Nouns the basics

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This is the first of more to come all about "Nouns". learn the functions of nouns and do a simple exercise. This is good for classroom use and / or home use. there is a link to download 3 exercise sheets to use also.

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Nouns the basics

  1. 1. The Basics
  2. 2. Nouns It's not easy to describe a noun. In simple terms, nouns are "things" (and verbs are "actions"). Like food. Food (noun) is something you eat (verb). Or happiness. Happiness (noun) is something you want (verb). Or human being. A human being (noun) is something you are (verb). What are Nouns? The simple definition is: a person, place, thing or idea teacher, school, book, happiness
  3. 3. Noun A noun is a word that represents a person, a place, or a thing. A thing in this definition can be a physical entity or it can be an abstract idea. A noun may be used as a subject of a sentence, as a direct object, as an indirect object, or it may be used as the object of a preposition. Some additional noun applications are addressed below. Some examples of noun usage appear in the following sentences.
  4. 4. Exercise + Noun Functions
  5. 5. Noun Functions noun as subject noun as direct object noun as indirect object noun as object of a preposition predicate noun appositive noun noun as possessive modifier noun functioning as an adjective noun functioning as an adverb
  6. 6. Noun as subject Carpenters drive nails with air powered guns. Blackhawk was a famous American Indian. If it were Friday, John would be here. Carpenters is the subject of the first sentence. Blackhawk is the subject of the second sentence. Blackhawk is the name of a person. A noun that represents the name of a person or a specific place is a proper noun. Some other nouns are also proper nouns, e.g., September, Easter, Holocaust. A proper noun is capitalized regardless of its position in the sentence. John is the subject of the third sentence.
  7. 7. Noun as direct object Mr. Liu washed the car. The authorities commended Roberta. Identify a direct object by asking what? or whom? First sentence. Mr. Liu washed what? Answer: car. Car is the direct object of the verb washed. Second sentence. The authorities commended whom? Answer: Roberta. Roberta is the direct object of the verb commended.
  8. 8. Noun as indirect object Identify an indirect object by asking to what?, for what?, or to whom?, for whom? I sent Stephanie the camera. He bought the dog a kennel. First sentence. I sent the camera to whom? Answer: Stephanie. Stephanie is the indirect object. Second sentence. He bought a kennel for what? Answer: dog. Dog is the indirect object.
  9. 9. Noun as object of a preposition He pulled the little red wagon to the store. From her perspective, the meeting was a success. First sentence. The preposition is to, and the object of that preposition is the noun store. Second sentence: The preposition is from, and the object of that preposition is the noun perspective.
  10. 10. Predicate noun An intransitive verb cannot accept an object. A noun that follows an intransitive verb and completes the meaning of a sentence is called a complement. The word complement means to complete. A sentence has a subject and a predicate. Predicate is a generic term that includes those parts of the sentence that explain the subject of the sentence. The noun that follows an intransitive verb and completes the predicate may also be called a predicate noun or predicate nominative.
  11. 11. Note that a predicate noun is an alternate word for the subject of the sentence. Mr. Chiao is a violinist. I am a candidate. Mr. Martinez will be governor. In the first sentence above Mr. Chiao is the subject, and violinist is the predicate noun. The subject of the second sentence is I, and the predicate noun is candidate. Mr. Martinez is the subject of the third sentence, and the predicate noun is governor.
  12. 12. Appositive noun Appositive means near. In English grammar an appositive is a noun or pronoun placed near another noun or pronoun. The appositive enhances our understanding of the original noun or pronoun. My sister, Ann, is in town for the reunion. Miguel, the valedictorian, will deliver the commencement oration. "We, the people. . . ." In the first sentence above, my sister is the subject of the sentence, and Ann is the appositive. Miguel is the subject of the second sentence, and valedictorian is the appositive.
  13. 13. Noun as possessive modifier A noun can be used to modify another noun. That is, a noun can function as an adjective or adverb. A noun can also convey a sense of possession. Consider the following example. The town's water supply is in jeopardy. The word town is a noun. In the sentence above the word town's identifies which water supply is in jeopardy. Town's is possessive case. The town possesses the water supply.
  14. 14. Noun functioning as an adjective The water pump is broken. The word water is a noun, but in this application it functions as an adjective that describes the kind of pump. Noun
  15. 15. Noun functioning as an adverb I walked home. The word home is a noun, but in this application it functions as an adverb that defines where I walked.
  16. 16. Try this simple exercise. Choose the best function for the underlined noun or pronoun. Click on “Check Answer” to see the correct answer. Press “Next” when you are ready to go on.
  17. 17. This world is a mighty big place. A: subject B: direct object C: indirect object D: object of preposition Check Answer Next
  18. 18. Please hand me that pitcher. A: subject B: direct object C: indirect object D: object of preposition Check Answer Next
  19. 19. Check Answer Next Mom made my sister a beautiful quilt. A: subject B: direct object C: indirect object D: object of preposition
  20. 20. Mandy entered her huge pumpkin in the fair. A: subject B: direct object C: indirect object D: object of preposition Check Answer Next
  21. 21. Check Answer Next I nervously handed my grades to my father. A: subject B: direct object C: indirect object D: object of preposition
  22. 22. Check Answer Next I can’t find my shoes. A: subject B: direct object C: indirect object D: object of preposition
  23. 23. Check Answer Next History is my favorite subject. A: subject B: direct object C: indirect object D: object of preposition
  24. 24. Check Answer Next Three students were chosen to go to the spelling bee finals. A: subject B: direct object C: indirect object D: object of preposition
  25. 25. Check Answer Next Can we go to the concert tonight? A: subject B: direct object C: indirect object D: object of preposition
  26. 26. Check Answer Next Give your brother his bat. A: subject B: direct object C: indirect object D: object of preposition
  27. 27. Check Answer Next Where did you put that book? A: subject B: direct object C: indirect object D: object of preposition
  28. 28. Check Answer Next Could you please make Grandma a cup of tea? A: subject B: direct object C: indirect object D: object of preposition
  29. 29. Check Answer Next Give the cat her dinner please. A: subject B: direct object C: indirect object D: object of preposition
  30. 30. Check Answer Next We were swimming at the lake yesterday. A: subject B: direct object C: indirect object D: object of preposition
  31. 31. Check Answer Next He hit that ball right out of the park. A: subject B: direct object C: indirect object D: object of preposition
  32. 32. The link below has three practice work sheets that you can download and use free. You may use these for class work for your students or for yourself as additional practice. http://www.keepandshare.com/doc5/7681/worksheetw orks-identifying-using-nouns-1-zip-48k?da=y
  33. 33. Any questions, comments, advice, and / or wishes – you can email me at amerenglish64@gmail.com

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