Intentions and arrangements


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This is the second part of the series. This is intentions and arrangements using the future tense.

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Intentions and arrangements

  1. 1. Presented By Live Free / Speak Free
  2. 2. Intentions and Arrangements in the Future There are many different ways to talk about the future in English. We use different verb tenses depending on what we want to say about the future. In this lesson, we will learn how to talk about intentions and arrangements in the future.
  3. 3. Intentions An intention is something that we would like to do in the future. These are general plans for the future. When we are talking about an intention, we have not taken specific, concrete steps to achieve the action. We are just talking about something that we hope to do in the future.
  4. 4. When we want to talk about our intentions in the future, we must use the future with going to. This is the most correct way to talk about general plans for the future. Example: Correct: Someday, I'm going to learn how to dance! Incorrect: Someday, I will learn how to dance!
  5. 5. We don't generally use the simple future with will to talk about intentions. The best way to talk about intentions is with the future with going to. Review the rules on how to form the future with going to here before reviewing the examples below.
  6. 6. More examples: Bill is so tired! He is going to take a nice, long vacation this year. (Bill doesn't have any specific plan for a vacation. He just knows he needs one!)
  7. 7. I'm going to learn to swim and dive so I won't feel scared anymore! (He doesn't know when or how he will learn, but he would like to.)
  8. 8. Ron says he is going to start eating healthy someday. (He has no specific diet plan or a date to change the way he eats.)
  9. 9. I know smoking is bad for me. I'm going to quit sometime this year. (He doesn't know when he will quit, but he wants to.)
  10. 10. He is going to be just like his father when he grows up. (He would like to be just like his father when he is a grown man.)
  11. 11. Arrangements An arrangement is a specific plan that we have for the future. We have taken real steps to be sure we achieve this plan. For example, we have called to reserve a table at a restaurant or we have bought a plane ticket.
  12. 12. When we are talking about arrangements, we use the present progressive. Correct: I'm seeing my doctor tomorrow afternoon at 3 o'clock. I made the appointment last week. Incorrect: I will see my doctor tomorrow afternoon at 3 o'clock. I made the appointment last week. Because we have made an appointment with the doctor, this is an arrangement. We must use the present progressive to talk about arrangements, not the simple future with will. Review the rules and formation of the present progressive here before reading the examples below.
  13. 13. More examples: Christina is meeting Melanie for coffee this afternoon. They reserved a table at their favorite café. (They made specific plans and reserved the table ahead of time.)
  14. 14. Denny is starting a new job on Monday. He just had his final interview. He's excited! (Denny has made all the arrangements at the office and signed a contract.)
  15. 15. Brad is having a garage sale this weekend. He's put out signs and organized everything he wants to sell. (He has advertised for the garage sale. It is set for this weekend.)
  16. 16. Maggie and Ginger are going to the vet this afternoon at 6 o'clock. It's time for Ginger's annual check-up! (They already have an appointment with the vet.)
  17. 17. Fred and Joe are traveling to Las Vegas in July. They have their tickets and are very happy about their trip! (They have already bought tickets and made reservations for a specific date.)
  18. 18. The difference between an intention and an arrangement is the amount of planning we have done. If we only have a general idea of something we would like to do in the future, it is an intention. In this case, we must use the future with going to. If we have specific plans, reservations, or an appointment, we are talking about an arrangement. In this case, we must use the present progressive.
  19. 19. Simple future with (be going to) be going to + base form of the verb (also called V1) For example: is + going to + swim --> "She is going to swim later." This is usually the first future form students learn.
  20. 20. A) It is used when talking about future plans. For example: "I am going to visit my grandparents next week." "I'm not going to eat at that restaurant again. It was terrible!"
  21. 21. B) It is also used to talk about future predictions if they are based on existing evidence. For example: "Look at those black clouds. I think it is going to rain."
  22. 22. Present progressive A) You can use the present progressive to talk about future arrangements. When a plan becomes an arrangement – it is in the appointment book, tickets are booked or other arrangements are made – then we often use the present progressive. For example: "I'm playing soccer tonight. Do you want to come and watch?" "My friends are getting married next week. I'm really excited!"
  23. 23. The difference between the future using 'going to' and the future using the present progressive is often very small if you are talking about plans. Sometimes either form would be correct.