Open Source GIS


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Open Source GIS - Paul Bartsch & Joe Larson: talk given for San Luis Obispo GIS Users Group May 20th, 2009.

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  • a nice ppt in all of the geoinformatics..............the best collection.
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  • The common misconception with anything free is that there is something wrong with it. New Coldplay album was just given away for free to their fans. My first thought was that the sound of the album would be poor/ that the songs would be up to par with their other albums. But I downloaded it anyway since its free, and it turns out to be a really great album.
  • Holmes_2006a - "Return on investment of Open Source Software / An Ever-increasing Return on Investment", by Chris Holmes; from Location Intelligence 2006; 5 slides [remix: yes] [format: PPT, ODP]
  • Holmes_2006a - "Return on investment of Open Source Software / An Ever-increasing Return on Investment", by Chris Holmes; from Location Intelligence 2006; 5 slides [remix: yes] [format: PPT, ODP]
  • Imagine if all past knowledge was kept hidden or its use was restricted to only those who are willing to pay for it. Education and research would suffer. Publishing books or sharing information of any sort would become difficult. Yet this is the mentality behind the proprietary software model. In the same way shared knowledge propels the whole of society forward, open technology development can drive innovation for an entire industry.
  • Quantum GIS (QGIS) is a user friendly Open Source Geographic Information System (GIS) licensed under the GNU General Public License. QGIS is an official project of the Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo). It runs on Linux, Unix, Mac OSX, and Windows and supports numerous vector, raster, and database formats and functionalities. Quantum GIS provides a continously growing number of capabilities provided by core functions and plugins. You can visualize, manage, edit, analyse data, and compose printable maps. Get a first impression with some screenshots and a more detailed feature list. Quantum GIS is a volunteer driven project. We welcome contributions from in the form of code contributions, bug fixes, bug reports, contributed documentation, advocacy and supporting other users on our mailing lists and the QGIS Forum. If you are interested in actively supporting the project, you can find more information under the development menu and on the QGIS Wiki. We also welcome financial contributions in the form of sponsoring and funding.
  • OSGeo4W  A binary distribution of a broad set of open source geospatial software for Win32 environments (Windows XP, Vista, etc). Includes GDAL/OGR , GRASS , MapServer , OpenEV , uDig , QGIS as well as many other packages (about 70 as of summer 2008).
  • If you’re really getting into this stuff – contact Paul or Joe…we have plenty more resources to throw at you!!
  • Open Source GIS

    1. 1. Free GIS an intro to open-source spatial software
    2. 2. <ul><li>Paul Bartsch </li></ul><ul><li>UCSB </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Joe Larson </li></ul><ul><li>Cal Fire </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] – until I get an official Cal Fire email </li></ul>Be sure to examine the links and notes with these slides…there may be some not so obvious gems*
    3. 3. FREE* GIS <ul><li>*seriously </li></ul>
    4. 4. FOSS4G : Free and Open Source Software for Geospatial OSGEO : The Open Source Geospatial Foundation All of the products we'll talk about today are both free and open-source
    5. 5. Why Use Open Source GIS? <ul><li>1. Marketable skills </li></ul><ul><li>In this ever-changing job market it is a huge benefit to be able to bring a total GIS package to the table </li></ul><ul><li>2. Supported by huge development & support community  </li></ul><ul><li>Community is very passionate about helping each other but and continually improving software </li></ul><ul><li>3. Low start-up costs </li></ul><ul><li>It is now possible to install a complete GIS stack without paying a cent - LEGALLY  </li></ul><ul><li>4. Security </li></ul><ul><li>Arguably more secure than proprietary software  </li></ul><ul><li>Backed by large development community </li></ul><ul><li>Bugs are found and fixed quickly </li></ul>
    6. 6. Why Use Open Source GIS? (cont’d) <ul><li>5. Works on all major platforms (Mac, Linux, Windows) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li>6. Complimentary business model vs linear (see next two slides) </li></ul><ul><li>7. There's nothing missing </li></ul><ul><li>Desktop GIS, Spatial Database Storage, Server... </li></ul><ul><li>Tons of analysis tools (No licensing worries) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Community developed add-ons </li></ul><ul><li>8. Works with existing GIS data </li></ul><ul><li>Import .shp files, most major formats </li></ul><ul><li>Export to most major formats </li></ul><ul><li>ArcSDE now connects to PostGIS (OS Database) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li>9. No file format lock-in </li></ul><ul><li>10. Did we mention FREE? </li></ul><ul><li>Potentially save enough money on software to save jobs </li></ul>
    7. 7. Closed Source Software Dev Organization 1 Organization 2 Organization 3 $$$ $$$ $$$ Software $$$$$$$ $$$$ 0110 0110 Software Software Credit: Holmes_2006a
    8. 8. Open Source Dev. Model Org. 2: New feature funders Org. 5: Customer of contributor Org.6 Org. 4: Community-funded Developers Org. 1: Code in Org. 3: Documentation in, code out Org. 8: Code and money in, code and money out Org. 7: Ideas and money in, code out Org. 6: Consultant/ Contributor OS Community $$$$$$$ 0110 0110 0110 0110 1100 0110 0110 110 0110 1001 0110 101100011 0110 0100 0110 $$$ $$$ $$$ $$$ IDEAS DOCUMENTATION 1010 0110 1100 0110 1100 0110 1100 0110 1100 0110 1010 Credit: Holmes_2006a
    9. 9. Who uses Open Source GIS? <ul><li>A few examples… </li></ul><ul><li>ArcGIS 9.2 uses GDAL </li></ul><ul><li>United Nations </li></ul><ul><li>UCSB Marine Map </li></ul><ul><li>Many case studies here: </li></ul><ul><li>More case studies: </li></ul><ul><li>Big projects like Linux, Apache, Mozilla Firefox and OpenOffice are supported by Fortune 500 companies like IBM and Sun.  OSGeo is supported by Autodesk. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Why Teach Open Source GIS? <ul><li>1. Teach fundamentals of spatial data management and analysis rather than button memorization </li></ul><ul><li>2. Becoming an increasingly necessary job skill </li></ul><ul><li>  Companies with existing GIS are using this software </li></ul><ul><li>  Makes GIS marketable to smaller firms and non-profits </li></ul><ul><li>3. Drives innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Through sharing of knowledge & source code </li></ul><ul><li>  4. Code is open and human-readable </li></ul>
    11. 11. The Stack Free Alternatives For Your GIS Needs <ul><li>PostgreSQL/ PostGIS - Spatial Database </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>GeoServer - Server for Online Publishing/ Data Sharing </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>OpenLayers - Web Application Programming Interface (API) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>GRASS - (Geographic Resources Analysis Support System) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>OSSIM - Advanced remote sensing & image processing </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Quantum GIS - Desktop GIS </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>GDAL, OGR - Translator library for geospatial data formats </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>There are many more options, but these are our favorites so far. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Credit: The Stack another form..
    13. 13. PostgreSQL + PostGIS <ul><li>PostgreSQL is a powerful, open source object-relational database system </li></ul><ul><li>A true spatial database </li></ul><ul><li>Conforms to Open Geospatial Consortium standards* </li></ul><ul><li>ArcSDE can connect to it </li></ul><ul><li>New to ArcGIS Server 9.3 </li></ul><ul><li>Secure storage for both spatial and non spatial data </li></ul><ul><li>Column level permissions granularity  </li></ul><ul><li>PostGIS &quot;spatially enables&quot; the PostgreSQL server, allowing it to be used as a backend spatial database for (GIS), much like ESRI's SDE </li></ul>*The Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc.® (OGC) is a non-profit, international, voluntary consensus standards organization that is leading the development of standards for geospatial and location based services.
    14. 14. GeoServer Outputs: WMS, WFS, KML, GeoJSON, GeoRSS, more.. Share and edit geospatial data Open standards allow publishing from any major spatial data source including: shapefiles, SQL Server, PostGIS, DB2, Oracle, WFS, TIFF Images, MySQL Integrates with existing API's (Google, yahoo, etc.) ‏ Connects to ArcGIS Server WMS can be easily added into existing ArcMap .mxd's GeoServer is an open source software server written in Java that allows users to share and edit geospatial data. Designed for interoperability, it publishes data from any major spatial data source using open standards…GeoServer is the reference implementation of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Web Feature Service (WFS) and Web Coverage Service (WCS) standards, as well as a high performance certified compliant Web Map Service (WMS). GeoServer forms a core component of the Geospatial Web.
    15. 15. GeoServer Credit:
    16. 16. OpenLayers JavaScript Library, including API Similar to Google Maps API Makes building dynamic mapping webpages VERY easy Provides the tools needed to easily add a map to a webpage Allows overlaying your own data Can display map tiles and markers loaded from any source OpenLayers: OpenLayers makes it easy to put a dynamic map in any web page. It can display map tiles and markers loaded from any source…OpenLayers is a pure JavaScript library for displaying map data in most modern web browsers, with no server-side dependencies. OpenLayers implements a (still-developing) JavaScript API for building rich web-based geographic applications, similar to the Google Maps and MSN Virtual Earth APIs, with one important difference -- OpenLayers is Free Software, developed for and by the Open Source software community.
    17. 17. GRASS Geographic Resources Analysis Support System ‏ Geospatial data management Analysis Image processing Graphics/maps production Spatial modeling Visualization Tons of tools + functions = Very complex analysis Now there's a simple user interface through QGIS Commonly referred to as GRASS, this is a Geographic Information System (GIS) used for geospatial data management and analysis, image processing, graphics/maps production, spatial modeling, and visualization. GRASS is currently used in academic and commercial settings around the world, as well as by many governmental agencies and environmental consulting companies. GRASS is an official project of the Open Source Geospatial Foundation.
    18. 18. OSSIM Open Source Software Image Map ‏ C++ software library that provides advanced remote sensing, image processing, and geo-spatial functionality Includes orthorectification, precision terrain correction, rigorous sensor models, very large mosaics, and cross sensor fusions, a wide range of map projections and datums, and a large range of commercial and government data formats   OSSIM Planet - an accurate 3D global geo-spatial viewer that is built on top of OSSIM
    19. 19. Quantum GIS (QGIS) Desktop application – very user friendly Can work directly with .shp file, WMS, too many to list Any Platform – Windows, Mac, Linux FREE Plugins available (Similar to Firefox add-ons) ‏ Allow spatial analysis, 3-D analysis, statistical analysis... User interface for GRASS tools. OGR interface allows use of TONS of formats PostGIS interface MapServer export
    20. 20. The OGR Simple Features Library is a C++ open source library (and commandline tools) providing read (and sometimes write) access to a variety of vector file formats including ESRI Shapefiles, S-57, SDTS, PostGIS, Oracle Spatial, and Mapinfo mid/mif and TAB formats. GDAL is a translator library for raster geospatial data formats...It also comes with a variety of useful commandline utilities for data translation and processing. GDAL, OGR
    21. 21. With GDAL tools you can:   Report information about a file.   Copy a raster file, with control of output format.   Warp an image into a new coordinate system.   Build a MapServer raster tileindex.   Convert nearly black/white borders to exact value.   Contours from DEM.   Create a TMS tile structure, KML and simple web  viewer.   Tools to analyze and visualize DEMs.   Build a quick mosaic from a set of images.   Rasterize vectors into raster file.   Transform coordinates. And much more… Possible OGR Sources in QGIS:  AVCBin, BNA, CSV, DGN, ESRI Shapefile, GML, GMT, GPX, GRASS, GeoJSON, Interlis, KML, MapInfo FIle, Memory, MySQL, ODBC, OGDI, PGeo, PostgreSQL, REC, S57, SDTS, SQLite, TIGER, UK.NTF, VRT Possible OGR Targets in QGIS: BNA, CSV, DGN, ESRI Shapefile, GML, GMT, GPX, GeoJSON, Interlis 1, Interlis 2, KML, MapInfo FIle, Memory, MySQL, ODBC, PostgreSQL, S57, SQLite, TIGER
    22. 22. Looks Cool, Now What? <ul><li>Quantum GIS is a great place to start… </li></ul><ul><li>If you've ever used a GIS, you'll feel right at home! </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Windows users start with OSGeo4W </li></ul><ul><li>Windows XP, Vista, etc.  </li></ul><ul><li>Includes GDAL/OGR, GRASS, MapServer, QGIS as well as many other packages (about 70 as of summer 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Mac Users: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Linux Ubuntu Users: contact Paul or Joe </li></ul>
    23. 23. Tutorials / User Guides <ul><li>QGIS: </li></ul><ul><li>PostGIS, OpenLayers, and more: </li></ul><ul><li>PostGIS: </li></ul><ul><li>GeoServer: </li></ul><ul><li>GRASS: </li></ul>
    24. 24. Tutorials / User Guides <ul><li>**OpenGeo Workshops** </li></ul><ul><li>Quite recent, Looks really interesting ! ! ! </li></ul><ul><li>OpenLayers intro </li></ul><ul><li>PostGIS workshop </li></ul><ul><li>OpenGeo Workshop : Installing GeoServer, Geoserver Basics, Working With PostGIS, Creating a Base Map, Working with OpenLayers, Google Earth </li></ul>
    25. 25. Want to get involved with Open Source GIS? <ul><li>Join the local California Chapter of OSGeo </li></ul><ul><li>For general help on getting started with OSGeo see </li></ul><ul><li>Contact Paul or Joe </li></ul>
    26. 26. Acknowledgements <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> Ticheler_2005.ppt </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Defense Dept. committee has open-source leaning </li></ul>
    27. 27. Final Thoughts <ul><li>In the spirit of Open Source – this presentation should really be viewed in Impress </li></ul><ul><li>More about PostGIS . There’s also a book coming out </li></ul><ul><li>More about QGIS </li></ul><ul><li>More about GeoServer , http:// </li></ul><ul><li>More about OpenLayers </li></ul><ul><li>Interesting discussion on PostgreSQL/PostGIS and ArcGIS Server 9.3: </li></ul><ul><li>Very important white papers : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ The OpenGeo Architecture’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ open source as a disruptive technology’ WARNING: 25MB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Geospatial, An Open Source Microcosm’ </li></ul></ul>
    28. 28. Final Thoughts (cont’d) <ul><li>SpatiaLite : </li></ul><ul><li>California Geographical Society talk on the potential of Spatialite to replace the Shapefile in GIS </li></ul>
    29. 29. Final Thoughts (cont’d) <ul><li>zigGIS : zigGIS is an ArcGIS Desktop extension that allows you to connect directly to spatial data stored in PostGIS. It is a lightweight option allowing you to centralize your spatial data into the leading open source spatially-enabled relational database. </li></ul><ul><li>Using zigGIS, you are able to take advantage of the advanced analysis and cartographic tools of ArcMap while leveraging the superior spatial data storage and management capabilities of PostGIS. zigGIS enables you to view, analyze and edit your PostGIS spatial data from within ArcMap. </li></ul><ul><li>The most exciting new feature of zigGIS is the introduction of multi-user editing of PostGIS data from within ArcMap. zigGIS now includes tools enabling you to check out your data and make edits with the native ArcMap tools. </li></ul><ul><li>Best of all, zigGIS enables all of this capability for users of ArcView on up without the need for additional middleware. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    30. 30. An after-thought.. <ul><li>An after thought I had: Portable GIS was a really good introduction for myself (Joe), to one version of an Open Source GIS stack. Jo Cook will be releasing a new version of Portable GIS very soon in fact! I encourage you to look at it here: </li></ul><ul><li>The philosophy behind this idea was to provide beginners with a ready-installed and configured stack of open source GIS tools that would run in windows without the need for emulation or a live cd. By taking out the often difficult installation and configuration, I hope to make it easier for beginners to get started with open source GIS, so they are not put off before it gets interesting and fun. Not only that, but having a fully self-contained GIS system may prove useful in a number of real-life situations. </li></ul><ul><li>The current set of software includes: </li></ul><ul><li>* Desktop GIS packages GRASS (windows native version 6.3: does not need cygwin), QGIS (version 0.10 with GRASS plugin) and gvSIG (version 1.1), </li></ul><ul><li>* FWTools (GDAL and OGR toolkit, version 2.10) </li></ul><ul><li>* XAMPPlite (Apache2/MySQL5/Php5), </li></ul><ul><li>* PostgreSQL (version 8.2)/Postgis (version 1.1), </li></ul><ul><li>* Mapserver, OpenLayers, Tilecache, Featureserver, and Geoserver web applications. </li></ul><ul><li>If you don’t know about portable apps, well, they’re really cool. They run from a USB drive or folder without effecting or leaving behind any files/information into your computer registry/system. Explore them further at </li></ul>