nested folder) Library Site object User profile 5 million per farm Farm People object Indexed documents 50 million per search index (1 index per index server, 1 index server per SSP) SSP Search object Web server / database server ratio 8 Web servers per database server (4 Best Bang for Buck) Farm Physical object
  23. 27. Unit TechNet Max Joel’s Guideline Joel’s MAX Web Apps per Farm 8 5 Content Webapps with 8GB RAM 16 app pools 100 web apps w/ 32GB RAM, 64 bit Databases per WebApp - 100 per SQL server 300 with 32GB RAM, 64 bit Site Collection per Web App 50,000 100,0000 - Size per content database - 100GB 1 TB with serious list and site optimization (advanced only) Size per Site Collection - 15GB in multi-tenant DB 100GB in dedicated DB 25GB in multi 1TB in dedicated Db Sites in Site 2000 100 500 Items per List 2000 items per view Use Custom Views and search UI for large lists It’s pain tolerance
  24. 29. <ul><li>Throughput differences between flat document library vs. document library with folders </li></ul>
  25. 30. <ul><li>Servers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web server: 2.5 GHz, 4+ GB RAM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>App server: Dual proc/Dual Core 2.5 GHz, 4+ GB RAM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SQL: Dual proc/Quad Core 2.5 GHz; 4+ GB RAM </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recommended Enterprise </li></ul><ul><li>WFE: 2 Dual Cores 8GB RAM 64bit </li></ul><ul><li>Index: 4 Quad Core 16 GB RAM 64 bit </li></ul><ul><li>SQL: 4 Quad Core 16 GB RAM 64 Bit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Look at HP or MS capacity planning tool for basic ideas, use an experience consultant/architect for large deployments </li></ul></ul>
  26. 31. <ul><li>Consistent Administration Model </li></ul>
  27. 39. <ul><li>What is the most scalable object in SharePoint? </li></ul><ul><li>Site Collection </li></ul><ul><li>Can I run WFE and Query and WFE Query Index? </li></ul><ul><li>NO! </li></ul><ul><li>What server role(s) will you rarely see? </li></ul><ul><li>Calc, Query (There is no Forms or Infopath role – Forms server SKU is DEAD) </li></ul><ul><li>What are the differences between WSS and MOSS (Standard and Enterprise) </li></ul><ul><li>Yes! </li></ul>
  28. 41. <ul><li>Be sure to PLAN your logical infrastructure & Physical… Don’t forget a Governance Plan! </li></ul><ul><li>Keep it simple… </li></ul><ul><li>Scalable Business Solutions are Limitless </li></ul><ul><li>Awesome/Powerful Intranet, Extranet, and Internet Platform! </li></ul><ul><li>Where do you get your information? TechNet, MSDN, SharePoint Team Blog, SharePoint User Groups http://www.sharepointpros.org , and blogs!! Twitter? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.sharepointjoel.com @joeloleson </li></ul></ul>
  29. 42. <ul><li>For IT Pros: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>70-631 - Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 - Configuring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>70-630 - Office SharePoint Server 2007 - Configuring </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For Developers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>70-541 - Microsoft Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 - Application Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>70-542 - Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007 - Application Development </li></ul></ul>SharePoint Exams! Get Certified on the New Exams!!!
  30. 43. Resources SharePoint Backup and Disaster Recovery Updated Resources – More info on SharePoint Mirroring and Log shipping Top SharePoint Storage Resources – key resources around storage and sizing SharePoint SQL database maintenance – whitepapers and recommendations SharePoint Essentials – links and resources MSDN & TechNet http://msdn. microsoft.com/sharepoint http://technet.microsoft.com/moss Virtual Labs http://www.microsoft.com/technet/traincert/virtuallab/rms.mspx Newsgroups http://communities2.microsoft.com/ communities/newsgroups/en-us/default.aspx User Groups http://www.microsoft.com/communities/usergroups/default.mspx
  31. 45. Required slide Technical Communities, Webcasts, Blogs, Chats & User Groups http://www.microsoft.com/communities/default.mspx Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN) & TechNet http://microsoft.com/msdn http://microsoft.com/technet Trial Software and Virtual Labs http://www.microsoft.com/technet/downloads/trials/default.mspx Microsoft Learning and Certification http://www.microsoft.com/learning/default.mspx

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