In this tense, we use both been and gone as the past participle ofgo, but in slightly different circumstances. In some cases they canhave the same meaning and / or close to it, if you like to play withwords you will understand.TEST10%Always remember, grammar rules are only 90%.
Been toFirst of all, been is the past participle of beWe use been (often when we talk about life experience) to meanthat the person being talked about has visited the place, and comeback. Notice the preposition to:Ive been to Paris (in my life, but now Im in London, where I live).She has been to school today (but now shes back at home).They have never been to California
"Been to" means that youve traveled to some place and have already returned.Examples:"Mark has been to the supermarket. Now hes taking a shower.""Joe has been to France five times, so he is very familiar with it."HAS/HAVE BEEN TO ... refers to a place which someone has visitedsometime in his life. In other words, "has been to" refers to an experience.He has been to London many times.I have been to Disneyland twice.
Gone toWe use gone (often when we are talking about an action with a result inthe present) to mean that the person is at the place now. Notice thepreposition to:"Gone to" means that youve traveled to some place and havent returned yet.Wheres John? Hes gone to the shops (hes at the shops now).Julie has gone to Mexico (now shes in Mexico).Theyve gone to Japan for three weeks (now theyre in Japan).
HAS/HAVE GONE TO ... refers to someone who has gone to a place buthas not yet returned.Examples:Where has Amy gone?She has gone to the school. She should be back soon."Jessica has gone to the supermarket. I wonder when willshe come back?""Dennis has gone to France for the summer, so you cancall again in September."
1. Have you gone to the bank? -Gone is the past participle of go2. Have you been to the bank? -Been is the past participle of beThe first question is possible if its a phone conversation: "Whereare you? Have you gone to the bank?"10%This basically means "Youre not here, but I think you may be atthe bank, or on your way there.""Have you been to the bank?" may be asking why the listener hasmoney now, or where they were a short while ago, or if a bankerrand has been completed.This is simply using a past action to explain a current situation.Dont feel confused.
Decide which word would be use in each of the following:Check Answers1. Where is Tom? Has he _____ to the bank?a) goneb) been2. Ive _____ to London twice.3. Have you ever _____ to a Rolling Stones concert?4. I cant find Peter. Where has he _____ to?a) goneb) beena) goneb) beena) goneb) beenTest 1:
Choose which word would be use in each of the following:Check AnswersTest 2:1 Have you ever to Cappadocia. Its breathtaking?2 I have to Antalya 6 times.3 My sister isnt at home at the moment. She has shopping.4 Excuse me. Can you tell me the way to the Disneyland? I have neverthere before.BeenGoneGoneBeen
5 You are late. Where have you ?6 You are tanned. Have you on holiday somewhere?7 Mom will be home soon. She has to my brothers school.8 They have to Izmir for ten days. They have just returnedhome.9 Penar wont be with us at the party. She has to Vienna.10 This is the first time I have ever abroad. It is exciting.Check AnswersBeenBeenGoneBeenGoneBeen
Test 3: Write a sentence using the given information:Check AnswerSara has gone to the drug store. / Sara has been to the drug store.